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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Signs of deforestation in Brazil
Multiple fires are visible in in this image of the Para and Mato Grosso states of Brazil. Many of these were most likely intentionally set in order to deforest the land.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Nature
Has the puzzle of rapid climate change in the last ice age been solved?
The cold period of the last ice age was repeatedly interrupted by much warmer climate conditions. Scientists have long attempted to find out why these drastic temperature jumps of up to ten degrees took place within just a few decades. Now a group of researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute has been able to reconstruct these climate changes, using a series of model simulations. The surprising finding is that minor variations in the ice sheet size can be sufficient to trigger abrupt climate changes.

Contact: Sina Loeschke
medien@awi.de
49-471-483-12008
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
SCAR Open Science Conference
Waterloo makes public most complete Antarctic map for climate research
The University of Waterloo has unveiled a new satellite image of Antarctica, and the imagery will help scientists all over the world gain new insight into the effects of climate change.

Contact: Pamela Smyth
psmyth@uwaterloo.ca
519-888-4777
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
International Journal of Climatology
UM research improves temperature modeling across mountainous landscapes
New research by University of Montana doctoral student Jared Oyler provides improved computer models for estimating temperature across mountainous landscapes.
USGeological Survey North Central Climate Science Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jared Oyler
jared.oyler@ntsg.umt.edu
406-243-6311
The University of Montana

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Nature Climate Change
No one-size-fits-all approach in a changing climate, changing land
As climate change alters habitats for birds and bees and everything in between, so too does the way humans decide to use land. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Aarhus University in Denmark have, for the first time, found a way to determine the potential combined impacts of both climate and land-use change on plants, animals and ecosystems across the country.
Bryson Climate, People and Environment Program, European Research Council, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Jack Williams
jwwilliams1@wisc.edu
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Ecology Letters
Butterflies' evolutionary responses to warmer temperatures may compromise their ability to adapt to future climate change
Members of the brown argus butterfly species that moved north in response to recent climate change have evolved a narrower diet dependent on wild Geranium plants, UK researchers report. However, butterflies that did not move north have more diverse diets, including plants such as Rockrose that are abundant in southern parts of the UK.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
201-748-5808
Wiley

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
Ecology
New analysis links tree height to climate
In research to be published in the journal Ecology -- and currently posted online as a preprint -- Thomas Givnish, a professor of botany at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, attempts to resolve a debate as to which factors actually set maximum tree height, and how their relative importance varies in different parts of the world.

Contact: Thomas Givnish
givnish@wisc.edu
608-262-5718
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Story ideas from NCAR: Seasonal hurricane forecasts, El Niņo, wind energy, and more
Researchers at NCAR and partner organizations are making significant headway in predicting the behavior of the atmosphere on a variety of fronts. Highlights include improving weather forecasts, advancing renewable energy capabilities, helping satellites avoid space debris, and estimating the risk of a crop slowdown due to climate change.

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Fire danger extreme in British Columbia, Canada
In parts of British Columbia, Canada, the Canadian Wildfire Information System's interactive map shows extreme wildfire danger. The area targeted on the map is the area where these wildfires are showing up on this Aqua satellite image from Aug. 12, 2014.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Smoke from Russian fires over Arctic Sea
Numerous wildfires have dotted the Russian landscape this past summer fire season. Although not quite as the adage says, although still true, where there's fire there's smoke. The smoke in this image has drifted from the Eastern Russian wildfires to the Arctic Sea.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
Snow has thinned on Arctic sea ice
Modern measurements and historic observations provide a decades-long record showing that the snowpack on Arctic sea ice is thinning.
NASA, US Interagency Arctic Buoy Program

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Earth System Dynamics
Antarctica could raise sea level faster than previously thought
Ice discharge from Antarctica could contribute up to 37 centimeters to the global sea level rise within this century, a new study shows. For the first time, an international team of scientists provide a comprehensive estimate on the full range of Antarctica's potential contribution to global sea level rise based on physical computer simulations. Led by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, the study combines a whole set of state-of-the-art climate models and observational data with various ice models.

Contact: PIK Press Office
press@pik-potsdam.de
49-331-288-2507
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Fires in northern Washington state
The Pacific Northwest has been inundated with wildfires most stemming from lightning strikes during summer storms.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A global temperature conundrum: Cooling or warming climate?
When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently requested a figure for its annual report, the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Zhengyu Liu knew that was going to be a problem. Writing in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today, Liu and his colleagues describe a consistent global warming trend over the course of the Holocene counter to a study published last year that described a period of global cooling before human influence.
National Science Foundation, Chinese National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology

Contact: Zhengyu Liu
zliu3@wisc.edu
608-262-0777
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Devil's Elbow Complex in Washington state
The Devil's Elbow Complex is four wildfires that are located on the Colville Indian Reservation in northeastern Washington. They were detected on Aug. 3, but were likely ignited by lightning that passed through the area on Aug. 2.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Southfork and Staley Complex fires in Oregon
The Southfork Complex fire began with a lightning strike on July 31, 2014. The Staley Complex is composed of two fires burning in steep, rocky terrain in a remote area.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Genevieve downgraded to a tropical storm
Once Super Typhoon Genevieve has now been downgraded to a tropical storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Global Change Biology
New study reveals the effect of habitat fragmentation on the forest carbon cycle
Drier conditions at the edges of forest patches slow down the decay of dead wood and significantly alter the cycling of carbon and nutrients in woodland ecosystems, according to a new study.

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
e.f.gaskarth@exeter.ac.uk
44-782-730-9332
University of Exeter

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Trapped atmospheric waves triggered more weather extremes
Weather extremes in the summer -- such as the record heat wave in the United States that hit corn farmers and worsened wildfires in 2012 -- have reached an exceptional number in the last ten years. Man-made global warming can explain a gradual increase in periods of severe heat, but the observed change in the magnitude and duration of some events is not so easily explained.

Contact: PIK Press Office
press@pik-potsdam.de
49-331-288-2507
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Northwest Territories on fire and smoke drifts over Labrador Sea
The fires on the shores of the Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories in Canada do not seem in any hurry to be extinguished. In this natural-color satellite image which was collected by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer aboard the Aqua satellite on July 29, 2014, dozens of fires and copious amounts of smoke are evident. Actively burning areas, detected by MODIS's thermal bands, are outlined in red.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Ecology
Climate warming may have unexpected impact on invasive species, Dartmouth study finds
Rising temperatures may be seen as universally beneficial for non-native species expanding northward, but a Dartmouth College study suggests a warmer world may help some invaders but hurt others depending on how they and native enemies and competitors respond.

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
Satellite shows Bertha merged with frontal system in North Atlantic
A visible satellite image from NOAA's GOES-East satellite shows that Post-Tropical Storm Bertha was merging with a frontal system in the North Atlantic Ocean.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
99th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
History of fire and drought shapes the ecology of California, past and future
USGS ecologist Jon Keeley will present research on the history of wildfire across California, contrasting historical versus contemporary and forested versus non-forested patterns of wildfire incidence, at the Ecological Society of America's 99th Annual Meeting in Sacramento, Aug. 10-15.
US Geological Survey

Contact: Liza Lester
llester@esa.org
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
Pyrocumulonibus cloud rises up from Canadian wildfires
The Northern Territories in Canada is experiencing one of its worst fire seasons in history. As of this date, there have been 344 wildfires that have burned 2,830,907 hectares of land (close to 7 million acres). The area around the Great Slave Lake, Yellowknife, Ft. Smith, and the Buffalo Lake have been plagued with uncontrolled fires all season long.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Forest Ecology and Management
The interaction of climate change, fire, and forests in the US
A special section of the September issue of Forest Ecology and Management, available online now, assesses the interactions among fire, climate change, and forests for five major regions of the United States.

Contact: Chelcy Miniat
cfminiat@fs.fed.us
828-524-2128 x118
USDA Forest Service ‑ Southern Research Station