n international research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa has discovered a milk-and ochre-based paint dating to 49,000 years ago that inhabitants may have used to adorn themselves with or to decorate stone or wooden slabs.
South African and Argentinian palaeontologists have discovered a new 200-million-year-old dinosaur from South Africa hidden for decades among the largest fossil collection in South Africa at the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University.
Somehow, colorful tropical scarlet macaws from tropical Mesoamerica -- the term anthropologists use to refer to Mexico and parts of northern Central America -- ended up hundreds of miles north in the desert ruins of an ancient civilization in what is now New Mexico.
Carbon 14 dating of scarlet macaw remains indicates that interaction between Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, N.M., and Mesoamerica began more than 100 years earlier than previously thought, according to a team of archaeologists.
Geneticists have analyzed ancient DNA from a jawbone found in Romania and learned that it belonged to a modern human whose recent ancestors included Neanderthals. The new study provides the first genetic evidence that humans interbred with Neanderthals in Europe.
New work on the skeletal remains of scarlet macaws found in an ancient Pueblo settlement indicates that social and political hierarchies may have emerged in the American Southwest earlier than previously thought. The findings suggest that the acquisition and control of macaws, along with other culturally significant items like chocolate and turquoise, may have facilitated the development of hierarchy in the society.
New research conducted by archaeologists from the University of York and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in collaboration with members of Tel Aviv University, reveals striking insights into the living conditions and dietary choices of those who lived during the Middle Pleistocene some 300,000-400,000 years ago.
DNA from the 8,500-year-old skeleton of an adult man found in 1996, in Washington, is more closely related to Native American populations than to any other population in the world, according to an international collaborative study conducted by scientists at the University of Copenhagen and the Stanford University School of Medicine.
An 8,500-year-old skeleton has been the focus of a bitter dispute between Native Americans and American scientists. Craniometric analysis showed that the skeleton resembled populations outside USA, a finding that helped block Native Americans' request for a repatriation. A new study based on his genome sequence shows that Kennewick Man is more closely related to modern Native Americans, than to any other population. The study is published today in Nature.
Tel Aviv University researchers, in collaboration with scholars from Spain, the UK and Australia, have uncovered evidence of food and potential respiratory irritants entrapped in the dental tartar of 400,000-year-old teeth at Qesem Cave near Tel Aviv, the site of many major discoveries from the late Lower Paleolithic period. The research provides direct evidence of what early Palaeolithic people ate and the quality of the air they breathed inside Qesem Cave.