EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
24-Nov-2014 04:15
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject


Search this subject:

Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
6th International Conference on Social Robotics
Theater arts research offers insight for designers, builders of robots
UT Arlington Theatre Arts research provides insight into human behavior for scientists, engineers who design and build social robots.

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Self-regulation intervention boosts school readiness of at-risk children, study shows
An intervention that uses music and games to help preschoolers learn self-regulation skills is helping prepare at-risk children for kindergarten, a new study from Oregon State University shows.
Ford Family Foundation

Contact: Megan McClelland
Oregon State University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Polyethylene mulch, glazing create optimal conditions for soil solarization
Researchers raised soil temperatures in high tunnels in southern Arizona to determine the efficacy of soil solarization using clear mulch on the soil surface and with tunnel glazing or with no glazing. Outcomes showed that producers using high tunnels in the region can complete solarization in less than a week during summer when the soil is fallow using glazing on the high tunnel and polyethylene mulch on the soil surface.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Vermicompost leachate improves tomato seedling growth
A study assessed growth performance of tomato seedlings treated with vermicompost-leachate (VCL), an organic liquid produced from earthworm-digested material. Seedlings were subjected to various temperature and watering regimes. Results showed that VCL can be a suitable soil amendment product to improve overall soil fertility and growth of tomato plants, even under temperature and water stress conditions.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology 2014 -Geneva, 21-22 November
Annals of Oncology
Immune checkpoint inhibitors may work in brain cancers
New evidence that immune checkpoint inhibitors may work in glioblastoma and brain metastases presented at the ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland.

Contact: ESMO Press Office
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology 2014 -Geneva, 21-22 November
Annals of Oncology
Possibilities for personalized vaccines revealed at ESMO symposium
The possibilities for personalized vaccines in all types of cancer are revealed today at the ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland.

Contact: ESMO Press Office
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
A global report card: Are children better off than they were 25 years ago?
UCLA's World Policy Analysis Center has published a comprehensive analysis of children's rights in 190 countries around the world.

Contact: Carla Denly
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Astrophysical Journal
It's filamentary: How galaxies evolve in the cosmic web
How do galaxies like our Milky Way form, and just how do they evolve? Are galaxies affected by their surrounding environment? An international team of researchers, led by astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, proposes some answers. The researchers highlight the role of the 'cosmic web' -- a large-scale web-like structure comprised of galaxies -- on the evolution of galaxies that took place in the distant universe, a few billion years after the Big Bang.
Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Unstable child care can affect children by age 4
A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveals that disruptions in child care negatively affect children's social development as early as age 4. However, the study also shows that the effects of child care instability are not unduly large -- and some types of instability appear to have no negative impact on children.

Contact: Mary Bratsch-Hines
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Effectiveness of campaigns addressing violence against women and girls examined
Mary Ellsberg and Diana J. Arango from GW's Global Women's Institute examine programs aimed at reducing violence against women and girls.

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
George Washington University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Job authority increases depression symptoms in women, decreases them in men
A new study finds that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Association for the Study of Higher Education Annual Meeting
Professional majors strengthen the mission of liberal arts colleges
University of Iowa study finds small liberal arts colleges that add professional and vocational majors strengthen their mission, not weaken it.
Center of Inquiry in the Liberal Arts at Wabash College

Contact: Sara Agnew
University of Iowa

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
American Antiquity
Digging for answers
On an archaeology field trip in New Mexico as an undergraduate in 2006, Dana Bardolph noticed something that struck her as an odd gender imbalance: The professor leading the dig was a man, while the graduate assistant and all but two of the 14 undergrads were women.

Contact: Andrea Estrada
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Journal of School Violence
Social sensing game detects classroom bullies
Researchers at Illinois have developed a computer game that can detect classroom bullies, victims and bystanders.

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
New report explores NYC students' pathways into and through college
A new report from the Research Alliance for New York City Schools gives a first look at patterns of college enrollment, persistence, and completion for New York City high school students.

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
American Public Health Association's Annual Meeting & Exposition
When it comes to teen alcohol use, close friends have more influence than peers
A recent study by an Indiana University researcher has found that adolescents' alcohol use is influenced by their close friends' use, regardless of how much alcohol they think their general peers consume.

Contact: Milana Katic
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
AHA Scientific Sessions 2014
Handheld ultrasound technology can help medical students improve their physical diagnosis
A new study by researchers from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai found that training medical students to use a handheld ultrasound device can enhance the accuracy of their physical diagnosis.

Contact: Lauren Woods
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Neuroscience 2014
Musicians show advantages in long-term memory, UT Arlington research says
Research that a UT Arlington psychology professor is presenting at the Society for Neuroscience conference shows links between musical training and long-term memory advantages.

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Neuroscience 2014
Lumosity presents 99,022-participant study on learning rates at Neuroscience 2014
The study, titled 'Optimizing Cognitive Task Designs to Improve Learning Rates in a Large Online Population,' analyzed game play performance from 99,022 participants, and found that participants operating closer to their performance threshold earlier in their experience with a cognitive task tend to have faster learning rates -- especially at higher levels of difficulty.

Contact: Melissa Malski

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Graphene/nanotube hybrid benefits flexible solar cells
Rice University scientists create a graphene/nanotube cathode that may make cheap, flexible dye-sensitized solar cells more practical.
Welch Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research and its Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Department of Energy, Lockheed Martin LANCER IV program, Sandia National Laboratory, Office of Naval Research MURI

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Stenospermocarpic fruit linked to unmarketable black walnuts
Studies were conducted to determine the incidence of ambered black walnut kernels in an orchard, and to ascertain when symptoms were apparent in specific tissues. Factors such as cropload, soil type, ambient temperatures, or precipitation were not associated with a high incidence of ambered kernels. Analyses determined that visible embryo degeneration, associated with ambered kernels in black walnut fruit, was detected in early July when shell hardening occurs and kernel tissues are enlarging.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Clues to trees' salt tolerance found in native habitat, leaf traits
Canyon maple was compared with bigleaf maple and eucalyptus to investigate whether salt tolerance can be inferred from observable cues based on woody species' native habitat and leaf traits. Results showed the potential to infer a degree of salt tolerance from either native habitat or known drought tolerance. Outcomes suggested canyon maple can be used in urban landscapes in the United States Intermountain West irrigated with reclaimed water with moderate or lower electrical conductivity.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Three new ornamental dogwoods introduced
Researchers at the University of Tennessee introduced three new ornamental dogwood varieties that are resistant to powdery mildew and dogwood anthracnose. 'Empire' is a brilliant, white-bracted kousa dogwood with a columnar form and exfoliating bark. 'Pam's Mountain Bouquet', a kousa dogwood with a spreading form, features a prolific fused bract display. 'Red Steeple' features a columnar-shaped canopy with red foliage that fades to green and white bracts with a red tint along the margins.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Finding 'lost' languages in the brain
An infant's mother tongue creates neural patterns that the unconscious brain retains years later even if the child totally stops using the language, as can happen in cases of international adoption, according to a new joint study by scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -- The Neuro and McGill University's Department of Psychology. The study offers the first neural evidence that traces of the "lost" language remain in the brain.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche sur la societe et la culture, G.W. Stairs Foundation, Centre for Research on Brain Language and Mind

Contact: Anita Kar
McGill University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
American Public Health Association's Annual Meeting & Exposition
Datasets used by policymakers, scientists for public health analyses inconsistent
Commercially available datasets containing a wealth of information about food and alcohol establishments differ significantly, raising concerns about their reliability as sources of information that could be used to set public policy or conduct scientific research, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health investigation. The analysis, funded by the Aetna Foundation, will be presented Monday at the American Public Health Association's annual meeting in New Orleans.
Aetna Foundation

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences