Deciphering the many pathways by which methane is produced is one of the holy grails of organic geochemistry. A paper being published tomorrow in Science Express reports a breakthrough in methane identification. The new approach adds Tunable Infrared Laser Direct Adsorption Spectroscopy to the set of instruments that can help identify the temperature at which methane is formed and provide details on the environment in which methane-producing microbes thrive.
While many blame the 'teenage brain' for high rates of teen crime, violence, and driving incidents, an important factor has been ignored: teenagers as a group suffer much higher average poverty rates than do older adults. A new study out today in SAGE Open finds that teenagers are no more naturally crime-prone than any other group with high poverty rates.
Gender equality has not yet been achieved in science, medicine, and engineering, but NYSCF, through its Initiative on Women in Science and Engineering, is committed to making sure progress is made. NYSCF convened the Inaugural Meeting of its Initiative on Women in Science and Engineering Working Group in February 2014, where the group put forward seven actionable strategies for advancing women, and reconvened in February 2015 to further develop the strategies.
A team of scientists writing in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 5 call attention to nine issues that must be considered if there is to be any hope of limiting the environmental impacts of the ongoing expansion of new roads, road improvements, energy projects, and more now underway or 'coming soon' in countries all around the world.
In the March 5 issue of the journal Cell Stem Cell, the Initiative on Women in Science and Engineering Working Group, a collection of more than 30 academic and business leaders organized by the New York Stem Cell Foundation, present seven strategies to advance women in science, engineering, and medicine in the modern landscape.
Natural gas-powered solid oxide fuel cells, located at the point of use to produce electricity for facilities the size of big box stores, could provide economic and environmental benefits, with additional research, according to new study.
As the Arctic warms, tons of carbon locked away in Arctic tundra will be transformed into the powerful greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, but scientists know little about how that transition takes place. In a study appearing in today's issue of Nature, scientists looking at microbes in different types of Arctic soil have a new picture of life in permafrost that reveals entirely new species and hints that subzero microbes might be active.
A recent study simulated a side-by-side comparison of the yields and costs of producing ethanol using miscanthus, switchgrass, and corn stover. The fast-growing energy grass miscanthus was the clear winner. Models predict that miscanthus will have higher yield and profit, particularly when grown in poor-quality soil. It also outperformed corn stover and switchgrass in its ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Raj Bhala, law professor and international trade expert, analyzes, explains and critiques the most comprehensive set of trade sanctions ever imposed. He argues they have had their intended effect of weakening Iran's economy and spurring nuclear negotiations, though much work remains.
As Somalia continues to rebuild after a prolonged civil war that began in the early 1990s, researchers at the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School of Public Affairs recommend the US government shift its work from peacekeeping to rebuilding in ways that will help grow Somalia's economy.