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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
New pill regimens published in The Lancet cure hardest-to-treat hepatitis C patients
Today, July 28, 2014, is World Hepatitis Day. Dr. Eric Lawitz, from the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and the Texas Liver Institute, led a national study that identified a simple, pill-only treatment for hepatitis C that can cure 93 percent of patients in 12 weeks. This replaces a long and complicated treatment with many serious side effects. The study results are published today in The Lancet.

Contact: Rosanne Fohn
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Booming mobile health app market needs more FDA oversight for consumer safety, confidence
While the mobile health apps market offers tremendous potential, several health law experts say in a July 24 New England Journal of Medicine report that more oversight is needed by the US Food and Drug Administration to ensure consumer confidence and safety. Out of 100,000 mHealth apps on the market, only about 100 have been cleared by the FDA, which opponents see as a deterrent to innovation and profit. But it doesn't have to be.

Contact: Denise Gee
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Preschoolers with special needs benefit from peers' strong language skills
A new study provides empirical evidence that peers really can have an impact on a child's language abilities, for better or worse. While peers with strong language skills can help boost their classmates' abilities, being surrounded by peers with weak skills may hinder kids' language development. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Institute of Education Sciences

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Children with disabilities benefit from classroom inclusion
The secret to boosting the language skills of preschoolers with disabilities may be to put them in classrooms with typically developing peers, a new study finds.

Contact: Laura Justice
Ohio State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Gender inequalities in health: A matter of policies
Gender inequalities in health vary in European countries according to their family policies model. Countries with traditional policies (central and southern Europe) and contradictory policies (eastern Europe), present higher inequalities in self-perceived health. These are especially remarkable in southern Europe countries, where women present a 27 percent higher risk of having poor health compared to men. Conversely, in the dual-earner (Nordic countries) and the market-oriented countries this difference decrease to a non-significant 5 percent and 4 percent, respectively.
European Community's 7th Framework Program

Contact: Esther Marin
SOPHIE project

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Google searches hold key to future market crashes
A team of researchers from Warwick Business School and Boston University have developed a method to automatically identify topics that people search for on Google before subsequent stock market falls.

Contact: a.t.frew@warwick.ac.uk
University of Warwick

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gender disparities in cognition will not diminish
Improved living conditions and less gender-restricted educational opportunities reduce the cognitive disparities between men and women or improve the gap in favor of women, according to new research by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the Karolinska Institutet.

Contact: Philippa Brooks
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 27-Jul-2014
British Journal of General Practice
Online information most cost-effective means of increasing MMR uptake, research finds
Giving parents access to a website containing information about the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine is the most cost-effective way of increasing its uptake, new University of Leeds research has found.
British National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Ben Jones
University of Leeds

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Strategic Management Journal
Scalping can raise ticket prices
A new study by Victor Bennett, assistant professor of management and organization at the USC Marshall School of Business, along with colleagues at New York University and the Harvard Business School, finds that resale markets like Craigslist can add value to tickets sold by concert venues and Ticketmaster.

Contact: Amy Blumenthal
USC Marshall School of Business

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Annals of Oncology
Is Europe putting cancer research at risk?
The European Society for Medical Oncology has expressed concern that the proposed EU General Data Protection Regulation could make cancer research impossible and add a significant burden to both doctors and cancer patients.

Contact: ESMO Press Office
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Informed consent: False positives not a worry in lung cancer study
A new study of participants in the National Lung Screening Trial finds that a false positive screen result -- a screening test in which initial findings of concern for cancer are later found not to be worrisome -- did not cause participants undue anxiety or reduced quality of life. Researchers hypothesize that clear and accurate consent forms prepared patients for these false positive diagnoses.
National Cancer Institute

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat
Bushmeat, the use of native animal species for food or commercial food sale, has been heavily documented to be a significant factor in the decline of many species of primates and other mammals. However, a new study indicates that more than half of the species being consumed are birds, particularly large birds like raptors and hornbills.
San Diego Zoo Global, Peregrine Fund

Contact: Christina Simmons
Zoological Society of San Diego

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS Pathogens
TGen-led study seeks to understand why some HIV-positive men are more infectious
A new study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute provides insights into the interplay among bacteria, viruses and the immune system during HIV infection.

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Consumer Psychology
'Experiential products' provide same happiness boost as experiences, study finds
'Experiential products,' items such as books or musical instruments that are designed to create or enhance an experience, can make shoppers just as happy as life experiences, according to a new study from San Francisco State University psychologist Ryan Howell. While life experiences help consumers feel closer to others, experiential products fulfill their users' need for 'competence' by utilizing their skills and knowledge. Both effects provide the same happiness boost, Howell found.

Contact: Jonathan Morales
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
American Physical Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Management Accounting Research
Narcissistic CEOs and financial performance
Narcissism, considered by some as the 'dark side of the executive personality,' may actually be a good thing when it comes to certain financial measures, with companies led by narcissistic CEOs outperforming those helmed by non-narcissistic executives, according to recent research co-authored by faculty at the USC Marshall School of Business.

Contact: Amy Blume
USC Marshall School of Business

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding
A year-long Rutgers study found that individual property owners in Sandy-affected towns are skeptical about the likelihood of community-based rebuilding solutions. 45 percent of 400-plus respondents are pessimistic their towns would be rebuilt better than they were before Sandy.
New Jersey Recovery Fund

Contact: Steve Manas
Rutgers University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the Air and Water Association
Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
A recent study published in the Journal of the Air and Water Association shows that inclusion of agricultural plastic in debris piles has no effect on smoke emissions.

Contact: Walita Kay Williams
USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics
Background TV can be bad for kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study from the University of Iowa. Researchers found that background television can divert a child's attention from play and learning. Results appear in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.
Department of Education, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Public Broadcasting System for the Ready to Learn Initiative

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
CDC reports annual financial cost of COPD to be $36 billion in the United States
American College of Chest Physicians announced today the online first publication of 'Total and state-specific medical and absenteeism costs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged ≥18 years in the United States for 2010 and projections through 2020.'

Contact: Kristi Bruno
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Food Policy
Farmers market vouchers may boost produce consumption in low-income families
Vouchers to buy fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets increase the amount of produce in the diets of some families on food assistance, according to research led by New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Wholesome Wave

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Sociological Review
Wives with more education than their husbands no longer at increased risk of divorce
For decades, couples in which a wife had more education than her husband faced a higher risk of divorce than those in which a husband had more education, but a new study finds this is no longer the case.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Community service programs that include reflection found to be more beneficial to youth
Using meta-analysis to asses 49 studies from around the world, researchers have found that community service that includes reflection is more beneficial for adolescents than community service that does not. The studies analyzed were conducted from 1980 to 2012 and involved 24,477 adolescent participants. Community service had a positive effect on academic, social, and civic outcomes. This effect was found to be substantial only in programs that included reflection. Positive outcomes were stronger when community service was performed more often.
Utrecht University

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Stronger early reading skills predict higher intelligence later
A study of 1,890 identical twins has found that strong early reading skill might positively affect later intelligence. The twins, who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study in the United Kingdom, share all their genes as well as a home environment. Differences shown in intellectual ability came from experiences they didn't share. The twin with stronger early reading skills was found to have higher overall intellectual ability by age 7.
UK Medical Research Council, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, European Research Council

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
No returning to Eden: Researchers explore how to restore species in a changing world
Reversing the increasing rate of global biodiversity losses may not be possible without embracing intensive, and sometimes controversial, forms of threatened species management, according to a New Zealand zoologist and colleagues writing in the leading international journal Science.

Contact: Philip Seddon
University of Otago