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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Health Affairs
11-country survey of older adults: Americans sicker but have quicker access to specialists
A survey of older adults in eleven countries found Americans were sicker than their counterparts abroad, with 68 percent living with two or more chronic conditions and 53 percent taking four or more medications. More Americans, 19 percent, reported cost-related care expenses than residents in other countries -- whereas 83 percent of US respondents had treatment plans they could carry out in their daily lives, one of the highest rates across the surveyed countries.

Contact: Sue Ducat
Health Affairs

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Unstable child care can affect children by age 4
A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveals that disruptions in child care negatively affect children's social development as early as age 4. However, the study also shows that the effects of child care instability are not unduly large -- and some types of instability appear to have no negative impact on children.

Contact: Mary Bratsch-Hines
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Sex Roles
The American athletics track is still a man's world
The limited coverage that American female athletes get in the media is one of many subtle forms of gender biases they have to cope with. The little exposure they do get often focuses more on their attire, or how attractive, sexy or ladylike they are than on their actual athletic prowess. In the long run, this influences their performance in sports. So say the authors of a review published in Springer's journal Sex Roles.

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Environmental Research Letters
Extreme weather in the Arctic problematic for people, wildlife
A new cross-disciplinary study provides a comprehensive look at the effects of an extreme weather event in the High Arctic on everything from town infrastructure to the natural environment.
Norwegian Research Council, Svalbard Environmental Fund

Contact: Brage Bremset Hansen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Cochrane Library
Only half of patients take their medications as prescribed
The cost of patients not taking their medications as prescribed can be substantial in terms of their health. Although a large amount of research evidence has tried to address this problem, there are no well-established approaches to help them, according to a new systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Nature Climate Change
Climate change will slow China's progress in reducing infectioius diseases
A new study found that by 2030, changes to the global climate could delay China's progress reducing diarrheal and vector-borne diseases by up to seven years.

Contact: Melva Robertson
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
The Affordable Care Act in Kentucky, one year later
One year after co-authoring a New England Journal of Medicine article showing the hardship faced by the medically underserved, Dr. Michael Stillman writes another on the success of the Affordable Care Act in Kentucky.

Contact: Jill Scoggins
University of Louisville

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Drinking age laws have a significant effect on collisions among young drivers
Minimum legal drinking age legislation in Canada can have a major impact on young drivers, according to a new study from the Northern Medical Program at the University of Northern British Columbia. Drivers just older than the legal age had a significant increase in motor vehicle crashes compared to those immediately under the restriction.

Contact: Sonya Kruger
University of Northern British Columbia

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Study: Environmental bleaching impairs long-term coral reproduction
Professor Don Levitan, chair of the Department of Biological Science, writes in the latest issue of Marine Ecology Progress Series that bleaching -- a process where high water temperatures or UV light stresses the coral to the point where it loses its symbiotic algal partner that provides the coral with color -- is also affecting the long-term fertility of the coral.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
Florida State University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Journal of Forest Policy and Economics
2008 Lacey Act Amendment successful in reducing US imports of illegally logged wood
Recently published research by US Forest Service economist Jeff Prestemon supports the contention that the 2008 Lacey Act Amendment reduced the supply of illegally harvested wood from South America and Asia available for export to the United States.

Contact: Jeff Prestemon
USDA Forest Service ‑ Southern Research Station

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Workshop
An alternative to 'Turing Test'
A Georgia Tech professor is offering an alternative to the celebrated 'Turing Test' to determine whether a machine or computer program exhibits human-level intelligence.

Contact: Phillip Taylor
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
HHS and NIH take steps to enhance transparency of clinical trial results
The US Department of Health and Human Services today issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, which proposes regulations to implement reporting requirements for clinical trials that are subject to Title VIII of the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007.

Contact: NIH Office of Communications
NIH/Office of the Director

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Why we need to fund newer blood-thinning agents to prevent strokes
Care gaps are emerging due to disharmony between healthcare reimbursement policies and evidence-based clinical guideline recommendations, cautions a group of Canadian physicians. Writing in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology, they use the example of stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation to make a case for engaging with policy-makers to address the growing barriers to patients' access to optimal care.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Fossils cast doubt on climate-change projections on habitats
Leave it to long-dead short-tailed shrew and flying squirrels to outfox climate-modelers trying to predict future habitats.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Small volcanic eruptions could be slowing global warming
Small volcanic eruptions might eject more of an atmosphere-cooling gas into Earth's upper atmosphere than previously thought, potentially contributing to the recent slowdown in global warming, according to a new study.

Contact: Nanci Bompey
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
AP-NORC releases new analysis of Hispanics' experiences with long-term care
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released an issue brief containing results of a survey about Hispanics' experiences with long-term care in the United States. The issue brief provides new data on how Hispanics age 40 and older are, or are not, planning for long-term care, details how their experiences compare to those of non-Hispanics, and highlights ways in which demographic differences among Hispanics affect their experiences.
SCAN Foundation

Contact: Eric Young
NORC at the University of Chicago

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Risk analysis for a complex world
Developing adaptable systems for finance and international relations could help reduce the risk of major systemic collapses such as the 2008 financial crisis, according to a new analysis.

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Social Science Research
Benefits of whistleblower programs outweigh costs
New accounting research study finds whistleblowers are a valuable source of information for regulators in the investigation and prosecution of possible securities law violations.

Contact: Ericka Floyd
American University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Environmental Research Letters
Using science to open way to 'blue economy'
New science and software make Belize coastal zone management plan better for people and the environment.

Contact: Elizabeth Rauer
Stanford University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Biophysical Journal
Computer model sets new precedent in drug discovery
Merging expertise from computer science and synthetic drug design, the new model reveals that the drug efficacy of fusion-protein therapies depends on the geometric characteristics of a drug's molecular components. Use of the model could potentially replace the need to physically make and test new biologic drug designs, cutting down timelines and costs associated with drug development.

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
PLOS Medicine
Does 'brain training' work?
Computer based 'brain training' can boost memory and thinking skills in older adults, but many programs promoted by the $1 billion brain training industry are ineffective, reveals new research by the University of Sydney.

Contact: Kobi Print
University of Sydney

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Police face higher risk of sudden cardiac death during stressful duties
Police officers in the United States face roughly 30 to 70 times higher risk of sudden cardiac death when they're involved in stressful situations -- suspect restraints, altercations, or chases -- than when they're involved in routine or non-emergency activities
Harvard-NIOSH Education and Research Center, Monica Odening '06 Internship & Research Fund in Mathematics

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Protected area expansion target: Is a huge promise lost due to land conversion?
By expanding the protected area network to 17 percent of land one could triple the present protection levels of terrestrial vertebrates. Globally coordinated protected area network expansion could deliver a result 50 percent more efficient compared to countries looking only at biodiversity within their own area. Land conversion is, however, fast degrading options for conservation.
European Research Council, Academy of Finland Center of Excellence Program

Contact: Atte Moilanen
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
IUCN World Parks Congress
Conservation Biology
Ten ways remote sensing can contribute to conservation
Scientists from WCS, NASA, and other organizations have partnered to focus global attention on the contribution of satellites to biodiversity conservation in a recently released study entitled 'Ten Ways Remote Sensing Can Contribute to Conservation,' featured in the latest edition of the scientific journal Conservation Biology.

Contact: Stephen Sautner
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014
Penn study examines patients' perspectives on deactivation of ICDs in end-of-life
Most patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) -- small devices placed in a person's chest to help treat irregular heartbeats with electrical pulses, or shocks -- haven't thought about device deactivation if they were to develop a serious illness from which they were not expected to recover. But given changes in healthcare, there may be a new reason to do so.

Contact: Anna Duerr
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine