EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
24-Apr-2014 17:59
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject
Search this subject:
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Paying closer attention to attention
Researchers from McGill have suggested that there may be an overreporting of attention problems in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, simply because parents and teachers are using a misplaced basis for comparison. They are testing and comparing children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder with children of the same physical or chronological age, rather than with children of the same mental age, which is often quite a lot younger.

Contact: Katherine Gombay
McGill University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Psychological Science
Take notes by hand for better long-term comprehension
Dust off those Bic ballpoints and college-ruled notebooks -- research shows that taking notes by hand is better than taking notes on a laptop for remembering conceptual information over the long term. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Motor skill deficiencies linked to autism severity in new research
An Oregon State University researcher has found a relationship between motor skill deficiencies and the severity of the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in very young children. The findings indicate that development of motor skills should be included in treatment plans for young children with autism.
Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation of Michigan, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Megan MacDonald
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
'Off-the-shelf' equipment used to digitize insects in 3-D
Scientists have developed a cost-effective, off-the-shelf system to obtain natural-color 3-D models of insects.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nanoreporters tell 'sour' oil from 'sweet'
Scientists at Rice University have created a nanoscale detector that checks for and reports on the presence and concentration of hydrogen sulfide in crude oil and natural gas while they're still in the ground.
Advanced Energy Consortium

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AMP publishes curriculum recommendations for medical laboratory scientists
The Association for Molecular Pathology released a report today in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics on recommendations for a molecular diagnostics curriculum at both the baccalaureate and master's levels of education.

Contact: Catherine Davidge
Association for Molecular Pathology

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
FASEB releases updated NIH state factsheets
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology has released updated factsheets for fiscal year 2013 highlighting how funding from the National Institutes of Health benefits each of the 50 states, DC, and Puerto Rico.

Contact: Lawrence Green
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Psychological Science
Speed-reading apps may impair reading comprehension by limiting ability to backtrack
To address the fact that many of us are on the go and pressed for time, app developers have devised speed-reading software that eliminates the time we supposedly waste by moving our eyes as we read. But don't throw away your books, papers, and e-readers just yet -- research suggests that the eye movements we make during reading actually play a critical role in our ability to understand what we've just read.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 21-Apr-2014
Nature Geoscience
Study: Centuries of sand to grow Mississippi Delta
The wetlands of the Mississippi River Delta are slowly sinking and rapidly eroding, but new research from Rice University and the University of South Carolina has found the river's supply of sand -- the material engineers most need to rebuild the delta -- will stay constant for centuries.
Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
First potentially habitable Earth-sized planet confirmed by Gemini and Keck observatories
The first Earth-sized exoplanet orbiting within the habitable zone of another star has been confirmed by observations with both the W. M. Keck Observatory and the Gemini Observatory. The initial discovery, made by NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, is one of a handful of smaller planets found by Kepler and verified using large ground-based telescopes. It also confirms that Earth-sized planets do exist in the habitable zone of other stars.

Contact: Peter Michaud
Gemini Observatory

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Orchid named after UC Riverside researcher
One day about eight years ago, Katia Silvera, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California, Riverside, and her father were on a field trip in a mountainous area in central Panama when they stumbled upon an orchid they had never seen before. Unable to identify it, they contacted an orchid expert. The orchid, which turned out to be an unnamed species, has now been named after the Silveras: 'Lophiaris silverarum.'

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Psychological Science in the Public Interest
Classifying cognitive styles across disciplines
Various fields have developed diverse approaches to understanding the way people process information. A new report from psychological scientists aims to integrate these approaches by offering a new, integrated framework of cognitive styles that bridges different terminologies, concepts, and approaches.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Chiral breathing: Electrically controlled polymer changes its optical properties
Electrically controlled glasses with continuously adjustable transparency, new polarisation filters, and even chemosensors capable of detecting single molecules of specific chemicals could be fabricated thanks to a new polymer unprecedentedly combining optical and electrical properties.

Contact: Wlodzimierz Kutner
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Developmental Science
IU cognitive scientists use 'I spy' to show spoken language helps direct children's eyes
In a new study, Indiana U. cognitive scientists demonstrate that children spot objects more quickly when prompted by words than if they are only prompted by images. Spoken language taps into children's cognitive system, enhancing their ability to learn and to navigate cluttered environments. As such the study opens up new avenues for research into the way language might shape the course of developmental disabilities such as ADHD, difficulties with school, and other attention-related problems.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Development

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
Indiana University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Sociology of Education
Local homicide rate increases cause more elementary students to fail school
A new study finds that an increase in a municipality's homicide rate causes more elementary school students in that community to fail a grade than would do so if the rate remained stable.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
The surprising consequences of banning chocolate milk
The new Cornell Food and Brand Lab study by Andrew Hanks, David Just, and Brian Wansink, found that eliminating chocolate milk from elementary schools decreased total milk sales by 10 percent, and increased milk waste by 29 percent. Additionally, the ban may have been a factor in a 7 percent decrease in District's Lunch Program participation. Nutritionally, after the milk substitution, students on average consumed less sugar and fewer calories, but also consumed less protein and calcium.

Contact: Drew Hanks
Cornell Food & Brand Lab

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Using video surveillance to measure peoples' hand washing habits
Stanford researchers pioneer use of video surveillance to better understand essential hygiene behavior.

Contact: Rob Jordan
Stanford University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Real-time audio of corporal punishment shows kids misbehave within 10 minutes of spanking
Real-time audio recordings of children being spanked showed parents responded impulsively or emotionally, rather than being intentional with their discipline, says psychologist and parenting expert George Holden, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, the study's lead author. SMU researchers discovered that spanking was more common than parents admit, that children were hit for trivial misdeeds, and that children misbehaved within 10 minutes of punishment. The findings are reported in the American Psychological Association's Journal of Family Psychology.
Timberlawn Psychiatric Research Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Developmental Psychology
How mothers help children explore right and wrong
Moms want their kids to grow up to be good people -- but how do they actually help their offspring sort out different types of moral issues? A new study shows many moms talk to their kids in ways that help them understand moral missteps.

Contact: Clea Desjardins
Concordia University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Girls' mental health suffers when romances unfold differently than they imagined
A new study reveals that for adolescent girls, having a romantic relationship play out differently than they imagined it would has negative implications for their mental health.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
UC research illuminates 'touchy' subject
Jianguo Gu, Ph.D., at the University of Cincinnati, and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells -- which contact many sensory nerve endings in the skin -- are the initial sites for sensing touch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Koenig
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Teenagers who have had a concussion also have higher rates of suicide attempts
Teenagers who have suffered a traumatic brain injury such as a concussion are at 'significantly greater odds' of attempting suicide, being bullied and engaging in a variety of high-risk behaviors, a new study has found.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Rethink education to fuel bioeconomy, says report
Microbes can be highly efficient, versatile and sophisticated manufacturing tools, and have the potential to form the basis of a vibrant economic sector. In order to take full advantage of the opportunity microbial-based industry can offer, though, educators need to rethink how future microbiologists are trained, according to a report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Internal Medicine 2014
Osteoporosis drugs appear to impede cell membrane repair
A class of drugs widely used to treat osteoporosis appears to impede a cell's ability to repair a protective outer membrane that helps determine what enters and exits, researchers report.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Study gives high marks to NC Pre-K program
Scientists from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute have released their new study of NC Pre-K, the state's program to prepare four-year-olds for success in kindergarten. According to FPG's findings, students enrolled in NC Pre-K show significant gains across all areas of learning, progressing at an even greater rate than is expected for normal developmental growth.
Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Dave Shaw
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute