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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Early exposure to antidepressants affects adult anxiety and serotonin transmission
Now, a UCLA team has studied early developmental exposure to two different antidepressants, Prozac and Lexapro, in a mouse model that mimics human third trimester medication exposure. They found that, although these serotonin-selective reuptake inhibiting antidepressants were thought to work the same way, they did not produce the same long-term changes in anxiety behavior in the adult mice.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Shirley and Stefan Hatos Foundation, UCLA Weil Endowment Fund

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
High socioeconomic status increases discrimination, depression risk in black young adults
An investigation into factors related to disparities of depression in young adults has found that higher parental education -- which has a protective effect for white youth -- can also increase the risk of depression for black youth by increasing the discrimination they experience.
National Institutes of Health, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
BMJ Open
Less than half of UK prescriptions for antipsychotics issued for main licensed conditions
Less than half of UK prescriptions for antipsychotic drugs are being issued to treat the serious mental illnesses for which they are mainly licensed, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
NIHR School for Primary Care

Contact: Emma Dickinson
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 17-Dec-2014
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Why some antidepressants may initially worsen symptoms
New research helps explain a paradoxical effect of certain antidepressants -- that they may actually worsen symptoms before helping patients feel better. The findings, highlighted in a paper publishing online Dec. 17 in the Cell Press journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, may help investigators fix the problem as well as create new classes of drugs to treat depression.

Contact: Jennie Eckilson
Cell Press

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Annual Review of Public Health
Firearm violence trends in the 21st century
While the overall death rate from firearm violence has remained unchanged for more than a decade, the patterns for suicide and homicide have changed dramatically, a UC Davis study on the epidemiology of gun violence from 2003 to 2012 has found.

Contact: Carole Gan
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
More than half of all children in the US will likely live with an unmarried mother
More than half of all American children will likely live with an unmarried mother at some point before they reach age 18, according to a new report. The absence of a biological father increases the likelihood that a child will exhibit antisocial behaviors like aggression, rule-breaking and delinquency. As a result, these children are 40 percent less likely to finish high school or attend college.

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
LGBT Health
Are transgender veterans at greater risk of suicide?
Veterans of the US armed forces who have received a diagnosis consistent with transgender status are more likely to have serious suicidal thoughts and plans and to attempt suicide. A new study shows that this group has a higher risk of suicide death than the general population of veterans, as described in an article in LGBT Health.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Child Abuse & Neglect
Domestic abuse may affect children in womb
Domestic violence can affect children even before they're born, indicates new research by Michigan State University scientists.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
International Psychogeriatrics
Depression in dementia more common in community care, study finds
A University of Manchester study of over 400 people in eight EU countries with severe dementia has found that those residing in long-term care homes are less likely to suffer from depressive symptoms than those living in the community.

Contact: Jamie Brown
University of Manchester

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
International Journal of Stress Management
CCNY psychologist links burnout and depression
Research by City College of New York psychology Professor Irvin Schonfeld in the Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership suggests a strong connection between burnout and depression.

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Qualitative Inquiry
Shame on us
Emotions are complicated and never more so than in the realm of the scientific, where commonly accepted definitions are lacking.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 15-Dec-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Neuronal circuits filter out distractions in the brain
Scientists have hypothesized for decades about how the brain filters out distractions, but it has been challenging to find evidence to support the theories. Now, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory researchers have identified a neural circuit in the mouse brain that controls attention and sensory processing, providing insight into how the brain filters out distractions. The work has implications for devastating psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia that are characterized at least in part by significant attention deficits.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, National Institutes of Health, Dana Foundation, Brain and Behavioral Research Foundation, Louis Feil Trust, Stanley Family Foundation

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Dec-2014
Ages 2.0
Training elderly in social media improves well-being and combats isolation
Training older people in the use of social media improves cognitive capacity, increases a sense of self-competence and could have a beneficial overall impact on mental health and well-being, according to a landmark study carried out in the UK.
European Union

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
University of Exeter

Public Release: 10-Dec-2014
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
The ups and downs of support from friends when teens experience peer victimization
There are pros and cons to the support that victimized teenagers get from their friends. Depending on the type of aggression they are exposed to, such support may reduce youth's risk for depressive symptoms. On the other hand, it may make some young people follow the delinquent example of their friends, says a team of researchers in a study published in Springer's Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 9-Dec-2014
53rd Annual American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Meeting
Biological Psychiatry
Laughing gas studied as depression treatment
Nitrous oxide, or laughing gas, has shown early promise as a potential treatment for severe depression in patients whose symptoms don't respond to standard therapies. The pilot study, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, is believed to be the first research in which patients with depression were given laughing gas.

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Dec-2014
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Wealth, power or lack thereof at heart of many mental disorders
Donald Trump's ego may be the size of his financial empire, but that doesn't mean he's the picture of mental health. The same can be said about the self-esteem of people who are living from paycheck to paycheck, or unemployed. New research from University of California - Berkeley underscores this mind-wallet connection, linking feelings of self-worth to such afflictions as bipolar disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, anxiety and depression.

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-Dec-2014
Journal of Aging and Health, European Journal of Aging
Low-crime, walkable neighborhoods promote mental health in older Latinos
Older Latinos living in the US who perceive their neighborhoods as safer and more walkable are less likely to develop severe depressive symptoms, and the effect may be long term, a new study suggests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 8-Dec-2014
British Journal of Pharmacology
Animal research sheds light on harmful mood disorders in new mothers
In the days shortly after giving birth, most mothers experience a period of increased calmness and decreased stress responses, but around 20 percent of mothers experience anxiety.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Cognitive Therapy and Research
Don't worry, be happy: Just go to bed earlier
When you go to bed, and how long you sleep at a time, might actually make it difficult for you to stop worrying. So say Jacob Nota and Meredith Coles, who found that people who sleep for shorter periods of time and go to bed very late at night are often overwhelmed with more negative thoughts than those who keep more regular sleeping hours. The findings appear in Springer's journal Cognitive Therapy and Research.

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
New study shows computer-based approach to treating anxiety may reduce suicide risk
A group of psychology researchers at Florida State University have developed a simple computer-based approach to treating anxiety sensitivity, something that could have major implications for veterans and other groups who are considered at risk for suicide.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
Florida State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
CWRU study finds girls, boys affected differently by witnessing parental violence
Witnessing violence by parents or a parent's intimate partner can trigger a chain of negative behavior in some children that follows them from preschool to kindergarten and beyond, according to researchers at Case Western Reserve University.

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Medical Hypotheses
Vitamin D deficiency, depression linked in international study
Vitamin D deficiency is not just harmful to physical health -- it also might impact mental health, according to a team of researchers that has found a link between seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, and a lack of sunlight.

Contact: Alan Stewart
University of Georgia

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Different species share a 'genetic toolkit' for behavioral traits
The house mouse, stickleback fish and honey bee appear to have little in common, but at the genetic level these animals respond in strikingly similar ways to danger, researchers report. When any of these creatures confronts an intruder, many of the same genes and brain gene networks gear up or down in response. This discovery, reported in the Proceedings of teh National Academy of Sciences, suggests that distantly related organisms share some key genetic mechanisms that help them respond to threats.
Simons Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
How early trauma influences behavior
Traumatic and stressful events during childhood increase the risk to develop psychiatric disorders, but to a certain extent, they can also help better deal with difficult situations later in life. Researchers have studied this phenomenon in mice to learn how these effects could be transmitted to the next generation.

Contact: Isabelle Mansuy
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
British Journal of Psychiatry
Mindfulness treatment as effective as CBT for depression and anxiety
Group mindfulness treatment is as effective as individual cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with depression and anxiety, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden and Region Skåne. This is the first randomized study to compare group mindfulness treatment and individual cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with depression and anxiety in primary health care.

Contact: Jan Sundquist
Lund University