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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Study shows cognitive-behavioral coping skills training has positive effects on rheumatoid arthritis
A team of researchers from Wayne State University and collaborators from Duke University Medical Center recently published a paper in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology that explores two psychological interventions separately and in combination to determine their effectiveness in offering relief to rheumatoid arthritis patients.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
29th Annual International Papillomavirus Conference
Study shows Hera Therapeutics compound combats HPV types that cause most cervical cancer
Research presented at the 29th Annual International Papillomavirus Conference shows that a therapy being developed by Hera Therapeutics Inc. combats three types of human papillomavirus, including the two that cause 70 percent of all cervical cancer. When tested in several cultured human cell models, HTI-1968 blocked the replication of HPV-16, HPV-18 and HPV-11 cells, according to the NIH-funded research of Louise T. Chow, Ph.D. and Thomas Broker, Ph.D.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Terri Somers, Somers Media
Somers Media

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Kessler Foundation study of self-awareness in MS has implications for rehabilitation
New study by Kessler Foundation researchers shows that persons with MS may be able to improve their self-awareness through task-oriented cognitive rehabilitation. Yael Goverover, et al: 'Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis' was epublished July 2 in NeuroRehabilitation. Self-awareness is one's ability to recognize cognitive problems caused by brain injury. This is the first study of self-awareness in MS that includes assessment of online awareness, as well as metacognitive awareness.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
International Journal of Drug Policy
Use a rule of thumb to control how much you drink
Sticking to a general rule of pouring just a half glass of wine limits the likelihood of overconsumption, even for men with a higher body mass index. That's the finding of a new Iowa State and Cornell University study to be published in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy.

Contact: Laura Smarandescu
Iowa State University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Journal of Urban Health
Study identifies challenges faced by NYU nurses after Hurricane Sandy
A study published in The Journal of Urban Health examines the impact on NYULMC nurses' post-Sandy deployment to help address patient surge in eight local hospitals and health facilities that had not been as affected by the storm.
New York University College of Dentistry

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Cancer Epidemiology
Smokers consume same amount of cigarettes regardless of nicotine levels
Cigarettes with very low levels of nicotine may reduce addiction without increasing exposure to toxic chemicals, according to a new study from the University of Waterloo.

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Journal of Applied Volcanology
Citizen scientists saving lives around deadly 'Throat of Fire' volcano
Citizen scientists are saving the lives of people living in the shadow of deadly volcanoes according to research from the University of East Anglia. A report published today reveals the success of a volunteer group set up to safeguard communities around the 'Throat of Fire' Tungurahua volcano in the Ecuadorian Andes. The research shows that living safely in dangerous areas can depend on effective communication and collaboration between volcanologists, risk managers and vulnerable communities.
Economic and Social Research Council, British Geological Survey

Contact: Lisa Horton
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
From happiness to pain: Understanding serotonin's function
In a study published Aug. 22 in the scientific journal PLOS ONE, researchers at the Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme establish the effect of serotonin on sensitivity to pain using a combination of advanced genetic and optical techniques.

Contact: Maria Joao Soares

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Sexual Medicine
Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation
A study of American singles found that during sex with a familiar partner, men have the highest orgasm rates. On average, men experience orgasm 85.1 percent of the time, with their sexual orientation making little difference. For women, orgasm occurrence is less predictable. On average, women experience orgasm 62.9 percent of the time -- and this varies with women's sexual orientation, with lesbian women experiencing orgasm more often than heterosexual or bisexual women.

Contact: Jennifer Bass
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Diabetes Care
Low birth weight linked to higher incidence of type 2 diabetes in African American women
African American women born at a low or very low birth weight may be at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The findings, which appear in Diabetes Care, may explain in part the higher occurrence of type 2 diabetes in African American populations, which has a high prevalence of low birth weight.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Primary care physicians can be critical resource for abused women in rural areas
Many primary care physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence, according to Penn State medical and public health researchers. Rural women who are exposed to such violence have limited resources if they seek help.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Objectification in romantic relationships related to sexual pressure and coercion
While objectification has long been considered a problem in the media, how does it affect individual romantic relationships? New research published in Psychology of Women Quarterly, a SAGE journal, finds that more objectification of a female partner's body is related to higher incidents of sexual pressure and coercion.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Researchers examine impact of race and ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury
Researchers have examined racial and ethnic influences in the outcomes of patients with motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, 'Racial and ethnic disparities in functioning at discharge and follow-up among patients with motor complete SCI,' was published online ahead of print on Aug. 2 by the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Findings included small but significant differences in self-care and mobility at discharge.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Difficulty assessing effort drives motivation deficits in schizophrenia, study finds
Individuals with schizophrenia often have trouble engaging in daily tasks or setting goals for themselves, and a new study from San Francisco State University suggests the reason might be their difficulty in assessing the amount of effort required to complete tasks. The research can assist health professionals in countering motivation deficits among patients with schizophrenia and help those patients function normally by breaking up larger, complex tasks into smaller, easier-to-grasp ones.

Contact: Jonathan Morales
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Women's Health
Women's health and 'Fifty Shades:' Increased risks for young adult readers?
Popular fiction that normalizes and glamorizes violence against women, such as the blockbuster 'Fifty Shades' series, may be associated with a greater risk of potentially harmful health behaviors and risks. The results of a provocative new study are presented in the article 'Fiction or Not? Fifty Shades Is Associated with Health Risks in Adolescent and Young Adult Females,' published in Journal of Women's Health.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Brain Connectivity
Influenced by self-interest, humans less concerned about inequity to others
Strongly influenced by their self-interest, humans do not protest being overcompensated, even when there are no consequences, researchers in Georgia State University's Brains and Behavior Program have found.
Brains and Behavior Program at Georgia State University

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Women's Health
Reading 'Fifty Shades' linked to unhealthy behaviors
Young adult women who read 'Fifty Shades of Grey' are more likely than nonreaders to exhibit signs of eating disorders and have a verbally abusive partner, finds a new study led by a Michigan State University researcher.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Dental Research
Study shows steep decline in tooth loss, increase in socioeconomic disparities
The International and American Associations for Dental Research have published a paper titled 'Projections of US Edentulism Prevalence Following Five Decades of Decline.' This study, by lead researcher Gary Slade, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, follows edentulism, tooth loss, over the last hundred years and highlights the numbers of people losing teeth and requiring dentures.

Contact: Ingrid L. Thomas
International & American Associations for Dental Research

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Mindfulness-based depression therapy reduces health care visits
A mindfulness-based therapy for depression has the added benefit of reducing health-care visits among patients who often see their family doctors, according to a new study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Kate Richards
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Human Relations
Feeling bad at work can be a good thing (and vice versa)
Research by the University of Liverpool suggests that, contrary to popular opinion, it can be good to feel bad at work, whilst feeling good in the workplace can also lead to negative outcomes.

Contact: Jamie Brown
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
ADHD children make poor decisions due to less differentiated learning processes
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among school children. Pupils with ADHD often make poorer decisions than their unaffected classmates. Researchers from the University of Zurich now discovered that different learning and decision-making mechanisms are responsible for these behaviors, and localized the underlying impairments in the brain.

Contact: Tobias Hauser
University of Zurich

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
International Journal of Mobile Communications
Smartphone-loss anxiety disorder
Writing in the International Journal of Mobile Communications, a Canadian team outlines the possible coping mechanisms that might be needed following loss or theft of one's smart phone or other digital devices and the security problems that the user might face.

Contact: Albert Ang
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Children with autism have extra synapses in brain
Children and adolescents with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is due to a slowdown in a normal brain 'pruning' process during development, according to a study by neuroscientists at Columbia University Medical Center. Because synapses are the points where neurons connect and communicate with each other, the excessive synapses may have profound effects on how the brain functions. The study was published in the Aug. 21 online issue of the journal Neuron.
Simons Foundation, Department of Defense, Parkinson's Disease Foundation, JPB Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
AAAS: Sri Lanka images show no significant increase in public facilities, despite promises
Thousands of Sri Lankans remain refugees five years after a long civil war, and satellite-image analysis seems to reveal many new housing-like structures and development in a military zone in the northern part of the country. However, the analysis also shows no significant increase in civic facilities despite government claims that it has seized the land for public use, AAAS analysts say.
Oak Foundation

Contact: Ginger Pinholster
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
FASEB Journal
Treatment for overactive bladder and irritable bowel syndrome advanced through pioneering research
Researchers at the University of Surrey have discovered how the receptors responsible for contractions in the bladder, regulate the body's clock genes. The new study, published today in The FASEB Journal, has found that this clock activity in turn regulates the cycle of all cells in the body. The team of researchers also discovered that the local biological clock and its control are weakened in aging bladders, demonstrating the importance of the clock in bladder physiology and aging.

Contact: Peter La
University of Surrey