Norwegian prisons have great results. Inmates have 30 per cent lower risk for future crime, than those who were given suspended sentence. Those who are sentenced to prison have 40 per cent better chance to get a job afterwards compared with those who have received more lenient penalties.
The use of belts, bedrails and other devices to prevent patients from hurting themselves has increasingly come under fire. Within a hospital setting, the use of such restraints may be reduced by ensuring that the nursing staff includes a sufficient number of registered nurses, says Vincent Staggs of Children's Mercy Hospital and the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He led a study which appears in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, published by Springer.
An African desert-dwelling male bird favors his biological sons and alienates his stepsons, suggests research published today in Biological Letters.
Nature abounds with examples of mutualistic relationships. Think of bees pollinating flowers whose nectar nourishes the bees. Each species benefits the other, and together their chances of survival are better than if they lived apart. Now scientists at MIT have found that such mutualistic relationships aren't always set in stone. Depending on environmental conditions, once-simpatico species can become competitors, and in extreme cases, one species can even drive the other to complete extinction.
An international research project has found human activity has been causing global warming for almost two centuries, proving human-induced climate change is not just a 20th century phenomenon.
Golden eagles may be more abundant in elevated, undeveloped landscapes with high wind speeds, according to a study published Aug. 24, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Ryan Nielson from Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc., USA, and colleagues.
Global warming could create substantial economic damage in agriculture, a new study conducted by a team of scientists of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research finds. Around the globe, climate change threatens agricultural productivity, forcing up food prices. As the additional expenditure for consumers outweighs producers' gains, increasing net economic losses will occur in the agriculture and food sector towards the end of the century. However, economic losses could be limited to 0.3 percent of global GDP -- depending on agricultural trade policies.
The percentage of young adults ages 18 to 34 in Texas without health insurance has dropped by 35 percent since the Affordable Care Act went into effect, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.
A new design should enable much more flexible traffic management, without sacrificing speed.
Washington State University researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable Care Act (also called Obamacare).