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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Armed Forces & Society
Women in military less likely to drink than civilian women
While it is known that members of the US military overall are more likely to use alcohol, a new study finds that female enlistees and female veterans are actually less likely to drink than their civilian counterparts. This study was published today in Armed Forces & Society, a SAGE journal published on behalf of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Alzheimer's & Dementia
Study: Telephone support program beneficial for caregivers of those with dementia
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have found that a support program administered entirely by telephone can significantly reduce depression and other symptoms in informal caregivers, such as family or friends, of individuals with dementia. The study is published online in advance of print in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Many depressed preschoolers still suffer in later school years
Children diagnosed with depression as preschoolers are likely to suffer from depression as school-age children and young adolescents, new research shows.
NIH/National Institute on Mental Health, CHADS Coalition, Sidney Baer Foundation

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Sleep Medicine
Teen insomnia is linked with depression and anxiety
A study of high-school students by University of Adelaide psychology researchers has shed new light on the links between insomnia-related mental health conditions among teens.

Contact: Pasquale Alvaro
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
How is depression related to dementia?
A new study gives insight into the relationship between depression and dementia. The study is published in the online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
A new brain-based marker of stress susceptibility
Some people handle stressful situations better than others, and it's not all in their genes: Even identical twins show differences in how they respond to adversity. Researchers have identified an electrical pattern in the brains of genetically identical mice that predicts how well individual animals will fare in stressful situations. The results may eventually help researchers prevent a range of mental illnesses that have been linked with stress.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, International Mental Health Research Organization RSA, BBRF Sidney R. Baer Jr. Research Prize, Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
2014 World Transplant Congress
Henry Ford study: Burnout impacts transplant surgeons
Despite saving thousands of lives yearly, nearly half of organ transplant surgeons report a low sense of personal accomplishment and 40 percent feel emotionally exhausted, according to a new national study on transplant surgeon burnout. The findings will be presented at the 2014 World Transplant Congress on Wednesday in San Francisco.

Contact: Tammy Battaglia
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The bit of your brain that signals how bad things could be
An evolutionarily ancient and tiny part of the brain tracks expectations about nasty events, finds new UCL research. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, demonstrates for the first time that the human habenula, half the size of a pea, tracks predictions about negative events, like painful electric shocks, suggesting a role in learning from bad experiences.
UK Medical Research Council

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain's dynamic duel underlies win-win choices
People choosing between two or more equally positive outcomes experience paradoxical feelings of pleasure and anxiety, feelings associated with activity in different regions of the brain, according to research led by Amitai Shenhav, an associate research scholar at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute at Princeton University. In the study, participants made choices between paired products with different or similar values. Choosing between two items of high value evoked the most positive feelings and the greatest anxiety.

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Study links autistic behaviors to enzyme
Biomedical scientists at the University of California, Riverside have published a study today that sheds light on the cause of autistic behaviors in Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common cause of autism. They found that an enzyme, MMP-9, plays a critical role. Working on mice, the researchers targeted MMP-9 as a potential therapeutic target in FXS and showed that genetic deletion of MMP-9 favorably impacts key aspects of FXS-associated anatomical and behaviors.
FRAXA Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
When it comes to depressed men in the military, does size matter?
Both short and tall men in the military are more at risk for depression than their uniformed colleagues of average height, a new study finds. This study was published today in the open-access journal SAGE Open.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
Controlling childbirth pain tied to lower depression risk
Controlling pain during childbirth and post delivery is linked to reduced risk of postpartum depression, says a Northwestern perinatal psychiatrist, based on a new study. The study showed postpartum depression rates doubled for women without pain control. Significant numbers of women have acute and chronic pain related to childbirth and need to consult with their physician if pain continues for several months.

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Low strength brain stimulation may be effective for depression
Brain stimulation treatments, like electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation, are often effective for the treatment of depression. Like antidepressant medications, however, they typically have a delayed onset. For example, a patient may receive several weeks of regular electroconvulsive therapy treatments before a full response is achieved.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Depression and Anxiety
Mental health issues in children with relatives who participated in manhunt after Boston Marathon
Children with relatives who were called upon to participate in the interagency manhunt following the Boston Marathon attack carried a particularly heavy mental health burden, according to a Depression and Anxiety study that included surveys of Boston-area parents and other caretakers.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Gene variant linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism
A rare gene variant discovered by University College London scientists is associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism, confirms new research.

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Performance improvement program helps doctors better manage depression, reports journal of psychiatric practice
A performance improvement initiative for physicians can significantly increase their use of evidence-based practices in screening for and treating depression, in the July Journal of Psychiatric Practice. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Weight management program also reduces depression among black women
An intervention program aimed at helping obese women maintain their weight without adding pounds also significantly reduced depression in nearly half the participants, according to a new study from Duke University.
National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Steve Hartsoe
Duke University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Body Image
Study: Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients have higher risk of personal and appearance-based rejection sensitivity
Researchers have found that fear of being rejected because of one's appearance, as well as rejection sensitivity to general interpersonal situations, were significantly elevated in individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder. These fears, referred to as personal rejection sensitivity and appearance-based rejection sensitivity, can lead to diminished quality of life and poorer mental and overall health. Body Dymorphic Disorder is an under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 to 2.4 percent of the population.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Working to loosen the grip of severe mental illness
In newly published research in the journal Neuron, Michael Cole of Rutgers has determined that the underlying brain architecture of a person at rest is basically the same as that of a person performing a variety of tasks. This is important to the study of mental illness, says Cole, because it is easier to analyze a brain at rest.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Depressed men with prostate cancer are diagnosed later stage, get less effective therapies
Depressed men with localized prostate cancer were more likely to be diagnosed with more aggressive prostate cancer, received less effective treatments and survived for shorter times than prostate cancer patients who were not depressed, a UCLA study has found.
Department of Defense Physician Training Award

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Respiratory Medicine
Miriam Hospital study examines effect of depressed mood on pulmonary rehab completion
Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that people with Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are also depressed have difficulty sticking to a pulmonary rehabilitation program. This appears to be particularly true for women, and screening and brief treatment of depression should be considered as part of treatment. The study and its findings are published in print in Respiratory Medicine.

Contact: Elena Falcone-Relvas

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Nearly 50 percent of grade 12 students in Ontario report texting while driving
An ongoing survey of Ontario students in grades seven to 12 conducted for the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health reveals a number of significant behavioral trends, including an alarming number of young people who are texting while driving.
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Contact: Kate Richards
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Poll finds health most common major stressful event in Americans' lives last year
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard School of Public Health poll released today that examines the role of stress in Americans' lives finds that about half of the public (49 percent) reported that they had a major stressful event or experience in the past year. Nearly half (43 percent) reported that the most stressful experiences related to health.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Journal of Psychiatric Research
For a holistic approach to POW trauma
Tel Aviv University's professor Zahava Solomon examines the compounding effects of war captivity and war trauma on prisoners of war. While symptoms of psychological illness are often pigeon-holed as specific individual disorders, Solomon argues against a narrow 'tunnel vision' in treating POWs such as Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, who remains in rehabilitation.

Contact: George Hunka
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Oncology Nursing Forum
Support team aiding caregivers of cancer patients shows success, CWRU researchers report
Many caregivers of terminal cancer patients suffer depression and report regret and guilt from feeling they could have done more to eliminate side effects and relieve the pain. So researchers from the nursing school at Case Western Reserve University devised and tested an intervention that quickly integrates a cancer support team to guide caregivers and their patients through difficult end-of-life treatment and decisions.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University