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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
American Physical Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the Air and Water Association
Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
A recent study published in the Journal of the Air and Water Association shows that inclusion of agricultural plastic in debris piles has no effect on smoke emissions.

Contact: Walita Kay Williams
USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics
Background TV can be bad for kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study from the University of Iowa. Researchers found that background television can divert a child's attention from play and learning. Results appear in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.
Department of Education, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Public Broadcasting System for the Ready to Learn Initiative

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Sociological Review
Wives with more education than their husbands no longer at increased risk of divorce
For decades, couples in which a wife had more education than her husband faced a higher risk of divorce than those in which a husband had more education, but a new study finds this is no longer the case.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Community service programs that include reflection found to be more beneficial to youth
Using meta-analysis to asses 49 studies from around the world, researchers have found that community service that includes reflection is more beneficial for adolescents than community service that does not. The studies analyzed were conducted from 1980 to 2012 and involved 24,477 adolescent participants. Community service had a positive effect on academic, social, and civic outcomes. This effect was found to be substantial only in programs that included reflection. Positive outcomes were stronger when community service was performed more often.
Utrecht University

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Stronger early reading skills predict higher intelligence later
A study of 1,890 identical twins has found that strong early reading skill might positively affect later intelligence. The twins, who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study in the United Kingdom, share all their genes as well as a home environment. Differences shown in intellectual ability came from experiences they didn't share. The twin with stronger early reading skills was found to have higher overall intellectual ability by age 7.
UK Medical Research Council, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, European Research Council

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Academic Medicine
Study reveals medical students believe health policy education is improving
Students graduating from US medical schools in 2012 feel they've received a better education in health policy issues than graduates surveyed in 2008, according to a multi-center study led by the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and published online this month in Academic Medicine. The study applied a new framework for teaching and evaluating perceptions of training in health policy, first proposed by the authors in a 2011 perspective published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Katie Delach
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
ETH student develops filter for clean water around the world
An innovative filter makes it possible to purify water more quickly, simply and economically than ever before. The developers hope the device will soon play a big role development aid, and they are looking for investors to help them achieve this goal.

Contact: Media Releations ETH Zurich
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Leadership Quarterly
Wide-faced men negotiate nearly $2,200 larger signing bonus
Having a wider face helps men when they negotiate for themselves but hurts them when they are negotiating in a situation that requires compromise. Additionally, men who are more attractive are better collaborators compared to less attractive men.

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Tempting people to move for work takes more than dollars
Sufficient financial inducements are one way of encouraging people to move to regional Australia for jobs, but other factors also play a part, according to a new report.
National Vocational Education and Training Research Program

Contact: Glynis Smalley
Monash University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Preschoolers can reflect on what they don't know
Contrary to previous assumptions, researchers find that preschoolers are able to gauge the strength of their memories and make decisions based on their self-assessments. The study findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Room for improvement in elementary school children's lunches and snacks from home
Open a child's lunch box and you're likely to find that the lunches and snacks inside fall short of federal guidelines, report researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Boston Obesity Research Center

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Health & Place
Natural-terrain schoolyards reduce children's stress, says Colorado University-Boulder study
Playing in schoolyards that feature natural habitats and trees and not just asphalt and recreation equipment reduces children's stress and inattention, according to a University of Colorado Boulder study.

Contact: Louise Chawla
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Social Problems
African-American homeownership increasingly less stable and more risky
A new study from sociologists at Rice University and Cornell University found that African-Americans are 45 percent more likely than whites to switch from owning their homes to renting them.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Jeju Island is a live volcano
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources indicated that there are the traces that indicated that a recent volcanic eruption was evident 5,000 years ago.

Contact: Jongwon Lee
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
American Journal of Sports Medicine
High school lacrosse players at risk of concussions other injuries
With over 170,000 students now playing high school lacrosse, more and more are being exposed to injuries during practice and competition, according to a new study from the Colorado School of Public Health and the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.

Contact: Tonya Ewers
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Low-income students in charter high schools less likely to engage in risky behavior
Low-income minority adolescents who were admitted to high-performing public charter high schools in Los Angeles were significantly less likely to engage in risky health behaviors than their peers who were not admitted to those schools. These students also scored significantly better on California state standardized math and English tests.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
International Bioprinting Congress
Louisiana Tech University professor presents at International Bioprinting Congress
Dr. Mark DeCoster, the James E. Wyche III Endowed Professor in Biomedical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University, will present 'Bioprinting interfaces for 2-D and 3-D cell and tissue models' focusing on the development of a novel, matrix-free method for generating 3-D cell spheroids that are combining knowledge from bioprinting methods on 2-D surfaces to link 3-D cellular structures.

Contact: Dave Guerin
Louisiana Tech University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Open Access Journal of Contraception
Communication about female condom vital to young adults, UT Arlington researchers say
UT Arlington communication researchers examine sexual health messages aimed at young college adults about the female condom.

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Nano Letters
Carbyne morphs when stretched
Applying just the right amount of tension to a chain of carbon atoms can turn it from a metallic conductor to an insulator. The research has implications for mechanically activated nanoscale electronics and optics.
Robert Welch Foundation, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Filter bed substrates, plant types recommended for rain gardens
Researchers analyzed the effectiveness of three different filter bed substrates to support plant growth and remove nutrients from urban stormwater runoff. Twelve rain gardens containing 16 plant species were evaluated in the study. All three substrates reduced the quantity of pollutants in urban stormwater runoff. Substrates did not affect shoot or root growth of plants. Eleven of the species used grew well in the rain gardens and are recommended as rain garden plants.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
LEDs shine in bedding plant production study
Bedding plant seedlings were grown at 21C under ambient solar light and supplemental lighting from either high-pressure sodium lamps or LED arrays with varying proportions of red:blue light. Seedling quality for most of the species tested under lighting from LEDs providing both red and blue light was similar or higher than those grown under high-pressure sodium lamps. LED lighting had a positive influence on root dry mass, height, and stem caliper of the seedlings.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Organic apple orchards benefit from green compost applications
Researchers evaluated the effects of groundcover management systems and nutrient sources on soil organic matter, carbon and nitrogen concentration, and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration over time in an organically managed orchard. Results indicated that organic cultural methods can significantly augment near-surface soil carbon and nitrogen contents, which will likely increase productivity of apple orchards in the Ozark Highlands and similar regions over a relatively short period time after establishment.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Developmental Science
Brain waves show learning to read does not end in 4th grade, contrary to popular theory
Teachers-in-training have long been taught that fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new Dartmouth study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found that fourth-graders do not experience a change in automatic word processing, a crucial component of the reading shift theory. Instead, some types of word processing become automatic before fourth grade, while others don't switch until after fifth.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Shea Drefs
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
A national study of colleges identifies gaps in efforts to enforce alcohol laws
A new study has examined campus police/security responses to serious, underage, and less-serious alcohol incidents on and off campus at 343 colleges across the United States. Results show that campus security or law enforcement officials were not likely to issue citations for alcohol-law violations. Students were usually referred for discipline or sanctions to other university officials rather than formal courts, and were generally not referred to a campus health center for alcohol screening or intervention.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Toben F. Nelson, Sc.D.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research