Applied mathematics is at a promising juncture in the developing world. Applied mathematics has become a regional priority for research and education, and the last few years have seen the creation of several mathematical research centers in Africa, funded by the World Bank and international organizations and promoted by the Next Einstein Initiative. These innovative centers are now actively engaged in training a cadre of mathematical scientists and partnering with Western institutions of higher education.
Despite an above average snowpack and several months of wet weather, drought and changing climate conditions continue to plague farmers and ranchers across Nevada and other western states. For American Indian communities in Northern Nevada, the consequences of a changing ecosystem are severe and will impact generations to come, according to new research and outreach presented today at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.
With the advent of universal newborn hearing screening and improved technologies such as cochlear implants, more and more deaf children are relying on spoken language and not learning sign language. While some herald this as a victory, others point to variability in developmental outcomes as evidence that eschewing sign language may be a risky approach.
The American College of Cardiology's National Cardiovascular Data Registry was the source of data for several research studies published in the final three months of 2015, including a study examining outcomes between certified and non-certified physicians, gender gaps in the use of oral anticoagulants, and appropriate use criteria.
Scientists at UCLA have developed a new approach that could eventually be used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The stem cell gene therapy could be applicable for 60 percent of people with Duchenne, which affects approximately 1 in 5,000 boys in the US and is the most common fatal childhood genetic disease.
A new study has identified distinctions in patient diagnoses and different patterns of Emergency Department usage between individuals who are more or less likely to return to the ED for care within a 72-hour period. These results, based on statistical analysis of patient data from more than one million electronic healthcare records (EHR), are described in an article in Big Data.
Is your boss ethical? Does he or she do what's right, as opposed to what's profitable? If so, they may turn downright abusive the next day. New research on leader behavior by Russell Johnson, associate professor of management at Michigan State University, suggests ethical conduct leads to mental exhaustion and the "moral licensing" to lash out at employees.
A recent study examined injection risk behaviors among heroin injectors in the Colombian cities of Medellín and Pereira to explore the implications for possible increased HIV transmission within PWID.
New research shows that promotional messages that use alliteration -- the phonetic overlap of the beginnings of words -- hold a greater appeal for consumers than non-alliterative messages, even accounting for cost differences.
An experimental vaccine combined with an innovative way of vaccinating people has resulted in an estimated 100 percent efficacy of the vaccine against the Ebola virus in West Africa -- and the approach could establish a new way of responding to outbreaks of emerging pathogens, including the Zika virus.