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Archaeology


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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Violent aftermath for the warriors at Alken Enge
Denmark attracted international attention in 2012 when archaeological excavations revealed the bones of an entire army, whose warriors had been thrown into the bogs near the Alken Enge wetlands in East Jutland after losing a major engagement in the era around the birth of Christ. Work has continued in the area since then and archaeologists and experts from Aarhus University, Skanderborg Museum and Moesgaard Museum have now made sensational new findings.
Carlsberg Foundation

Contact: Mads Kähler Holst
mads.holst@cas.au.dk
45-22-99-49-15
Aarhus University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
99th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
Fire ecology manipulation by California native cultures
Before the colonial era, 100,000s of people lived on the land now called California, and many of their cultures manipulated fire to control the availability of plants they used for food, fuel, tools, and ritual. Contemporary tribes continue to use fire to maintain desired habitat and natural resources.

Contact: Liza Lester
llester@esa.org
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
Physicists create tool to foresee language destruction impact and thus prevent it
Researchers defined parameters that estimate the speed of regression of a native language when replaced by one of its neighbouring languages. The study focused on the case of Welsh. The results of the research were included in an article published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

Contact: Neus Isern
Neus.isern@uab.cat
34-935-813-301
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Earlier Stone Age artifacts found in Northern Cape of South Africa
Excavations at an archaeological site at Kathu in the Northern Cape province of South Africa have produced tens of thousands of Earlier Stone Age artifacts, including hand axes and other tools. These discoveries were made by archaeologists from the University of Cape Town, South Africa and the University of Toronto, in collaboration with the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa.

Contact: Christine Elias
christine.elias@utoronto.ca
University of Toronto

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
3-D image of Paleolithic child's skull reveals trauma, brain damage
3-D imaging of a Paleolithic child's skull reveals potentially violent head trauma that likely lead to brain damage.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Jeju Island is a live volcano
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources indicated that there are the traces that indicated that a recent volcanic eruption was evident 5,000 years ago.

Contact: Jongwon Lee
jmone@kigam.re.kr
82-106-801-4710
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Anthropological Research
The economic territory of Upper Palaeolithic groups is specified by flint
A piece of research by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has determined, on the basis of the Ametzagaina site, in San Sebastian, the mobility patterns and management of lithic resources.

Contact: Matxalen Sotillo
komunikazioa@ehu.es
34-688-673-770
University of the Basque Country

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Sexual harassment and assault are common on scientific field studies, survey indicates
A survey of 142 men and 516 women with experience in field studies in anthropology, archaeology, geology and other scientific disciplines reveals that many of them -- particularly the younger ones -- suffered or witnessed sexual harassment or sexual assault while at work in the field.

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Tooth plaque provides unique insights into our prehistoric ancestors' diet
An international team of researchers has found new evidence that our prehistoric ancestors had a detailed understanding of plants long before the development of agriculture.
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente, Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani, Universities of Milano, Padova and Parma

Contact: Caron Lett
caron.lett@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22029
University of York

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Tooth plaque provides insight into our prehistoric ancestors' diet
A new study may provide evidence that our prehistoric ancestors understood plant consumption and processing long before the development of agriculture.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
mBio
Little too late: Researchers identify disease that may have plagued 700-year-old skeleton
European researchers have recovered a genome of the bacterium Brucella melitensis from a 700-year-old skeleton found in the ruins of a Medieval Italian village.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Meet the gomphothere: UA archaeologist involved in discovery of bones of elephant ancestor
An ancient ancestor of the elephant, once believed to have disappeared from North America before humans ever arrived there, might actually have roamed the continent longer than previously thought. Archaeologists, including the University of Arizona's Vance Holliday, have uncovered the first evidence that gomphotheres were once hunted in North America.
National Geographic Society, Argonaut Archaeological Research Fund in the University of Arizona School of Anthropology, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Center for Desert Archaeology

Contact: Alexis Blue
ablue@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4386
University of Arizona

Public Release: 13-Jul-2014
Cambridge Archaeological Journal
Prehistoric 'bookkeeping' continued long after invention of writing
An ancient token-based recording system from before the dawn of history was rendered obsolete by the birth of writing, according to popular wisdom. But now, latest excavations show that, in fact, these clay tokens were integral to administrative functions right across the Assyrian empire -- millennia after this system was believed to have vanished.

Contact: Fred Lewsey
fred.lewsey@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-122-376-5566
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Analytical Chemistry
One secret of ancient amber revealed
The warm beauty of amber was captivating and mysterious enough to inspire myths in ancient times, and even today, some of its secrets remain locked inside the fossilized tree resin. But for the first time, scientists have now solved at least one of its puzzles that had perplexed them for decades. Their report on a key aspect of the gemstone's architecture appears in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Discovery of Neandertal trait in ancient skull raises new questions about human evolution
Re-examination of a circa 100,000-year-old archaic early human skull found 35 years ago in Northern China has revealed the surprising presence of an inner-ear formation long thought to occur only in Neandertals.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-935-6375
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 3-Jul-2014
Science
Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human origins
Many traits unique to humans were long thought to have originated in the genus Homo between 2.4 and 1.8 million years ago in Africa. Although scientists have recognized these characteristics for decades, they are reconsidering the true evolutionary factors that drove them.

Contact: Kathryn Sabella
sabellak@si.edu
202-633-2950
Smithsonian

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
Journal of Human Evolution
Insect diet helped early humans build bigger brains, study suggests
Figuring out how to survive on a lean-season diet of hard-to-reach ants, slugs and other bugs may have spurred the development of bigger brains and higher-level cognitive functions in the ancestors of humans and other primates, suggests research from Washington University in St. Louis.
Wenner-Gren Foundation, Leakey Foundation, National Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-935-6375
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
Nature
Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevation
Several thousand years ago, the common ancestors of Han Chinese and Tibetans moved onto the Tibetan plateau, a low-oxygen environment that probably proved fatal to many because of early heart disease and high infant mortality. But a specific variant of a gene for hemoglobin regulation, picked up from earlier interbreeding with a mysterious human-like species, Denisovans, gradually spread through the Tibetan population, allowing them to live longer and healthier and avoid cardiovascular problems.
National Institutes of Health, State Key Development Program for Basic Research of China

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Hair from mummy's clothes provides insights into red deer lineage
Genetic analysis of Neolithic deer hair from Italian Alps mummy's clothes ties deer population to modern day western European lineage, in contrast to the eastern lineage found in the Italian alps today.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
WSU researchers chart an ancient baby boom
Washington State University researchers have sketched out one of the greatest baby booms in North American history, a centuries-long 'growth blip' among southwestern Native Americans between 500 to 1300 A.D. It was a time when the early features of civilization -- including farming and food storage -- had matured to where birth rates likely 'exceeded the highest in the world today,' the researchers write in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Kohler
tako@wsu.edu
509-335-2698
Washington State University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
PALAIOS
Grinding away at history using 'forensic' paleontology and archeology
The Society for Sedimentary Geology announces an unusual paper in their journal PALAIOS that combines 'forensic' paleontology and archeology to identify origins of the millstones commonly used in the 1800's.

Contact: Howard Harper
hharper@sepm.org
918-610-3361
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Humans have been changing Chinese environment for 3,000 years
A widespread pattern of human-caused environmental degradation and related flood-mitigation efforts began changing the natural flow of China's Yellow River nearly 3,000 years ago, setting the stage for massive floods that toppled the Western Han Dynasty, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
Washington University in St. Louis. Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-935-6375
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Science
Skulls with mix of Neandertal and primitive traits illuminate human evolution
Researchers have analyzed the largest collection of ancient fossil hominin species ever recovered from a single excavation site, shedding light on the origin and evolution of Neandertals.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
npinol@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Technology and Innovation
Innovative technologies in rural areas improve agriculture, health care
This issue of Technology and Innovation features articles on innovations in rural regions and on technology and innovation, including one from the National Academy of Inventors on the value of technology transfer for universities beyond money, an analysis of the value of networks for European organic and conventional farmers, the use of technology for rural health care organizations, precision agriculture in the Northern Great Plains, and how modern communications technologies are changing communities in India.

Contact: Judy Lowry
jhlowry@usf.edu
813-974-3181
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Nature
Identifying opposite patterns of climate change between the middle latitude areas
Overturns common ideas about the different types of climate changes between the middle latitude areas of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
IODP

Contact: Jongwon Lee
jmone@kigam.re.kr
82-106-801-4710
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)