Applied mathematics is at a promising juncture in the developing world. Applied mathematics has become a regional priority for research and education, and the last few years have seen the creation of several mathematical research centers in Africa, funded by the World Bank and international organizations and promoted by the Next Einstein Initiative. These innovative centers are now actively engaged in training a cadre of mathematical scientists and partnering with Western institutions of higher education.
Here are summaries of research to be presented by Princeton University researchers at AAAS 2016 in Washington, D.C. on Sunday, Feb. 14.
A panel of British and American researchers, speaking at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C., will present updated research revealing how extreme events which affect the food system are increasingly likely to occur, resulting in 'food shocks.'
A team of computer scientists from the University of Maryland, Stanford University and Microsoft Research is the first to solve a game theory scenario that has vexed researchers for nearly a century. The game, known as 'Colonel Blotto,' has been used to analyze the potential outcomes of elections and other similar two-party conflicts since its invention in 1921. Until now, however, the game has been of limited use because it lacked a definitive solution.
A first-ever computer simulation shows that, contrary to previous understandings, objects approaching a rotating black hole would not be crushed by the increasing gravity -- supporting some popular science fiction scenarios. The work also provides the first methodologies for computer simulations of rotating black holes.
LIGO's direct observation of a gravitational wave signal from a binary black-hole merger matches the numerical model of the waveform confirmed by RIT researchers and predicted in their breakthrough paper, 'Accurate Evolutions of Orbiting Black-Hole Binaries without Excision,' published in Physical Review Letters, on March 22, 2006. The LSC's upcoming paper prominently cites the earlier landmark research on binary black hole mergers led by Manuela Campanelli, director of RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation.
Study reveals new avenue for thinking about brain development, brain tumors and neurodevelopmental/psychiatric diseases.
New research published in Nature Methods by a team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS) leverages combination of computational protein design, in vitro synthesis and in vivo testing to establish a first-of-its-kind strategy for identifying custom-tailored biosensors.
For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at Earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein's 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window to the cosmos.
Researchers from Hokkaido University and the University of Tsukuba will discuss recent discoveries related to internal and social behavior and mathematical tools that provide insight into what is happening in the brain.