A skull discovered by Tel Aviv University researchers provides direct anatomical evidence that fills a problematic time gap of modern human migration into Europe. It is also the first proof that anatomically modern humans existed at the same time as Neanderthals in the same geographical area.
The former city and now archaeological site called Cantona in the highlands east of Mexico City appears to have been abandoned nearly 1,000 years ago as a result of a prolonged dry spell that lasted about 650 years, according to a new study by UC Berkeley geographers. The dry period, characterized by a long series of droughts, occurred during a nearly 2,000-year-long period of increasing aridity throughout Mesoamerica that impacted other civilizations, including Teotihuacan.
The discovery of a 55,000-year-old skull in Northern Israel provides new insights into the migration of modern humans. The skull has a bun-shaped region at the back resembling modern African and European skulls, suggesting the people of this area could be closely related to the first modern humans that colonized Europe. It also indicates that modern humans and Neanderthals inhabited the southern Levant close in time to the two groups' likely interbreeding event.
So far any trace was missing of those modern humans who made their way from Africa to the North, arriving in Europe around 45,000 years ago and replacing all other forms of hominins. Now a finding from the Manot-Cave in northern Israel is closing this gap in our knowledge about our own origin. It turned out that the finding fits the gap in terms of morphology. Manot also changes our view with regard to our potential interbreeding scenario with Neandertals.
The rise of multicellularity represents a major evolutionary transition and it occurred independently in multiple eukaryote clades. Complex multicellular eukaryotes began diversifying in the Ediacaran Period, just before the Cambrian explosion. The Ediacaran fossil record can provide key paleontological evidence about the early radiation of multicellular eukaryotes. In a new study, Chinese and American scientists review exceptionally preserved eukaryote fossils from the Ediacaran Weng'an biota in South China, along with varying interpretations of these fossils.
Characteristics of a partial skull recently discovered in Manot Cave in Israel's West Galilee provide the earliest evidence that modern humans co-inhabited the area with Neanderthals and could have met and interbred 55,000 years ago.
A collaborative study suggests that the island's native culture reacted to natural environmental barriers to producing sufficient crops.
Virginia Tech paleontologist Sterling Nesbitt's latest addition to the paleontological vernacular is Nundasuchus, a 9-foot-long carnivorous reptile with steak knife-like teeth and bony plates on the back.
New research from the University of Bristol, UK has revealed the antiquity of dairy farming in Ireland.
A team led by the University of Washington has discovered a way to determine the tree cover and density of trees, shrubs and bushes in locations over time based on clues in the cells of plant fossils preserved in rocks and soil. Quantifying vegetation structure throughout time could shed light on how the Earth's ecosystems changed over millions of years.