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Social/Behavioral Science
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
New study suggests a better way to deal with bad memories
Researchers have determined a simple and effective emotion-regulation strategy that has neurologically and behaviorally been proven to lessen the emotional impact of personal negative memories.
Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Conflict Prevention and Resolution Forum, University of Illinois

Contact: August Cassens
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Internet use can help ward off depression among elderly
It's estimated that as many as 10 million older Americans suffer from depression, often brought on by feelings of loneliness and isolation.

Contact: Tom Oswald
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Neurotrauma
Long-term effects of battle-related 'blast plus impact' concussive TBI in US military
Differences in measures of overall disability, cognitive function, post-traumatic stress, and depression six to 12 months after traumatic brain injury are reported in an article in Journal of Neurotrauma.

Contact: Vicki Cohn
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological and Social Sciences
Internet use may cut retirees' depression
Spending time online has the potential to ward off depression among retirees, particularly among those who live alone, according to research published online in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. In the article 'Internet Use and Depression Among Retired Older Adults in the United States: A Longitudinal Analysis,' the authors report that Internet use reduced the probability of a depressed state by 33 percent among their study sample.

Contact: Todd Kluss
The Gerontological Society of America

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Jump-starting natural resilience reverses stress susceptibility
Scientists have traced vulnerability to depression-like behaviors in mice to out-of-balance electrical activity inside neurons and experimentally reversed it. Once electrical balance was restored, previously susceptible animals were no longer prone to becoming withdrawn, anxious, and listless following socially stressful experiences. But there's a twist. The secret to such resilience was not to suppress the runaway activity, but to push it up even further, eventually triggering a compensatory self-stabilizing response.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Researchers find boosting depression-causing mechanisms in the brain increases resilience
Conventional antidepressants work by dampening neurobiological mechanisms in the brain, but a new study, unexpectedly, found for the first time time, that further activation of neurons opens a new avenue to mimic and promote natural resilience. The authors say that it may lead to novel targets for naturally acting antidepressants.
National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sid Dinsay
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Real-time audio of corporal punishment shows kids misbehave within 10 minutes of spanking
Real-time audio recordings of children being spanked showed parents responded impulsively or emotionally, rather than being intentional with their discipline, says psychologist and parenting expert George Holden, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, the study's lead author. SMU researchers discovered that spanking was more common than parents admit, that children were hit for trivial misdeeds, and that children misbehaved within 10 minutes of punishment. The findings are reported in the American Psychological Association's Journal of Family Psychology.
Timberlawn Psychiatric Research Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Girls' mental health suffers when romances unfold differently than they imagined
A new study reveals that for adolescent girls, having a romantic relationship play out differently than they imagined it would has negative implications for their mental health.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Study links domestic abuse to mental health problems in new mothers
A new study shows that domestic abuse is closely linked to postpartum mental health problems, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, in mothers. The research also found that specific types of abuse are associated with specific mental health problems.

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Collaborative care model manages depression, anxiety in patients with heart disease
A telephone-based collaborative care model helped manage depression and anxiety, and improved health-related quality of life in patients with heart disease.

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lashing out at your spouse? Check your blood sugar
Lower levels of blood sugar may make married people angrier at their spouses and even more likely to lash out aggressively, new research reveals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brad Bushman
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Internal Medicine 2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
ACP offers policy recommendations for reducing gun-related injuries, deaths in US
A new policy paper from the American College of Physicians offers nine strategies to address the societal, health care, and regulatory barriers to reducing firearms-related violence, injuries, and deaths in the United States. 'Reducing Firearm-Related Injuries and Deaths in the United States' is published today in the peer-reviewed medical journal, Annals of Internal Medicine.

Contact: Megan Hanks
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
18th Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ) Annual Conference
Proof that antidepressants and breastfeeding can mix
Researchers have found that women on antidepressants are more successful at breastfeeding their babies if they keep taking the medication.
National Health and Medical Research Council, Women's and Children's Hospital Foundation

Contact: Dr. Luke Grzeskowiak
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Social Psychology Quarterly
Study examines mental health toll exacted on civilians working with military in war zones
The punishing psychological toll endured by military personnel in war zones has been extensively documented for years by researchers, perhaps more than ever in the wake of recent military engagements in Iraq and Afghanistan. But there has been a troubling dearth of research examining the mental health toll exacted on the large numbers of civilians who work with the military in war zones.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Intranasal ketamine confers rapid antidepressant effect in depression
A research team from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai published the first controlled evidence showing that an intranasal ketamine spray conferred an unusually rapid antidepressant effect -- within 24 hours -- and was well tolerated in patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Press Office
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
The surprising truth about obsessive-compulsive thinking
People who check whether their hands are clean or imagine their house might be on fire are not alone. New research from Concordia University and 15 other universities worldwide shows that 94 percent of people experience unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images and/or impulses.

Contact: Clea Desjardins
Concordia University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2014
Switching off anxiety with light
Receptors for the messenger molecule serotonin can be modified in such a way that they can be activated by light. Together with colleagues, neuroscientists from the Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum report on this finding in the journal Neuron. An imbalance in serotonin levels seems to cause anxiety and depression. The researchers have provided a new model system for investigating the mechanism underlying these dysfunctions in cell cultures as well as living organisms.

Contact: Dr. Olivia Masseck
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Violence and Gender
Dress and behavior of mass shooters as factors to predict and prevent future attacks
In many recent incidents of premeditated mass shooting the perpetrators have been male and dressed in black, and may share other characteristics that could be used to identify potential shooters before they commit acts of mass violence.

Contact: Kathryn Ruehle
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Dopamine and hippocampus
Bruno Giros, PhD, a researcher at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University, has demonstrated, for the first time, the role that dopamine plays in a region of the brain called the hippocampus.

Contact: Florence Meney
514-761-6131 x2769
Douglas Mental Health University Institute

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Motivation and Emotion
When managers attack: Coaches who care about pundits' opinions worse at controlling anger
The notoriously short fuses of some sports coaches could be explained by excessive concern with how they will be seen by others, according to new research.

Contact: Chris Bunting
University of Leeds

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Albertans support perinatal mental health screening
A UAlberta study shows that 63 percent of Albertans favor screening during pregnancy; support jumps to 72.7 percent postpartum.

Contact: Bryan Alary
University of Alberta

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
12th Annual International Scientific Conference of the Center for Mindfulness at UMass
Research method integrates meditation, science
Mindfulness meditation produces personal experiences that are not readily interpretable by scientists who want to study its psychiatric benefits in the brain. At a conference near Boston April 5, 2014, Brown University researchers will describe how they've been able to integrate mindfulness experience with hard neuroscience data to advance more rigorous study.

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Violence and Gender
Why were young males behind recent attacks on schools and public gatherings?
A multidisciplinary expert panel explores the possible reasons for high incidence of these crimes, especially in the US, and the motives of the young male perpetrators.

Contact: Kathryn Ruehle
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Positive, negative thinkers' brains revealed
The ability to stay positive when times get tough -- and, conversely, of being negative -- may be hardwired in the brain, finds new research led by a Michigan State University psychologist.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Journal of Psychopharmacology
First UK study of ketamine for people with severe depression
The first UK study of the use of ketamine intravenous infusions in people with treatment-resistant depression has been carried out in an NHS clinic by researchers at Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Oxford.
National Institute for Health Research

Contact: University of Oxford news & information office
University of Oxford