EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
20-Aug-2014 14:39
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject

Social & Behavior

Search this subject:

Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Applied Psychology
Abusive leadership infects entire team
Supervisors who are abusive to individual employees can actually throw the entire work team into conflict, hurting productivity, finds new research led by a Michigan State University business scholar.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Are children who play violent video games at greater risk for depression?
While much attention has focused on the link between violent video game playing and aggression among youths, a new study finds significantly increased signs of depression among preteens with high daily exposure to violent video games. The details and implications of this important new study are described in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
2014 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
Surprising number of older adults weathered the 'Great Recession' without financial strain
The 'Great Recession' may have put a dent in many older adults' pocketbooks, but a new study, which will be presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, finds that more than 40 percent reported a decrease in 'financial strain' between 2006 and 2010.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
2014 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
'Super-parent' cultural pressures can spur mental health conditions in new moms and dads
Mental health experts in the past three decades have emphasized the dangers of postpartum depression for mothers, but a University of Kansas researcher says expanding awareness of several other perinatal mental health conditions is important for all new parents, including fathers.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 17-Aug-2014
Stem cells reveal how illness-linked genetic variation affects neurons
A genetic variation linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression wreaks havoc on connections among neurons in the developing brain, a team of researchers reports. The study used stem cells generated from people with and without mental illness to observe the effects of a rare and pernicious genetic variation on young brain cells. The results add to evidence that several major mental illnesses have common roots in faulty 'wiring' during early brain development.
National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute on Aging, One Mind Institute, Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Brain and Behavior Research Foun

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
High prevalence of opioid use by Social Security disability recipients, reports Medical Care
More than 40 percent of Social Security Disability Insurance recipients take opioid pain relievers, while the prevalence of chronic opioid use is over 20 percent and rising, reports a study in the September issue of Medical Care. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Annals of Emergency Medicine
Why seniors don't eat: It's complicated
More than half of older adults who visit emergency departments are either malnourished or at risk for malnutrition, but not because of lack of access to health care, critical illness or dementia. Despite clear signs of malnutrition or risk of malnutrition, more than three-quarters had never previously been diagnosed with malnutrition, according to the results of a study to be published online tomorrow in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Malnutrition Among Cognitively Intact, Non-Critically Ill Older Adults in the Emergency Department').
NIH/National Institute on Aging, University of North Carolina's Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Julie Lloyd
American College of Emergency Physicians

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Poor sleep quality associated with increased suicide risk in older adults
Reported poor sleep quality, independent of a depressed mood, appears to be associated with an increased risk for suicide in older adults.

Contact: Margarita J. Gallardo
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Mind and body: Scientists identify immune system link to mental illness
Children with high everyday levels of a protein released into the blood in response to infection are at greater risk of developing depression and psychosis in adulthood, according to new research which suggests a role for the immune system in mental illness. The study, published today in JAMA Psychiatry, indicates that mental illness and chronic physical illness such as coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes may share common biological mechanisms.
Wellcome Trust, UK National Institute for Health Research, Medical Research Council

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Sociology of Religion
Anxiety and amen: Prayer doesn't ease anxiety disorders for everyone, Baylor study finds
Whether the problem is health, enemies, poverty or difficulty with aging, 'Take your burden to the Lord and leave it there,' suggested the late gospel musician Charles A. Tindley. But when it comes to easing symptoms of anxiety-related disorders, prayer doesn't have the same effect for everybody, according to a Baylor University researcher.
John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Transgender relationships undermined by stigma
A study that looked at the effect of stressors such as poverty, discrimination and the stigma of transgender relationships, found that they weigh heavily on transgender women and their male partners. Stigma can even undermine the relationship itself. The findings have implications not only for mental health but also for the spread of HIV, the researchers said.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Losing weight won't make you happy
Weight loss significantly improves physical health but effects on mental health are less straightforward, finds new UCL research funded by Cancer Research UK. In a study of 1,979 overweight and obese adults in the UK, people who lost 5 percent or more of their initial body weight over four years showed significant changes in markers of physical health, but were more likely to report depressed mood than those who stayed within 5 percent of their original weight.
Cancer Research UK

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
Frontiers in Psychology
Job insecurity in academia harms the mental wellbeing of non-tenure track faculty
Non-tenure-track academics experience stress, anxiety, and depression due to their insecure job situation, according to the first survey of its kind published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Psychology.

Contact: Gozde Zorlu

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers boost insect aggression by altering brain metabolism
Scientists report they can crank up insect aggression simply by interfering with a basic metabolic pathway in the insect brain. Their study, of fruit flies and honey bees, shows a direct, causal link between brain metabolism -- how the brain generates the energy it needs to function -- and aggression.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Marital tension between mom and dad can harm each parent's bond with child, study finds
Children suffer when mom and dad have problems in their marriage, according to a new study. Dads, especially, let negative emotions and tension from their marriage spill over and harm the bond with their child, says psychologist and lead-author Chrystyna Kouros, Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Conversely, moms in poor quality marriages sometimes compartmentalized marital tension and improved the relationship with their child. The findings indicate marriage quality closely affects the parent-child bond, Kouros said.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Clinical Psychological Science
Anorexia fueled by pride about weight loss
Those in the Rutgers study being treated for anorexia not only suffered with negative emotions but also felt emotionally positive, having a sense of pride over being able to maintain and exceed their weight-loss goals.

Contact: Robin Lally
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Depression and Anxiety
Media exposure and sympathetic nervous system reactivity predict PTSD symptoms in adolescents
In a Depression and Anxiety study that surveyed youth following the terrorist attack at the 2013 Boston marathon, adolescents with lower levels of sympathetic reactivity before the attack developed post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms only following high exposure to media coverage of the attack. Adolescents with high levels of sympathetic reactivity developed higher levels of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms regardless of how much media coverage they saw.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Phases of clinical depression could affect treatment
Research led by the University of Adelaide has resulted in new insights into clinical depression that demonstrate there cannot be a 'one-size-fits-all' approach to treating the disease.

Contact: Professor Bernhard Baune
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Equation to predict happiness
The happiness of over 18,000 people worldwide has been predicted by a mathematical equation developed by researchers at UCL, with results showing that moment-to-moment happiness reflects not just how well things are going, but whether things are going better than expected.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Bex Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Researchers find potential new predictor of stress-related illnesses
Many scientists believe that the tendency to develop stress-related disorders is an inherited trait or is the result of exposure to traumatic events. In this paper in Nature, scientists, including Douglas Williamson, Ph.D., from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, explain that a new factor -- that genes may change over time -- could cause depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and other stress-related illnesses.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, The Dielmann Family

Contact: Rosanne Fohn
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-Aug-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Small DNA modifications predict brain's threat response
Epigenetic changes to a gene that is well known for its involvement in clinical depression and posttraumatic stress disorder can affect the way a person's brain reacts to threats, according to a new study by Duke University researchers. The results may explain how the well-understood serotonin transporter leaves some individuals more vulnerable than others to stress and stress-related psychiatric disorders.
Duke University, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Dielmann Family, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Female baby boomers with asthma? You may need help
Women over the age of 65 who have asthma, are also likely to have a range of other health-related issues which are barriers to them staying healthy. Among other things, this group of women tends to not make asthma a priority when caring for themselves, leading to other asthma-related issues.

Contact: Hollis Heavenrich-Jones
American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Monoamine oxidase A: Biomarker for postpartum depression
Postpartum mood swings are correlated with high monoamine oxidase A binding.

Contact: Dr. Julia Sacher

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Armed Forces & Society
Women in military less likely to drink than civilian women
While it is known that members of the US military overall are more likely to use alcohol, a new study finds that female enlistees and female veterans are actually less likely to drink than their civilian counterparts. This study was published today in Armed Forces & Society, a SAGE journal published on behalf of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
How is depression related to dementia?
A new study gives insight into the relationship between depression and dementia. The study is published in the online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology