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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Lost memories might be able to be restored, new UCLA study indicates
New UCLA brain research offers hope for patients in early stages of Alzheimer's disease that lost memories can be restored.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
NASA's SDO captures images of 2 mid-level flares
The sun emitted a mid-level flare on Dec. 18, 2014, at 4:58 p.m. EST. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured an image of the event.

Contact: Susan Hendrix
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Nano Letters
Atom-thick CCD could capture images
A synthetic two-dimensional material known as CIS could be the basis for ultimately thin imaging devices and optical sensors.
Army Research Office Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Function Accelerated nanoMaterial Engineering Division of the Semiconductor Technology Advanced Research Network

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Making a good thing better
Berkeley Lab researchers carried out the first X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of a model electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries and may have found a pathway forward to improving LIBs for electric vehicles and large-scale electrical energy storage.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Applied Optics
Yellowstone's thermal springs -- their colors unveiled
Researchers at Montana State University and Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences in Germany have created a simple mathematical model based on optical measurements that explains the stunning colors of Yellowstone National Park's hot springs and can visually recreate how they appeared years ago, before decades of tourists contaminated the pools with make-a-wish coins and other detritus. The model, and stunning pictures of the springs, appear today in the journal Applied Optics.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
The Optical Society

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists reveal breakthrough in optical fiber communications
Researchers from the University of Southampton have revealed a breakthrough in optical fiber communications.

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Energy Technology
The state of shale
University of Pittsburgh researchers have shared their findings from three studies related to shale gas in a recent special issue of the journal Energy Technology.

Contact: Joe Miksch
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Steroid-based treatment may answer needs of pediatric EoE patients
A new formulation of oral budesonide suspension, a steroid-based treatment, is safe and effective in treating pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.
Meritage Pharma, Inc.

Contact: Rachel Steigerwald
American Gastroenterological Association

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Nature Climate Change
New challenges for ocean acidification research
To continue its striking development, ocean acidification research needs to bridge between its diverging branches towards an integrated assessment. This is the conclusion drawn by Professor Ulf Riebesell from the Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and Dr. Jean-Pierre Gattuso from the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Universite Pierre et Marie Curie. In a commentary in the journal Nature Climate Change, the two internationally renowned experts reflect on the lessons learned from ocean acidification research and highlight future challenges.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Angewandte Chemie
A 'GPS' for molecules
In everyday life, the global positioning system can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination. Scientists from the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry of the University of Bonn have now developed a molecular 'GPS' with which the whereabouts of metal ions in enzymes can be reliably determined. Such ions play important roles in all corners of metabolism and synthesis for biological products. The 'molecular GPS' is now being featured in the journal Angewandte Chemie.

Contact: Dr. Olav Schiemann
University of Bonn

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Quantum world without queues could lead to better solar cells
In a recent study from Lund University in Sweden, researchers have used new technology to study extremely fast processes in solar cells. The research results form a concrete step towards more efficient solar cells.

Contact: Tönu Pullerits
Lund University

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Current Biology
Epithelial tube contraction
Researchers at the Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore have identified a novel mechanosensitive regulation of epithelial tube contraction. These findings are published on Dec. 19, 2014, in Current Biology.

Contact: Amal Naquiah
National University of Singapore

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Quantum physics just got less complicated
Researchers show that wave-particle duality and quantum uncertainty are the same thing, reducing two mysteries to one
Ministry of Education Singapore, National Research Foundation Singapore

Contact: Jenny Hogan
Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
2014 AGU Fall Meeting
AGU talk: Scaling climate change communication for behavior change
Stanford University researchers have developed two curricula for Girl Scouts to use energy more efficiently: one on energy use at home, and the other in transportation and food. Both courses were effective for girls in the short term, and the home energy course was effective for girls in the long term and for parents in the short term. This AGU talk will describe deployment of the curricula to Girl Scout troop leaders via a massive open online course.

Contact: Mark Golden
Stanford University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry
Research aims to improve rechargeable batteries by focusing on graphene oxide paper
A Kansas State University engineering team has discovered some of graphene oxide's important properties that can improve sodium- and lithium-ion flexible batteries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gurpreet Singh
Kansas State University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Instant-start computers possible with new breakthrough
If data could instead be encoded without current it would require much less energy, and make things like low-power, instant-on computing a ubiquitous reality. A team at Cornell University has made a breakthrough in that direction with a room-temperature magnetoelectric memory device. Equivalent to one computer bit, it exhibits the holy grail of next-generation nonvolatile memory: magnetic switchability, in two steps, with nothing but an electric field. Their results were published online Dec. 17 in Nature.
National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
NASA's IMAGE and Cluster missions reveal origin of theta auroras
Auroras are the most visible manifestation of the sun's effect on Earth, but many aspects of these spectacular displays are still poorly understood. Thanks to the joint European Space Agency and NASA's Cluster mission combined with data from a past NASA mission called the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration, or IMAGE, a particular type of very high-latitude aurora has now been explained.
NASA, European Space Agency

Contact: Susan Hendrix
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Oregon researchers glimpse pathway of sunlight to electricity
Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a University of Oregon spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Computational clues into the structure of a promising energy conversion catalyst
Researchers at Princeton University have reported new insights into the structure of an active component of the nickel oxide catalyst, a promising catalyst for water splitting to produce hydrogen fuel.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Rice study fuels hope for natural gas cars
Rice University researchers calculate the best candidates among possible metal organic frameworks to store natural gas for cars.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Mike Williams
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Astrophysical Journal
Kepler proves it can still find planets
To paraphrase Mark Twain, the report of the Kepler spacecraft's death was greatly exaggerated. Despite a malfunction that ended its primary mission in May 2013, Kepler is still alive and working. The evidence comes from the discovery of a new super-Earth using data collected during Kepler's 'second life.'

Contact: Christine Pulliam
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Industrial Biotechnology
How does enzymatic pretreatment affect the nanostructure and reaction space of lignocellulosic biomass?
Pretreatment of cellulosic biomass using cell wall degrading enzymes is a critical step in the release of sugars needed to produce biofuels and renewable, biobased chemicals and materials. A new study that demonstrates and quantifies the impact of enzymatic hydrolysis and drying on the nanostructure and available reaction volume of pretreated hardwoods and switchgrass is published in Industrial Biotechnology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Pilot plant for the removal of extreme gas charges from deep waters installed
Being part of the mining area Herrerias, Andalusia, deep waters of Pit Lake Guadiana show extremely high concentration of dissolved carbon dioxide. In the case of a spontaneous ebullition, human beings close-by would be jeopardized. To demonstrate the danger and the possible solution, scientists of the Spanish Institute of Geology and Mining, the University of the Basque Country and the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research constructed a pilot plant for degassing.
Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
RUB researchers discover protein protecting against chlorine
RUB researchers headed by professor Dr. Lars Leichert have discovered a protein in the intestinal bacterium E. coli that protects bacteria from chlorine. In the presence of chlorine, it tightly bonds with other proteins, thus preventing them from coagulating. Once the danger has passed, it releases them again and the proteins can continue to work as usual. The researchers report their findings in the current issue of Nature Communications.

Contact: Dr. Lars Leichert
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
New research solves old mystery of silent cell death
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have for the first time revealed how dying cells are hidden from the immune 'police' that patrol the body.
Leukaemia Foundation of Australia, Cancer Council Victoria, National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, Australian Postgraduate Award, Human Frontier Science Program, Sylvia and Charles Viertel Foundation

Contact: Alan Gill
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute