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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Evidence of genetic link to PTSD in soldiers exposed to childhood trauma
While abnormalities in the adrenergic and noradrenergic systems, both integral in the fight-or-flight response, are thought to play a role in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder, until now there has been no genetic evidence of this connection. A latest study has found an interaction between the ADRB2 gene and childhood adversity. For individuals with two or more experiences of childhood trauma, such as abuse, genotype was associated with risk for adult PTSD symptoms.
Department of Defense

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Job stress not the only cause of burnouts at work
New research from Concordia University and the University of Montreal proves that having an understanding partner is just as important as having a supportive boss.

Contact: Cléa Desjardins
Concordia University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry: Long-term benefit of NeuroStar TMS Therapy in depression
Neuronetics Inc. today announced that results of a study designed to assess the long-term effectiveness of NeuroStar TMS Therapy in adult patients with major depressive disorder who have failed to benefit from prior treatment with antidepressant medications, were published online in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Contact: Theresa Dolge
Tonic Life Communications USA

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Caregivers of family members newly diagnosed with mental illness at risk for anxiety
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Nursing, who studied the emotional distress of caring for a family member diagnosed with a mental illness, found anxiety is high for the primary caregiver at the initial diagnosis or early in the course of the illness and decreases over time.
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Preventive Medicine
Mindfulness protects adults' health from the impacts of childhood adversity
Adults who were abused or neglected as children are known to have poorer health, but adults who tend to focus on and accept their reactions to the present moment -- or are mindful -- report having better health, regardless of their childhood adversity, according to a study led by Temple University.

Contact: Preston M. Moretz
Temple University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Marijuana users who feel low get high
Adolescents and young adults who smoke marijuana frequently may attempt to manage negative moods by using the drug, according to a study in September's Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin Tornatore
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Preventive Medicine
Walking or cycling to work improves wellbeing, University of East Anglia researchers find
Walking or cycling to work is better for people's mental health than driving to work, according to new research by health economists at the University of East Anglia. A report published today reveals that people who stopped driving and started walking or cycling to work benefited from improved wellbeing. In particular, active commuters felt better able to concentrate and were less under strain than if they traveled by car.
Centre for Diet and Activity Research

Contact: Lisa Horton
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Chemical signals in the brain help guide risky decisions
A gambler's decision to stay or fold in a game of cards could be influenced by a chemical in the brain, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia. The rise and fall of dopamine plays a key role in decisions involving risk and reward, from a baseball player trying to steal a base to an investor buying or selling a stock. Previous studies have shown that dopamine signals increase when risky choices pay off.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Stem cells help researchers understand how schizophrenic brains function
Using human induced pluripotent stem cells, researchers have gained new insight into what may cause schizophrenia by revealing the altered patterns of neuronal signaling associated with this disease. By discovering a simple method for stimulating hiPSCs to release neurotransmitters by using potassium chloride, the findings could provide new insights into how neurons communicate with each other and could lead to a better understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying a range of brain disorders.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Working during depression can offer health benefits to employees
Attending work while suffering a depressive illness could help employees better manage their depression more than taking a sickness absence from work, a new study has found.

Contact: Liz Banks-Anderson
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
New study examines impact of violent media on the brain
Exposure to violence has a different effect on people with aggressive traits.

Contact: Sasha Walek
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Poverty, not bias, explains racial/ethnic differences in child abuse
Poverty -- rather than biased reporting -- seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a study in the September Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Estrogen receptor expression may help explain why more males have autism
The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Human Reproduction
Do children make you happier?
Women who have difficulty accepting the fact that they can't have children following unsuccessful fertility treatment have worse long-term mental health than women who are able to let go of their desire for children, according to new research. The study published in Human Reproduction journal is the first to look at a large group of women (over 7,000) to try to disentangle the different factors that may affect women's mental health over a decade after unsuccessful fertility treatment.
Dutch Cancer Society

Contact: Emma Mason
European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Research on Christian Education
Pastors get scant seminary training on how to help mentally ill, Baylor study finds
People struggling with mental illness often turn to pastors for help, but seminaries do very little to train ministers how to recognize serious psychological distress and when to refer someone to a doctor or psychologist, according to a Baylor University study.

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Reacting to personal setbacks: Do you bounce back or give up?
Sometimes when people get upsetting news -- such as a failing exam grade or a negative job review -- they decide instantly to do better the next time. In other situations that are equally disappointing, the same people may feel inclined to just give up. How can similar setbacks produce such different reactions? It may come down to how much control we feel we have over what happened, according to new research from Rutgers University-Newark. The study is published in the journal Neuron.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
Journal of Dental Research
Widely used depression drug associated with dental implant failure
IADR/AADR have published a paper titled 'SSRIs and the Risk of Osseointegrated Implant Failure A Cohort Study.' Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, the most widely used drugs for the treatment of depression, have been reported to reduce bone formation and increase the risk of bone fracture. Since osseointegration is influenced by bone metabolism, this study investigates the association between SSRIs and the risk of failures in osseointegrated implants.

Contact: Ingrid L. Thomas
International & American Associations for Dental Research

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
Psychological Medicine
40 percent of women with severe mental illness are victims of rape or attempted rape
Women with severe mental illness are up to five times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault and two to three times more likely to suffer domestic violence, reveals new research led by UCL and King's College London funded by the Medical Research Council and the Big Lottery.
Medical Research Council, Big Lottery Fund

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Media coverage of a celebrity suicide can cause a large-scale copycat effect
Researchers who analyzed media coverage of the suicide of a national actress in South Korea and its impact on subsequent suicides found that the number of suicide-related articles surged around 80 times in the week after a suicide compared with the week prior.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Family dinners reduce effects of cyberbullying in adolescents
Sharing regular family meals with children may help protect them from the effects of cyberbullying, according to a study by McGill professor Frank Elgar, Institute for Health and Social Policy. Because family meal times represent social support and exchanges in the home that benefit adolescents' well-being, Elgar suggests that this family contact and communication can also reduce some of the distressing effects of cyberbullying.

Contact: Frank Elgar
McGill University

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Psychological Bulletin
Evidence mounting that older adults who volunteer are happier, healthier
Older adults who stay active by volunteering are getting more out of it than just an altruistic feeling -- they are receiving a health boost!
Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Kelly Connelly
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Intervention needed for survivors of childhood burns
Adults who have been hospitalized for a burn as a child experience higher than usual rates of depression and suicidal thoughts, according to new research at the University of Adelaide.
National Health and Medical Research Council, Burns SA

Contact: Dr. Miranda Van Hooff
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
How studying damage to the prefrontal lobe has helped unlock the brain's mysteries
Until the last few decades, the frontal lobes of the brain were shrouded in mystery and erroneously thought of as nonessential for normal function. Now a review in Neuron highlights groundbreaking studies of patients with brain damage that reveal how distinct areas of the frontal lobes are critical for a person's ability to learn, multitask, control emotions, socialize, and make decisions. The findings have helped experts rehabilitate patients experiencing damage to this brain region.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
ACS Chemical Neuroscience
New study throws into question long-held belief about depression
New evidence puts into doubt the long-standing belief that a deficiency in serotonin -- a chemical messenger in the brain -- plays a central role in depression. In the journal ACS Chemical Neuroscience, scientists report that mice lacking the ability to make serotonin in their brains (and thus should have been 'depressed' by conventional wisdom) did not show depression-like symptoms.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Brain networks 'hyper-connected' in young adults who had depression
Functional magnetic resonance imaging may help to better predict and understand depression in young adults.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UIC Center for Clinical and Translational Science

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzalez
University of Illinois at Chicago