Over 30 Nobel laureates have signed a declaration today to appeal for climate protection and warn against the causes of climate change. The 'Mainau Declaration 2015' was presented on Mainau Island, Germany, on the occasion of the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.
The brain hidden inside the oldest known Old World monkey skull has been visualized for the first time. The ancient monkey, known as Victoriapithecus, first made headlines in 1997 when its 15 million-year-old skull was discovered on an island in Kenya's Lake Victoria. Now, X-ray imaging reveals that the creature's brain was tiny but surprisingly wrinkled and complex. The findings suggest that brain complexity can evolve before brain size in the primate family tree.
Canada is reeling from an early fire season this year as dozens of fires ravage at least three provinces of the country.
Infrared date from NASA's Aqua satellite spotted the strongest storms within newborn Tropical Depression 10W over the Philippine Sea today, July 2.
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over two tropical cyclones in the Pacific Ocean on different sides of the equator today, July 2.
The surprising culinary preferences of an abyssal sea anemone have been unveiled by a team of scientists from the National Oceanography Centre. New time-lapse photography of the abyssal sea floor shows that this type of anemone can eat animals up to six times its weight and moves around the ocean floor by burrowing. The lead author of this study, Jennifer Durden, a Ph.D. student at the NOC, explained that these heavy meals can take the anemone up to 80 hours to digest.
A group of scientists led by Dr. Kara Hoover of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and including Professor Matthew Cobb of The University of Manchester, has studied how our sense of smell has evolved, and has even reconstructed how a long-extinct human relative would have been able to smell.
The first comprehensive analysis of the woolly mammoth genome reveals extensive genetic changes that allowed mammoths to adapt to life in the arctic. Newly-identified mammoth genes played roles in skin and hair development, fat metabolism, insulin signaling and numerous other traits -- even physical ones such as skull shape, small ears and short tails. As a test of function, a mammoth gene involved in temperature sensation was resurrected in the laboratory and its protein product characterized.
Climate change is forcing fish out of their current habitats and into cooler waters and many more species will soon be affected if climate goals are not met, say scientists.
Spiders travel across water like ships, using their legs as sails and their silk as an anchor, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology. The study helps explain how spiders are able to migrate across vast distances and why they are quick to colonize new areas.