New research has found that we're more likely to do the right thing in situations of moral conflict when it requires little to no effort. If income information is automatically entered into our tax return, we may be less likely to alter it to something that is incorrect once it's there. However, the passive response can promote cheating, too.
With the globalization of our food supply, food safety issues are a major concern for both public health and for the food industry. Media and industry warn consumers of major recalls and problems with food items, but do consumers listen? In this new article researchers demonstrated that consumers are reluctant to respond to food safety risks if the recommendations interfere with their existing habits.
The damaging effects of CO2 emissions from tourism could eventually be eliminated if travelers paid just US$11 per trip, according to a new study published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Global tourism is largely dependent on fossil fuel energy, and emits more CO2 than than all but five countries of the world. Recent estimates conclude that tourism, including transport, accommodation, and leisure activities contributed close to 5 percent of total human-made emissions of CO2 worldwide.
A new analysis led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that while most US health insurance plans deny benefits to transgender men and women for medical care necessary to transition to the opposite sex, paying for sex reassignment surgery and hormones is actually cost-effective.
New analysis reveals a strong correlation between precolonial institutions in Africa and current levels of deforestation. Researchers suggest that many of these structures still operate at a local level, controlling and exploiting natural resources under the radar of the state, and that such legacies of governance pose a major challenge for implementing conservation policies.
The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling Queenslanders, according to QUT research.
Researchers have identified a new type of shopper -- the 'sport shopper' -- for whom shopping is akin to athletic competition. They describe the sport shopper as someone who can afford to purchase items at full price, but instead bargain hunts for the thrill of out-smarting the retail system -- versus bargain shoppers who look for deals out of necessity.
African-American students remain underrepresented in physical science and engineering disciplines, according to a new report from the American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center. The report shows that while the total number of bachelor's degrees obtained in the past decade by African-Americans has increased each year, this growth is not mirrored by increased representation in the physical sciences and engineering.
College is a stressful time in the lives of students, and a new study by researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University and Temple University found that heightened levels of psychological stress are associated with skin complaints. The study, published by the peer-reviewed journal Acta Dermato-Venereologica aimed to assess the relationship between perceived psychological stress and the prevalence of various skin symptoms in a large, randomly selected sample of undergraduate students.
A new University of Maryland School of Public Health study examined why African American and Hispanic women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than White women and found that unique factors explained the differences in unintended pregnancy between these groups. The study provides evidence in support of culturally-tailored public health interventions targeted to younger, unmarried, lower-income, less-educated, non-US born, or uninsured or publicly insured women.