Researchers investigated the effects of sole-source light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of different light qualities and intensities on growth, morphology, and nutrient content of three species of Brassica microgreens. As light intensity increased, plants' hypocotyl length decreased and percent dry weight increased (regardless of light quality). Nutrient content in all three species decreased as light intensity increased. The study provides information to assist growers with decisions regarding lighting practices for production of microgreens based on market needs.
In a cross-sectional analysis published online today in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers looked at the association between habitual nut consumption and inflammatory biomarkers among 5,013 men and women participating in two ongoing prospective cohort studies.
Saint Louis University researchers report that levels of the peptide hormone adropin vary based on carbohydrate consumption and appear to be linked to lipid metabolism.
Research conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Duke University has associated low vitamin D levels with increased subsequent risk of cognitive decline and impairment in the Chinese elderly.
A drink developed for soldiers to generate energy from ketones allowed highly trained cyclists to add up to 400 meters of distance to their workouts, a UK-led study reports in Cell Metabolism. The supplement, which will be commercially available within the year, works by temporarily switching the primary source of cellular energy from glucose or fat to ketones -- molecules derived from fat that are known to be elevated in people consuming a low-carb, Atkins-like diet.
The congenital disease favism causes sickness and even jaundice in patients after they consume beans. The culprit is a particular enzyme deficiency, which destroys the red blood cells. Scientists from the University Children's Hospital Zurich have now discovered that, in the event of a severe or complete enzyme deficiency, patients can also suffer from an immunodeficiency. Patients need to be treated differently depending on the severity of their deficiency.
Our desire for indulgent meals may be over 500 years old. A new analysis of European and American paintings across five centuries shows that salt, bread, sausage, and shellfish were among the most commonly depicted foods in paintings of meals from 1500 to 2000 AD.
In recent years, numerous diseases have been tied to variations in gut microbiota. The probiotics industry targets gut and intestinal health by developing products built mostly around enzyme cultures and bacteria. But a new study suggests that the underlying health and physical forces of the gut are as important as the bacteria inside in shaping communities of intestinal microbiota, and offers insights into the problems experienced by humans with a birth defect called Hirschsprung's disease.
A 45 year study in middle-aged men has shown that the impact of low physical capacity on risk of death is second only to smoking. The research is published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
Investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center report clinical research showing that African-American and European-American men with prostate cancer exhibit significantly different expression of genes associated with immune response and inflammation, in the July 2016 issue of Pharmacogenomics. Systems-level, RNA analyses support the concept that inflammatory processes may contribute to racial disparities in disease progression and that vitamin D3 supplementation can modulate pro-inflammatory transcripts.