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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Functional Foods
Montmorency tart cherry juice lowered blood uric acid levels and a marker for inflammation
Tart cherries have long been researched for their association with pain relief -- from gout and arthritis pain to exercise-related muscle pain. A new study published in the Journal of Functional Foods reported consumption of Montmorency tart cherries caused changes in uric acid metabolism, which can have an impact on joint pain. The study also detected increases in specific anthocyanin compounds in the bloodstream after consuming tart cherries.
Cherry Marketing Institute, Northumbria University

Contact: Mary Wendel
mwendel@webershandwick.com
312-988-2373
Weber Shandwick Worldwide

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
PLOS One
New molecule fights oxidative stress; May lead to therapies for cancer and Alzheimer's
Breathing oxygen helps the body create energy for its cells. As a result of the breathing process, reactive molecules called 'free radicals' are produced that often cause damage to proteins and genes found in cells. This damage is known as oxidative stress. Free radicals also have been linked to cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Now, investigators at the University of Missouri have discovered a molecule that treats oxidative stress.

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature
Spiders: Survival of the fittest group
Theorists have long debated the existence and power of a type of evolution called group selection. Now, studying social spiders, two scientists have uncovered the first-ever experimental evidence of group selection driving collective traits in wild populations of these spiders.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Brain Connectivity
Fibromyalgia and the role of brain connectivity in pain inhibition
The cause of fibromyalgia, a chronic pain syndrome is not known. However, the results of a new study that compares brain activity in individuals with and without fibromyalgia indicate that decreased connectivity between pain-related and sensorimotor brain areas could contribute to deficient pain regulation in fibromyalgia, according to an article published in Brain Connectivity.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Medical Entomology
New study provides key to identifying spiders in international cargo
Spiders found in international cargo brought into North America are sometimes misidentified, which can lead to costly and unwarranted eradication measures. A new study provides a key to identifying spiders commonly found in international cargo.

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature
Proving 'group selection'
The notion of 'group selection' -- that members of social species exhibit individual behavioral traits that render a population more or less fit for survival—has been bandied about in evolutionary biology since Darwin. The essence of the argument against the theory is that it's a 'fuzzy' concept without the precision of gene-based selection.

Contact: Joe Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Coral reef winners and losers
Scientists show that a subset of present coral fauna will likely populate oceans as water temperatures continue to rise.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Pathology
UMN research pinpoints microRNA tied to colon cancer tumor growth
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified microRNAs that may cause colon polyps from turning cancerous. The finding could help physicians provide more specialized, and earlier, treatment before colon cancer develops. The findings are published today in The Journal of Pathology.
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
CEC releases its first-ever multi-year examination of reported industrial pollution in North America
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) has released a comprehensive report on the changing face of industrial pollution in North America, covering the years 2005 through 2010. This is the first time an edition of the CEC's Taking Stock series, which gathers data from pollutant release and transfer registers in Canada, Mexico and the United States, has analyzed North American pollutant information over an extended time frame.

Contact: Megan Ainscow
mainscow@cec.org
514-350-4331
Commission for Environmental Cooperation

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
A new target for controlling inflammation? Long non-coding RNAs fine-tune the immune system
Regulation of the human immune system's response to infection involves an elaborate network of complex signaling pathways that turn on and off multiple genes. The emerging importance of long noncoding RNAs and their ability to promote, fine-tune, and restrain the body's inflammatory response by regulating gene expression is described in a Review article in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Ecology Letters
New approach can predict impact of climate change on species that can't get out of the way
When scientists talk about the consequences of climate change, it can mean more than how we human beings will be impacted by higher temperatures, rising seas and serious storms. Plants and trees are also feeling the change, but they can't move out of the way. Researchers have developed a new tool to overcome a major challenge of predicting how organisms may respond to climate change.

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
apelsinsky@umces.edu
410-330-1389
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Neural activity predicts the timing of spontaneous decisions
Researchers have discovered a new type of brain activity that underlies the timing of voluntary actions, allowing them to forecast when a spontaneous decision will occur more than a second in advance. 'Experiments like this have been used to argue that free will is an illusion, but we think that this interpretation is mistaken,' says Zachary Mainen, a neuroscientist at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, in Lisbon, Portugal, who led the research, published on Sept. 28, 2014, in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Contact: maria joao soares
mjsoares@jlma.pt
351-914-237-487
JLM&A, SA

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Systematic Biology
Research confirms controversial Darwin theory of 'jump dispersal'
More than one hundred and fifty years ago, Charles Darwin hypothesized that species could cross oceans and other vast distances on vegetation rafts, icebergs, or in the case of plant seeds, in the plumage of birds. Though many were skeptical of Darwin's 'jump dispersal' idea, a new study suggests that Darwin might have been correct.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
ccrawley@nimbios.org
865-974-9350
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
ACS Nano
'Stealth' nanoparticles could improve cancer vaccines
Cancer vaccines have recently emerged as a promising approach for killing tumor cells before they spread. But so far, most clinical candidates haven't worked that well. Now, scientists have developed a new way to deliver vaccines that successfully stifled tumor growth when tested in laboratory mice. And the key, they report in the journal ACS Nano, is in the vaccine's unique stealthy nanoparticles.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
New drug-delivery capsule may replace injections
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers find pill coated with tiny needles can deliver drugs directly into the lining of the digestive tract.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
The American Naturalist
Nature collides with James Bond: Newly discovered ant species hides in plain sight
Dr. Scott Powell has discovered a new species of ant that uses social parasitism to access host ant species' food sources and foraging trails.

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
emgreb@gwu.edu
202-994-3087
George Washington University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
eLife
ZEB1, Oscar for leading role in fat storage
A team from Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne in Switzerland, in collaboration with ETH Zurich, has managed to decode the process of adipogenesis by identifying the precise proteins that play the leading roles in fat absorption. Their findings have been published in the open-access scientific journal eLife.

Contact: Bart Deplancke
bart.deplancke@epfl.ch
41-216-931-821
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Deconstruction of avant-garde cuisine could lead to even more fanciful dishes
One of the most iconic forms of avant-garde cuisine, also known as molecular gastronomy, involves the presentation of flavorful, edible liquids -- like cocktails or olive oil -- packaged into spheres. Now a team of scientists, in collaboration with world-renowned chef Ferran Adriá, is getting to the bottom of what makes these delectable morsels possible. Their findings appear in ACS' The Journal of Physical Chemistry B.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Dog waste contaminates our waterways: A new test could reveal how big the problem is
Americans love their dogs, but they don't always love to pick up after them. And that's a problem. Dog feces left on the ground wash into waterways, sometimes carrying bacteria -- including antibiotic-resistant strains -- that can make people sick. Now scientists have developed a new genetic test to figure out how much dogs are contributing to this health concern, according to a report in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Environmental Science: Nano
Nanoparticles accumulate quickly in wetland sediment
Using mesocosms that closely approximate wetland ecosystems, researchers show carbon nanotubes accumulate quickly in sediments -- a tendency that could indirectly damage aquatic food chains by piggybacking harmful molecules.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency, Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
ACS Chemical Biology
Laying siege to beta-amyloid, the key protein in Alzheimer's disease
This is the first time that a method allows scientists to monitor aggregation while simultaneously detect a structural pattern responsible for the toxicity of beta-amyloid aggregation. The researchers state that these studies are a step towards finding a therapeutic target for a disease which, to date, has no treatment.

Contact: Sònia Armengou
armengou@irbbarcelona.org
34-934-037-255
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Neurobiology of Disease
Medical discovery first step on path to new painkillers
A major medical discovery by scientists at the University of Nottingham could lead to the development of an entirely new type of painkiller.
Wellcome Trust, Diabetes UK, British Heart Foundation, Richard Bright VEGF Research Fund

Contact: Emma Thorne
emma.thorne@nottingham.ac.uk
44-115-951-5793
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
The Leadership Quarterly
Power can corrupt even the honest
New research published in The Leadership Quarterly looked to discover whether power corrupts leaders. Study author John Antonakis and his colleagues from the University of Lausanne explain, 'We looked to examine what Lord Acton said over 100 years ago, that 'Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.''

Contact: Sacha Boucherie
s.boucherie@elsevier.com
31-630-667-129
Elsevier

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Omega-3 fatty acids may prevent some forms of depression
Patients with increased inflammation, including those receiving cytokines for medical treatment, have a greatly increased risk of depression. For example, a six-month treatment course of interferon-alpha therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus infection causes depression in approximately 30 percent of patients.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno
Biol.Psych@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-0880
Elsevier

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Science Signaling
Eighty percent of bowel cancers halted with existing medicines
An international team of scientists has shown that more than 80 percent of bowel cancers could be treated with existing drugs. The study found that medicines called 'JAK inhibitors' halted tumor growth in bowel cancers with a genetic mutation that is present in more than 80 per cent of bowel cancers. Multiple JAK inhibitors are currently used, or are in clinical trials, for diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, blood cancers and myeloproliferative disorders.
Ludwig Cancer Research, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Cancer Council Victoria, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victorian Government

Contact: Alan Gill
gill.a@wehi.edu.au
61-393-452-719
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute