EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
2-Sep-2014 10:31
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject


Search this subject:

Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Risk of diabetes in children and adolescents exposed to antipsychotics
A study published in the Sept. 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that children and adolescents diagnosed with a psychiatric diagnosis had an increased risk of developing diabetes if they were exposed to antipsychotics.

Contact: Mary Billingsley

Public Release: 31-Aug-2014
Doctor revalidation needs to address 7 key issues for success, claims report
New research launched in the UK today, Sept. 1, 2014, has concluded that there are seven key issues that need to be addressed to ensure the future success of doctor revalidation, the most profound revision in medical regulation since the Medical Act of 1858.
Health Foundation

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
China's reform of R&D budget management doesn't go far enough
China's budget management is lagging behind countries which spend similar amounts on research and development, and recent reform has not gone far enough. That is the view of the University of Nottingham's Dr. Cong Cao, whose research is published on Aug. 29, 2014, in the prestigious academic journal, Science.
European Union's 7th Framework Program

Contact: Dr. Cong Cao
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Cellphone addiction 'an increasingly realistic possibility,' Baylor study finds
Women college students average 10 hours a day on their cellphones and men students spend nearly eight. Excessive use poses potential risks for academic performance, according to a Baylor University study on cellphone activity.

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Computer games give a boost to English
If you want to make a mark in the world of computer games you had better have a good English vocabulary. It has now also been scientifically proven that someone who is good at computer games has a larger English vocabulary. This is revealed by a study at the University of Gothenburg and Karlstad University, Sweden.

Contact: Torsten Arpi
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Dental Hygiene
UTHealth researchers find up to 3,000 times the bacterial growth on hollow-head toothbrushes
Solid-head power toothbrushes retain less bacteria compared to hollow-head toothbrushes, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Dentistry.
Advanced Response Corporation

Contact: Edgar Veliz
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Canadians rank highly when it comes to public science knowledge, attitudes, and engagement
A new expert panel report, Science Culture: Where Canada Stands, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, helps to paint the clearest picture of Canada's science culture and science culture support system in 25 years. The expert panel who conducted the assessment found Canadians excel in public science knowledge, attitudes, and engagement; however they also determined there is room for improvement in some areas, including skills development.

Contact: Cathleen Meechan
613-567-5000 x228
Council of Canadian Academies

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Dyslexic readers have disrupted network connections in the brain
Dyslexia, the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States, is a neurological reading disability that occurs when the regions of the brain that process written language don't function normally.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Journal of Divorce & Remarriage
No cookie-cutter divorces, so what info should online co-parenting classes offer?
Required online classes for divorcing couples who have children are good at teaching parents how to deal with children's needs and responses to their family's new situation. But co-parenting couples would benefit from content that helps adults cope with their own emotions and from unique tracks for families with special circumstances such as intimate partner violence or alcoholism, said a University of Illinois researcher in human and community development.

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
ACM SIGMIS Computers and People Research Conference
Research geared to keep women from fleeing IT profession
Employers have been trying for years to reverse the exodus of women from IT positions. They're failing. New research from Baylor University shows they've been focusing on the wrong areas.

Contact: Eric Eckert
Baylor University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
American Sociological Review
IU study: Social class makes a difference in how children tackle classroom problems
An Indiana University study has found that social class can account for differences in how parents coach their children to manage classroom challenges. Such differences can affect a child's education by reproducing inequalities in the classroom.

Contact: Jessica McCrory Calarco
Indiana University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
New Media and Society
MU researchers develop more accurate Twitter analysis tools
'Trending' topics on Twitter show the quantity of tweets associated with a specific event but trends only show the highest volume keywords and hashtags, and may not give information about the tweets themselves. Now, using data associated with the Super Bowl and World Series, researchers at the University of Missouri have developed and validated a software program that analyzes event-based tweets and measures the context of tweets rather than just the quantity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Young children's sipping/tasting of alcohol reflects parental modeling
A new study examines antecedent predictors of childhood initiation of sipping or tasting alcohol. Findings indicate that initiation of sipping/tasting was less related to psychosocial proneness for problem behavior and more related to perceived parental approval for child sipping.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: John E. Donovan, Ph.D.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Developmental Science
Learning by watching, toddlers show intuitive understanding of probability
Most people know children learn many skills simply by watching people around them. Without explicit instructions youngsters know to do things like press a button to operate the television and twist a knob to open a door. Now researchers have taken this further, finding that children as young as age two intuitively use mathematical concepts such as probability to help make sense of the world around them.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Latino children make greatest gains in N.C. pre-K
A new summary of 12 years of research on North Carolina's pre-kindergarten program for at-risk 4-year-olds shows that 'dual-language learners' make the greatest academic progress in the program.

Contact: Ellen Peisner-Feinberg
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Computers in Human Behavior
In our digital world, are young people losing the ability to read emotions?
Are young people losing the ability to read emotions in our digital world? UCLA scientists report that sixth-graders who went five days without even glancing at a smartphone, television or other screen did substantially better at reading emotions than sixth-graders from the same school who, as usual, spent hours each day looking at their smartphones and other screens.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Enabling a new future for cloud computing
The National Science Foundation today announced two $10 million projects to create cloud computing testbeds -- to be called 'Chameleon' and 'CloudLab' -- that will enable the academic research community to develop and experiment with novel cloud architectures and pursue new, architecturally-enabled applications of cloud computing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Louisiana Tech University researchers use 3-D printers to create custom medical implants
A team of researchers at Louisiana Tech University has developed an innovative method for using affordable, consumer-grade 3-D printers and materials to fabricate custom medical implants that can contain antibacterial and chemotherapeutic compounds for targeted drug delivery.

Contact: Dave Guerin
Louisiana Tech University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Monthly blood transfusions reduce sickle cell anemia-related brain injury in children
Regular blood transfusions prevent recurrent blockage of brain blood vessels, a serious neurological side effect that occurs in one third of children with sickle cell anemia, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings appear in the Aug. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Barbara McMakin
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Race and Social Problems
College education not always about what you have, but how you use it
Students who have books and computers at home, who take extramural cultural classes, and whose parents give advice and take part in school activities are most likely to enroll for a four-year college degree. Also, more American black students -- irrespective of their class or background -- will set off on this education path than their white counterparts.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Sequencing at sea
Scientists overcame equipment failure, space constraints and shark-infested waters to do real-time DNA sequencing in a remote field location.

Contact: Natalia Elko
San Diego State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
2014 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
Unlike less educated people, college grads more active on weekends than weekdays
People's educational attainment influences their level of physical activity both during the week and on weekends, according to a study whose authors include two University of Kansas researchers.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Academic Medicine
GW researchers develop model to study impact of faculty development programs
Researchers from ‪the George Washington University introduce a new model to demonstrate how faculty development programming can affect institutional behaviors, beyond the individual participant.

Contact: Lisa Anderson
George Washington University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2014
2014 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
Risky situations increase women's anxiety, hurt their performance compared to men
Risky situations increase anxiety for women but not for men, leading women to perform worse under these circumstances, finds a study to be presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 17-Aug-2014
2014 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
Study finds range of skills students taught in school linked to race and class size
Pressure to meet national education standards may be the reason states with significant populations of African-American students and those with larger class sizes often require children to learn fewer skills, finds a University of Kansas researcher.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association