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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
American Physical Society

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
Physical Review A
Scientists find way to maintain quantum entanglement in amplified signals
Physicists Sergei Filippov and Mario Ziman have found a way to preserve quantum entanglement of particles passing through an amplifier and, conversely, when transmitting a signal over long distances.

Contact: Alexandra O. Borissova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 23-Jul-2014
MIPT-based researcher models Titan's atmosphere
Professor Vladimir Krasnopolsky from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, who heads the Laboratory of High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Planetary Atmospheres, offered a reliable mathematical model of Titan's atmosphere.
Ministry of Science and Education of Russian Federation

Contact: Alexandra O. Borissova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning
Essays in English yield information about other languages
Grammatical habits in written English reveal linguistic features of non-native speakers' languages.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jul-2014
Journal of Applied Physics
Law of physics governs airplane evolution
Scientists have found that a law of physics predicts the evolution of commercial airliners and also provides guidelines for future designs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Management Science
'Moral victories' might spare you from losing again
Research finds that coaches tend to overreact to close losses, and their hasty personnel adjustments tend to backfire in the long run.

Contact: Joe Hadfield
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Philosopher uses game theory to understand how words, actions acquire meaning
The latest work from a Kansas State University philosopher appears in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, which is a rarity for philosophy research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elliott Wagner
Kansas State University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The real price of steak
New research reveals the comparative environmental costs of livestock-based foods.

Contact: Yivsam Azgad
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
European Physical Journal E
Refined biological evolution model
Models for the evolution of life try and clarify the long term dynamics of an evolving system of species. A recent model accounts for species interactions with various degrees of symmetry, connectivity, and species abundance. This is an improvement on previous, simpler models, which apply random fitness levels to species. The findings published in the European Physical Journal E demonstrate that the resulting replicator ecosystems do not appear to be a self-organized critical model, unlike the so-called Bak Sneppen model.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Methods
Speedy computation enables scientists to reconstruct an animal's development cell by cell
Recent advances in imaging technology are transforming how scientists see the cellular universe, showing the form and movement of once grainy and blurred structures in stunning detail. But extracting the torrent of information contained in those images often surpasses the limits of existing computational resources. Now, researchers at HHMI's Janelia Research Campus have created a new computational method to rapidly track the three-dimensional movements of cells in such data-rich images.

Contact: Jim Keeley
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Genetic risk for autism stems mostly from common genes
Using new statistical tools, Carnegie Mellon University's Kathryn Roeder has led an international team of researchers to discover that most of the genetic risk for autism comes from versions of genes that are common in the population rather than from rare variants or spontaneous glitches.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
'Support' cells in brain play important role in Down syndrome
Researchers from UC Davis School of Medicine and Shriners Hospitals for Children -- Northern California have identified a group of cells in the brain that they say plays an important role in the abnormal neuron development in Down syndrome.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Shriners Hospitals for Children, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Memorial Hermann Foundation (Staman Ogilvie Fund), Bents

Contact: Charles Casey
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Physical Biology
Physicists reveal random nature of metastasis
The spreading of a cancerous tumour from one part of the body to another may occur through pure chance instead of key genetic mutations, a new study has shown.

Contact: Michael Bishop
Institute of Physics

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication
No-wait data centers
A new system could reduce data-transmission delays across server farms by 99.6 percent.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
The Mathematical Intelligencer
Fair cake cutting gets its own algorithm
Mathematician Julius Barbanel of Union College, and political scientist Steven Brams of New York University, both in the US, published an algorithm in Springer's The Mathematical Intelligencer by which they show how to optimally share cake between two people efficiently, in equal pieces and in such a way that no one feels robbed.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Scientific Reports
Do women talk more than men? It's all about context
A new study from Northeastern University professor David Lazer was able to tease out a more accurate picture of the talkative-woman stereotype we're so familiar with -- and they found that context plays a large role.

Contact: Casey Bayer
Northeastern University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
BYU Studies
Mormon pioneer mortality rate calculated at 3.5 percent
Statisticians from BYU helped a historian calculate the mortality rate of Mormon pioneers. The pioneer mortality rate of 3.5 percent was only slighly higher than national averages at the time. The data suggest the emigration was a success despite perceptions of widespread tragedy.

Contact: Dennis Tolley
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Cooperation among humans, a question of age
According to an article by scientists from the Universities of Barcelona, Carlos III of Madrid, and of Zaragoza which was published in the journal Nature Communications, young people between the ages of ten and sixteen demonstrate more fickle behavior when it comes to cooperating, unlike other age groups. People over the age of 66 demonstrated the most cooperative behavior.

Contact: Javier Alonso
Carlos III University of Madrid

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Marketing Science
Using competitors' brand name as a keyword can backfire, INFORMS study finds
Buying keywords of a popular competitors' brand names on search engines such as Google and Bing can backfire according to a new study in the Articles in Advance section of Marketing Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Contact: Barry List
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2014
An alloy that holds great promise for permanent magnets. Motors for electric vehicles could be smaller and use less electricity. A graphite foam that could help preserve U.S. soldiers' hearing. Supercharging injector design.

Contact: Ron Walli
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 11-Jul-2014
International Symposium on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization, and Imaging
Drone lighting
Autonomous vehicles could automatically assume the right positions for photographic lighting.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
PLOS Biology
3-D technology used to help California condors and other endangered species
A team including researchers from the US Geological Survey and the San Diego Zoo has developed a novel methodology that, for the first time, combines 3-D and advanced range estimator technologies to provide highly detailed data on the range and movements of terrestrial, aquatic, and avian wildlife species. One aspect of the study focused on learning more about the range and movements of the California condor using miniaturized GPS biotelemetry units attached to every condor released into the wild.
San Diego Zoo Global, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Sempra Energy,Instituto Nacional de Ecologia, Comision Nacional Para El Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, Secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturel

Contact: Christina Simmons
Zoological Society of San Diego

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Journal for Mathematical Biology
Feedback control could be key to robust conservation management
Mathematical algorithms used to control everyday household items such as washing machines could hold the key to winning the fight for conservation, a new study has claimed.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
University of Exeter

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials
Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for industry, electronics, energy, drug design and a host of other applications. The technique, reported in the July 11 issue of Science, should quickly be adopted in studies that produce some 30,000 scientific papers per year.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Study predicts ranavirus as potential new culprit in amphibian extinctions
Amphibian declines and extinctions around the world have been linked to an emerging fungal disease called chytridiomycosis, but new research from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis shows that another pathogen, ranavirus, may also contribute.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)