A genomics approach at the Medical University of South Carolina has unmasked genetic signatures in breast cancer cells that predict their sensitivity to certain drugs. The findings, published in the May 2, 2016 issue of Oncotarget, provide proof of concept for personalized pharmaceutical therapies that target the genes responsible for driving tumor growth.
This review summarizes the relevance of resveratrol in the pathophysiology of AD. It also highlights why resveratrol alone may not be an effective single therapy, and how resveratrol coupled to other compounds might yet prove an effective therapy with multiple targets.
New work from Carnegie's Peter Driscoll suggests Earth's ancient magnetic field was significantly different than the present day field, originating from several poles rather than the familiar two. Then, shortly after our planet's core solidified, Driscoll's work predicts that Earth's magnetic field transitioned to a 'strong,' two-pole one.
One possible cause of the alarming bee mortality we are witnessing is the use of the very active systemic insecticides called neonicotinoids. A previously unknown and harmful effect of neonicotinoids has been identified by researchers at the Mainz University Medical Center and Goethe University Frankfurt. They discovered that neonicotinoids in low and field-relevant concentrations reduce the concentration of acetylcholine in the royal jelly/larval food secreted by nurse bees.
Three KAIST professors will participate in the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting of the New Champions in Tianjin, China, June 26-28, 2016 to discuss biotechnology, artificial intelligence, and robotics under the theme of 'The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Its Transformational Impact.'
Tiny algae, called diatoms, living in water could be key to providing a definitive and clear measure of whether streams, rivers and lakes have damaging levels of nutrients in them.
A new study shows that microRNAs, which are small, noncoding RNA molecules that can silence genes, have an important role in inducing asthma. Regulating the function of specific miRNAs identified in the study could represent a new approach to asthma therapy, according to an article in Stem Cells and Development.
Those who go to a masked ball consciously slip into a different role, in order to avoid being recognized. Insects were already doing something very similar in the Cretaceous: They cloaked themselves in pieces of plants, grains of sand, or the remains of their prey, in order, for example, to be invisible to predators. An international research team, with participation from the University of Bonn, has now investigated such 'invisibility cloaks' encased in amber.
As the solar industry booms, coal workers have the opportunity to pursue new work. A study from Michigan Technological University and Oregon State University looks at what it takes to retrain underground skills for sunnier prospects.
With a surface resembling that of plants, solar cells improve light-harvesting and thus generate more power. Scientists at KIT reproduced the epidermal cells of rose petals that have particularly good antireflection properties and integrated the transparent replicas into an organic solar cell. This resulted in a relative efficiency gain of twelve percent. An article on this subject has been published recently in the Advanced Optical Materials journal.