Teens are often warned to beware the undue influence of peer pressure, but new research suggests that following the pack in adolescence may have some unexpected benefits for physical health in early adulthood.
Contrary to recent reports, Boston-based researchers found that osteoarthritis patients who had total knee or hip joint replacement surgery, known as arthroplasty, were at increased risk of heart attack (myocardial infarction) in the early post-operative period. However, findings published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology, indicate that long-term risk of heart attack did not persist, while the risk for venous thromboembolism -- blood clot in veins and lungs -- remained years after the procedure.
Scientists have identified a new protein (C5orf30) which regulates the severity of tissue damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation, pain, stiffness and damage to the joints of the feet, hips, knees, and hands. Following the discovery published in the scientific journal PNAS, rheumatoid arthritis patients most likely to suffer the severest effects of the condition can now be identified early and fast-tracked to the more aggressive treatments available.
In patients with chronic ischemic heart disease, a small left ventricle with thick walls, is the strongest predictor of morphologic remodelling, which is generally considered a first step towards heart failure, according to unexpected findings presented today at ESC Congress 2015.
The immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine did not improve clinical outcomes compared to placebo in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention for the more severe form of heart attack known as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
Ezetimibe reduces cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes and a recent acute coronary syndrome, according to a subgroup analysis of the IMPROVE-IT trial presented at ESC Congress today by co-principal investigator Dr Robert Giugliano, physician in cardiovascular medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, US.1 Ezetimibe achieved greater reductions in LDL cholesterol than statins alone, resulting in lower risks of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes.
The impact of atrial fibrillation on ischemic stroke risk in elderly patients is eliminated with multiple risk factors, according to an 11-year study in more than 425,000 patients presented at ESC Congress today. The findings suggest that stroke prevention in the elderly may need to focus on the concomitant effects of multiple risk factors rather than on a specific risk factor such as atrial fibrillation.
Cold weather is associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr. Tze-Fan Chao, cardiologist at Taipei Veterans General Hospital and the National Yang-Ming University in Taiwan. The study in nearly 290,000 patients suggests that cool climate may be an underrated issue for health that deserves more attention.
Late recurrence of atrial fibrillation is not reduced in patients whose pulmonary vein isolation treatment incorporates the addition of adenosine triphosphate, according to results of the UNDER-ATP trial.
A leadless cardiac pacemaker showed 'good safety and reliable function' during the initial six months of follow-up in the LEADLESS II study, investigators reported during a Hot Line presentation at the ESC congress 2015.