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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Report advocates improved police training
A new report released yesterday by the Mental Health Commission of Canada identifies ways to improve the mental health training and education that police personnel receive.

Contact: Anne Craig
Queen's University

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
China's reform of R&D budget management doesn't go far enough
China's budget management is lagging behind countries which spend similar amounts on research and development, and recent reform has not gone far enough. That is the view of the University of Nottingham's Dr. Cong Cao, whose research is published on Aug. 29, 2014, in the prestigious academic journal, Science.
European Union's 7th Framework Program

Contact: Dr. Cong Cao
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Science Advice to Governments
Science advice to governments comes of age at Auckland conference
Responding to the increasingly global nature of societal challenges, practitioners of science advice to governments formed a global network to share practice and strengthen their ties, at the first global conference on science advice to governments, which was held in Auckland, New Zealand this week.

Contact: Pandora Carlyon
International Council for Science

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Water Resources Research
Climate change puts endangered Devils Hole pupfish at risk of extinction
Climate change is hurting reproduction of the endangered Devils Hole pupfish, threatening the survival of this rare species that has numbered as few as 35 individuals, new research by the University of Nevada, Reno and Desert Research Institute shows.
National Park Service, Nevada Department of Wildlife, Death Valley Natural History Association

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Environmental Sciences, Processes and Impacts
Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke
Second-hand e-cig smoke has 10 times less particulate matter than regular cigarette smoke; but higher levels of certain toxic metals.
Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Females ignored in basic medical research
A new study from Northwestern Medicine has found that surgical researchers rarely use female animals or female cells in their published studies -- despite a huge body of evidence showing that sex differences can play a crucial role in medical research.

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Psychology & Health
How does it feel to be old in different societies?
People aged 70 and over who identify themselves as 'old' feel worse about their own health in societies where they perceive they have lower value than younger age groups.

Contact: Martin Herrema
University of Kent

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Research and Politics
Saddam Hussein -- a sincere dictator?
Are political speeches manipulative and strategic? They could be -- when politicians say one thing in public, and privately believe something else, political scientists say.

Contact: Katie Baker
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
BMJ Open
Plain cigarette packs don't hurt small retailers or boost trade in illicit tobacco
Plain packs for tobacco products don't hurt small retailers, flood the market with very cheap cigarettes, or boost the trade in illicit tobacco, finds research on the early experience of the policy in Australia, and published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Quit Victoria, VicHealth, Department of Health for the Victorian Smoking and Health annual survey

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
International Carbon Conference 2014
Global warming pioneer calls for CO2 to be taken from atmosphere and stored underground
Wally Broeker, the first person to alert the world to Global Warming, has called for atmospheric CO2 to be captured and stored underground.

Contact: Tom Parkhill
European Association of Geochemistry

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Journal of Divorce & Remarriage
No cookie-cutter divorces, so what info should online co-parenting classes offer?
Required online classes for divorcing couples who have children are good at teaching parents how to deal with children's needs and responses to their family's new situation. But co-parenting couples would benefit from content that helps adults cope with their own emotions and from unique tracks for families with special circumstances such as intimate partner violence or alcoholism, said a University of Illinois researcher in human and community development.

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Water 'thermostat' could help engineer drought-resistant crops
Researchers have identified a gene that could help engineer drought-resistant crops. The gene, called OSCA1, encodes a protein in the cell membrane of plants that senses changes in water availability and adjusts the plant's water conservation machinery accordingly. The findings appear in the journal Nature and could make it easier to feed the world's growing population in the face of climate change.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Marine Pollution Bulletin
NOAA's Marine Debris Program reports on the national issue of derelict fishing traps
Thousands of fishing traps are lost or abandoned each year in US waters. The NOAA report is the first of its kind to examine the derelict fish trap problem, nationally, and recommends actions to better manage and prevent it.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Keeley Belva
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Soda tax for adolescents and exercise for children best strategies for reducing obesity
Childhood obesity in the United States remains high. A tax on sugar-sweetened beverages such as sodas, energy drinks, sweet teas, and sports drinks would reduce obesity in adolescents more than other policies, such as exercise or an advertising ban, and would also generate significant revenue for additional obesity prevention activities, say researchers writing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. The study also demonstrated that physical activity would benefit children ages 6-12 most.

Contact: Angela J. Beck
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature Genetics
NIH issues finalized policy on genomic data sharing
The National Institutes of Health has issued a final NIH Genomic Data Sharing policy to promote data sharing as a way to speed the translation of data into knowledge, products and procedures that improve health while protecting the privacy of research participants. The final policy was posted in the Federal Register Aug. 26, 2014 and published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts Aug. 27, 2014.

Contact: NIH Office of Communications
NIH/Office of the Director

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
New study charts the global invasion of crop pests
Many of the world's most important crop-producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue, according to a new study led by the University of Exeter.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
University of Exeter

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Global Change Biology
Museum specimens, modern cities show how an insect pest will respond to climate change
Researchers from North Carolina State University have found that century-old museum specimens hold clues to how global climate change will affect a common insect pest that can weaken and kill trees -- and the news is not good.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services
Gifts that generate gratitude keep customers loyal
They promise us discounts, upgrades and freebies in exchange for our allegiance -- so why are shoppers failing to stay faithful to customer loyalty programs?

Contact: Rob Kidd
Queensland University of Technology

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Biology Letters
In sync and in control?
What if the simple act of marching in unison -- as riot police commonly do -- increases the likelihood that law enforcement will use excessive force in policing protests? That's the suggestion of a new UCLA study that examined the judgments of men who were asked to walk in step with other men. 'Simply walking in sync may make men more likely to think, 'Yeah, we could take that guy!,'' said lead researcher Daniel M.T. Fessler.

Contact: Meg Sullivan
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Environment Systems & Decisions
What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola and other emerging threats?
The way in which the Italian city of Venice dealt with the outbreak of the plague in the 14th century holds lessons on how to even mitigate the consequences of today's emerging threats, like climate change, terrorism, and highly infectious or drug-resistant diseases. So says Dr. Igor Linkov of the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, and a visiting professor of the Ca Foscari University in Italy.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
BMJ Open
Social inequalities in salt consumption remain
People from low socioeconomic positions in Britain still eat more salt than those from higher socioeconomic positions, irrespective of where they live. A paper published in the BMJ Open journal and led by Warwick Medical School suggests social inequalities in salt intake have hardly changed in the period from 2000-01 to 2011. This is despite a national average salt reduction over this time

Contact: Tom Frew
University of Warwick

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Are consumers more likely to purchase unintentionally green products?
A Fortune 500 company is redesigning a popular product using materials that are friendlier to the environment. How will consumers respond to the newly redesigned, 'greener' product? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers are more likely to purchase a product if they think helping the environment is not the intended purpose of a product improvement.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
An inconvenient truth: Does responsible consumption benefit corporations more than society?
Are environmental and social problems such as global warming and poverty the result of inadequate governmental regulations or does the burden fall on our failure as consumers to make better consumption choices? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, responsible consumption shifts the burden for solving global problems from governments to consumers and ultimately benefits corporations more than society.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Environmental Research Letters
Coal's continued dominance must be made more vivid in climate change accounting
The world's accounting system for carbon emissions, run by the United Nations, disregards capital investments in future coal-fired and natural-gas power plants that will commit the world to several decades and billions of tons of greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new study from Princeton University and the University of California-Irvine.

Contact: Morgan Kelly, Princeton Office of Communications
Princeton University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Environmental Research Letters
Existing power plants will spew 300 billion more tons of carbon dioxide during use
Existing power plants around the world will pump out more than 300 billion tons of carbon dioxide over their expected lifetimes, significantly adding to atmospheric levels of the climate-warming gas, according to UC Irvine and Princeton University scientists.

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine