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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 31-Oct-2014
Report examines health care challenges for pregnant women enrolled in covered California
A new report by Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University examines the challenge of maintaining enriched health care for pregnant women who are enrolled in Covered California and who are also eligible for Medi-Cal, which includes the Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program.

Contact: Kathy Fackelmann
George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health

Public Release: 31-Oct-2014
Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
NYU research: Majority of high school seniors favor more liberal marijuana policies
The study analyzed adolescents' positions toward marijuana decriminalization and legalization. In the analysis, Palamar identifies how positions toward various marijuana policies differ by gender, race, political affiliation and religion. He also examined how lifetime and recent marijuana use relate to such positions.

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages and Applications
Harnessing error-prone chips
A new system would allow programmers to easily trade computational accuracy for energy savings.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
University of Tennessee study finds saving lonely species is important for the environment
Joe Bailey looked at endemic eucalyptus found in Tasmania. They discovered that these rare species have developed unique characteristics to survive, and that these characteristics may also impact the survival of its neighbors in the ecosystem.

Contact: Whitney Heins
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Young adults ages 18 to 26 should be viewed as separate subpopulation in policy and research
Young adults ages 18-26 should be viewed as a separate subpopulation in policy and research, because they are in a critical period of development when successes or failures could strongly affect the trajectories of their lives, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Annie E. Casey Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Global Change Biology
Dartmouth study finds restoring wetlands can lessen soil sinkage, greenhouse gas emissions
Restoring wetlands can help reduce or reverse soil subsidence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to research in California's Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta by Dartmouth College researchers and their colleagues.

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Female frogs modify offspring development depending on reproduction date
Global warming is altering the reproduction of plants and animals, notably accelerating the date when reproduction and other life processes occur. A study by the University of Uppsala, including the participation of Spanish researcher Germán Orizaola, has discovered that some amphibians are capable of making their offspring grow at a faster rate if they have been born later due to the climate.

Contact: SINC
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
CHEST lung cancer experts present policy statement to CMS Committee on Coverage
As the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Committee on Coverage studies the decision to cover lung cancer screening for eligible individuals, today's Online First section of the journal CHEST published Components for High Quality Lung Cancer Screening: American College of Chest Physicians and American Thoracic Society Policy Statement.

Contact: Kristi Bruno
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Technology and Innovation
Patents for humanity: Special edition of Technology and Innovation
The current special issue of Technology and Innovation is devoted to patents that benefit people around the world who live with limited resources, in challenging environments, and are in need of better access to basic needs and improved standards of living, health and infrastructure. It includes original articles from winners of the 2013 USPTO Patents for Humanity Awards, aimed at rewarding innovators for deploying patented technologies to address humanitarian needs.

Contact: Diana Vergara
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Scientific Reports
Reef-builders with a sense of harmony
Cold-water corals of the species Lophelia pertusa are able to fuse skeletons of genetically distinct individuals. On dives with JAGO, a research submersible stationed at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, scientists from Scotland and Germany made the first-ever discovery of branches of different colors that had flawlessly merged. The ability to fuse supports the reef stability and thus contributes to the success of corals as reef-builders of the deep sea.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Report: 93 percent of mining, oil & gas, logging, agriculture developments involve inhabited land
In an analysis of almost 73,000 concessions in eight tropical forested countries, more than 93 percent of these developments were found to involve land inhabited by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. According to the research, conducted by The Munden Project, the total amount of land handed over by governments to the private sector for mining, logging, oil & gas drilling, and large-scale agriculture includes at least 40 percent of Peru and 30 percent of Indonesia.

Contact: Coimbra Sirica
Burness Communications

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Nanosafety research: The quest for the gold standard
Empa toxicologist Harald Krug has lambasted his colleagues in the journal Angewandte Chemie. He evaluated several thousand studies on the risks associated with nanoparticles and discovered no end of shortcomings: poorly prepared experiments and results that don't carry any clout. Instead of merely leveling criticism, however, Empa is also developing new standards for such experiments within an international network.
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, CCMX Initiative, Swiss Federal Office for Environment, Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, German VCI

Contact: Harald F. Krug
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
26th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering
Saving lots of computing capacity with a new algorithm
The control of modern infrastructure such as intelligent power grids needs lots of computing capacity. Scientists of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust at the University of Luxembourg have developed an algorithm that might revolutionize these processes. With their new software the SnT researchers are able to forego the use of considerable amounts of computing capacity, enabling what they call micro mining.

Contact: Britta Schlüter
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Social Science Research
Black Republicans put most faith in US government
Black Republicans trust the United States government more than other political groups, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia, ahead of the mid-term US elections to be held on Nov. 4.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New study shows 3 abrupt pulse of CO2 during last deglaciation
A new study shows that the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide that contributed to the end of the last ice age more than 10,000 years ago did not occur gradually, but was characterized by three 'pulses' in which C02 rose abruptly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Brook
Oregon State University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Polls show deep partisan divide over Affordable Care Act
An analysis of 27 public opinion polls conducted by 14 organizations shows an electorate polarized by political party when it comes to the Affordable Care Act. A majority of Republican likely voters want the next Congress to repeal the law, with an additional 27 percent favoring scaling it back. A majority of Democratic voters want the new Congress to move ahead with the law, either by implementing the current law or expanding its scope.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Four years in, payment model lowers medical spending, improves care
Enrollees in a Massachusetts global budget health care plan had smaller increases in medical spending and larger increases in quality of care over the first four years of the contract when compared to similar individuals in other states.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Bureau of Economic Research Fellowship in Aging and Health Economics, Charles H. Hood Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers
CU Denver study says upgrading infrastructure could reduce flood damage
The severe flooding that devastated a wide swath of Colorado last year might have been less destructive if the bridges, roads and other infrastructure had been upgraded or modernized, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Denver.

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Governments should take active lead to create healthy food environments to prevent CVD
Canadian health organizations are calling upon governments to take a leadership role in creating healthy food environments. They say that implementing strategies that facilitate access to affordable healthy foods and beverages in places where Canadians work, live, and play could play a key role in preventing diet-related disease and health risk such as obesity and hypertension, and ultimately improve cardiovascular health, This call for action is published in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
Global infection outbreaks, unique diseases rising since 1980
Ebola has a lot of company. In a novel database now made publicly available, Brown University researchers found that since 1980 the world has seen an increasing number of infectious disease outbreaks from an increasing number of sources. The good news, however, is that they are affecting a shrinking proportion of the world population.
Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Social host laws tied to less underage drinking
Teenagers who live in communities with strict 'social host' laws are less likely to spend their weekends drinking at parties, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Mallie J. Paschall
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Natural Resources Forum
World losing 2,000 hectares of farm soil daily to salt damage: UN University
Every day for more than 20 years, an average of 2,000 hectares of irrigated land in arid and semi-arid areas across 75 countries have been degraded by salt, according to a study by UN University's Canadian-based Institute for Water, Environment and Health, published Oct. 28. Today an area the size of France is affected -- about 62 million hectares (20 percent) of the world's irrigated lands, up from 45 million hectares in the early 1990s.

Contact: Terry Collins
United Nations University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Environmental Psychology
Future-focused women stand up to global warming with taxes, checkbook
Politicians who discredit global warming risk losing a big chunk of the female vote. A new study found women who consider the long-term consequences of their actions are more likely to adopt a liberal political orientation and take consumer and political steps to reduce global warming. Jeff Joireman, associate professor of marketing at Washington State University, demonstrated that 'future-oriented' women are the voting bloc most strongly motivated to invest money, time and taxes toward reducing global warming.

Contact: Jeff Joireman
Washington State University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Children and Youth Services Review
One-third of foster kids returned to their family are abused again
One in three children who have been reunified with their families after being placed in foster care will be maltreated again, according to a study into Quebec's youth protection system by Marie-Andrée Poirier and Sonia Hélie of the University of Montreal's School of Social Services. The study, the first of its kind in the world, was undertaken in the wake of a new law to improve the family stability of youth receiving child protection services.
Fonds de recherche du Québec–Société et Culture, Public Health Agency of Canada

Contact: Benjamin Augereau
University of Montreal

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Two years after superstorm Sandy: Resilience in 12 neighborhoods
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research released the results of a major new study and related reports on the recovery from Superstorm Sandy in 12 New York and New Jersey neighborhoods hard hit by the 2012 storm. The findings emphasize the important role social factors play in a neighborhood's resilience: the ability of people and their social systems to survive, adapt, and continue moving forward after a disaster. Funding was provided by the Rockefeller Foundation.
The Rockefeller Foundation

Contact: Eric Young
NORC at the University of Chicago