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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
A two generation lens: Current state policies fail to support families with young children
Recent two generation approaches to reducing poverty that help children and their parents are receiving increasing attention. By combining education and training for parents, these programs aim to improve the life opportunities of both. However, according to a new report, State Policies through a Two-Generation Lens, while research supports this poverty reduction strategy, state policies fail to provide adequate two generation supports to families with young children.

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
Soft Robotics
Soft robotics 'toolkit' features everything a robot-maker needs
A new resource unveiled today by researchers from several Harvard University labs in collaboration with Trinity College Dublin provides both experienced and aspiring researchers with the intellectual raw materials needed to design, build, and operate robots made from soft, flexible materials.

Contact: Paul Karoff
Harvard University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
ESMO 2014 Congress
Annals of Oncology
Patients with advanced, incurable cancer denied palliative care
Many patients with advanced, incurable cancer do not receive any palliative care, reveals new research to be presented later this month at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid, Spain, Sept. 26-30. The findings are astonishing as they come at the same time as 15 new oncology centres in Europe, Canada, South America and Africa are being awarded the prestigious title of 'ESMO Designated Centre of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care.'

Contact: ESMO Press Office
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
2014 Occupational Safety in Transport Conference
Don't cry wolf: Drivers fed up with slowing down at inactive roadwork sites
Drivers frustrated at slowing down at inactive roadwork sites are ignoring reduced speed limits, a QUT study has found.

Contact: Sandra Hutchinson
Queensland University of Technology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
ICHRIE Penn State Research Reports
Marcellus drilling boom may have led to too many hotel rooms
Drilling in Pennsylvania's Marcellus Shale region led to a rapid increase in both the number of hotels and hotel industry jobs, but Penn State researchers report that the faltering occupancy rate may signal that there are now too many hotel rooms.

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Spouse's personality influences career success, study finds
As much as we might try to leave personal lives at home, the personality traits of a spouse have a way of following us into the workplace, exerting a powerful influence on promotions, salaries, job satisfaction and other measures of professional success, new research from Washington University in St. Louis suggests.

Contact: Gerry Everding
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Computers & Education
Video games could dramatically streamline educational research
A Washington State University professor has figured out a dramatically easier and more cost-effective way to do research on science curriculum in the classroom -- and it could include playing video games. Called 'computational modeling,' it involves a computer 'learning' student behavior and then 'thinking' as students would. Rich Lamb, who teaches science education at WSU's College of Education, said the process could revolutionize the way educational research is done.

Contact: Rich Lamb
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Survey: Fortune 500 employees can expect to pay more for health insurance
A survey of chief HR officers provides the first facts on how the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has impacted firms and how firms are responding.
The Riegel & Emory HR Center, Darla Moore School of Business

Contact: Peggy Binette
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Personnel Psychology
Benefits of telecommuting greater for some workers, study finds
A new study from University of Illinois business professor Ravi S. Gajendran says telecommuting is positively associated with improvement in two important employee measures: task-based performance and organizational citizenship behavior.

Contact: Phil Ciciora
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
LSU Health research discovers means to free immune system to destroy cancer
LSU Health New Orleans research has identified the crucial role an inflammatory protein known as Chop plays in the body's ability to fight cancer. Results demonstrate, for the first time, that Chop regulates the activity and accumulation of cells that suppress immune response against tumors. With Chop removed, the T-cells of the immune system mounted an effective attack on the cancer cells, revealing a new target for the development of immunotherapies to treat cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
New Dartmouth smartphone app reveals users' mental health, performance, behavior
Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have built the first smartphone app that automatically reveals college students' mental health, academic performance and behavioral trends. In other words, your smartphone knows your state of mind -- even if you don't -- and how that affects you. The StudentLife app, which compares students' happiness, stress, depression and loneliness to their academic performance, also may be used in the general population -- for example, to monitor mental health, trigger intervention and improve productivity in workplace employees.

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Population Health Management
Decision-support program helps keep seniors out of the emergency room
An emergency room decision-support program can significantly reduce emergency room visits and hospital admissions among older adults on Medicare. This could have important economic implications, helping to reduce the nearly 33 percent of avoidable emergency room visits that contribute to about $18 billion in unnecessary healthcare costs each year. Details of a successful emergency room decision-support program that had a positive return on investment are published in an article in Population Health Management.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
UT Dallas study uncovers factors in students' reporting of weapons at school
University of Texas at Dallas criminology researchers discovered that academic achievement and knowledge of security measures increased the likelihood that high school students would report a knife or gun at school.
US Department of Education

Contact: Brittany Hoover
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Public Health Nutrition
Kids eat better if their parents went to college
Children of college-educated parents eat more vegetables and drink less sugar, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia. But it's still not enough, the study goes on to say, as all kids are falling short when it comes to eating healthier at school. The research suggests a parent's educational attainment, an indicator of socioeconomic status, may inform a child's diet.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Americans rate losing eyesight as having greatest impact on their lives
Many Americans across racial and ethnic groups describe losing eyesight as potentially having the greatest impact on their day-to-day life, more so than other conditions including: loss of limb, memory, hearing and speech (57 percent of African-Americans, 49 percent of non-Hispanic whites, 43 percent of Asians and 38 percent of Hispanics).

Contact: Anna Briseno

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
World population to keep growing this century, hit 11 billion by 2100
The chance that world population in 2100 will be between 9.6 billion and 12.3 billion people is 80 percent, according to the first such United Nations forecast to incorporate modern statistical tools.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Human sense of fairness evolved to favor long-term cooperation
The human response to unfairness evolved in order to support long-term cooperation, according to a research team from Georgia State University and Emory University.

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
JAMA Surgery
Failed Medicare payments law remains relevant
In a new commentary in the journal JAMA Surgery, Dr. Eli Adashi recounts what he and other advocates saw as merits of the originally bipartisan Sustainable Growth Rate Repeal and Medicare Provider Payment Modernization Act of 2014. The perennial trouble with how Medicare pays doctors will return in the 114th Congress, and broader trends in health care practice that the bill attempted to address will remain just as strong.

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Social Psychological and Personality Science
Power isn't enough: Study reveals the missing link for effective leadership
The research, just published in Social Psychological and Personality Science, finds that leaders who fail to take into account their audiences' perspective have a far greater propensity to bungle the issue and conversation.

Contact: Karen Paff
Columbia Business School

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
American Society for Bioethics and Humanities 16th Annual Meeting
Hastings Center Report
Why bioethics literacy matters
From accessible and affordable health care to reproductive technologies, the justice and well-being of our society depend on the ability of people to identify key issues, articulate their values and concerns, deliberate openly and respectfully, and find the most defensible ways forward. But what are the best educational practices to support these societal conversations?

Contact: Susan Gilbert
845-424-4040 x244
The Hastings Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Persian Gulf states have new role to play in Israeli-Palestinian conflict resolution
The shifting regional geopolitics of the Middle East have created new opportunities for the Persian Gulf states to engage in Arab-Israeli conflict resolution, according to a new paper from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Development and Psychopathology
Fighting parents hurt children's ability to recognize and regulate emotions
Exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may hurt a child's ability to identify and control emotions, according to a longitudinal study led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
US health system not properly designed to meet needs of patients nearing end of life, says IOM
The US health care system is not properly designed to meet the needs of patients nearing the end of life and those of their families, and major changes to the system are necessary, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Summer Institute on Competitive Strategy
Entrepreneurs aren't overconfident gamblers
Leaving one's job to become an entrepreneur is inarguably risky. But it may not be the fear of risk that makes entrepreneurs more determined to succeed. A new study finds entrepreneurs are also concerned about what they might lose in the transition from steady employment to startup.

Contact: Ute Frey
University of California - Berkeley Haas School of Business

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Elsevier journal Maturitas publishes position statement on breast cancer screening
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society in the journal Maturitas on the topic of breast cancer screening.

Contact: Greyling Peoples