The No. 1 cause of malnutrition in American pets is obesity. Research experts share causes, implications and potential solutions to this epidemic.
Depressed people often find themselves preoccupied with guilty, shameful, or self-defeating thoughts for large parts of their day. These thoughts not only distract from other activities but also fail to resolve the underlying life issues. Further, the ideas that receive focused attention in these depressive ruminations are frequently quite distorted and lead to distress.
This teen is tackling serious water quality issues that threaten the health of rivers, streams and groundwater. When she was just 14 years old, Maria Elena Grimmett was the youngest person published in the Journal of Environmental Quality. Now at 16, she has just put the final touches on her research of a plastic adsorbent that removes pharmaceutical drugs from water sources.
An innovative three-month elective course has helped make some first-year medical students at Albert Einstein College of Medicine more confident about dealing with health disparities they'll likely encounter as physicians, according to a follow-up study published online today in the journal Academic Medicine.
Researchers have explored the characteristics of people with disabilities who have achieved success in the workplace. The employment gap was smaller among women, married people, individuals with higher educational achievement, Asians, and Hispanics, and people in their 20s and 60s. These findings inform policies and practices that narrow the persistent gap in employment between people with and without disabilities. 'Individual characteristics and the disability employment gap' appears in special issue Journal of Disability Policy Studies.
Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted last weekend at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the American College of Physicians.
Water uptake and fruit cracking in sweet cherries was observed following incubation in polyethylene glycol 6000, real sweet cherry juice extracted from the same batch of fruit, or in artificial juice. A dramatic increase in cracking was observed when sweet cherry fruit was in direct contact with the expressed juice of sweet cherries. The research clearly identified malic acid as the major crack-promoting component in sweet cherry juice.
Experiments determined effects of end-of-production supplemental lighting of different sources and intensities on foliage color of four red leaf lettuce varieties. End-of-production supplemental light and days of exposure significantly influenced relative chlorophyll content, foliage L* (lightness), chromametric a* (change from green to red), and chromametric b* (change from yellow to blue) values for all varieties. The practice allows growers to manipulate lettuce leaf color in 5-7 days, thus increasing aesthetic appeal, quality, and marketability.
Bedding plant seedlings grown under low greenhouse ambient light were compared with those grown under supplemental lighting or sole-source photosynthetic lighting with similar daily light integral. Characteristics and the quality index of most seedlings were generally greater under SSL and SL than under AL. Seedlings grown under SSL showed similar or greater quality compared with those under SL, indicating that light-emitting diode SSL can be an alternative lighting source in greenhouse seedling production.
Researchers studied six under-tree vegetation-free strip widths and supplemental irrigation in years 4-8 of a young peach orchard to determine effects on peach tree growth and fruit yield, harvest maturity, and fruit size. Immature fruit samples were collected during thinning in years 4-6 to determine the effect of treatments on the incidence of hemipteran insect damage (catfacing). Results demonstrated that increasing vegetation-free strip width under trees had beneficial results for peach trees and fruit.