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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Lost memories might be able to be restored, new UCLA study indicates
New UCLA brain research offers hope for patients in early stages of Alzheimer's disease that lost memories can be restored.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Early exposure to antidepressants affects adult anxiety and serotonin transmission
Now, a UCLA team has studied early developmental exposure to two different antidepressants, Prozac and Lexapro, in a mouse model that mimics human third trimester medication exposure. They found that, although these serotonin-selective reuptake inhibiting antidepressants were thought to work the same way, they did not produce the same long-term changes in anxiety behavior in the adult mice.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Shirley and Stefan Hatos Foundation, UCLA Weil Endowment Fund

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New technique reveals immune cell motion
Neutrophils, cells recruited by the immune system to fight infection, need to move through a great variety of tissues. New research shows how neutrophils move through confined spaces in the body. A new system can mimic tissues of different densities and stiffness, enabling improved development and testing of drugs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Annals of Surgery
Reducing emergency surgery cuts health care costs
In new findings published online in the journal Annals of Surgery on Dec. 19, 2014, researchers determined the hospital costs and risk of death for emergency surgery and compared it to the same operation when performed in a planned, elective manner for three common surgical procedures: abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, coronary artery bypass graft and colon resection.
National Institutes of Health, American College of Surgeons

Contact: Lori J. Schroth
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Technophobia may keep seniors from using apps to manage diabetes
Despite showing interest in web or mobile apps to help manage their type 2 diabetes, only a small number of older adults actually use them, says a new study from the University of Waterloo. Approximately 2.2 million Canadians are living with type 2 diabetes, 2 million of whom are age 50 or older.

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Personal Relationships
Family criticizing your weight? You might add more pounds
Women whose loved ones are critical of their weight tend to put on even more pounds, says a new study on the way people's comments affect our health.

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
British Medical Journal
Televised medical talk shows: Health education or entertainment?
Millions of viewers around the world watch the televised medical talk programs 'The Dr. Oz Show' and 'The Doctors' for medical advice, but how valuable are the recommendations they receive? In a first of its kind study, researchers from the University of Alberta have examined the recommendations given on those two shows to see if there is believable evidence to back up the claims presented. The results were revealing.

Contact: Ross Neitz
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Cancer Cell
A polymorphism and the bacteria inside of us help dictate inflammation, antitumor activity
A common polymorphism can lead to a chain of events that dictates how a tumor will progress in certain types of cancer, including a form of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer, according to new research from The Wistar Institute that was published online by the journal Cancer Cell. The research reveals a more explicit role about the symbiotic relationship humans have with the various bacteria that inhabit our body and their role during tumor progression.
Breast Cancer Alliance, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund

Contact: Ben Leach
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
High blood sugar in young children with type 1 diabetes linked to changes in brain growth
Investigators have found that young children with type 1 diabetes have slower brain growth compared to children without diabetes. A new study, published in the December issue of Diabetes, now available ahead of print, suggests that continued exposure to hyperglycemia, or high blood sugars, may be detrimental to the developing brain. The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin Wallner

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Helping parents understand infant sleep patterns
Most parents are not surprised by the irregularity of a newborn infant's sleep patterns, but by six months or so many parents wonder if something is wrong with their baby or their sleeping arrangements if the baby is not sleeping through the night. Health-care providers, specifically nurse practitioners, can help parents understand what 'normal' sleep patterns are for their child, according to researchers.

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Steroid-based treatment may answer needs of pediatric EoE patients
A new formulation of oral budesonide suspension, a steroid-based treatment, is safe and effective in treating pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.
Meritage Pharma, Inc.

Contact: Rachel Steigerwald
American Gastroenterological Association

Public Release: 19-Dec-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
OCD patients' brains light up to reveal how compulsive habits develop
Misfiring of the brain's control system might underpin compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to researchers at the University of Cambridge, writing in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
A*STAR scientists discover gene critical for proper brain development
Scientists at A*STAR's Institute of Medical Biology and Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology have identified a genetic pathway that accounts for the extraordinary size of the human brain. The team led by Dr. Bruno Reversade from A*STAR in Singapore, together with collaborators from Harvard Medical School, have identified a gene, KATNB1, as an essential component in a genetic pathway responsible for central nervous system development in humans and other animals.

Contact: Vithya Selvam
Biomedical Sciences Institutes (BMSI)

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Parents' BMI decreases with child involved in school-based, community obesity intervention
Parents of children involved in an elementary school-based community intervention to prevent obesity appear to share in its health benefits. A new analysis shows an association between being exposed to the intervention as a parent and a modest decrease in body mass index (BMI) compared to parents in two similar control communities.

Contact: Andrea Grossman
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
2014 AGU Fall Meeting
AGU talk: Scaling climate change communication for behavior change
Stanford University researchers have developed two curricula for Girl Scouts to use energy more efficiently: one on energy use at home, and the other in transportation and food. Both courses were effective for girls in the short term, and the home energy course was effective for girls in the long term and for parents in the short term. This AGU talk will describe deployment of the curricula to Girl Scout troop leaders via a massive open online course.

Contact: Mark Golden
Stanford University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Cells identified that enhance tumor growth and suppress anti-cancer immune attack
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists has identified the population of white blood cells that tumors use to enhance growth and suppress the disease-fighting immune system. The results, which appear in the Dec. 18 edition of the scientific journal Immunity, mark a turning point in cancer immunology and provide the foundation for developing more effective immunotherapies.
Hartwell Foundation, Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
High socioeconomic status increases discrimination, depression risk in black young adults
An investigation into factors related to disparities of depression in young adults has found that higher parental education -- which has a protective effect for white youth -- can also increase the risk of depression for black youth by increasing the discrimination they experience.
National Institutes of Health, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
2014 AGU Fall Meeting
Earth's Future
NOAA establishes 'tipping points' for sea level rise related flooding
By 2050, a majority of US coastal areas are likely to be threatened by 30 or more days of flooding each year due to dramatically accelerating impacts from sea level rise, according to a new NOAA study, published today in the American Geophysical Union's online peer-reviewed journal Earth's Future.

Contact: Keeley Belva
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Cell-associated HIV mucosal transmission: The neglected pathway
Dr. Deborah Anderson from Boston University School of Medicine and her colleagues are challenging dogma about the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Most research has focused on infection by free viral particles, while this group proposes that HIV is also transmitted by infected cells.
National Institutes of Health, The Fond de Dotation Pierre Berge, Sidation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
American Naturalist
Conservation and immunology of wild seabirds: Vaccinating 2 birds with 1 shot
A group of researchers from the University of Barcelona, the CNRS in Montpellier and Princeton University report in The American Naturalist that the vaccination of females of a long-lived seabird species, the Cory's shearwater, results in levels of antibodies that allow their transmission to their offspring for several years and could provide several weeks of protection after hatching to these offspring.

Contact: Patricia Morse
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Transplant Infectious Disease
Resistance to anti-viral drug may be more likely in cystic fibrosis patients
Following lung transplantation, resistance to the anti-viral drug ganciclovir may be more likely in cystic fibrosis patients.

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Journal of Burn Care & Research
Core hospital care team members may surprise you
According to a study at the burn center intensive care unit at Loyola University Health System, three physicians, a social worker and a dietitian were documented as the most central communicators of the patient clinical team.
American Burn Association

Contact: stasia thompson
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Mutations need help from aging tissue to cause leukemia
University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Aging shows that in addition to DNA damage, cancer depends on the slow degradation of tissue that surrounds cancer cells, something that naturally comes with aging.

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
SLU research finds enzyme inhibitors suppress herpes simplex virus replication
Saint Louis University research findings published in the December issue of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy report a family of molecules known as NTS enzyme inhibitors are promising candidates for new herpes virus treatments.
Saint Louis University Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Friends of the Saint Louis University Liver Center, Saint Louis University School of Medicine

Contact: Maggie Rotermund
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Current Biology
Of bugs and brains
The fundamental structures underlying learning and memory in the brains of Invertebrates as different as a fruit fly and an earthworm are remarkably similar, according to UA neuroscientists.
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, University of Arizona Center for Insect Science

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona