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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Middle school dilemma: Girls' body image affected by older peers
The media is highly criticized for contributing to body image issues in adolescents. However, a study out today in Psychology of Women Quarterly finds a different source for body dissatisfaction among young girls: older girls at school.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
JAMA Surgery
Failed Medicare payments law remains relevant
In a new commentary in the journal JAMA Surgery, Dr. Eli Adashi recounts what he and other advocates saw as merits of the originally bipartisan Sustainable Growth Rate Repeal and Medicare Provider Payment Modernization Act of 2014. The perennial trouble with how Medicare pays doctors will return in the 114th Congress, and broader trends in health care practice that the bill attempted to address will remain just as strong.

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
American Society for Bioethics and Humanities 16th Annual Meeting
Hastings Center Report
Why bioethics literacy matters
From accessible and affordable health care to reproductive technologies, the justice and well-being of our society depend on the ability of people to identify key issues, articulate their values and concerns, deliberate openly and respectfully, and find the most defensible ways forward. But what are the best educational practices to support these societal conversations?

Contact: Susan Gilbert
845-424-4040 x244
The Hastings Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Persian Gulf states have new role to play in Israeli-Palestinian conflict resolution
The shifting regional geopolitics of the Middle East have created new opportunities for the Persian Gulf states to engage in Arab-Israeli conflict resolution, according to a new paper from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
US health system not properly designed to meet needs of patients nearing end of life, says IOM
The US health care system is not properly designed to meet the needs of patients nearing the end of life and those of their families, and major changes to the system are necessary, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Coral growth rate plummets in 30-year comparison
A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia's Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40 percent since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification may be playing an important role in this perilous slowdown.
Moore Foundation

Contact: Ken Caldeira
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Global change: Trees continue to grow at a faster rate
Trees have been growing significantly faster since the 1960s. The typical development phases of trees and stands have barely changed, but they have accelerated -- by as much as 70 percent. This was the outcome of a study carried out by scientists from Technische Universität München based on long-term data from experimental forest plots that have been continuously observed since 1870. Their findings were published recently in Nature Communications.

Contact: Barbara Wankerl
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature of war: Chimpanzees inherently violent according to study
Of all of the world's species, humans and chimpanzees are some of the only species to coordinate attacks on their own members. Since Jane Goodall introduced lethal inter-community killings, primatologists have debated the concept of warfare in this genus. New research from an international coalition of ape researchers has shed new light on the subject, suggesting that human encroachment and interference is not, as previous researchers have claimed, an influential predictor of chimp-on-chimp aggression.

Contact: Jillian Braun
Lincoln Park Zoo

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Global Violence Reduction Conference 2014
Violence rates can be halved in just 30 years, say leading experts
Research shows that homicide rates in many countries are falling. Leading experts from around the world believe that global rates of homicide and other interpersonal violence -- such as child abuse and domestic violence -- could be reduced by as much as 50 percent in just 30 years if governments implement the right policies.
Optimus Foundation, World Health Organization, University of Cambridge

Contact: Fred Lewsey
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
A greater focus on socially disadvantaged women is needed to improve maternity care in England
Women from lower socioeconomic groups in the UK report a poorer experience of care during pregnancy and there needs to be a greater focus on their care, suggests a new study published today n BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
American Politics Research
The rich have more political clout in states, but stricter lobbying rules can narrow gap
State legislators are more attentive to wealthy citizens' political opinions when making policy decisions, but stricter regulations on professional lobbyists can help curb this trend and promote more equal political representation, according to a Baylor University study.

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Global shift away from cars saves US$100 trillion, eliminates 1,700 MT of CO2 pollution
More than $100 trillion in cumulative public and private spending, and 1,700 megatons of annual carbon dioxide -- a 40 percent reduction of urban passenger transport emissions -- could be eliminated by 2050 if the world expands public transportation, walking and cycling in cities, according to a new report released by the University of California, Davis, and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy.

Contact: Dan Klotz
Burness Communications

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
New research decodes virus-host interactions in ocean dead zones
A new study reveals the interactions among bacteria and viruses that prey on them thriving in oxygen minimum zones -- stretches of ocean starved for oxygen that occur around the globe. Understanding such microbial communities in their natural environments is an important step in understanding global processes, including climate.
DOE/Joint Genome Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, G. Unger Vetlesen and Ambrose Monell Foundations, Tula Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists twist radio beams to send data
Researchers twist four radio beams together to achieve high data transmission speeds.
Intel Labs University Research Office and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Information in a Photon Program

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Topics in Cognitive Science
Artworks are people!
Art, in other words, is an extension of the creator, according to research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Contact: Ethan Grove
University of Chicago Booth School of Business

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Society & Natural Resources
Politics divide coastal residents' views of environment, UNH research finds
From the salmon-rich waters of Southeast Alaska to the white sand beaches of Florida's Gulf Coast to Downeast Maine's lobster, lumber and tourist towns, coastal residents around the US share a common characteristic: their views about coastal environments divide along political lines. That's a primary finding of a new study by University of New Hampshire sociologists published this month in the journal Society & Natural Resources.
USDA Rural Development program, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Ford Foundation, Kellogg Foundation, University of New Hampshire by the College of Liberal Arts

Contact: Beth Potier
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Lucky loyalty? Devoted consumers believe they have earned the right to win random rewards
Loyal consumers can earn benefits such as frequent flyer miles or free nights at hotels when they participate in rewards programs. Loyalty, of course, doesn't increase the odds of winning random prizes or receiving random discounts. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers who have shown loyalty to a company giving a random reward mistakenly believe they are more likely to receive the reward because they deserve it.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Why are consumers willing to spend more money on ethical products?
What motivates consumers to make ethical choices such as buying clothing not made in a sweat shop, spending more money on fair-trade coffee, and bringing their own bags when they go shopping? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, ethical consumption is motivated by a need for consumers to turn their emotions about unethical practices into action.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Do you always get what you pay for? How consumers mispredict product quality
Consumers are willing to spend thousands of dollars for luxury brand watches such as Rolex and Cartier because they are synonymous with high quality. But does this mean that inexpensive watches made by low-cost rivals must always be low quality? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers mistakenly predict product quality based on quality consistency in other price ranges.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Do ads showing sexy women make male consumers less charitable?
What happens when you use images of sexy women to attract men's attention? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, male consumers who are shown images of sexy women feel less connected to other people and are less likely to purchase products advertised as benefiting others or make charitable contributions.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Exxon Valdez 2014: Does media coverage of manmade disasters contribute to consumer complacency?
Twenty-five years ago, the Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound. Americans found themselves cleaning up another giant oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, news coverage of environmental disasters serves to calm our immediate anxieties instead of catalyzing changes in the way fossil fuels are used.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research
Sam Houston State study examines use of GIS in policing
Police agencies are using Geographic Information Systems for mapping crime, identifying crime 'hot spots,' assigning officers, and profiling offenders, but little research has been done about the effectiveness of the technology in curbing crime, according to a study at Sam Houston State University.

Contact: Beth Kuhles
Sam Houston State University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Keystone XL would likely raise oil sands production and greenhouse gas emissions
The proposed Keystone XL pipeline would likely raise oil sands production and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a survey of experts and researchers -- including both supporters and opponents of the pipeline. The survey was conducted by the non-profit Near Zero.
Near Zero

Contact: Karen Fries
Near Zero

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate
A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the 'mystery wreck.' The researchers also located the 1863 wreck of the clipper ship Noonday, currently obscured by mud and silt on the ocean floor.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service

Contact: Mary Jane Schramm
415-561-6622 x205
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Researchers debunk myth about Parkinson's disease
Using advanced computer models, neuroscience researchers at the University of Copenhagen have gained new knowledge about the complex processes that cause Parkinson's disease. The findings have recently been published in the prestigious Journal of Neuroscience.

Contact: Jakob Kisbye Dreyer
University of Copenhagen – The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences