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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Communication Research
Not all baseball stars treated equally in TV steroid coverage, says study of network news
Retired baseball stars Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire and Rafael Palmeiro each had Hall of Fame-worthy numbers, each hitting more than 500 home runs. All three also were tarred by allegations of steroid use. Their stories, however, received very different treatment over 12 years of national television news coverage, says University of Illinois professor Brian Quick, lead author on a paper about that coverage and its effects, published online Nov. 20 by the journal Communication Research.

Contact: Craig Chamberlain
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
2014 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology
Research examines an emerging issue: Treatment of transgendered prison populations
The perceptions and treatment of transgendered populations will be examined at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology.

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
Academy of Management Journal
Trouble with your boss? Own it
Don't get along with your boss? Your job performance may actually improve if the two of you can come to grips with the poor relationship.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2014
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Researchers study impact of power prosthetic failures on amputees
Powered lower limb prosthetics hold promise for improving the mobility of amputees, but errors in the technology may also cause some users to stumble or fall. New research examines exactly what happens when these technologies fail, with the goal of developing a new generation of more robust powered prostheses.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Local Economy
Employees of small, locally owned businesses have more company loyalty, Baylor study finds
Employees who work at small, locally owned businesses have the highest level of loyalty to their employers -- and for rural workers, size and company ownership figure into their commitment even more than job satisfaction does, according to Baylor researchers.
USDA National Institute for Food and Agriculture, USDA National Research Initiative

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Cost of meeting basic needs rising faster than wages in Washington state
A new report finds that the cost of meeting basic needs has far outstripped wages for many people in Washington state, especially families.
Workforce Development Council of Seattle-King County

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
A global report card: Are children better off than they were 25 years ago?
UCLA's World Policy Analysis Center has published a comprehensive analysis of children's rights in 190 countries around the world.

Contact: Carla Denly
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Sleep Medicine
Longer work hours for moms mean less sleep, higher BMIs for preschoolers
A study finds a link between moms' employment and overweight/obesity in preschoolers.

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Imagination, reality flow in opposite directions in the brain
As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite reality. Aiming to discern discrete neural circuits, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have tracked electrical activity in the brains of people who alternately imagined scenes or watched videos.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Barry Van Veen
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Marketing Science
Firms pressure sales people to invest in costly internal negotiations: INFORMS study
In many firms sales people spend as much time negotiating internally for lower prices as they do interacting with customers. A new study appearing in the November issue of Marketing Science, a publication of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, INFORMS, finds that firms should allow their sales people to 'waste' energy on internal negotiations. In fact, it says, firms should make the process wasteful on purpose.

Contact: Barry List
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Health Affairs
11-country survey of older adults: Americans sicker but have quicker access to specialists
A survey of older adults in eleven countries found Americans were sicker than their counterparts abroad, with 68 percent living with two or more chronic conditions and 53 percent taking four or more medications. More Americans, 19 percent, reported cost-related care expenses than residents in other countries -- whereas 83 percent of US respondents had treatment plans they could carry out in their daily lives, one of the highest rates across the surveyed countries.

Contact: Sue Ducat
Health Affairs

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
The Veterinary Journal
Biomarker could provide early warning of kidney disease in cats
Researchers have developed a new biomarker called 'SDMA' that can provide earlier identification of chronic kidney disease in cats, which is one of the leading causes of their death. When a test is commercialized, it could help pet owners add months or years to the life of their cat.
Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc.

Contact: Jean Hall
Oregon State University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Global Environmental Change
Study: Volunteering can help save wildlife
Participation of non-scientists as volunteers in conservation can play a significant role in saving wildlife, finds a new scientific research led by Duke University, USA, in collaboration with Wildlife Conservation Society and Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bengaluru.

Contact: Stephen Sautner
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
University of Kentucky reports HIV/AIDS drugs could be repurposed to treat AMD
A new study released by the University of Kentucky today reports that drugs that have been used for the past 30 years to treat HIV/AIDS, could be repurposed to treat the dry form of age-related macular degeneration.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ann Blackford
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Journal of the Association for Information Systems
Don't get hacked! Research shows how much we ignore online warnings
New research finds that people say they care about online security but behave like they don't -- such as ignoring security warnings. To better understand how people deal with security messages, Brigham Young University professors Anthony Vance, Bonnie Anderson and Brock Kirwan simulated hacking into study subjects laptops. The responses were telling.

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Canadian Review of Sociology
Education empowers Canadians but raises risks of overwork and work-family stress
The higher your level of education, the greater your earnings and your sense of 'personal mastery' or being in control of your fate, University of Toronto researchers say. But wait: there's a downside.

Contact: Michael Kennedy
University of Toronto

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Journal of Caffeine Research
Caffeine counters cocaine's effects on women's estrus cycles
Women are more sensitive to the effects of cocaine and more susceptible to cocaine abuse than men. Cocaine's ability to disrupt a woman's estrus cycle may explain the sex differences in cocaine addiction, and new evidence that caffeine may be neuroprotective and able to block cocaine's direct effects on the estrus cycle reveals novel treatment possibilities, according to an article published in Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Research finds tooth enamel fast-track in humans
Research from the University of Kent has discovered a link between prenatal enamel growth rates in teeth and weaning in human babies.
The Royal Society

Contact: Katie Newton
University of Kent

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
When vaccines are imperfect
The control of certain childhood diseases is difficult, despite high vaccination coverage in many countries. One of the possible reasons for this is 'imperfect vaccines,' that is, vaccines that fail either due to 'leakiness,' lack of effectiveness on certain individuals in a population, or shorter duration of potency. In a paper publishing today in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Felicia Magpantay et al use a mathematical model to determine the consequences of vaccine failure and resulting disease dynamics.
Research and Policy in Infectious Disease Dynamics program, US Department of Homeland Security, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karthika Swamy Cohen
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Unstable child care can affect children by age 4
A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveals that disruptions in child care negatively affect children's social development as early as age 4. However, the study also shows that the effects of child care instability are not unduly large -- and some types of instability appear to have no negative impact on children.

Contact: Mary Bratsch-Hines
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Political Behavior
Revealing political partisanship a bad idea on resumes
Displaced political aides looking for a new, nonpartisan job in the wake of the midterm power shuffle may fare better if they tone down any political references on their resumes, finds a new study from Duke University.
Duke Program for the Study of Democracy, Institutions and Political Economy

Contact: Steve Hartsoe
Duke University

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Sex Roles
The American athletics track is still a man's world
The limited coverage that American female athletes get in the media is one of many subtle forms of gender biases they have to cope with. The little exposure they do get often focuses more on their attire, or how attractive, sexy or ladylike they are than on their actual athletic prowess. In the long run, this influences their performance in sports. So say the authors of a review published in Springer's journal Sex Roles.

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Weight and eating habits in Parkinson's disease
A review of the scientific literature on Parkinson's disease, conducted by SISSA research scientists, shows that even the non-motor symptoms associated with the disease can contribute to the changes in body weight seen in patients (including those subjected to deep brain stimulation). Among the factors affecting eating habits and body weight there could be, for example, an impaired ability to derive pleasure from food and changes in motivation.

Contact: Federica Sgorbissa
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Journal of Archaeological Science
Laser from a plane discovers Roman goldmines in Spain
Hidden under the vegetation and crops of the Eria Valley, in León (Spain), there is a gold mining network created by the Romans two thousand years ago, as well as complex hydraulic works, such as river diversions, to divert water to the mines of the precious metal. Researchers from the University of Salamanca made the discovery from the air with an airborne laser teledetection system.

Contact: SINC
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
How fallopian tubes carry eggs unidirectionally
Researchers in Japan have revealed the mechanism that determines the direction of the transportation of eggs in the fallopian tube connecting the ovaries and uterus.

Contact: Office of Public Relations
National Institutes of Natural Sciences