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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Himalayan Viagra fuels caterpillar fungus gold rush
Overwhelmed by speculators trying to cash-in on a prized medicinal fungus known as Himalayan Viagra, two isolated Tibetan communities have managed to do at the local level what world leaders often fail to do on a global scale -- implement a successful system for the sustainable harvest of a precious natural resource, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

Contact: Gerry Everding
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
What do American babies eat? A lot depends on Mom's socioeconomic background
Pediatrics researchers at the University at Buffalo have found that dietary patterns of babies vary according to the racial, ethnic and educational backgrounds of their mothers.
University at Buffalo

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Young adults ages 18 to 26 should be viewed as separate subpopulation in policy and research
Young adults ages 18-26 should be viewed as a separate subpopulation in policy and research, because they are in a critical period of development when successes or failures could strongly affect the trajectories of their lives, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Annie E. Casey Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Campaign to reduce firearm suicide wins support among firearm retailers in New Hampshire
Nearly half of firearm retailers in New Hampshire displayed materials from a firearm suicide prevention campaign generated by a coalition of gun owners and public health professionals.
Riley's Sport Shop Inc., New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Joyce Foundation, Bohnett Foundation, National Alliance on Mental Illness, Dartmouth University

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Clinical practice guidelines address multimodality treatment for esophageal cancer
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons has released new clinical practice guidelines for treating cancer of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction, area where the esophagus meets the stomach.

Contact: Cassie McNulty

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
CHEST lung cancer experts present policy statement to CMS Committee on Coverage
As the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Committee on Coverage studies the decision to cover lung cancer screening for eligible individuals, today's Online First section of the journal CHEST published Components for High Quality Lung Cancer Screening: American College of Chest Physicians and American Thoracic Society Policy Statement.

Contact: Kristi Bruno
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Breakdown in gut barriers to bacteria may promote inflammation and craving in alcoholics
Bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract fulfill many vital functions and are critical for digestion. Yet, these same bacteria can induce strong inflammatory responses by the immune system if they penetrate the gut and enter the bloodstream.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Greater inequality within UK, USA than some developing countries, trade 'footprint' shows
Researchers at the University of Sydney's School of Physics have created an inequality footprint demonstrating the link that each country's domestic economic activity has to income distribution elsewhere in the world.

Contact: Verity Leatherdale
University of Sydney

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Report: 93 percent of mining, oil & gas, logging, agriculture developments involve inhabited land
In an analysis of almost 73,000 concessions in eight tropical forested countries, more than 93 percent of these developments were found to involve land inhabited by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. According to the research, conducted by The Munden Project, the total amount of land handed over by governments to the private sector for mining, logging, oil & gas drilling, and large-scale agriculture includes at least 40 percent of Peru and 30 percent of Indonesia.

Contact: Coimbra Sirica
Burness Communications

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Walking workstations improve physical and mental health, builds healthier workplace
Walking workstations can improve not only physical, but also mental health during the workday, a new study released this week found. The research was conducted by faculty and student researchers from the Department of Psychology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

Contact: Candace Beaty Gwaltney
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Cinema-like environment helps audiences immerse in movies even on small screens & displays
If the surroundings are designed to be sufficiently stimulating, even a simple computer screen is enough to generate an intense cinematic experience.

Contact: Dipl.-Psych. Andreas Baranowski
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Aortic valve replacement appears safe, effective in very elderly patients
Aortic valve replacement can safely be used to treat severe aortic stenosis in patients age 90 years and older and is associated with a low risk of operative stroke and mortality, according to a study in the November 2014 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Contact: Cassie McNulty

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Global Public Health
NYU research: Tourism as a driver of illicit drug use, HIV risk in the DR
The study's results suggest three themes: 1, local demand shifts drug routes to tourism areas, 2, drugs shape local economies and 3, drug use facilitates HIV risk behaviors in tourism areas.
New York University/Global Public Health Research Challenge Fund

Contact: christopher james
New York University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Ghrelin stimulates an appetite for drinking alcohol
Ghrelin is a hormone released by the stomach and it stimulates appetite and food intake. Alcohol is commonly viewed as a psychoactive substance that primarily affects brain function, but it is also a highly caloric food.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Social Science Research
Black Republicans put most faith in US government
Black Republicans trust the United States government more than other political groups, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia, ahead of the mid-term US elections to be held on Nov. 4.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Polls show deep partisan divide over Affordable Care Act
An analysis of 27 public opinion polls conducted by 14 organizations shows an electorate polarized by political party when it comes to the Affordable Care Act. A majority of Republican likely voters want the next Congress to repeal the law, with an additional 27 percent favoring scaling it back. A majority of Democratic voters want the new Congress to move ahead with the law, either by implementing the current law or expanding its scope.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Affordable Care Act Medicare payment reforms improve patient experiences
Patients enrolled in Accountable Care Organizations reported improved experiences with care compared to the overall Medicare population.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, John and Laura Arnold Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Beeson Career Development Program

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Four years in, payment model lowers medical spending, improves care
Enrollees in a Massachusetts global budget health care plan had smaller increases in medical spending and larger increases in quality of care over the first four years of the contract when compared to similar individuals in other states.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research Fellowship in Aging and Health Economics, Charles H. Hood Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Are 'flops' a success in basketball?
'The defender improves his chances of drawing an offensive foul to some extent by falling intentionally vs. standing,' Morgulev explains. 'However professional players and coaches should be expected to make a broader assessment of their decisions and refrain form myopic thinking that flops are the right course of action.' With the 2014 NBA season starting next week, Morgulev believes that flopping should receive a more significant fine or punishment.

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Financial Intermediation
Do financial experts make better investments?
Financial experts do not make higher returns on their own investments than untrained investors, according to research by a Michigan State University business scholar.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
CESifo Economic Studies
Lack of A level maths leading to fewer female economists
A study by the University of Southampton has found there are far fewer women studying economics than men, with women accounting for just 27 percent of economics students, despite them making up 57 percent of the undergraduate population in UK universities.

Contact: Steven Williams
University of Southampton

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tea and citrus products could lower ovarian cancer risk, new UEA research finds
Tea and citrus fruits and juices are associated with a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer, according to new research from the University of East Anglia. The team found that those who consumed food and drinks high in flavonols -- found in tea, red wine, apples and grapes -- and flavanones -- found in citrus fruit and juices -- were less likely to develop the disease.

Contact: Laura Potts
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
When faced with higher prices, swimming is the activity most likely to take a dive
According to a study by Brunel University London's Health Economics Research Group, swimming is the individual activity that most people would drop if they faced higher prices. But a similar increase in the cost of a workout or brisk walk would hardly dent enthusiasm.

Contact: Keith Coles
Brunel University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Text messages could be useful tool in fight against malaria
Malaria kills 600,000 people a year, half of them children, and in sub-Saharan Africa, the parasite has developed drug resistance to all but one class of drugs. Researchers found that in Ghana text messages could be a useful tool in fighting malaria. Text message reminders significantly increased the number of people who completed their full course of medication, according to researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and Innovations for Poverty Action.

Contact: Jeffrey Mosenkis
Innovations for Poverty Action

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Don't bet on stinginess to keep stress low
Is generosity less stressful than being stingy? QUT research, published in scientific journal PLOS ONE, examined the physiological reactions of participants in a financial bargaining game and found that not only those receiving relatively low offers experienced stress but also those that make low offers, when compared to people who made more generous offers.

Contact: Rob Kidd
Queensland University of Technology