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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Stillbirth gap closing between indigenous and non-indigenous women, shows Australian study
The gap in stillbirth rates between indigenous and non-indigenous women in Queensland, Australia, is closing, however indigenous women are still at risk of stillbirth due to preventable causes, find researchers in a new study published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Estrogen increases cannabis sensitivity
Smoking today's concentrated pot might be risky business for women, according to new research from Washington State University. Psychology professor Rebecca Craft showed that, thanks to their estrogen levels, female rats are at least 30 percent more sensitive than males to the pain-relieving qualities of THC -- the key active ingredient in cannabis. Females also develop tolerance to THC more quickly. These sensitivities could increase vulnerability to negative side effects like anxiety, paranoia and addiction.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Rebecca Craft
Washington State University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Unplanned births out-of-hospital increases risk of infant mortality
New research reveals that unplanned births out-of-hospital in Norway are associated with higher infant mortality. The findings published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, indicate that young women who have given birth at least once before and those living in remote areas are more likely to have unplanned deliveries, which may increase the risk of death in newborns.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Experiences make you happier than possessions -- Before and after
To get the most enjoyment out of our dollar, science tells us to focus our discretionary spending on experiences such as travel over material goods. A new Cornell University study shows that the enjoyment we derive from experiential purchases may begin even before we buy.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Public Health
Seatbelt laws encourage obese drivers to buckle up
University of Illinois researchers have found a possible way to mitigate one often-overlooked obesity risk: not buckling up in the car. A new study found that increasing the obesity rates are associated with a decrease in seatbelt usage. However, these effects can be mitigated when seatbelt laws are in effect.

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
International Journal of Drug Policy
NYC teens and young adults who abuse prescription at high risk for overdose
A study in the International Journal of Drug Policy explores for the first time overdose-related knowledge and experiences of young adult nonmedical prescription opioid users to better understand how prescription opioid use relates to the likelihood and experience of overdose.
NIH/National Institute for Drug Abuse

Contact: christopher james
New York University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Early cerebellum injury hinders neural development, possible root of autism
Princeton University researchers offer a new theory that an early-life injury to the cerebellum disrupts the brain's processing of external and internal information and leads to 'developmental diaschisis,' wherein a loss of function in one brain region leads to problems in another. Applied to autism, cerebellar injury could hinder how other areas of the brain interpret external stimuli and organize internal processes.
National Institutes of Health, Nancy Lurie Marks Family Foundation, Sutherland Cook Fund

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
American Intelligence Journal
Ben-Gurion University researchers develop new program to evaluate prominent individuals' personalities
Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have developed a new program that automates classification of personality traits of prominent individuals -- both friend and foe -- according to a paper soon to be published in the American Intelligence Journal.

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
ESC Congress 2014
Family history of cardiovascular disease is not enough to motivate people to follow healthy lifestyle
New research presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Barcelona shows that having a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not enough to motivate people to follow healthy lifestyles.
Heart Age

Contact: Rachael Rees

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Hospital Administration
Can data motivate hospital leaders to improve care transitions?
New study in the Aug. 26 issue of the Journal of Hospital Administration shows that implementing guidelines can improve hospitals' communication during patient care transitions.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Contact: George Stamatis
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Many nurses unprepared to meet dying patients
Most nurses in their work care for patients who are dying. A study of more than 200 students has shown that many nurses in training feel unprepared and anxious when faced with the prospect of meeting patients during end-of-life care.

Contact: Krister Svahn
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Over-the-counter pain reliever may restore immune function in old age
New research involving mice suggests that the key to more youthful immune function might already be in your medicine cabinet. In a report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology scientists show that macrophages from the lungs of old mice had different responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis than macrophages from young mice, but these changes were reversed by ibuprofen.

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Rediscovering our mundane moments brings us unexpected pleasure
We like to document the exciting and momentous occasions in our lives, but new research suggests there is value in capturing our more mundane, everyday experiences, which can bring us unexpected joy in the future. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest
A team of scientists from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the University of California at Berkeley used advanced imaging techniques to study how the brain makes choices about honesty.

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Migrating birds sprint in spring, but take things easy in autumn
Passerine birds, also known as perching birds, that migrate by night tend to fly faster in spring than they do in autumn to reach their destinations. This seasonal difference in flight speed is especially noticeable among birds that only make short migratory flights, says researcher Cecilia Nilsson of Lund University in Sweden, in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Risk of diabetes in children and adolescents exposed to antipsychotics
A study published in the Sept. 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that children and adolescents diagnosed with a psychiatric diagnosis had an increased risk of developing diabetes if they were exposed to antipsychotics.

Contact: Mary Billingsley

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Economic success drives language extinction
Thriving economies are the biggest factor in the disappearance of minority languages and conservation should focus on the most developed countries where languages are vanishing the fastest, finds a new study.

Contact: Fred Lewsey
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Early Human Development
Mechanical ventilation a key indicator for pre-term children's math problems
A new study, led by researchers at the University of Warwick in the UK and the Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany, and just published in the Journal Early Human Development, has found that both the length of time spent in hospital after birth and the use of mechanical ventilation are key indicators of reduced mathematical ability in preterm children.

Contact: Tom Frew
University of Warwick

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Obesity Reviews
Childhood trauma could lead to adult obesity
Being subjected to abuse during childhood entails a markedly increased risk of developing obesity as an adult. This is the conclusion of a meta-analysis carried out on previous studies, which included a total of 112,000 participants. The analysis was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, and has been published in the journal Obesity Reviews.
Stockholm County Council, Karolinska Institutet

Contact: Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine
Cannabis withdrawal symptoms common among adolescents treated for substance use disorder
Although cannabis -- commonly known as marijuana -- is broadly believed to be nonaddictive, a study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators found that 40 percent of cannabis-using adolescents receiving outpatient treatment for substance use disorder reported experiencing symptoms of withdrawal, which are considered a hallmark of drug dependence.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Noah Brown
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
BMC Veterinary Research
Global snapshot of infectious canine cancer shows how to control the disease
While countries with dog control policies have curbed an infectious and gruesome canine cancer, the disease is continuing to lurk in the majority of dog populations around the world, particularly in areas with many free-roaming dogs. This is according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Veterinary Research.

Contact: Shane Canning
BioMed Central

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
NYU study compares consequences of teen alcohol and marijuana use
Alcohol use was more commonly reported to compromise relationships with friends and significant others (e.g., boyfriends); it was also reported to lead to more regret, particularly among females. Marijuana use was more commonly reported to compromise relationships with teachers or supervisors, result in less energy or interest, and result in lower school or job performance.

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Melatonin does not reduce delirium in elderly patients having acute hip surgery
Melatonin supplements do not appear to lessen delirium in elderly people undergoing surgery for hip fractures, indicates a new trial published in CMAJ.

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
World Water Week
The key to drilling wells with staying power in the developing world
A UNC study found that if local water communities collect fees for repairs and train community members to fix the wells, they can remain in use for decades.
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

Contact: Johnny Cruz
World Vision

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Community music programs enhance brain function in at-risk children
A new Northwestern University study provides the first direct evidence that a community music program for at-risk youth has a biological effect on children's developing nervous systems. Two years of music lessons improved the precision with which the children's brains distinguished similar speech sounds, a neural process that is linked to language and reading skills. One year of training, however, was insufficient to spark changes in the nervous system.

Contact: Hilary Hurd Anyaso
Northwestern University