Feeding at the breast may be healthier than feeding pumped milk from a bottle for reducing the risk of ear infection, and feeding breast milk compared with formula may reduce the risk of diarrhea, according to a recent study.
People who are genetically predisposed with reduced enzyme activity to breakdown active aldehyde are more likely to develop a fatty liver even if they have no drinking habit.
A five-week obesity prevention program for seventh grade students in Southern California helped obese students lose weight over a long-term period. The average reduction in body mass index (BMI) measured for obese students of average height two years later when they entered high school translated into about nine pounds lower bodyweight.
Over the past decade, interest has been rising in fermented dairy foods that promote health and could potentially prevent diseases such as hypertension (high blood pressure). Functional dairy products that lower blood pressure and heart rate may offer consumers an effective alternative to antihypertensive drugs if their effectiveness can be demonstrated. Investigators reporting in the Journal of Dairy Science review the scientific basis of reported claims and identify opportunities for developing products based on new lactic acid bacteria.
Marian Walhout, Ph.D., and Lutfu Safak Yilmaz, Ph.D., present the first genome-scale reconstruction of the C. elegans metabolic network and show that scientists can use mathematical simulation to convert bacterial diet into C. elegans biomass.
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden and the Cancer Registry of Norway have studied possible causes behind the development of brain tumors. The results, published in the journal Oncotarget, show differences in expression of certain molecules known as metabolites when comparing healthy individuals with people who would eventually develop brain tumors. The greatest difference were found when looking at vitamin E.
A stomachache can put a real damper on your love life -- especially if you're a giant panda. One minute it's breeding season and you're happily dining on fresh bamboo leaves, the next you're left clutching your stomach while your gastrointestinal lining passes through your system. This is exactly what seems to happen to captive giant pandas, and the researchers behind a new study are beginning to suspect it may play a role in their struggles to reproduce.
A parmesan scandal reported earlier this year highlighted how easy it is to doctor the cheese when it's grated. For producers and consumers of some of the most expensive kinds, this is a big problem. Generic versions abound, but the traditional variety comes from only a handful of Italian provinces and commands twice the price. Now scientists report in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry a way to catch adulteration of the regional products.
Salk scientists find key molecule that keeps gut bacteria in check.
The antioxidant boosting properties of sesame, and especially sesame oil, can have a significant effect on oxidative stress, improving human health, according to a systematic review published in Journal of Medicinal Food.