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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
eLife
Microscopic rowing -- without a cox
New research shows that the whip-like appendages on many types of cells are able to synchronize their movements solely through interactions with the fluid that surrounds them.
Wellcome Trust, European Research Council, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Sarah Collins
sarah.collins@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-65542
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Ecological Complexity
Social network research may boost prairie dog conservation efforts
Researchers using statistical tools to map social connections in prairie dogs have uncovered relationships that escaped traditional observational techniques, shedding light on prairie dog communities that may help limit the spread of bubonic plague and guide future conservation efforts.
NESCent, NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Mutations from Venus, mutations from Mars
Weizmann Institute researchers explain why genetic fertility problems can persist in a population.

Contact: Yivsam Azgad
news@weizmann.ac.il
972-893-43856
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gender disparities in cognition will not diminish
Improved living conditions and less gender-restricted educational opportunities reduce the cognitive disparities between men and women or improve the gap in favor of women, according to new research by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the Karolinska Institutet.

Contact: Philippa Brooks
brooks@iiasa.ac.at
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence conference
Collecting just the right data
When you can't collect all the data you need, a new algorithm tells you which to target.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
riordon@aps.org
301-919-2173
American Physical Society

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Physical Review A
Scientists find way to maintain quantum entanglement in amplified signals
Physicists Sergei Filippov and Mario Ziman have found a way to preserve quantum entanglement of particles passing through an amplifier and, conversely, when transmitting a signal over long distances.

Contact: Alexandra O. Borissova
borissova@phystech.edu
7-498-744-6526
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Icarus
MIPT-based researcher models Titan's atmosphere
Professor Vladimir Krasnopolsky from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, who heads the Laboratory of High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Planetary Atmospheres, offered a reliable mathematical model of Titan's atmosphere.
Ministry of Science and Education of Russian Federation

Contact: Alexandra O. Borissova
borisova.ao@mipt.ru
7-498-744-6526
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning
Essays in English yield information about other languages
Grammatical habits in written English reveal linguistic features of non-native speakers' languages.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of Applied Physics
Law of physics governs airplane evolution
Scientists have found that a law of physics predicts the evolution of commercial airliners and also provides guidelines for future designs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Management Science
'Moral victories' might spare you from losing again
Research finds that coaches tend to overreact to close losses, and their hasty personnel adjustments tend to backfire in the long run.

Contact: Joe Hadfield
joe_hadfield@byu.edu
801-422-9206
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Philosopher uses game theory to understand how words, actions acquire meaning
The latest work from a Kansas State University philosopher appears in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, which is a rarity for philosophy research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elliott Wagner
eowagner@k-state.edu
785-532-0420
Kansas State University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The real price of steak
New research reveals the comparative environmental costs of livestock-based foods.

Contact: Yivsam Azgad
news@weizmann.ac.il
972-893-43852
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
European Physical Journal E
Refined biological evolution model
Models for the evolution of life try and clarify the long term dynamics of an evolving system of species. A recent model accounts for species interactions with various degrees of symmetry, connectivity, and species abundance. This is an improvement on previous, simpler models, which apply random fitness levels to species. The findings published in the European Physical Journal E demonstrate that the resulting replicator ecosystems do not appear to be a self-organized critical model, unlike the so-called Bak Sneppen model.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann
laura.zimmermann@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Methods
Speedy computation enables scientists to reconstruct an animal's development cell by cell
Recent advances in imaging technology are transforming how scientists see the cellular universe, showing the form and movement of once grainy and blurred structures in stunning detail. But extracting the torrent of information contained in those images often surpasses the limits of existing computational resources. Now, researchers at HHMI's Janelia Research Campus have created a new computational method to rapidly track the three-dimensional movements of cells in such data-rich images.

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Genetic risk for autism stems mostly from common genes
Using new statistical tools, Carnegie Mellon University's Kathryn Roeder has led an international team of researchers to discover that most of the genetic risk for autism comes from versions of genes that are common in the population rather than from rare variants or spontaneous glitches.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
'Support' cells in brain play important role in Down syndrome
Researchers from UC Davis School of Medicine and Shriners Hospitals for Children -- Northern California have identified a group of cells in the brain that they say plays an important role in the abnormal neuron development in Down syndrome.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Shriners Hospitals for Children, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Memorial Hermann Foundation (Staman Ogilvie Fund), Bents

Contact: Charles Casey
charles.casey@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9048
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Physical Biology
Physicists reveal random nature of metastasis
The spreading of a cancerous tumour from one part of the body to another may occur through pure chance instead of key genetic mutations, a new study has shown.

Contact: Michael Bishop
michael.bishop@iop.org
01-179-301-032
Institute of Physics

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication
No-wait data centers
A new system could reduce data-transmission delays across server farms by 99.6 percent.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
acarleen@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
The Mathematical Intelligencer
Fair cake cutting gets its own algorithm
Mathematician Julius Barbanel of Union College, and political scientist Steven Brams of New York University, both in the US, published an algorithm in Springer's The Mathematical Intelligencer by which they show how to optimally share cake between two people efficiently, in equal pieces and in such a way that no one feels robbed.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
212-620-8063
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Scientific Reports
Do women talk more than men? It's all about context
A new study from Northeastern University professor David Lazer was able to tease out a more accurate picture of the talkative-woman stereotype we're so familiar with -- and they found that context plays a large role.

Contact: Casey Bayer
c.bayer@neu.edu
617-373-2592
Northeastern University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
BYU Studies
Mormon pioneer mortality rate calculated at 3.5 percent
Statisticians from BYU helped a historian calculate the mortality rate of Mormon pioneers. The pioneer mortality rate of 3.5 percent was only slighly higher than national averages at the time. The data suggest the emigration was a success despite perceptions of widespread tragedy.

Contact: Dennis Tolley
tolley@stat.byu.edu
801-422-6668
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Cooperation among humans, a question of age
According to an article by scientists from the Universities of Barcelona, Carlos III of Madrid, and of Zaragoza which was published in the journal Nature Communications, young people between the ages of ten and sixteen demonstrate more fickle behavior when it comes to cooperating, unlike other age groups. People over the age of 66 demonstrated the most cooperative behavior.

Contact: Javier Alonso
oic@uc3m.es
Carlos III University of Madrid

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Marketing Science
Using competitors' brand name as a keyword can backfire, INFORMS study finds
Buying keywords of a popular competitors' brand names on search engines such as Google and Bing can backfire according to a new study in the Articles in Advance section of Marketing Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Contact: Barry List
barry.list@informs.org
443-794-5182
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2014
An alloy that holds great promise for permanent magnets. Motors for electric vehicles could be smaller and use less electricity. A graphite foam that could help preserve U.S. soldiers' hearing. Supercharging injector design.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory