A collaborative six-university research team finds that the motion of a specific protein in a human cell regulates whether HIV will infect other cells. The finding may lead to promising new ways to thwart the virus that causes AIDS.
Stanford University scientists have discovered how to make the electrical wiring on top of solar cells nearly invisible to incoming light. The new design, which uses silicon nanopillars to hide the wires, could dramatically boost solar-cell efficiency.
What doesn't kill you could cure you. A growing interest in the therapeutic value of animal venom has led a pair of Columbia University data scientists to create the first catalog of known animal toxins and their physiological effects on humans.
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a Univeristy of Delaware-led research team reveals for the first time -- atom by atom -- the structure of CAP-Gly, a protein that binds to the latticework of microtubules in your cells. When mutations occur in CAP-Gly, neurological diseases and disorders occur, including Perry syndrome and distal spinal bulbar muscular dystrophy.
Swimming in a pool of syrup would be difficult for most people, but for bacteria like E. coli, it's easier than swimming in water. Scientists have known for decades that these cells move faster and farther in viscoelastic fluids, such as the saliva, mucus, and other bodily fluids they are likely to call home, but didn't understand why. New findings could inform disease models and treatments, or even help design microscopic swimming robots.
This week from AGU: Religious Fire, Managing the Carbon Cycle, and one new research paper are included.
A discovery by Cornell University bioengineers is shedding new light on the controversy surrounding a common treatment for osteoarthritis that has divided the medical community over its effectiveness.
The world's most powerful accelerator, the 27 km long Large Hadron Collider operating at CERN in Geneva established collisions between lead nuclei, this morning, at the highest energies ever. The experiments aim at understanding and studying the properties of strongly interacting systems at high densities and thus the state of matter of the Universe shortly after the Big Bang.
Iron oxides occur in nature in many forms, often significantly different from each other in terms of structure and physical properties. However, a new variety of iron oxide, recently created and tested by scientists in Cracow, surprised both physicists and engineers, as it revealed features previously unobserved in any other material.
The article was led by ICN2 researchers in colaboration with UAB researchers, within the POC4PETS European Project, aimed to improving the speed and accuracy of current diagnostics for veterinary pathogens.