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Policy/Ethics
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Molecular Ecology
Genetic legacy of rare dwarf trees is widespread
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have found genetic evidence that one of Britain's native tree species, the dwarf birch found in the Scottish Highlands, was once common in England.

Contact: Neha Okhandiar
n.okhandiar@qmul.ac.uk
020-788-27927
Queen Mary, University of London

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of International Marketing
Small business owners not always worried about being treated fairly, researcher finds
Fairness is not always the most important priority for small retailers. In an international study, University of Missouri researchers found that some small retailers are less concerned about whether they are treated fairly by business suppliers than other factors, such as cash flow and company survival.

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Amazon rainforest survey could improve carbon offset schemes
Carbon offsetting initiatives could be improved with new insights into the make-up of tropical forests, a study suggests.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-131-651-4401
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Skin layer grown from human stem cells could replace animals in drug and cosmetics testing
An international team led by King's College London and the San Francisco Veteran Affairs Medical Center has developed the first lab-grown epidermis -- the outermost skin layer -- with a functional permeability barrier akin to real skin. The new epidermis, grown from human pluripotent stem cells, offers a cost-effective alternative lab model for testing drugs and cosmetics, and could also help to develop new therapies for rare and common skin disorders.

Contact: Jenny Gimpel
jenny.gimpel@kcl.ac.uk
44-020-784-84334
King's College London

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Science
Untangling Brazil's controversial new forest code
Brazil's new Forest Code has few admirers. A study, co-authored by Woods Hole Research Center scientists Michael Coe, Marcia Macedo and Brazilian colleagues, published this week in Science, seeks to clarify the new law.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, National Science Foundation, Climate and Land Use Alliance

Contact: Eunice Youmans
eyoumans@whrc.org
508-524-2846
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Report: Top 12 ways the world can eliminate agriculture's climate footprint
Annual carbon emissions from global agriculture can be reduced by as much as 50 to 90 percent by 2030 -- the equivalent of removing all the cars in the world -- according to a comprehensive new report released by Climate Focus and California Environmental Associates. The study highlights 12 key strategies -- led by reduced global beef consumption, reduced food waste and better farm nutrient management and production -- that can deliver big climate wins while maintaining food security and building resilience.
ClimateFocus, California Environmental Associates

Contact: Susan Tonassi
stonassi@burnesscommunications.com
626-487-9681
Burness Communications

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Your T-shirt's ringing: Telecommunications in the spaser age
A new version of 'spaser' technology being investigated could mean that mobile phones become so small, efficient, and flexible they could be printed on clothing.

Contact: Glynis Smalley
glynis.smalley@monash.edu
61-408-027-848
Monash University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Nature
NASA satellites show drought may take toll on Congo rainforest
A new analysis of NASA satellite data shows Africa's Congo rainforest, the second-largest tropical rainforest in the world, has undergone a large-scale decline in greenness over the past decade.
NASA

Contact: Kathryn Hansen
kathryn.h.hansen@nasa.gov
301-286-1046
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Nature
Superconducting qubit array points the way to quantum computers
A fully functional quantum computer is one of the holy grails of physics. A group of UCSB physicists has moved one step closer to making a quantum computer a reality.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Conservation priorities released for several protected areas along US-Mexico border
The CEC releases its Conservation Assessment for the Big Bend-Rio Bravo Region: A Binational Collaborative Approach to Conservation, which identifies 29 priority conservation areas in a region straddling the United States-Mexico border that includes 11 different protected areas in the states of Texas, Coahuila, and Chihuahua. This region features highly diverse arid and semi-arid habitats inhabited by endangered plants and animals, and provides a vital migratory stopping point for many species of birds and animals.
Commission for Environmental Cooperation

Contact: Megan Ainscow
mainscow@cec.org
514-350-4331
Commission for Environmental Cooperation

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in US Arctic
A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of US Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping, oil and gas development, and tourism, raising concern about the risk of oil spills.

Contact: Lauren Rugani
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
More Americans in their golden years are going hungry
Recent research at the University of Illinois using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed that the seniors who are dealing with hunger are also facing negative health and nutrition consequences.

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
dlarson@illinois.edu
217-244-2880
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Genetics risk, prenatal smoking may predict behavioral problems
Researchers have found evidence of an interaction between prenatal smoking and genetic risk factors that increase aggressive behavior in children, especially in girls.

Contact: Beth Kuhles
kuhles@shsu.edu
936-294-4425
Sam Houston State University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Geology
New discovery helps solve mystery source of African lava
Floods of molten lava may sound like the stuff of apocalyptic theorists, but history is littered with evidence of such past events where vast lava outpourings originating deep in the Earth accompany the breakup of continents.

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Anthrozo÷s
How Australia got the hump with 1 million feral camels
A new study by a University of Exeter researcher has shed light on how an estimated one million-strong population of wild camels thriving in Australia's remote outback have become reviled as pests and culled on a large scale.

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
e.f.gaskarth@exeter.ac.uk
44-078-273-09332
University of Exeter

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
7th International Nanotoxicology Congress
PETA science consortium to present hazard testing strategy at nanotoxicology meeting
PETA International Science Consortium will present a non-animal tiered-testing strategy for nanomaterial hazard assessment at the 7th International Nanotoxicology Congress being held in Antalya, Turkey on April 23-26, 2014. The proposed strategy will generate meaningful information on nanomaterial properties and their interaction with biological systems. It's cost-effective, reduces animal use, and can be applied for assessing risk and making intelligent regulatory decisions regarding the use and disposal of nanomaterials.

Contact: Tasgola Bruner
404-907-4172
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Regenerative Medicine
New patenting guidelines are needed for biotechnology
Biotechnology scientists must be aware of the broad patent landscape and push for new patent and licensing guidelines, according to a new paper from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Wildlife response to climate change is likely underestimated, experts warn
Analyzing thousands of breeding bird surveys sent in by citizen scientists over 35 years, wildlife researchers report that most of the 40 songbird species they studied shifted either northward or toward higher elevation in response to climate change, but did not necessarily do both. This means that most previous studies of potential climate change impacts on wildlife that looked only at one factor or the other have likely underestimated effects.
US Forest Service Northern Research Station

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Report recommends insurers use prescription monitoring data to reduce opioid abuse, deaths
The Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Center of Excellence at Brandeis University has issued a ground-breaking report recommending that medical insurers use prescription monitoring data to reduce the overdoses, deaths and health care costs associated with abuse of opioids and other prescription drugs.
US Department of Justice

Contact: Tom Clark
twclark@brandeis.edu
781-736-3970
Brandeis University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Local Solutions: Northeast Climate Change Preparedness Conference
Minnesota projects offer hope and practical help to communities facing more extreme storms
A 10-year-old program in the Midwest and New England works with communities to prepare for more extreme storms. The program is important because results are specific to each local community. It helps communities plan for the extreme storms that already are occurring more frequently, and shows how to manage the uncertainty of long-term projections. Portions of existing drainage systems are already undersized, and portions should be adequate even for pessimistic future conditions.
NOAA

Contact: Latham Stack
lstack@syntectic.com
503-901-1939
Syntectic International LLC

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Research shows impact of Facebook unfriending
Two studies from the University of Colorado Denver are shedding new light on the most common type of 'friend' to be unfriended on Facebook and their emotional responses to it.

Contact: David Kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-503-7990
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
JAMA
More than two-thirds of Americans support mandated coverage of birth control in health plans
Support for mandated coverage higher among those who may be more likely to directly benefit from affordable birth control.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, University of Michigan Health System

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 21-Apr-2014
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
How often are unauthorized immigrant workers trafficked and abused?
Labor trafficking -- or recruiting a person for labor through force, fraud, or coercion for involuntary servitude, debt bondage, or even slavery -- has been a difficult problem to track among undocumented migrant workers. With unique access to a 'hidden population' from one of America's largest Spanish-speaking immigrant destinations, a recent study finds that more than 30 percent of undocumented migrant laborers in this area are victims of labor trafficking and 55 percent are victims of other labor abuses.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
camille.gamboa@sagepub.com
805-410-7441
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 20-Apr-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Computational method dramatically speeds up estimates of gene expression
With gene expression analysis growing in importance for both basic researchers and medical practitioners, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Maryland have developed a new computational method that dramatically speeds up estimates of gene activity from RNA sequencing data.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
New Phytologist
Plants with dormant seeds give rise to more species
Seeds that sprout as soon as they're planted may be good news for a garden. But in the wild, a plant whose seeds sprouted at the first warm spell or rainy day would risk disaster. More than just an insurance policy against late frosts or unexpected dry spells, it turns out that seed dormancy has long-term advantages too: plants whose seeds put off sprouting until conditions are more certain give rise to more species.

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
rsmith@nescent.org
919-668-4544
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)