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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Cancer Cell
Blueprint for next generation of chronic myeloid leukemia treatment
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah have identified and characterized mutated forms of the gene that encodes BCR-ABL, the unregulated enzyme driving the blood cancer chronic myeloid leukemia.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, American Society of Hematology

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Nutrition
Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron
In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged in pica -- the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology
Salmon forced to 'sprint' less likely to survive migration
Sockeye salmon that sprint to spawning grounds through fast-moving waters may be at risk, suggests new research by University of British Columbia scientists.

Contact: Heather Amos
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Turning waste from rice, parsley and other foods into biodegradable plastic
Your chairs, synthetic rugs and plastic bags could one day be made out of cocoa, rice and vegetable waste rather than petroleum, scientists are now reporting. The novel process they developed and their results, which could help the world deal with its agricultural and plastic waste problems, appear in the ACS journal Macromolecules.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Treating pain by blocking the 'chili-pepper receptor'
Biting into a chili pepper causes a burning spiciness that is irresistible to some, but intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper's effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain, which can be caused by inflammation or other problems. They reported their progress on the compound, which is being tested in clinical trials, in ACS' Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Sunblock poses potential hazard to sea life
The sweet and salty aroma of sunscreen and seawater signals a relaxing trip to the shore. But scientists are now reporting that the idyllic beach vacation comes with an environmental hitch. When certain sunblock ingredients wash off skin and into the sea, they can become toxic to some of the ocean's tiniest inhabitants, which are the main course for many other marine animals. Their study appears in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Chemistry - A European Journal
A semi-artificial leaf faster than 'natural' photosynthesis
A cooperation between chemists and biologists from the Ruhr-University Bochum resulted in a new method for the very efficient integration of photosynthetic proteins in photovoltaics. Their recent report in Chemistry - A European Journal, selected as a very important paper by the journal, offers a new immobilization strategy that yields electron transfer rates exceeding for the first time rates observed in natural photosynthesis. This discovery opens the possibility for the construction of semi-artificial leaves functioning as photovoltaic devices with drastically increased performance.
Cluster of Excellence RESOLV funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung within the Project Taschentuchlabor, COST Acti

Contact: Nicolas Plumeré
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Naturwissenschaften - The Science of Nature
Worker bees 'know' when to invest in their reproductive future
When a colony of honeybees grows to about 4,000 members, it triggers an important first stage in its reproductive cycle: the building of a special type of comb used for rearing male reproductive, called drones. A team of experts from the Department of Neurobiology and Behaviour at Cornell University, led by Michael Smith, studied what starts the reproductive cycle of honeybee colonies. The results are published in Springer's journal Naturwissenschaften - The Science of Nature.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Research paves way for development of cyborg moth 'biobots'
Researchers have developed methods for electronically manipulating the flight muscles of moths and for monitoring the electrical signals moths use to control those muscles. The work opens the door to the development of remotely-controlled moths, or 'biobots,' for use in emergency response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
rAAV/ABAD-DP-6His attenuates oxidative stress induced injury of PC12 cells
The effects of Amyloid beta (Aβ)-Aβ-binding alcohol dehydrogenase may exacerbate Alzheimer's disease pathology. Therefore, blocking Aβ-ABAD-mediate effects with ABAD decoy peptide may be a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease.

Contact: Meng Zhao
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Shuganjieyu capsule increases neurotrophic factor expression in a rat model of depression
Shuganjieyu capsule has been approved for clinical treatment by the State Food and Drug Administration of China since 2008. In the clinic, Shuganjieyu capsule is often used to treat mild to moderate depression.

Contact: Meng Zhao
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve graft with CNTF for sciatic nerve repair
Chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve, from which Schwann cells, myelin sheath and disintegrating fragments have been removed, reduced postoperative immune rejection. Simultaneously, chemically extracted acellular allogeneic nerve retains neural substrates and base materials, such as the bottom layer of Schwann cells, which can provide a good scaffold in the process of nerve regeneration.

Contact: Meng Zhao
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Macro Letters
The channel that relaxes DNA
A simple and effective way of unravelling the often tangled mass of DNA is to 'thread' the strand into a nano-channel. A study carried out with the participation of the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste used simulations to measure the characteristics that this channel should have in order to achieve maximum efficiency.

Contact: Federica Sgorbissa
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Missing protein restored in patients with muscular dystrophy
Advances in the treatment of muscular dystrophy: For the first time, a research team has succeeded in restoring a missing repair protein in skeletal muscle of patients with muscular dystrophy. Researchers from the University and the University Hospital of Basel, Department of Biomedicine and Clinic of Neurology, report their recent findings in the scientific journal Science Translational Medicine.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
University of Basel

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
How lizards regenerate their tails: researchers discover genetic 'recipe'
By understanding the secret of how lizards regenerate their tails, researchers may be able to develop ways to stimulate the regeneration of limbs in humans. Now, a team of researchers from Arizona State University is one step closer to solving that mystery. The scientists have discovered the genetic 'recipe' for lizard tail regeneration, which may come down to using genetic ingredients in just the right mixture and amounts.
National Institutes of Health, Arizona Biomedical Research Commission

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Severing nerves may shrink stomach cancers: Botox injections slow growth of tumors in mice
Research from Columbia University Medical Center shows that nerves may play a critical role in stomach cancer growth and that blocking nerve signals using surgery or Botox could be an effective treatment for the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New research shows seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans
Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America and transmitted it to Native people there before Europeans landed on the continent.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Smithsonian Institution, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Julie Newberg
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New gene technique identifies previously hidden causes of brain malformation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists have developed a strategy for finding disease-causing mutations that lurk in only a small fraction of the body's cells. Such mutations can cause significant problems, but cannot be detected with traditional methods of genetic testing, as well as newer, more costly genome sequencing technologies.

Contact: Jim Keeley
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
'Deep sequencing' picks up hidden causes of brain disorders
A study from Boston Children's Hospital used a 'deep sequencing' technique and was able to identify subtle somatic mutations -- those affecting just a percentage of cells -- in patients with brain disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Washington, Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Keri Stedman
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
UTMB researchers develop treatment effective against lethal Marburg virus
For the first time, researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, in collaboration with Tekmira Pharmaceuticals, have protected nonhuman primates against Marburg virus -- Angola hemorrhagic fever. Their treatment was shown to be effective at a point when animals have detectable levels of the virus in their system and begin to show symptoms of the disease. The study appears in the Aug. 20 edition of the journal Science Translational Medicine.
US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Songbird student pilots delay departure and make frequent stopovers during first migration
Juvenile songbirds on spring migration travel from overwintering sites in the tropics to breeding destinations thousands of kilometres away with no prior experience to guide them. Now, a new study out of York University has tracked these 'student pilots' on their first long-haul flight and found significant differences between the timing of juvenile migration and that of experienced adults.

Contact: Robin Heron
416-736-2100 x22097
York University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
University of Tennessee research uncovers subglacial life beneath Antarctic ice sheet
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, research finds life can persist in a cold, dark world. A University of Tennessee microbiology assistant professor was part of a team that examined waters and sediments from a shallow lake deep beneath the Antarctic ice sheet and found the extreme environment supports microbial ecosystems.
National Science Foundation, NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Whitney Heins
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
US expedition yields first breakthrough paper about life under Antarctic ice
The first breakthrough paper to come out of a massive US expedition to one of Earth's final frontiers has been published in the scientific journal, Nature.

Contact: Evelyn Boswell
Montana State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Paleolithic 'escargot'
Paleolithic inhabitants of modern-day Spain may have eaten snails 10,000 years earlier than their Mediterranean neighbors.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Orb-weaving spiders living in urban areas may be larger
A common orb-weaving spider may grow larger and have an increased ability to reproduce when living in urban areas.

Contact: Kayla Graham