EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
30-Jul-2014 21:19
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject


Search this subject:

Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Academic Medicine
Journal supplement details progress in African medical education
In the first substantial publication by participants of the $130 million Medical Education Partnership Initiative, more than 225 authors detailed progress made at African institutions in a 116-page supplement being published today by the journal Academic Medicine. The collection of 32 articles includes case studies of national strategies to increase numbers of doctors and health professionals trained; educational innovations such as e-learning; research capacity development; and partnerships that leverage advances across the MEPI network.
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Gray
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Dyscalculia: Burdened by blunders with numbers
Between 3 and 6 percent of schoolchildren suffer from an arithmetic-related learning disability. Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich now show that these children are also more likely to exhibit deficits in reading and spelling than had been previously suspected.

Contact: Luise Dirscherl
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Nature Methods
Innovative scientists update old-school pipetting with new-age technology
A team of Whitehead Institute researchers is bringing new levels of efficiency and accuracy to one of the most essential albeit tedious tasks of bench science: pipetting. And the group has established an open-source system that enables anyone to benefit from this development free of charge. Dubbed 'iPipet,' the system converts an iPad or any tablet computer into a 'smart bench' that guides the execution of complex pipetting protocols.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Matt Fearer
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
$15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul, says IOM
The US should significantly reform the federal system for financing physician training and residency programs to ensure that the public's $15 billion annual investment is producing the doctors that the nation needs, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine.

Contact: Molly Galvin
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Biodiversity and Conservation
Major turtle nesting beaches protected in 1 of the UK's far flung overseas territories
Sea turtles are not a species one would normally associate with the United Kingdom. But on the remote UK overseas territory of Ascension Island, one of the world's largest green turtle populations is undergoing something of a renaissance.

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Education Policy Analysis Archives
Local education politics 'far from dead'
Teach for America, known for recruiting teachers, is also setting its sights on capturing school board seats across the nation. Surprisingly, however, political candidates from the program aren't just pushing its national education agenda, they're advancing local issues as well.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
First grade reading suffers in segregated schools
A groundbreaking study from the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute has found that African-American students in first grade experience smaller gains in reading when they attend segregated schools -- but the students' backgrounds likely are not the cause of the differences.
National Science Foundation/AERA Grants Program

Contact: Kirsten Kainz
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Preschoolers with special needs benefit from peers' strong language skills
A new study provides empirical evidence that peers really can have an impact on a child's language abilities, for better or worse. While peers with strong language skills can help boost their classmates' abilities, being surrounded by peers with weak skills may hinder kids' language development. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Institute of Education Sciences

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Children with disabilities benefit from classroom inclusion
The secret to boosting the language skills of preschoolers with disabilities may be to put them in classrooms with typically developing peers, a new study finds.

Contact: Laura Justice
Ohio State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gender disparities in cognition will not diminish
Improved living conditions and less gender-restricted educational opportunities reduce the cognitive disparities between men and women or improve the gap in favor of women, according to new research by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the Karolinska Institutet.

Contact: Philippa Brooks
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
American Physical Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the Air and Water Association
Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
A recent study published in the Journal of the Air and Water Association shows that inclusion of agricultural plastic in debris piles has no effect on smoke emissions.

Contact: Walita Kay Williams
USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics
Background TV can be bad for kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study from the University of Iowa. Researchers found that background television can divert a child's attention from play and learning. Results appear in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.
Department of Education, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Public Broadcasting System for the Ready to Learn Initiative

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Sociological Review
Wives with more education than their husbands no longer at increased risk of divorce
For decades, couples in which a wife had more education than her husband faced a higher risk of divorce than those in which a husband had more education, but a new study finds this is no longer the case.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Community service programs that include reflection found to be more beneficial to youth
Using meta-analysis to asses 49 studies from around the world, researchers have found that community service that includes reflection is more beneficial for adolescents than community service that does not. The studies analyzed were conducted from 1980 to 2012 and involved 24,477 adolescent participants. Community service had a positive effect on academic, social, and civic outcomes. This effect was found to be substantial only in programs that included reflection. Positive outcomes were stronger when community service was performed more often.
Utrecht University

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Stronger early reading skills predict higher intelligence later
A study of 1,890 identical twins has found that strong early reading skill might positively affect later intelligence. The twins, who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study in the United Kingdom, share all their genes as well as a home environment. Differences shown in intellectual ability came from experiences they didn't share. The twin with stronger early reading skills was found to have higher overall intellectual ability by age 7.
UK Medical Research Council, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, European Research Council

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Academic Medicine
Study reveals medical students believe health policy education is improving
Students graduating from US medical schools in 2012 feel they've received a better education in health policy issues than graduates surveyed in 2008, according to a multi-center study led by the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and published online this month in Academic Medicine. The study applied a new framework for teaching and evaluating perceptions of training in health policy, first proposed by the authors in a 2011 perspective published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
ETH student develops filter for clean water around the world
An innovative filter makes it possible to purify water more quickly, simply and economically than ever before. The developers hope the device will soon play a big role development aid, and they are looking for investors to help them achieve this goal.

Contact: Media Releations ETH Zurich
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Leadership Quarterly
Wide-faced men negotiate nearly $2,200 larger signing bonus
Having a wider face helps men when they negotiate for themselves but hurts them when they are negotiating in a situation that requires compromise. Additionally, men who are more attractive are better collaborators compared to less attractive men.

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Tempting people to move for work takes more than dollars
Sufficient financial inducements are one way of encouraging people to move to regional Australia for jobs, but other factors also play a part, according to a new report.
National Vocational Education and Training Research Program

Contact: Glynis Smalley
Monash University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Room for improvement in elementary school children's lunches and snacks from home
Open a child's lunch box and you're likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines, report researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Boston Obesity Research Center

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Health & Place
Natural-terrain schoolyards reduce children's stress, says Colorado University-Boulder study
Playing in schoolyards that feature natural habitats and trees and not just asphalt and recreation equipment reduces children's stress and inattention, according to a University of Colorado Boulder study.

Contact: Louise Chawla
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Social Problems
African-American homeownership increasingly less stable and more risky
A new study from sociologists at Rice University and Cornell University found that African-Americans are 45 percent more likely than whites to switch from owning their homes to renting them.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Jeju Island is a live volcano
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources indicated that there are the traces that indicated that a recent volcanic eruption was evident 5,000 years ago.

Contact: Jongwon Lee
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
American Journal of Sports Medicine
High school lacrosse players at risk of concussions other injuries
With over 170,000 students now playing high school lacrosse, more and more are being exposed to injuries during practice and competition, according to a new study from the Colorado School of Public Health and the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.

Contact: Tonya Ewers
University of Colorado Denver