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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Cell Death & Disease
Stroke damage mechanism identified
Researchers have discovered a mechanism linked to the brain damage often suffered by stroke victims -- and are now searching for drugs to block it.
Royal Society, Alzheimer's Research UK, Natural Science Foundation of China, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Chris Bunting
c.j.bunting@leeds.ac.uk
44-011-334-32049
University of Leeds

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Science
Most American presidents destined to fade from nation's memory, study suggests
American presidents spend their time in office trying to carve out a prominent place in the nation's collective memory, but most are destined to be forgotten within 50-to-100 years of their serving as president, suggests a study on presidential name recall released today by the journal Science.
James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-603-0057
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Science
Social media data contain pitfalls for understanding human behavior
A growing number of academic researchers are mining social media data to learn about both online and offline human behavior. In recent years, studies have claimed the ability to predict everything from summer blockbusters to fluctuations in the stock market. But mounting evidence of flaws in many of these studies points to a need for researchers to be wary of serious pitfalls that arise when working with huge social media data sets.

Contact: Chris Chipello
christopher.chipello@mcgill.ca
514-398-4201
McGill University

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Cell Reports
Fragile X study offers hope of new autism treatment
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh and McGill University have identified a chemical pathway that goes awry in the brains of Fragile X patients. A drug that targets this pathway reverses behavioral symptoms in mice and offers hope of new treatments for people with this common form of inherited autism.

Contact: Jen Middleton
jen.middleton@ed.ac.uk
44-779-564-0662
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Scientific Reports
OU professor and team discover first evidence of milk consumption in ancient dental plaque
Led by a University of Oklahoma professor, an international team of researchers has discovered the first evidence of milk consumption in the ancient dental calculus -- a mineralized dental plaque -- of humans in Europe and western Asia. The team found direct evidence of milk consumption preserved in human dental plaque from the Bronze Age to the present day.
Swiss Foundation for Nutritional Research, Zurich Maxi Foundation, Wellcome Trust, EU Marie Curie

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Science
Education is key to climate adaptation
According to new IIASA research, education makes people less vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, and storms that are expected to intensify with climate change.

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
leitzell@iiasa.ac.at
43-223-680-7316
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 27-Nov-2014
Science
Using social media for behavioral studies is cheap, fast, but fraught with biases
The rise of social media has seemed like a bonanza for behavioral scientists, who have eagerly tapped the social nets to quickly and cheaply gather huge amounts of data about what people are thinking and doing. But computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University and McGill University warn that those massive datasets may be misleading.

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Menopause
Saving ovaries does not help prevent prolapse for women after menopause
Removing ovaries at hysterectomy does not increase a woman's risk of pelvic organ prolapse after menopause. In fact, removing ovaries lowers the risk of prolapse. This surprising finding from a Women's Health Initiative study was published online this week in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.

Contact: Eileen Petridis
epetridis@fallscommunications.com
216-696-0229
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Critical Public Health
More public health interventions required to tackle grim reaper of 'lifestyle' diseases
More public health interventions, along the lines of the smoking ban, are needed to tackle Britain's devastating toll of 'lifestyle' diseases, including heart disease and cancer, according to academics.

Contact: Deborah Linton
deborah.linton@manchester.ac.uk
44-016-127-58257
University of Manchester

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Nature
SU2C-supported research discovers why patients respond to a life-saving melanoma drug
Reported in Nature online, Dr. Antoni Ribas, co-leader of the CRI-SU2C Immunology Dream Team and colleagues at UCLA Jonsson CCC studied tumor biopsies from 46 advance melanoma patients taken before and after treatment with pembrolizumab (Keytruda), the new FDA-approved breakthrough drug. Using biopsy findings created an algorithm to predict the likelihood whether patients would likely to respond to this treatment.
Stand Up To Cancer, National Institute of Health, UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Contact: Jane Rubinstein
jrubinstein@eifoundation.org
516-993-0708
Entertainment Industry Foundation

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
How various brain areas interact in decisions
Our decisions can be pictured in the brain. Scientists at the University of Zurich were able to show in a recent study which areas are most active in decision making. Often the so-called prefrontal cortex not only apparently shows increased activity during decisions that require self-control, but in general during decision making. The results could be of use in promoting decision skills in difficult decisions.

Contact: Todd Hare
todd.hare@econ.uzh.ch
41-446-341-017
University of Zurich

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Journalism Practice
New research shows sportswomen still second best to sportsmen...in the press!
Despite a sequence of stellar performances by Britain's female athletes and team game players, coverage of women's sport in the Press still occupies a fraction of the space given to men, according to University of Huddersfield lecturer Deirdre O'Neill. Her latest co-authored academic article is entitled The Invisible Woman? and is described as 'a comparative study of women's sports coverage in the UK national press before and after the 2012 Olympic Games'.

Contact: Dierdre O'Neill
dierdre.oneill@hud.ac.uk
01-484-478-442
University of Huddersfield

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
International Journal of Security and Networks
Hacked emails slice spam fast
Spam spreads much faster and to more people when it is being propagated by hacked, or otherwise compromised, email accounts rather than legitimate accounts, according to research published in the International Journal of Security and Networks.

Contact: Albert Ang
press@inderscience.com
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Annals of Surgery
New measuring system to objectively ascertain the fatigue level in physicians through eye movement
An international team of scientists including researchers from the U. of Granada find that the speed of saccadic movements (rapid eye movements) is an excellent way to objectively measure the level of fatigue in a physician. Results prove that after a 24-hour medical shift, the speed of saccadic movements diminishes and the subjective perception of fatigue augments. However, the execution of simulated laparoscopic tests is not affected by this type of fatigue.

Contact: Leandro Luigi Di Stasi
distasi@ugr.es
0034-958-244-254
University of Granada

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
BMC Medicine
Study reveals significantly increased risk of stillbirth in males
A large-scale study led by the University of Exeter has found that boys are more likely to be stillborn than girls. Published in the journal BMC Medicine, the study reviewed more than 30 million births globally, and found that the risk of stillbirth is about ten percent higher in boys. This equates to a loss of around 100,000 additional male babies per year.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jo Bowler
pressoffice@exeter.ac.uk
44-013-927-22062
University of Exeter

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Follow-up on psychiatric disorders in young people after release from detention
Juvenile offenders with multiple psychiatric disorders when they are incarcerated in detention centers appear to be at high risk for disorders five years after detention, according to a report published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
PLOS ONE
Carnegie Mellon researchers identify brain regions that encode words, grammar, story
Carnegie Mellon University scientists have produced the first integrated computational model of reading, identifying which parts of the brain are responsible for such sub-processes as parsing sentences, determining the meaning of words and understanding relationships between characters. They based their results on brain scan of people reading a Harry Potter book.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Teens with a history of TBI are nearly 4 times more likely to have used crystal meth
Ontario students between grades 9 and 12 who said they had a traumatic brain injury in their lifetime, also reported drug use rates two to four times higher than peers with no history of TBI, according to research published today in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.

Contact: Geoff Koehler
koehlerg@smh.ca
416-864-6060 x6537
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Neurology
Why do so many seniors with memory loss and dementia never get tested?
Despite clear signs that their memory and thinking abilities have gone downhill, more than half of seniors with these symptoms haven't seen a doctor about them, a new study finds. The researchers say their findings suggest that as many as 1.8 million Americans over the age of 70 with dementia are not evaluated for cognitive symptoms by a medical provider.
University of Michigan, NIH/National Institute on Aging, University of Utah

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
PLOS ONE
Post-medieval Polish buried as potential 'vampires' were likely local
Potential 'vampires' buried in northwestern Poland with sickles and rocks across their bodies were likely local and not immigrants to the region.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Neurology
Study: Most people with dementia never have screening
The majority of people with dementia have never seen a doctor about their memory and thinking problems, according to a new study published in the Nov. 26, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
rseroka@aan.com
612-928-6129
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Current Biology
With age, we lose our visual learning filter
Older people can actually take in and learn from visual information more readily than younger people do, according to new evidence reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on November 26. This surprising discovery is explained by an apparent decline with age in the ability to filter out irrelevant information.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Current Biology
Dogs hear our words and how we say them
When people hear another person talking to them, they respond not only to what is being said -- those consonants and vowels strung together into words and sentences -- but also to other features of that speech -- the emotional tone and the speaker's gender, for instance. Now, a report in the journal Current Biology on Nov. 26 provides some of the first evidence of how dogs also differentiate and process those various components of human speech.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 26-Nov-2014
Current Biology
Elderly brains learn, but maybe too much
Learning requires both mental flexibility, or 'plasticity,' and stability. A new study finds that in learning a visual task, older people exhibited a surprising degree of plasticity, but had trouble filtering out irrelevant information, suggesting that their learning was not as stable.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Nov-2014
Antiquity
New evidence of ancient rock art across Southeast Asia
Research on the oldest surviving rock art of Southeast Asia shows the region's first people brought with them a rich art practice.

Contact: Deborah Marshall
d.marshall@griffith.edu.au
61-409-613-992
Griffith University