Researchers have identified a number of genes that contribute to large offspring syndrome, which can result in the overgrowth of fetuses and enlarged babies.
An international team of scientists led by a Cedars-Sinai researcher has identified a new genetic mutation that appears to protect people from developing type 2 diabetes.
Most female service members who experience sexual assault are unlikely to seek post-assault health care, at least in the short term, suggests a new Veterans Affairs study.
After the death of a patient, a Northwestern Medicine thoracic surgeon determines possible cause of rare infection, likely saving lives of future lung transplant patients
Current surgical options for repairing damaged cartilage caused by knee injuries are costly, can have complications, and often are not very effective in the long run. But a University of Iowa orthopedics research team is working on a biologic solution -- an injectable gel that encourages self-healing of cartilage -- with hopes it will result in a minimally invasive, practical, and inexpensive approach for repairing cartilage and preventing osteoarthritis.
A special issue of Cell Transplantation is devoted to work presented at a recent meeting of ASNTR, a society focused on cell therapy, stem cells, gene therapy and biopharmaceuticals for neurological injury and disease, include: MSCs promote improvement after complete spinal cord injury; bone marrow culture enhances human neural stem cells; primate model of Parkinson's disease upgrades endogenous neurons; human pluripotent stem cells hold promise for Parkinson's disease; and anti-tumor secretion effects on glioblastoma-like cells.
Boston Children's Hospital's Translational Research Center reports that the optimal window of time to stimulate heart muscle cell regeneration -- cardiomyocyte proliferation -- in humans is the first six months of life.
The demise of Neanderthals may have nothing to do with innovative hunting weapons carried by humans from west Asia, according to a new study published in the Journal of Human Evolution.
Many eye disorders in young children are asymptomatic and may remain undetected without testing. Since effective treatments are available for many of those conditions, early identification and intervention are critical to prevent potentially permanent vision problems. A new report published in the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus describes the effectiveness of a new computer-based vision-screening test, the Jaeb Visual Acuity Screener, which is suitable for use in schools and pediatrician's offices.
A new study found that sexual function in adult living donors was lower at the evaluation phase and at three months following liver transplantation. Results published in Liver Transplantation, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society, suggest that donor education prior to surgery may improve recovery and ease concerns about sexual function following the transplant.