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Policy/Ethics
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Fertility and Sterility
Preterm births, multiples, and fertility treatment
While it is well known that fertility treatments are the leading cause of increases in multiple gestations and that multiples are at elevated risk of premature birth, these results are not inevitable, concludes an article in Fertility and Sterility. The article identifies six changes in policy and practice that can reduce the odds of multiple births and prematurity, including expanding insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization and improving doctor-patient communications about the risks associated with twins.
March of Dimes

Contact: Susan Gilbert
gilberts@thehastingscenter.org
845-424-4040 x244
The Hastings Center

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Review of Finance
Rice U. study: Performance measures for CEOs vary greatly
As companies file their annual proxy statements with the US Securities and Exchange Commission this spring, a new study by Rice University and Cornell University shows just how S&P 500 companies have tied CEO compensation to performance. The study found large variations in the choice of performance measures, and the researchers said that companies tend to choose measures that are informative of CEO actions.

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Knowledge and Web Intelligence
Ant colonies help evacuees in disaster zones
An escape route mapping system based on the behavior of ant colonies could give evacuees a better chance of reaching safe harbor after a natural disaster or terrorist attack by building a map of showing the shortest routes to shelters and providing regular updates of current situations such as fires, blocked roads or other damage via the smart phones of emergency workers and those caught up in the disaster.

Contact: Albert Ang
press@inderscience.com
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Fertility and Sterility
Multiple births don't have to be an inevitable result of fertility treatments
While fertility treatments have helped many people become parents, they commonly result in multiple births, increasing the risk of prematurity, and leading to lifelong complications. But this doesn't have to be the case, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues, who recommend sweeping changes to policy and clinical practice in a study published in the April issue of Fertility & Sterility.
March of Dimes

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Surgery
Potential use of Google Glass in surgical settings
An article recently published in the International Journal of Surgery shows the potential applications for Google Glass in the surgical setting, particularly in relation to training.

Contact: Ash Allan
newsroom@elsevier.com
44-186-584-3745
Elsevier

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Modern Physics C
Researchers propose network-based evaluation tool to assess relief operations feasibility
A Singapore-based team of scientists from the Institute of High Performance Computing, A*STAR and The Logistics Institute-Asia Pacific has presented a model that looks into the logistics of disaster relief using open data and tools and measures developed in the field of network science.
Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research Complex Systems Programme, Agency for Science, Technology and Research Science and Engineering Research Center grant

Contact: Jason Lim Chongjin
cjlim@wspc.com.sg
65-646-65775 x247
World Scientific

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Consumer predictions: Do categories matter when predicting the lottery or stock market?
From sports to the stock market and even winning the lottery, it's in our nature to predict who or what will come out on top. But, sometimes we can't see the forest for the trees. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, people are more likely to make a prediction about something when it is grouped in a large category of similar items.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
JCR@bus.wisc.edu
608-255-5582
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Chew on this: How does food texture impact its perceived calorie content?
Food is an intimately personal thing; we savor some tastes and despise others. But how does the way we chew and eat our food impact our overall consumption? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, people perceive foods that are either hard or have a rough texture to have fewer calories.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
JCR@bus.wisc.edu
608-255-5582
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Charitable donation discrepancies: Why are some countries more generous than others?
When it comes to charitable giving, some countries open their collective wallets more than others. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, people who live in countries that promote equality in power and wealth are more likely to donate money than those who live in societies that expect and accept inequality.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
JCR@bus.wisc.edu
608-255-5582
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
When identity marketing backfires: Consumers don't like to be told what they like
When choosy moms choose Jif peanut butter and sports fans who call themselves sports fans subscribe to DirecTV, identity marketing is hard at work. But what happens when this type of advertising misses the mark? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, when a person's sense of ownership and freedom is threatened they are less likely to respond positively to identity marketing campaigns.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
JCR@bus.wisc.edu
608-255-5582
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Race and Justice
More should be done for female parolees
As the female prison population grows, a new study funded partly by the National Science Foundation says more should be done to help women probationers and parolees in poor urban areas remain crime-free.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
Low-calorie restaurant menus: Are they making us fat?
Depending on our food cravings, the number of items served, and even the time of day, ordering a meal at a restaurant often requires a 'narrowing down' decision making process. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, restaurants that now provide 'low-calorie' labels on their menus can inadvertently cause people to eliminate healthy foods right off the bat.

Contact: Mary-Ann Twist
JCR@bus.wisc.edu
608-255-5582
University of Chicago Press Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
In child custody disputes, LGBT parents face bias in the courts, new Drexel review finds
Court decisions that favor a heterosexual parent over a gay or lesbian parent in a custody dispute often do not consider important social science research on parenting by gay and lesbian individuals, according to a new review from Drexel University.

Contact: Alex McKechnie
ahm62@drexel.edu
215-895-2705
Drexel University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain changes are associated with casual marijuana use in young adults
The size and shape of two brain regions involved in emotion and motivation may differ in young adults who smoke marijuana at least once a week, according to a study published April 16 in the Journal of Neuroscience. The findings suggest that recreational marijuana use may lead to previously unidentified brain changes, and highlight the importance of research aimed at understanding the long-term effects of low to moderate marijuana use on the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Anne Nicholas
media@sfn.org
202-962-4086
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
When it comes to underage sex trafficking, pimps may not be the problem
A new study finds that pimps are only responsible for luring minors into sex work in a very small number of cases, and that they are not the reason why young prostitutes stay in the industry. This study was published in a new article from the May issue of the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
camille.gamboa@sagepub.com
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Climate change a likely culprit in coqui frog's altered calls, say UCLA biologists
The abundant Puerto Rican coqui frog has experienced changes since the 1980s that are likely due to global warming, UCLA biologists report. The call of the male coqui became shorter and higher pitched, and the animal itself has become smaller.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
swolpert@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0511
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Problem wells' source of greenhouse gas at unexpected stage of natural gas production
High levels of the greenhouse gas methane were found above shale gas wells at a production point not thought to be an important emissions source. The findings could have implications for the evaluation of the environmental impacts from natural gas production. The study, which is one of only a few to use a so-called "top down" approach that measures methane gas levels in the air above wells, identified seven individual well pads with high emission levels during the drilling stage.
David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future at Cornell University

Contact: Elizabeth K. Gardner
ekgardner@purdue.edu
765-494-2081
Purdue University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Justice Quarterly
UT Dallas study: Youth who fail to envision future commit more crimes
In a UT Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one open-ended question predicted the teenagers' offending patterns for the next seven years: 'How long do you think you'll live?' According to the study, having little hope for the future encourages offending over time.

Contact: Brittany Hoover
brittany.hoover@utdallas.edu
972-883-4357
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Study gives high marks to NC Pre-K program
Scientists from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute have released their new study of NC Pre-K, the state's program to prepare four-year-olds for success in kindergarten. According to FPG's findings, students enrolled in NC Pre-K show significant gains across all areas of learning, progressing at an even greater rate than is expected for normal developmental growth.
Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Dave Shaw
Dave@unc.edu
919-621-3933
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fire and drought may push Amazonian forests beyond tipping point
Future simulations of climate in the Amazon suggest a longer dry season leading to more drought and fires. Woods Hole Research Center scientists and colleagues have published a new study on the impacts of fire and drought on Amazon tree mortality. Their paper titled 'Abrupt increases in Amazonian tree mortality due to drought-fire interactions,' published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that prolonged droughts caused more intense and widespread wildfires, which consumed more forests in Amazonia than previously understood.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Packard Foundation, NASA, Max Planck Institute

Contact: Eunice Youmans
eyoumans@whrc.org
508-444-1509
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Seniors and sleeping pills: Empowered patients choose wisely
'Many people believe that involving patients in the decision to curtail medical treatments is expecting too much. On the contrary: we now have evidence that patients who are better informed make smarter choices.' -- Dr. Cara Tannenbaum, Institut universitaire de geriatrie de Montreal and University of Montreal.
Fonds de la recherche du Québec, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-566-3813
University of Montreal

Public Release: 13-Apr-2014
Nature Climate Change
Fish from acidic ocean waters less able to smell predators
Fish living on coral reefs where carbon dioxide seeps from the ocean floor were less able to detect predator odor than fish from normal coral reefs, according to a new study.
Australian Institute for Marine Science, National Geographic Society

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Apr-2014
Nature
Nobel prize candidates wait often over 20 years to win their prize
Candidates for a Nobel prize often have to wait more than 20 years to receive this highest of scientific accolades. According to a Correspondence by Santo Fortunato of Aalto University in Finland and colleagues, such nail-biting delays are becoming the norm -- to the point that aspiring laureates may themselves have expired by the time the medal is due to be presented.

Contact: Santo Fortunato
santo.fortunato@aalto.fi
358-504-605-511
Aalto University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Landscape and Urban Planning
Health of ecosystems on US golf courses better than predicted
Currently, there are more than 18,300 golf courses in the US covering over 2.7 million acres. The ecological impacts of golf courses are not always straightforward with popular opinion suggesting that environmentally, golf courses have a negative impact on ecosystems. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have determined that golf courses can offer a viable habitat for stream salamanders, and enhanced management practices may be beneficial to ecosystems within golf courses.
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Science
Plants evolve ways to control embryo growth
A new generation of high yield plants could be created following a fundamental change in our understanding of how plants develop.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Tom Frew
a.t.frew@warwick.ac.uk
44-024-765-75910
University of Warwick