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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Psychiatry Research
Treating depression in PD patients: New research
The Sanders-Brown Center on Aging has found interesting new information in a study on depression and neuropsychological function in Parkinson's disease.

Contact: Laura Dawahare
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
The Gerontologist
Religious music brings benefit to seniors' mental health
A new article published online in The Gerontologist reports that among older Christians, listening to religious music is associated with a decrease in anxiety about death and increases in life satisfaction, self-esteem, and sense of control over their lives. In particular, listening to gospel music is associated with a decrease in anxiety about death and an increase in sense of control.

Contact: Todd Kluss
The Gerontological Society of America

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Finding turns neuroanatomy on its head
Harvard neuroscientists have made a discovery that turns 160 years of neuroanatomy on its head. Myelin, the electrical insulating material long known to be essential for the fast transmission of impulses along the axons of nerve cells, is not as ubiquitous as thought, according to a new work lead by Professor Paola Arlotta of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, in collaboration with Professor Jeff Lichtman, of Harvard's Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Contact: B. D. Colen
Harvard University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
New study suggests a better way to deal with bad memories
Researchers have determined a simple and effective emotion-regulation strategy that has neurologically and behaviorally been proven to lessen the emotional impact of personal negative memories.
Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Conflict Prevention and Resolution Forum, University of Illinois

Contact: August Cassens
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair
A significant breakthrough could revolutionize surgical practice and regenerative medicine. A team led by Ludwik Leibler from the Laboratoire Matière Molle et Chimie (CNRS/ESPCI Paris Tech) and Didier Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire Translationnelle (INSERM/Universités Paris Diderot and Paris 13), has just demonstrated that the principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions of nanoparticles can be used in vivo to repair soft-tissue organs and tissues.

Contact: Didier Letourneur
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale)

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
New research shows people are thinking about their health early in the week
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine analyzing weekly patterns in health-related Google searches reveals a recurring pattern that could be leveraged to improve public health strategies. Investigators analyzed 'healthy' Google searches originating in the US from 2005 to 2012 and found that on average, searches for health topics were 30 percent more frequent at the beginning of the week than on days later in the week.

Contact: Beth Chee
San Diego State University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Counterfeit contraceptives found in South America
A survey of emergency contraceptive pills in Peru found that 28 percent of the batches studied were either of substandard quality or falsified. Many pills released the active ingredient too slowly. Others had the wrong active ingredient. One batch had no active ingredient at all.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer
Men who show signs of chronic inflammation in non-cancerous prostate tissue may have nearly twice the risk of actually having prostate cancer than those with no inflammation, according to results of a new study led by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Michelle Potter
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer
The presence of chronic inflammation in benign prostate tissue was associated with high-grade, or aggressive, prostate cancer, and this association was found even in those with low prostate-specific antigen levels, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Experimental Biology and Medicine
Live cell imaging reveals distinct alterations of subcellular glutathione potentials
Glutathione is the most abundant cellular redox buffer that both protects cells from oxidative damage and mediates cellular signaling. Perturbation of glutathione balance has been associated with tumorigenesis; however, due to analytical limitations, the underlying mechanisms behind this relationship are poorly understood. Utilizing a recently developed genetically encoded redox-sensitive probe has revealed differentially regulated redox environments within cellular compartments, and evidence of the contributory role of the p53 protein in supporting cytosolic redox poise.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Vladimir L. Kolossov
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
ACS Synthetic Biology
Building 'smart' cell-based therapies
Northwestern University synthetic biologist Joshua Leonard and his team have developed a technology for engineering human cells as therapies that become activated only in diseased tissues.

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Nature Reviews Microbiology
McCullers reviews influenza, bacterial superinfections in Nature Reviews Microbiology
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, M.D., was recently invited to submit a review in the April issue of Nature Reviews Microbiology, one of the world's foremost scientific publications. Dr. McCullers, a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology of co-infections during the 1918, 1957 and 1968 pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel H1N1 pandemic.

Contact: Sara Burnett
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Feinstein Institute researcher publishes new perspective on sepsis
In a review published in the April issue of Immunity, Kevin J. Tracey, M.D., president of the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, says it's time to take a fresh look at the medical community's approach to treating sepsis, which kills millions worldwide every year, including more than 200,000 Americans.

Contact: Emily Ng
North Shore-Long Island Jewish (LIJ) Health System

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Is Parkinson's an autoimmune disease?
The cause of neuronal death in Parkinson's disease is still unknown, but a new study proposes that neurons may be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed by the person's own immune system, similar to the way autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, and multiple sclerosis attack the body's cells.
National Institutes of Health, Caja Madrid Foundation, JPB Foundation, Parkinson's Disease Foundation, and others

Contact: Ann Rae Jonas or Doug Levy
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Internet use can help ward off depression among elderly
It's estimated that as many as 10 million older Americans suffer from depression, often brought on by feelings of loneliness and isolation.

Contact: Tom Oswald
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Scientific Reports
Fear of the cuckoo mafia
For fear of retaliation, birds accept and raise brood parasites' young.

Contact: Dr. Maria Abou Chakra

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Adrenaline does little to increase patient's survival after cardiac arrest
Giving patients adrenaline after they suffer a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital does not increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to new research conducted at St. Michael's Hospital.

Contact: Geoff Koehler
416-864-6060 x6537
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
European Journal of Human Genetics
Researcher looks at public perceptions around newborn testing
Public opinion should matter when deciding extent of genetic tests, according to a new study.
Canadian Institutes for Health Research

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
PLOS Pathogens
The malaria pathogen's cellular skeleton under a super-microscope
The tropical disease malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. For its survival and propagation, Plasmodium requires a protein called actin. Scientists of the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research used high-resolution structural biology methods to investigate the different versions of this protein in the parasite. Their results may in the future contribute to the development of tailor-made drugs against malaria -- a disease that causes more than half a million deaths per year.

Contact: Dr. Birgit Manno
Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Globalization and Health
New evidence of suicide epidemic among India's 'marginalized' farmers
Latest statistical research finds strong causal links between areas with the most suicides and areas where impoverished farmers are trying to grow crops that suffer from wild price fluctuations due to India's relatively recent shift to free market economics.

Contact: Jonathan Kennedy
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
European Respiratory Journal
Study finds adverse respiratory outcomes for older people with COPD taking benzodiazepines
A group of drugs commonly prescribed for insomnia, anxiety and breathing issues 'significantly increase the risk' that older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, need to visit a doctor or emergency department for respiratory reasons, new research has found
Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Nutrition, Metabolism and Diabetes

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Jump-starting natural resilience reverses stress susceptibility
Scientists have traced vulnerability to depression-like behaviors in mice to out-of-balance electrical activity inside neurons and experimentally reversed it. Once electrical balance was restored, previously susceptible animals were no longer prone to becoming withdrawn, anxious, and listless following socially stressful experiences. But there's a twist. The secret to such resilience was not to suppress the runaway activity, but to push it up even further, eventually triggering a compensatory self-stabilizing response.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Social Psychological and Personality Science
Our relationship with God changes when faced with potential romantic rejection
Easter is a time when many people in the world think about their relationships with God. New research explores a little-understood role of God in people's lives: helping them cope with the threat of romantic rejection. In this way, God stands in for other relationships in our lives when times are tough.

Contact: Lisa M.P. Munoz
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Connecting sleep deficits among young fruit flies to disruption in mating later in life
Mom always said you need your sleep, and it turns out, she was right. According to a new study published in Science, the lack of sleep in young fruit flies profoundly diminishes their ability to do one thing they do really, really well -- make more flies.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Prenatal risk factors may put children at risk of developing kidney disease
Low birth weight and maternal conditions, including diabetes and overweight/obesity, are linked the development of kidney disease in children. Additional studies are needed to see if modifying these factors can reduce the incidence of kidney disease.

Contact: Tracy Hampton
American Society of Nephrology