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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
'Fracking' in the dark: Biological fallout of shale-gas production still largely unknown
Eight conservation biologists from various organizations and institutions, including Princeton University, found that shale-gas extraction in the United States has vastly outpaced scientists' understanding of the industry's environmental impact. With shale-gas production projected to surge during the next 30 years, determining and minimizing the industry's effects on nature and wildlife must become a top priority for scientists, industry and policymakers, the researchers said.

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2014
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Scientists warn time to stop drilling in the dark
The co-authors of a new study, including two Simon Fraser University research associates, cite new reasons why scientists, industry representatives and policymakers must collaborate closely on minimizing damage to the natural world from shale gas development. Viorel Popescu and Maureen Ryan, David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellows in SFU's Biological Sciences department, are among eight international co-authors of the newly published research in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Contact: Carol Thorbes
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change
Research demonstrates that it isn't just the CO2 from biomass burning that's the problem. Black carbon and brown carbon maximize the thermal impacts of such fires. They essentially allow biomass burning to cause much more global warming per unit weight than other human-associated carbon sources.

Contact: Tom Abate
Stanford School of Engineering

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
New bipartisan House bill draws on U-M health research
A new bill introduced in Congress with bipartisan support would allow Medicare to test a concept born from University of Michigan research, which could improve the health of patients with chronic illness while reducing what they spend on the medicines and tests they need most.

Contact: Laurel Thomas Gnagey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Study finds benefits to burning Flint Hills prairie in fall and winter
A new study looks at 20 years of data concerning the consequences of burning Flint Hills prairie at different times of the year. It finds that burning outside of the current late spring time frame has no measurable negative consequences for the prairie, and in fact, may have multiple benefits.

Contact: Joseph Craine
Kansas State University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
New report calls for strong, positive safety culture in academic chemical labs
Everyone involved in the academic chemical research enterprise -- from researchers and principal investigators to university leadership -- has an important role to play in establishing and promoting a strong, positive safety culture, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Contact: Lauren Rugani
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
99th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management
The 2013 California Rim Fire crossed management boundaries when it burned out of the Stanislaus National Forest and into to Yosemite National Park, providing a natural demonstration of the effects of a history of fire suppression on wildfire dynamics.

Contact: Liza Lester
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Armed Forces & Society
Women in military less likely to drink than civilian women
While it is known that members of the US military overall are more likely to use alcohol, a new study finds that female enlistees and female veterans are actually less likely to drink than their civilian counterparts. This study was published today in Armed Forces & Society, a SAGE journal published on behalf of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Watching Schrödinger's cat die (or come to life)
Quantum mechanics holds that a system can be in more than one state at a time, only collapsing into a definite state when someone measures it. A cat is both dead and alive until someone opens the box. UC Berkeley scientists have for the first time followed the evolution of entangled quantum states to a classical state, showing that collapse is not instantaneous: you can watch the cat as it dies or comes to life.
Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Accounting, Organizations and Society
Money talks when it comes to acceptability of 'sin' companies, study reveals
Companies who make their money in the 'sin' industries such as the tobacco, alcohol and gaming industries typically receive less attention from institutional investors and financial analysts. But new research shows social norms and attitudes towards these types of businesses are subject to compromise when their share price looks to be on the rise.
Michael Lee-Chin Family Institute for Corporate Citizenship

Contact: Ken McGuffin
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Biological Conservation
Saving seeds the right way can save the world's plants
Exotic pests, shrinking ranges and a changing climate threaten some of the world's most rare and ecologically important plants, and so conservationists establish seed collections to save the seeds in banks or botanical gardens in hopes of preserving some genetic diversity.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Scientific Reports
Big data confirms climate extremes are here to stay
In a new paper, Northeastern researchers show how they've used advanced computational data science tools to demonstrate that despite global warming, we may still experience severe cold snaps due to increasing variability in temperature extremes.

Contact: Emily Bhatti
Northeastern University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
New scientific review: Current evidence suggests benefits of e-cigarettes outweigh harms
A major scientific review of available research on the use, content, and safety of e-cigarettes has concluded that -- although long-term health effects of e-cigarette use are unknown -- compared with conventional cigarettes they are likely to be much less harmful to users or bystanders.

Contact: Charli Scouller
Queen Mary, University of London

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Scientists caution against exploitation of deep ocean
The world's oceans are vast and deep, yet rapidly advancing technology and the quest for extracting resources from previously unreachable depths is beginning to put the deep seas on the cusp of peril, an international team of scientists warned this week.

Contact: Andrew Thurber
Oregon State University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Brainwaves can predict audience reaction
Media and marketing experts have long sought a reliable method of forecasting responses from the general population to future products and messages. According to a study conducted at the City College of New York, it appears that the brain responses of just a few individuals are a remarkably strong predictor.

Contact: Lucas Parra
City College of New York

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy
Informal child care significantly impacts rural economies, MU study finds
University of Missouri researchers have studied the child care sector in Kansas, particularly in rural areas, and have found that informal child care services create a large economic impact in the state.

Contact: Nathan Hurst
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
$15 billion annual public funding system for doctor training needs overhaul, says IOM
The US should significantly reform the federal system for financing physician training and residency programs to ensure that the public's $15 billion annual investment is producing the doctors that the nation needs, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine.

Contact: Molly Galvin
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
First grade reading suffers in segregated schools
A groundbreaking study from the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute has found that African-American students in first grade experience smaller gains in reading when they attend segregated schools -- but the students' backgrounds likely are not the cause of the differences.
National Science Foundation/AERA Grants Program

Contact: Kirsten Kainz
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 29-Jul-2014
BMC Medicine
Improve peer review by making the reviewers better suited to the task
A 'kitemark' that identifies randomized-controlled trials reviewed by specially trained peer reviewers would improve public trust in the robustness of clinical trials, according to an opinion piece in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

Contact: Shane Canning
BioMed Central

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Evolution in rainforest flies points to climate change survival
Scientists believe some tropical species may be able to evolve and adapt to the effects of climate change.

Contact: Lucy Handford
Monash University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Generating a genome to feed the world: UA-led team sequences African rice
An international team of scientists led by the UA has sequenced the genome of African rice. The new information will enable scientists and agriculturalists to develop varieties of rice that can survive in a changing climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rod Wing
University of Arizona

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
NOAA: 'Nuisance flooding' an increasing problem as coastal sea levels rise
Eight of the top 10 US cities that have seen an increase in so-called 'nuisance flooding' -- which causes such public inconveniences as frequent road closures, overwhelmed storm drains and compromised infrastructure -- are on the East Coast, according to a new NOAA technical report. This nuisance flooding, caused by rising sea levels, has increased on all three US coasts, between 300 and 925 percent since the 1960s.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Ben Sherman
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Booming mobile health app market needs more FDA oversight for consumer safety, confidence
While the mobile health apps market offers tremendous potential, several health law experts say in a July 24 New England Journal of Medicine report that more oversight is needed by the US Food and Drug Administration to ensure consumer confidence and safety. Out of 100,000 mHealth apps on the market, only about 100 have been cleared by the FDA, which opponents see as a deterrent to innovation and profit. But it doesn't have to be.

Contact: Denise Gee
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Global Change Biology
Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change
New research has identified areas of the Earth that are high priorities for conservation in the face of climate change.

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Scientific Reports
Industrial lead pollution beat explorers to the South Pole by 22 years and persists today
Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole in December of 1911. More than 100 years later, an international team of scientists led by Joe McConnell of Nevada's Desert Research Institute have proven that air pollution from industrial activities arrived long before.
NSF/Division of Polar Programs

Contact: Justin Broglio
Desert Research Institute