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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain's dynamic duel underlies win-win choices
People choosing between two or more equally positive outcomes experience paradoxical feelings of pleasure and anxiety, feelings associated with activity in different regions of the brain, according to research led by Amitai Shenhav, an associate research scholar at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute at Princeton University. In the study, participants made choices between paired products with different or similar values. Choosing between two items of high value evoked the most positive feelings and the greatest anxiety.

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Study links autistic behaviors to enzyme
Biomedical scientists at the University of California, Riverside have published a study today that sheds light on the cause of autistic behaviors in Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common cause of autism. They found that an enzyme, MMP-9, plays a critical role. Working on mice, the researchers targeted MMP-9 as a potential therapeutic target in FXS and showed that genetic deletion of MMP-9 favorably impacts key aspects of FXS-associated anatomical and behaviors.
FRAXA Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
When it comes to depressed men in the military, does size matter?
Both short and tall men in the military are more at risk for depression than their uniformed colleagues of average height, a new study finds. This study was published today in the open-access journal SAGE Open.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
Controlling childbirth pain tied to lower depression risk
Controlling pain during childbirth and post delivery is linked to reduced risk of postpartum depression, says a Northwestern perinatal psychiatrist, based on a new study. The study showed postpartum depression rates doubled for women without pain control. Significant numbers of women have acute and chronic pain related to childbirth and need to consult with their physician if pain continues for several months.

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Low strength brain stimulation may be effective for depression
Brain stimulation treatments, like electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation, are often effective for the treatment of depression. Like antidepressant medications, however, they typically have a delayed onset. For example, a patient may receive several weeks of regular electroconvulsive therapy treatments before a full response is achieved.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Depression and Anxiety
Mental health issues in children with relatives who participated in manhunt after Boston Marathon
Children with relatives who were called upon to participate in the interagency manhunt following the Boston Marathon attack carried a particularly heavy mental health burden, according to a Depression and Anxiety study that included surveys of Boston-area parents and other caretakers.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Gene variant linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism
A rare gene variant discovered by University College London scientists is associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism, confirms new research.

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Performance improvement program helps doctors better manage depression, reports journal of psychiatric practice
A performance improvement initiative for physicians can significantly increase their use of evidence-based practices in screening for and treating depression, in the July Journal of Psychiatric Practice. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Weight management program also reduces depression among black women
An intervention program aimed at helping obese women maintain their weight without adding pounds also significantly reduced depression in nearly half the participants, according to a new study from Duke University.
National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Steve Hartsoe
Duke University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Body Image
Study: Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients have higher risk of personal and appearance-based rejection sensitivity
Researchers have found that fear of being rejected because of one's appearance, as well as rejection sensitivity to general interpersonal situations, were significantly elevated in individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder. These fears, referred to as personal rejection sensitivity and appearance-based rejection sensitivity, can lead to diminished quality of life and poorer mental and overall health. Body Dymorphic Disorder is an under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 to 2.4 percent of the population.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Working to loosen the grip of severe mental illness
In newly published research in the journal Neuron, Michael Cole of Rutgers has determined that the underlying brain architecture of a person at rest is basically the same as that of a person performing a variety of tasks. This is important to the study of mental illness, says Cole, because it is easier to analyze a brain at rest.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Depressed men with prostate cancer are diagnosed later stage, get less effective therapies
Depressed men with localized prostate cancer were more likely to be diagnosed with more aggressive prostate cancer, received less effective treatments and survived for shorter times than prostate cancer patients who were not depressed, a UCLA study has found.
Department of Defense Physician Training Award

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Respiratory Medicine
Miriam Hospital study examines effect of depressed mood on pulmonary rehab completion
Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that people with Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are also depressed have difficulty sticking to a pulmonary rehabilitation program. This appears to be particularly true for women, and screening and brief treatment of depression should be considered as part of treatment. The study and its findings are published in print in Respiratory Medicine.

Contact: Elena Falcone-Relvas

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Nearly 50 percent of grade 12 students in Ontario report texting while driving
An ongoing survey of Ontario students in grades seven to 12 conducted for the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health reveals a number of significant behavioral trends, including an alarming number of young people who are texting while driving.
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Contact: Kate Richards
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Poll finds health most common major stressful event in Americans' lives last year
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard School of Public Health poll released today that examines the role of stress in Americans' lives finds that about half of the public (49 percent) reported that they had a major stressful event or experience in the past year. Nearly half (43 percent) reported that the most stressful experiences related to health.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Journal of Psychiatric Research
For a holistic approach to POW trauma
Tel Aviv University's professor Zahava Solomon examines the compounding effects of war captivity and war trauma on prisoners of war. While symptoms of psychological illness are often pigeon-holed as specific individual disorders, Solomon argues against a narrow 'tunnel vision' in treating POWs such as Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, who remains in rehabilitation.

Contact: George Hunka
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Oncology Nursing Forum
Support team aiding caregivers of cancer patients shows success, CWRU researchers report
Many caregivers of terminal cancer patients suffer depression and report regret and guilt from feeling they could have done more to eliminate side effects and relieve the pain. So researchers from the nursing school at Case Western Reserve University devised and tested an intervention that quickly integrates a cancer support team to guide caregivers and their patients through difficult end-of-life treatment and decisions.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Behavioral therapy in pediatric antidepressant treatment reduces likelihood of relapse
Cognitive behavioral therapy in addition to medication improves the long-term success of treatment for children and adolescents suffering from depression, a new UT Southwestern Medical Center study indicates.

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Trial examines treatment for psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
A clinical trial found a reduction in seizures and improvement in related symptoms, including depression and anxiety, in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures who were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy informed psychotherapy with and without the medication sertraline.

Contact: Ellen M. Slingsby
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
European Journal of Psychotraumatology
New insights into the treatment of children and youth exposed to acts of terror
In a cluster of articles released today in the peer reviewed European Journal of Psychotraumatology, researchers provide new insights into the treatment of children and youth exposed to acts of terror. The work is drawn from studies examining the mass shooting at Utoya, Norway in 2011, and two school shootings in Finland -- Jokela in 2007 and Kauhajoki in 2008.
Norwegain Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies

Contact: Grete Dyb
Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies

Public Release: 1-Jul-2014
Annals of Emergency Medicine
One in six adolescents in the ER has experienced dating violence
Of adolescents visiting the emergency department for any reason, one in five girls and one in eight boys reported dating violence in the past year. According to a study published online Monday in Annals of Emergency Medicine, dating violence among adolescents was also strongly associated with alcohol, illicit drug use and depression.

Contact: Julie Lloyd
American College of Emergency Physicians

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
American Psychological Association Convention
Ceremonial PTSD therapies favored by Native-American veterans
Traditional healing therapies are the treatment of choice for many Native-American veterans -- half of whom say usual PTSD treatments don't work -- according to a recent survey conducted at Washington State University.

Contact: Greg Urquhart
Washington State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
General Hospital Psychiatry
Researchers conduct comprehensive review of treatments for depression in cancer patients
When depression co-exists with cancer, patients may be at an increased risk of death from cancer and from suicide. Antidepressants are commonly prescribed, but the evidence on their efficacy is mixed. The role of antidepressants in treating cancer-related depression has not been rigorously studied. To identify best practice for the treatment of depression in cancer, Dartmouth researchers completed a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing research.

Contact: Robin Dutcher
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Study: Traumatic brain injury in veterans may increase risk of dementia
Older veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury are 60 percent more likely to later develop dementia than veterans without TBI, according to a study published in the June 25, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Not everyone wants cheering up, new study suggests
You may want to rethink cheering up your friends who have low self-esteem because chances are they don't want to hear it.

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo