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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
Obesity Surgery
How people view their own weight influences bariatric surgery success
Negative feelings about one's own weight, known as internalized weight bias, influence the success people have after undergoing weight loss surgery, according to research appearing in the journal Obesity Surgery, published by Springer. The study, from the Geisinger Health System in the US, is considered the first and only study to examine internalized weight bias in relation to post-surgical weight loss success in adults.
Living Heart Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 22-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Susceptibility for relapsing major depressive disorder can be calculated
The question if an individual will suffer from relapsing major depressive disorder is not de-termined by accident. Neuroscientists from the Mercator Research Group 'Structure of Memory' have chosen a new research approach, using computer-based models to study the disease. They show that chronic depression is triggered due to an unfortunate combination of internal and external factors. Their research findings were published in the journal PLoS ONE.
Stiftung Mercator

Contact: Selver Demic
selver.demic@rub.de
49-023-432-29616
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
2014 Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium
Early palliative care can cut hospital readmissions for cancer patients
Doctors at Duke University Hospital have developed a new collaborative model in cancer care that reduced the rates at which patients were sent to intensive care or readmitted to the hospital after discharge. The Duke researchers shared their findings today at the Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium sponsored by the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Contact: Samiha Khanna
samiha.khanna@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
New Horizons in Science 2014
Study shows how troubled marriage, depression history promote obesity
The double-whammy of marital hostility and a history of depression can increase the risk for obesity in adults by altering how the body processes high-fat foods, according to new research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jan Kiecolt-Glaser
Janice.Kiecolt-Glaser@osumc.edu
614-293-0549
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs may have an impact on depression
Ordinary over the counter painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs purchased from pharmacies may also be effective in the treatment of people suffering of depression. This is shown by the largest ever meta-analysis that has just been published by a research group from Aarhus University in the American scientific journal JAMA Psychiatry. The meta-analysis is based on 14 international studies with a total 6,262 patients who either suffered from depression or had individual symptoms of depression.
Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH

Contact: Ole Köhler
karlkoeh@rm.dk
45-23-42-06-61
Aarhus University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
Clinical Psychological Science
Even depressed people believe that life gets better
Adults typically believe that life gets better -- today is better than yesterday was and tomorrow will be even better than today. A new study shows that even depressed individuals believe in a brighter future, but this optimistic belief may not lead to better outcomes. The findings are published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 21-Oct-2014
British Medical Journal
Teenage self-harm linked to problems in later life
Those who self-harm as teenagers are more at risk of developing mental health and substance misuse problems as adults, new research from the biggest study of its kind in the UK has revealed.
Medical Research Council

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8086
University of Bristol

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Annals of Epidemiology
Largest study of Hispanics/Latinos finds depression and anxiety rates vary widely among groups
Rates of depression and anxiety vary widely among different segments of the US Hispanic and Latino population, with the highest prevalence of depressive symptoms in Puerto Ricans, according to a new report from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. The researchers' findings also suggest that depression and anxiety may be undertreated among Hispanics and Latinos, particularly if they are uninsured. The study was published online in Annals of Epidemiology.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Kim Newman
sciencenews@einstein.yu.edu
718-430-3101
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stress-related inflammation may increase risk for depression
Preexisting differences in the sensitivity of a key part of each individual's immune system to stress confer a greater risk of developing stress-related depression or anxiety
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Johnson and Johnson International Mental Health Research Organization, Irma T. Hirschl/Monique Weill-Caulier Trust, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Brain and Behavior Research Organization

Contact: Elizabeth Dowling
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Translational Psychiatry
Rapid agent restores pleasure-seeking ahead of other antidepressant action
A drug being studied as a fast-acting mood-lifter restored pleasure-seeking behavior independent of -- and ahead of -- its other antidepressant effectsWithin 40 minutes after a single infusion of ketamine, treatment-resistant depressed bipolar disorder patients experienced a reversal of a key symptom -- loss of interest in pleasurable activities -- which lasted up to 14 days. Brain scans traced the agent's action to boosted activity in areas at the front and deep in the right hemisphere of the brain.
National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIMHpress@nih.gov
301-443-4536
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 19-Oct-2014
Acute Cardiovascular Care 2014
Women more likely to develop anxiety and depression after heart attack
Patients with depression are nearly six times more likely to die within six months after a heart attack than those without depression. The increased risk of death in patients with depression persists up to 18 months after the heart attack. But despite the fact that post-heart-attack depression is common and burdensome, the condition remains under-recognized and under-treated.

Contact: Jacqueline Partarrieu
press@escardio.org
33-492-947-756
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Medical Acupuncture
Should first responders use acupuncture & integrative medicine in natural disasters & battle zones?
Delivering traditional emergency medical care at ground zero of natural disasters and military conflicts is challenging. First responders trained in simple integrative medicine approaches such as acupuncture, hypnosis, or biofeedback can provide adjunctive treatment to help relieve patients' pain and stress. How to teach and utilize modified techniques and their potential benefit are described in a Review article in Medical Acupuncture.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
Youth suicide: More early detection and better coordination are needed
Although progress has been made in recent years, the matter of youth suicide in Quebec still needs to be more effectively addressed. In fact, a new study in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry shows that more lives could be saved through early detection and increased public awareness and information sharing among professionals.
Canadian Institute of Health Research, Standard Life, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: Florence Meney
florence.meney@douglas.mcgill.ca
Douglas Mental Health University Institute

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Epilepsia
Have you heard of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy?
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is concerning and many -- even those with seizure disorders -- may not be aware of this condition. New research published in Epilepsia, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of the International League Against Epilepsy, reports that 76 percent of caregivers are more likely to have heard of SUDEP compared with 65 percent of patients with epilepsy.

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 15-Oct-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Fewer depressive symptoms associated with more frequent activity in adults at most ages
On average, more frequent physical activity was associated with fewer depressive symptoms for adults between the ages of 23 and 50 years, while a higher level of depressive symptoms was linked to less frequent physical activity.
Public Health Research Consortium

Contact: Christine Power
Christine.power@ucl.ac.uk
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 15-Oct-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Leisure time physical activity linked to lower depression risk
Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by approximately 16 percent, according to new University College London research undertaken as part of the Public Health Research Consortium. The study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, found a two-way relationship between depression and physical activity. People who increased their weekly activity reported fewer depressive symptoms but those with more depressive symptoms were less active, particularly at younger ages.
Public Health Research Consortium

Contact: Siobhan Pipa
siobhan.pipa@ucl.ac.uk
44-020-767-99041
University College London

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Qualitative Health Research
CWRU studies how women in recovery manage personal networks with family and friend users
Substance abuse counselors and social workers often recommend recovering addicts establish new networks of non-using friends and supporters. But researchers at Case Western Reserve University's social work school found, for many women in poverty, it's not so easy to drop the users in their lives. Many are people that women depend on for childcare, transportation and other necessities to live.
Case Western Reserve University

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Impact of mental stress on heart varies between men, women
Men and women have different cardiovascular and psychological reactions to mental stress, according to a study of men and women who were already being treated for heart disease.

Contact: Beth Casteel
bcasteel@acc.org
202-375-6275
American College of Cardiology

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
No association seen between physical activity, depressive symptoms in adolescents
A study of teenagers suggests there is no association between physical activity and the development of depressive symptoms later in adolescence.

Contact: Umar Toseeb
umar.toseeb@manchester.ac.uk
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Clinical Psychological Science
Teenage girls are exposed to more stressors that increase depression risk
Adolescence is often a turbulent time, and it is marked by substantially increased rates of depressive symptoms, especially among girls. New research indicates that this gender difference may be the result of girls' greater exposure to stressful interpersonal events, making them more likely to ruminate, and contributing to their risk of depression. The findings are published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Psychology of Popular Media Culture
Study: 'Broad consensus' that violent media increase child aggression
Majorities of media researchers, parents and pediatricians agree that exposure to violent media can increase aggression in children, according to a new national study.

Contact: Brad Bushman
Bushman.20@osu.edu
614-688-8779
Ohio State University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Mother's behavior has strong effect on cocaine-exposed children
It is not only prenatal drug exposure, but also conditions related to drug use that can influence negative behavior in children, according to a new study from the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Cathy Wilde
cwilde@ria.buffalo.edu
716-887-3365
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Sense of invalidation uniquely risky for troubled teens
A study of 99 teens hospitalized out of concern about suicide risk found that a high perception of family invalidation -- or lack of acceptance -- predicted future suicide events among boys, and peer invalidation predicted future self harm, such as cutting, among the teens in general.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
European Psychiatry
To life! Practicing Judaism could protect against suicide
In 1897, Emile Durkheim, the father of sociology, speculated that religion could protect against against suicidal impulses. A study conducted by Tel Aviv University researchers has now confirmed for the first time that religious Jewish teens exhibit 45 percent less suicide-risk behavior, including attempted suicide, than their secular Jewish peers.

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Intervention helps decrease 'mean girl' behaviors, MU researchers find
Relational aggression, or 'mean girl' bullying, is a popular subject in news and entertainment media. This nonphysical form of aggression generally used among adolescent girls includes gossiping, rumor spreading, exclusion and rejection. As media coverage has illustrated, relational aggression can lead to tragic and sometimes fatal outcomes. Despite these alarming concerns, little has been done to prevent and eliminate these negative behaviors. Now, University of Missouri researchers have developed and tested an intervention that effectively decreases relational aggression among teen girls.

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia