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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
A two generation lens: Current state policies fail to support families with young children
Recent two generation approaches to reducing poverty that help children and their parents are receiving increasing attention. By combining education and training for parents, these programs aim to improve the life opportunities of both. However, according to a new report, State Policies through a Two-Generation Lens, while research supports this poverty reduction strategy, state policies fail to provide adequate two generation supports to families with young children.

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
Soft Robotics
Soft robotics 'toolkit' features everything a robot-maker needs
A new resource unveiled today by researchers from several Harvard University labs in collaboration with Trinity College Dublin provides both experienced and aspiring researchers with the intellectual raw materials needed to design, build, and operate robots made from soft, flexible materials.

Contact: Paul Karoff
Harvard University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2014
ESMO 2014 Congress
Annals of Oncology
Patients with advanced, incurable cancer denied palliative care
Many patients with advanced, incurable cancer do not receive any palliative care, reveals new research to be presented later this month at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid, Spain, Sept. 26-30. The findings are astonishing as they come at the same time as 15 new oncology centres in Europe, Canada, South America and Africa are being awarded the prestigious title of 'ESMO Designated Centre of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care.'

Contact: ESMO Press Office
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Computers & Education
Video games could dramatically streamline educational research
A Washington State University professor has figured out a dramatically easier and more cost-effective way to do research on science curriculum in the classroom -- and it could include playing video games. Called 'computational modeling,' it involves a computer 'learning' student behavior and then 'thinking' as students would. Rich Lamb, who teaches science education at WSU's College of Education, said the process could revolutionize the way educational research is done.

Contact: Rich Lamb
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
New Dartmouth smartphone app reveals users' mental health, performance, behavior
Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have built the first smartphone app that automatically reveals college students' mental health, academic performance and behavioral trends. In other words, your smartphone knows your state of mind -- even if you don't -- and how that affects you. The StudentLife app, which compares students' happiness, stress, depression and loneliness to their academic performance, also may be used in the general population -- for example, to monitor mental health, trigger intervention and improve productivity in workplace employees.

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
UT Dallas study uncovers factors in students' reporting of weapons at school
University of Texas at Dallas criminology researchers discovered that academic achievement and knowledge of security measures increased the likelihood that high school students would report a knife or gun at school.
US Department of Education

Contact: Brittany Hoover
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Public Health Nutrition
Kids eat better if their parents went to college
Children of college-educated parents eat more vegetables and drink less sugar, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia. But it's still not enough, the study goes on to say, as all kids are falling short when it comes to eating healthier at school. The research suggests a parent's educational attainment, an indicator of socioeconomic status, may inform a child's diet.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
American Society for Bioethics and Humanities 16th Annual Meeting
Hastings Center Report
Why bioethics literacy matters
From accessible and affordable health care to reproductive technologies, the justice and well-being of our society depend on the ability of people to identify key issues, articulate their values and concerns, deliberate openly and respectfully, and find the most defensible ways forward. But what are the best educational practices to support these societal conversations?

Contact: Susan Gilbert
845-424-4040 x244
The Hastings Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
US health system not properly designed to meet needs of patients nearing end of life, says IOM
The US health care system is not properly designed to meet the needs of patients nearing the end of life and those of their families, and major changes to the system are necessary, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Elsevier journal Maturitas publishes position statement on breast cancer screening
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society in the journal Maturitas on the topic of breast cancer screening.

Contact: Greyling Peoples

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature of war: Chimpanzees inherently violent according to study
Of all of the world's species, humans and chimpanzees are some of the only species to coordinate attacks on their own members. Since Jane Goodall introduced lethal inter-community killings, primatologists have debated the concept of warfare in this genus. New research from an international coalition of ape researchers has shed new light on the subject, suggesting that human encroachment and interference is not, as previous researchers have claimed, an influential predictor of chimp-on-chimp aggression.

Contact: Jillian Braun
Lincoln Park Zoo

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Social Science Research
Smart teens rub off on teammates
Having smart teammates can double a high school student's odds of going to college. The type of team or club did not matter. Participating in more than one extra-curricular activity didn't bring bigger benefits.

Contact: Joe Hadfield
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
American Journal of Nursing
UTMB professor implements lifesaving protocol for school children with severe allergies
As the number of children with food allergies in the US increases, so does the risk of children having a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis on school campuses. School nurses often have treatment plans in place for students with diagnosed allergies, but many children have their first allergic reactions at school, where a specific medication, such as EpiPen epinephrine injectors, may not be available and a response protocol may not be in place.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT)
Results of OCT STEMI trial reported at TCT 2014
The first randomized trial to examine serial optical coherence tomography in primary percutaneous coronary intervention was reported today at the 26th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium. Sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, TCT is the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine.
Boston Scientific, A Care

Contact: Judy Romero
Cardiovascular Research Foundation

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free
Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass.
The Lockheed Martin Aerospace Co., Office of Naval Research/Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pairing social networks with social motives to close the science gap
Noshir Contractor is leading a survey of 14,000 health workers in India to discover how to best disseminate public health information.

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Smoking and schizophrenia linked by alterations in brain nicotine signals
Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking. A growing body of research suggests that the relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems, in part, from an effort by patients to use nicotine to self-medicate symptoms and cognitive impairment associated with the disease.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate
A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the 'mystery wreck.' The researchers also located the 1863 wreck of the clipper ship Noonday, currently obscured by mud and silt on the ocean floor.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service

Contact: Mary Jane Schramm
415-561-6622 x205
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Study first to use brain scans to forecast early reading difficulties
UC San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Flora Family Foundation, UCSF Catalyst Award, UCSF Resource Allocation Program, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation Young Investigator Award, Stanford University Lucile

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Squid skin' metamaterials project yields vivid color display
The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, thanks to a breakthrough color-display technology unveiled this week by Rice University's Laboratory for Nanophotonics.
DOD/Office of Naval Research Basic Research Challenge, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Study: Web-based training can reduce campus rape
Web-based training targeted at college-aged men is an effective tool for reducing the number of sexual assaults on US campuses, according to a researcher in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Anna Varela
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Behavior Modification
Freshman girls know how to eat healthy but lack confidence in their ability to do it
Female college freshmen understand the benefits of eating healthy foods and know which foods they should include in their diets. But they lack confidence in their ability to act on that knowledge, especially when it comes to getting enough calcium, says a new University of Illinois study.
US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
ACS Nano
Rice rolls 'neat' nanotube fibers
Rice University scientists make 'neat' carbon nanotube fibers with an acid-free process.
Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Brain development in schizophrenia strays from the normal path
Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and it shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
12th Euro Fed Lipid Congress
Dairy consumption linked to lower blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk
Research presented at 12th Euro Fed Lipid Congress describes the relationship between milk and dairy consumption and disease risk.

Contact: Korinne Leonardis
Pollock Consulting