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Education
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Sociology of Education
Local homicide rate increases cause more elementary students to fail school
A new study finds that an increase in a municipality's homicide rate causes more elementary school students in that community to fail a grade than would do so if the rate remained stable.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
The surprising consequences of banning chocolate milk
The new Cornell Food and Brand Lab study by Andrew Hanks, David Just, and Brian Wansink, found that eliminating chocolate milk from elementary schools decreased total milk sales by 10 percent, and increased milk waste by 29 percent. Additionally, the ban may have been a factor in a 7 percent decrease in District's Lunch Program participation. Nutritionally, after the milk substitution, students on average consumed less sugar and fewer calories, but also consumed less protein and calcium.

Contact: Drew Hanks
ah748@cornell.edu
Cornell Food & Brand Lab

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
Using video surveillance to measure peoples' hand washing habits
Stanford researchers pioneer use of video surveillance to better understand essential hygiene behavior.

Contact: Rob Jordan
rjordan@stanford.edu
650-721-1881
Stanford University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Real-time audio of corporal punishment shows kids misbehave within 10 minutes of spanking
Real-time audio recordings of children being spanked showed parents responded impulsively or emotionally, rather than being intentional with their discipline, says psychologist and parenting expert George Holden, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, the study's lead author. SMU researchers discovered that spanking was more common than parents admit, that children were hit for trivial misdeeds, and that children misbehaved within 10 minutes of punishment. The findings are reported in the American Psychological Association's Journal of Family Psychology.
Timberlawn Psychiatric Research Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Developmental Psychology
How mothers help children explore right and wrong
Moms want their kids to grow up to be good people -- but how do they actually help their offspring sort out different types of moral issues? A new study shows many moms talk to their kids in ways that help them understand moral missteps.

Contact: Clea Desjardins
clea.desjardins@concordia.ca
51-484-824-245-068
Concordia University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Girls' mental health suffers when romances unfold differently than they imagined
A new study reveals that for adolescent girls, having a romantic relationship play out differently than they imagined it would has negative implications for their mental health.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Cell
UC research illuminates 'touchy' subject
Jianguo Gu, Ph.D., at the University of Cincinnati, and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells -- which contact many sensory nerve endings in the skin -- are the initial sites for sensing touch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Koenig
angela.koenig@uc.edu
513-558-4625
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
Teenagers who have had a concussion also have higher rates of suicide attempts
Teenagers who have suffered a traumatic brain injury such as a concussion are at 'significantly greater odds' of attempting suicide, being bullied and engaging in a variety of high-risk behaviors, a new study has found.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Rethink education to fuel bioeconomy, says report
Microbes can be highly efficient, versatile and sophisticated manufacturing tools, and have the potential to form the basis of a vibrant economic sector. In order to take full advantage of the opportunity microbial-based industry can offer, though, educators need to rethink how future microbiologists are trained, according to a report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Internal Medicine 2014
Osteoporosis drugs appear to impede cell membrane repair
A class of drugs widely used to treat osteoporosis appears to impede a cell's ability to repair a protective outer membrane that helps determine what enters and exits, researchers report.

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Study gives high marks to NC Pre-K program
Scientists from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute have released their new study of NC Pre-K, the state's program to prepare four-year-olds for success in kindergarten. According to FPG's findings, students enrolled in NC Pre-K show significant gains across all areas of learning, progressing at an even greater rate than is expected for normal developmental growth.
Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Dave Shaw
Dave@unc.edu
919-621-3933
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 13-Apr-2014
New 'tunable' semiconductors will allow better detectors, solar cells
Researchers have discovered a way to use existing semiconductors to detect a far wider range of light than is now possible, well into the infrared range. The team hopes to use the technology in detectors, obviously, but also in improved solar cells that could absorb infrared light as well as the sun's visible rays.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Ann Claycombe
claycombe@gsu.edu
404-413-5047
Georgia State University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
New report provides solution to NEET challenge in UK and abroad
The Youth Resolution, according to the new report, would be a locally co-ordinated national policy to drive up labor market standards. After conducting years of funded research into the challenges that face young people dubbed NEET -- meaning that they are not in employment, education or training -- professor Robin Simmons has devised the concept of a Youth Resolution designed to tackle an entrenched social problem.
The Leverhulme Trust

Contact: John Ramsdin
j.p.ramsdin@hud.ac.uk
01-484-472-693
University of Huddersfield

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
The Evolving Role of Science and Technology in China's International Relations
China looks to science and technology to fuel its economy
Maintaining stability in the face of rapid change and growth, and partaking in cooperative global ties in science and technology fields will be key in helping China become an innovation-based economy, according to Denis Simon, vice provost at Arizona State University. One of the world's leading experts on science, technology and innovation in China, Simon recently hosted an ASU conference that focused on the evolving role of science and technology in China's international relations.

Contact: Skip Derra
skip.derra@asu.edu
480-965-4823
Arizona State University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Journal of Injury and Violence Research
Violence intervention program effective in Vanderbilt pilot study
Violent behavior and beliefs among middle school students can be reduced through the implementation of a targeted violence intervention program, according to a Vanderbilt study released in the Journal of Injury and Violence Research.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Center for Health Policy at Meharry Medical College

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Biomacromolecules
Synthetic collagen promotes natural clotting
Synthetic collagen invented at Rice University may help wounds heal by directing the natural clotting of blood.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stressful environments genetically affect African-American boys
Stressful upbringings can leave imprints on the genes of children, including African-American boys, according to a study led by Princeton University and the Pennsylvania State University. Such chronic stress during youth leads to physiological weathering similar to aging.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Penn State Clinical

Contact: B. Rose Huber
brhuber@princeton.edu
609-258-0157
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Most schools meet USDA drinking water mandate; more steps needed to encourage consumption
A new USDA mandate calling for access to free drinking water during lunchtime at schools participating in the National School Lunch Program went into effect at the start of the 2011-12 school year. Researchers examined compliance with the new requirement as well as perceptions about drinking fountain cleanliness and water quality. The study found that most schools met the new requirement; however, additional measures are needed to promote better access and encourage students to drink more water.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
andjrnlmedia@elsevier.com
732-238-3628
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Study: Black carbon is ancient by the time it reaches seafloor
A fraction of the carbon that finds its way into Earth's oceans -- the black soot and charcoal residue of fires -- stays there for thousands for years. A first-of-its-kind analysis shows how some black carbon breaks away and hitches a ride to the ocean floor on passing particles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Scalable CVD process for making 2-D molybdenum diselenide
Nanoengineering researchers at Rice University and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have unveiled a potentially scalable method for making one-atom-thick layers of molybdenum diselenide -- a material that is similar to graphene but has better properties for making certain electronic devices like switchable transistors and light-emitting diodes.
Army Research Office, Semiconductor Research Corporation's FAME Center, Office of Naval Research, Singapore's MOE Academic Research Fund

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Synthetic gene circuits pump up cell signals
Synthetic genetic circuitry created by researchers at Rice University is helping them monitor cell mechanisms that degrade the misfolded proteins implicated in neurodegenerative diseases.

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Few Americans know where elected officials and candidates stand on government support for research
Two-thirds of Americans (66 percent) say it's important for candidates running for office to assign a high priority to funding medical research, according to America Speaks, Volume 14, a compilation of key questions from public opinion polls commissioned by Research!America. Polling shows that Americans place a high value on US leadership in medical innovation, yet only 12 percent say they are very well informed about the positions of their senators and representative when it comes to their support of medical and scientific research.

Contact: Anna Briseno
abriseno@researchamerica.org
571-482-2737
Research!America

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
National survey links teen binge drinking and alcohol-brand references in pop music
Binge drinking by teenagers and young adults is strongly associated with liking, owning and correctly identifying music that references alcohol by brand name, according to a study by the University of Pittsburgh and Norris Cotton Cancer Center. Based on a national, randomized survey of more than 2,500 people ages 15 to 23, the findings suggest that policy and educational interventions designed to limit the influence of alcohol-brand references in popular music could be important.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Italian adolescents wrongly believe energy drinks are comparable to soda and sports drinks
Energy drinks have become increasingly popular among teenagers and young adults during recent years. A new study has examined their use among Italian adolescents. Findings indicate a strong need for comprehensive educational programs focusing on the potential health effects of energy drinks alone, and in combination with alcohol.

Contact: Maria Pavia
pavia@unicz.it
39-961-712-371
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Crafty alcohol advertising directed at US adolescents through music and branding
Researchers investigate links between adolescents' involvement with music and their drinking-related behaviors. Results indicate strong associations between liking, owning, and correctly identifying music containing alcohol branding and two early problematic alcohol outcomes. Study authors suggest policy or educational interventions to reduce the impact of these exposures.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Brian A. Primack
bprimack@pitt.edu
412-586-9789
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research