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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
Journal of Business Venturing
Entrepreneurs to venture capitalists: Don't be a Scrooge
A recently published study of more than 550 decisions and responses from 144 experienced entrepreneurs reveals that 'knowledge of explicit ethical or unethical behavior [by venture capitalists] profoundly shapes the entrepreneurs' willingness to partner.'

Contact: Eric Eckert
Baylor University

Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security
Proceedings of the 2014 ACM SIGSAC Conference
Virtual money: User's identity can be revealed much easier than thought
Bitcoin is the new money: minted and exchanged on the Internet. Faster and cheaper than a bank, the service is attracting attention from all over the world. But a big question remains: are the transactions really anonymous? Researchers at the University of Luxembourg have now demonstrated how the IP address behind each transaction can be revealed with only a few computers and about €1500.

Contact: Britta Schlüter
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
BMC Public Health
International team reveals barriers to public health data-sharing; life-saving solutions
Barriers to the sharing of public health data hamper decision-making efforts on local, national and global levels, and stymie attempts to contain emerging global health threats, an international team led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health announced today.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
Policing Canada in the 21st century: New policing for new challenges
A new expert panel report, Policing Canada in the 21st Century: New Policing for New Challenges, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, details the complexity and global nature of policing in the modern age. Overall, a 12-member Expert Panel determined that safety and security cannot just rest with Canada's policing services. Specialists, public and private security services, and other first responders all have a vital role to play in an interconnected safety and security web.

Contact: Cathleen Meechan
613-567-5000 x228
Council of Canadian Academies

Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
Blu-ray disc can be used to improve solar cell performance
Who knew about Blu-ray discs? One of the best ways to store high-definition movies and television shows because of their high-density data storage, Blu-ray discs also improve the performance of solar cells, according to a new Northwestern University study. Researchers have discovered that the pattern of information written on a Blu-ray disc -- and it doesn't matter if it's Jackie Chan's 'Supercop' or the cartoon 'Family Guy' -- works very well for improving light absorption across the solar spectrum.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Marine Ecology Progress Series
CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion
For coral reefs to persist, rates of reef construction must exceed reef breakdown. Prior research has largely focused on the negative impacts of ocean acidification on reef growth, but new research this week from scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, based at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa, demonstrates that lower ocean pH also enhances reef breakdown: a double-whammy for coral reefs in a changing climate.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, Sigma-Xi, and University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii ‑ SOEST

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biology trumps chemistry in open ocean
Scientists laid out a new framework based on in situ observations that will allow them to describe and understand how phytoplankton assimilate limited concentrations of phosphorus, a key nutrient, in the ocean in ways that better reflect what is actually occurring in the marine environment. This is important because nutrient uptake is a property of ocean biogeochemistry, and in many regions controls carbon dioxide fixation, which ultimately can play a role in mitigating climate change.

Contact: Darlene Crist
207-315-2567 x103
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Nature Neuroscience
How does the brain react to virtual reality? Study by UCLA neuroscientists provides answer
UCLA neurophysicists studying a key brain region where Alzheimer's disease begins have discovered how the brain processes virtual reality. 'The pattern of activity in a brain region involved in spatial learning in the virtual world is completely different than in the real world,' said Mayank Mehta, a UCLA professor of physics, neurology, and neurobiology and senior author. 'We should be cautious before proceeding rapidly with millions of people using virtual reality.'

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Preconception care for diabetic women could potentially save $5.5 billion
Pregnant women with diabetes are at an increased risk for many adverse birth outcomes. Preconception care (PCC) can significantly lower these risks by helping pregnant mothers with diabetes control their glucose levels, resulting in healthier babies and less money spent on complicated deliveries and lifelong medical complications. Effective, universal PCC for diabetic mothers could avert an estimated $5.5 billion in health expenditures and lost employment productivity over affected children's lifetimes, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Avoiding ecosystem collapse
Three new studies describe concrete actions to prevent or reverse abrupt ecological shifts.

Contact: Kristen Weiss
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Teens prescribed anxiety, sleep medications likelier to illegally abuse them later
The medical community may be inadvertently creating a new generation of illegal, recreational drug users by prescribing anti-anxiety or sleep medications to teenagers, say University of Michigan researchers.

Contact: Laura Bailey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Ambulance risk
Patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated by basic life support ambulances have higher survival rates and better neurological outcomes than patients treated by advanced life support ambulances.
National Science Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Alberti
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Climate Change Responses
El Niño stunts children's growth in Peru
Extreme weather events, such as El Niño, can have long-lasting effects on health, according to research published in the open access journal Climate Change Responses. The study, in coastal Peru, shows that children born during and after the 1997-98 El Niño have a lower height-for-age than others born before the event.

Contact: Alanna Orpen
BioMed Central

Public Release: 24-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Environmental 'tipping points' key to predicting extinctions
Researchers from North Carolina State University have created a model that mimics how differently adapted populations may respond to rapid climate change. Their findings demonstrate that depending on a population's adaptive strategy, even tiny changes in climate variability can create a 'tipping point' that sends the population into extinction.

Contact: Carlos Botero
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Journal of Crustacean Biology
Fiddler on the roof?
The fiddler crab, Uca pugnax, has migrated nearly 50 miles north of its supposed natural range along the US East Coast. This may be another sign of climate change.

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Communication Research
Not all baseball stars treated equally in TV steroid coverage, says study of network news
Retired baseball stars Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire and Rafael Palmeiro each had Hall of Fame-worthy numbers, each hitting more than 500 home runs. All three also were tarred by allegations of steroid use. Their stories, however, received very different treatment over 12 years of national television news coverage, says University of Illinois professor Brian Quick, lead author on a paper about that coverage and its effects, published online Nov. 20 by the journal Communication Research.

Contact: Craig Chamberlain
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
2014 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology
Research examines an emerging issue: Treatment of transgendered prison populations
The perceptions and treatment of transgendered populations will be examined at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology.

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Health Affairs
11-country survey of older adults: Americans sicker but have quicker access to specialists
A survey of older adults in eleven countries found Americans were sicker than their counterparts abroad, with 68 percent living with two or more chronic conditions and 53 percent taking four or more medications. More Americans, 19 percent, reported cost-related care expenses than residents in other countries -- whereas 83 percent of US respondents had treatment plans they could carry out in their daily lives, one of the highest rates across the surveyed countries.

Contact: Sue Ducat
Health Affairs

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Unstable child care can affect children by age 4
A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveals that disruptions in child care negatively affect children's social development as early as age 4. However, the study also shows that the effects of child care instability are not unduly large -- and some types of instability appear to have no negative impact on children.

Contact: Mary Bratsch-Hines
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Sex Roles
The American athletics track is still a man's world
The limited coverage that American female athletes get in the media is one of many subtle forms of gender biases they have to cope with. The little exposure they do get often focuses more on their attire, or how attractive, sexy or ladylike they are than on their actual athletic prowess. In the long run, this influences their performance in sports. So say the authors of a review published in Springer's journal Sex Roles.

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Environmental Research Letters
Extreme weather in the Arctic problematic for people, wildlife
A new cross-disciplinary study provides a comprehensive look at the effects of an extreme weather event in the High Arctic on everything from town infrastructure to the natural environment.
Norwegian Research Council, Svalbard Environmental Fund

Contact: Brage Bremset Hansen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Cochrane Library
Only half of patients take their medications as prescribed
The cost of patients not taking their medications as prescribed can be substantial in terms of their health. Although a large amount of research evidence has tried to address this problem, there are no well-established approaches to help them, according to a new systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Effectiveness of campaigns addressing violence against women and girls examined
Mary Ellsberg and Diana J. Arango from GW's Global Women's Institute examine programs aimed at reducing violence against women and girls.

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
George Washington University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Nature Climate Change
Climate change will slow China's progress in reducing infectioius diseases
A new study found that by 2030, changes to the global climate could delay China's progress reducing diarrheal and vector-borne diseases by up to seven years.

Contact: Melva Robertson
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
The Affordable Care Act in Kentucky, one year later
One year after co-authoring a New England Journal of Medicine article showing the hardship faced by the medically underserved, Dr. Michael Stillman writes another on the success of the Affordable Care Act in Kentucky.

Contact: Jill Scoggins
University of Louisville