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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Science China: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
First dark matter search results from Chinese underground lab hosting PandaX-I experiment
Chinese and American scientists collaborating on the PandaX search for weakly interacting massive particles, hypothesized candidates for dark matter, using a xenon-based detector positioned in a deep underground lab in southwestern China present results from the first stage of the experiment.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University, National Basic Research Program of China from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, and others

Contact: Ji Xiangdong
Science China Press

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Optics Letters
UT Arlington researchers develop new transparent nanoscintillators for radiation detection
US Department of Homeland Security-funded researchers in Texas have identified radiation detection properties in a light-emitting nanostructure made in a new way from two of the least expensive rare earth elements. Their work is being published this week in Optics Letters.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Modeling shockwaves through the brain
A new scaling law helps estimate humans' risk of blast-induced traumatic brain injury.
US Army

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
MaxBin: Automated sorting through metagenomes
MaxBin is an automated software program for binning the genomes of individual microbial species from metagenomic sequences developed at the Joint BioEnergy Institute.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Soft Matter
At the interface of math and science
In popular culture, mathematics is often deemed inaccessible or esoteric. Yet in the modern world, it plays an ever more important role in our daily lives and a decisive role in the discovery and development of new ideas -- often behind the scenes.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Glaciers in the Grand Canyon of Mars?
For decades, planetary geologists have speculated that glaciers might once have crept through Valles Marineris, the 2,000-mile-long chasm that constitutes the Grand Canyon of Mars. Using satellite images, researchers have identified features that might have been carved by past glaciers as they flowed through the canyons; however, these observations have remained highly controversial and contested.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
Single-neuron 'hub' orchestrates activity of an entire brain circuit
New Tel Aviv University research makes a major contribution to efforts to navigate the brain, offering a precise model of the organization of developing neuronal circuits. If researchers can further identify the cellular type of 'hub neurons,' it may be possible to reproduce them in vitro and transplant them into aged or damaged brain circuitries in order to recover functionality.

Contact: George Hunka
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Research Institute scientists shed light on cause of spastic paraplegia
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered that a gene mutation linked to hereditary spastic paraplegia, a disabling neurological disorder, interferes with the normal breakdown of triglyceride fat molecules in the brain. The Scripps researchers found large droplets of triglycerides within the neurons of mice modeling the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Scientists make droplets move on their own
Droplets are simple spheres of fluid, not normally considered capable of doing anything on their own. But now researchers have made droplets of alcohol move through water. In the future, such moving droplets may deliver medicines.

Contact: Birgitte Svennevig
University of Southern Denmark

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Scientists identify the signature of aging in the brain
Weizmann Institute researchers Prof. Michal Schwartz Dr. Ido Amit have found evidence of a unique 'signature' that may be the 'missing link' between cognitive decline and aging. The scientists believe that this discovery may lead, in the future, to treatments that can slow or reverse cognitive decline in older people.
M.D. Moross Institute for Cancer Research, J&R Center for Scientific Research, Jeanne and Joseph Nissim Foundation for Life Sciences Research, Abramson Family Center for Young Scientists, Wolfson Family Charitable Trust, Abisch Frenkel Foundation

Contact: Yivsam Azgad
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
New method to motivate students to reduce energy consumption
Research from the University of Kent has found energy consumption can be reduced significantly by students if they can see the amount of energy they are using in real-time and are motivated by their peers to save energy.

Contact: Katie Newton
University of Kent

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Nature Methods
Experts from CNIO discover shining cells responsible for developing tumors
Researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre have discovered and characterized a new specific marker for cancer stem cells: riboflavin, or vitamin B2, a pigment that emits green fluorescence as a result of its accumulation inside intracellular vesicles. This light emission property, acts to track, isolate, and later purify it, without the need for antibodies or other more costly and complex techniques.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
A molecular mechanism involved in cellular proliferation characterized
Researchers from Guillermo Montoya's team at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, in collaboration with Isabelle Vernos' Group from the CRG, have uncovered the molecular interaction between TACC3 and chTOG, key proteins in forming the internal cellular framework that enables and sustains cell division. Published today in Nature Communications, the observations may help to optimize current oncological therapies specifically designed to fight against this framework, named by the scientific community as microtubules.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A safer approach for diagnostic medical imaging
A collaborative effort between EPFL, CNRS, ENS Lyon, CPE Lyon and ETH Zürich has led to the development of a novel approach that can considerably improve the capabilities of medical imaging with safer procedures for the patient.
Lyon Science Transfert, Swiss National Science Foundation, SATT Lyon-Saint Etienne, European Research Council

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Astrophysical Journal
Simulations reveal an unusual death for ancient stars
Certain primordial stars -- those 55,000 and 56,000 times the mass of our sun, or solar masses -- may have died unusually. In death, these objects -- among the universe's first generation of stars -- would have exploded as supernovae and burned completely, leaving no remnant black hole behind.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Linda Vu
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Viral infection might just be a phase... transition
Many double-stranded DNA viruses infect cells by ejecting their genetic information into a host cell. But how does the rigid DNA packaged inside a virus flow into a cell? In two separate studies, Carnegie Mellon biophysicist Alex Evilevitch has shown that in viruses that infect both bacteria and humans, a phase transition at the temperature of infection allows the DNA to change from a rigid crystalline structure into a fluid-like structure that facilitates infection.
Swedish Research Council, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, McWilliams Fellowship at Carnegie Mellon

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Frontiers in Optics
Predicting landslides with light
A team of researchers in Italy are expanding the reach of optical fiber sensors 'to the hills' by embedding them in shallow trenches within slopes to detect and monitor both large landslides and slow slope movements. The team will present their research at The Optical Society's (OSA) 98th Annual Meeting, Frontiers in Optics, being held Oct. 19-23 in Tucson, Ariz., USA.

Contact: Lyndsay Meyer
The Optical Society

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Causes of California drought linked to climate change
The extreme atmospheric conditions associated with California's crippling drought are far more likely to occur under today's global warming conditions than in the climate that existed before humans emitted large amounts of greenhouse gases, Stanford scientists say.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, UPS Fund

Contact: Ker Than
Stanford University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research suggests new strategies for killing TB bacterium
Researchers from Brown and MIT have shown new details about how a promising new class of antibiotics attacks the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. The research could provide a blueprint for developing drugs aimed at fighting TB.
National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals new clues to help understand brain stimulation
A new study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that brain networks -- the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another -- can help guide site selection for brain stimulation therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Sidney R. Baer Jr. Foundation, Michael J. Fox Foundation, National Football League Players Association, American Academy of Neurology/American Brain Foundation, Harvard Catalyst

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
AAN: Risks of opioids outweigh benefits for headache, low back pain, other conditions
According to a new position statement from the American Academy of Neurology, the risk of death, overdose, addiction or serious side effects with prescription opioids outweigh the benefits in chronic, non-cancer conditions such as headache, fibromyalgia and chronic low back pain. The position paper is published in the Sept. 30, 2014, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nitrogen fingerprint in biomolecules could be from early sun
The pattern of nitrogen in biomolecules like proteins, which differ greatly from that seen in other parts of the solar system, could have been generated by the interactions of light from the early sun with nitrogen gas in the nebula, long before Earth formed.
NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Scientists discover a new role for estrogen in the pathology of breast cancer
Scientists have discovered a previously unknown mechanism by which estrogen prepares cells to divide, grow and, in the case of estrogen-positive breast cancers, resist cancer drugs. The researchers say the work reveals new targets for breast cancer therapy and will help doctors predict which patients need the most aggressive treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Smart, eco-friendly new battery to solve problems
Present-day lithium batteries are efficient but involve a range of resource and environmental problems. Using materials from alfalfa (lucerne seed) and pine resin and a clever recycling strategy, Uppsala researchers have now come up with a highly interesting alternative. Their study will be presented soon in the scientific journal ChemSusChem.

Contact: Daniel Brandell
Uppsala University

Public Release: 26-Sep-2014
New molecule found in space connotes life origins
Hunting from a distance of 27,000 light years, astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecule contained within a giant gas cloud in interstellar space. The discovery suggests that the complex molecules needed for life may have their origins in interstellar space.

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University