New research indicates that in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or indigestion, there is a distinct brain-to-gut pathway, where psychological symptoms begin first, and separately a distinct gut-to-brain pathway, where gut symptoms start first.
A simple and inexpensive therapy is equally as effective at treating depression as the 'gold standard' of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a large-scale study has concluded.
Funded by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)'s National Institute of Mental Health, University of Houston psychology professor Candice Alfano says children who experience inadequate or disrupted sleep are more likely to develop depression and anxiety disorders later in life. The study seeks to determine the precise ways inadequate sleep in childhood produces elevated risk for emotional disorders in later years.
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) are studying how cognitive therapy that uses mindfulness techniques, such as meditation, quiet reflection and facilitator-led discussion, may serve as an adjunct to pharmacological treatments in youth with anxiety disorders.
Researchers from Oxford and UT Austin suggest that while no gene 'causes' mental ill health, some genes can make people more sensitive to the effects of their environment -- for better and for worse -- leading to both mental ill health and enhanced mental resilience.
The loss of private health insurance from an employer can lead to poorer mental and physical health as older adults transition to early retirement, according to a study by Georgia State University.
Nearly 80 percent of drivers expressed significant anger, aggression or road rage behind the wheel at least once in the past year, according to a new study by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. Findings suggest that approximately eight million US drivers engaged in extreme examples of road rage, including purposefully ramming another vehicle or getting out of the car to confront another driver.
A new University at Buffalo study is helping researchers better understand how post-traumatic stress disorder fluctuates in students during their first year of college.
The world's best stand-up comedians -- household names including Kevin Hart, Amy Schumer, Jimmy Fallon, Chris Rock, Jerry Seinfield, Ricky Gervais and Eddie Murphy -- are more likely to die than comedic and dramatic screen and stage actors, according to a landmark study.
Eleven years ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, medical journalist Susan Okie, M.D., first introduced readers to two US Army veterans who suffered traumatic brain injuries in Iraq, and the challenges they faced in the recovery period after returning home. In the July 14 issue of the NEJM, Okie describes her follow-up interviews with the soldiers, and the slow journey to recovery that continues more than a decade later.