Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research recently received nearly $4 million through five federal grants to study a group of related mosquito-borne viruses. The ultimate goal is to develop vaccines and therapies against the deadly diseases.
Taking advantage of recent research progress and advanced gene sequencing technology, Brown University will join a consortium of European researchers for a three-year, $2.9 million study of how fertilization has evolved in flowering plants. A goal is to improve crop yields.
A European and US consortium coordinated by Jorg Becker, group leader at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, has now received funding of 2.6 million euros to study the evolution of sexual reproduction in plants. The project is funded under the scope of ERA-CAPS, a European network dedicated to support research activities in Plant Sciences. This study will allow the identification of genes useful to the agricultural industry, with the aim of improving the reproduction of crop species, and ultimately to increase their yield.
The Wayne State University School of Medicine and Detroit Receiving Hospital of the Detroit Medical Center will serve as a site for a national study that will develop new guidelines for patients released from the emergency room after treatment for suspected acute heart failure symptoms.
An international research team led by Lukas Tamm of the University of Virginia School of Medicine will receive $1.35 million from the Human Frontier Science Program Organization to better understand how the influenza virus passes from birds to humans. This could lead to the creation of a new tool to predict the risk of outbreaks of potentially deadly avian flu.
The National Multiple Sclerosis Society has awarded a grant to a Wayne State University School of Medicine professor to explore a new model of MS pathology. The three-year, $663,959 study is titled, 'Neurodegeneration associated with metabolic stress in oligodendrocytes.'
Swarms of microscopic, magnetic, robotic beads could be scrubbing in next to the world's top vascular surgeons -- all taking aim at blocked arteries. These microrobots, which look and move like corkscrew-shaped bacteria, are being developed by mechanical engineers at Drexel University as a part of a surgical toolkit being assembled by the Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology in South Korea.
Dr. Jian-Dong Li, a professor and director of the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University and a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Inflammation and Immunity, has received a five-year, $1.6 million federal grant to develop novel anti-inflammatory therapeutics against middle-ear infections.
An open source software project involving the University of Southampton to extend the capacity of computational mathematics and interactive computing environments has received over seven million euros in EU funding.
Kessler Foundation received $3 million in grants from the New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research. Studies include investigating a treatment for emotional processing deficits and recovery from balance dysfunction after TBI. Researchers will also study a noninvasive therapy to treat social and emotional complications, the effects of retrieval practice training to facilitate better learning and how utilizing a robotic exoskeleton for walking therapy improves mobility; all three studies will involve adolescents with TBI.