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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Infant cooing, babbling linked to hearing ability, MU researcher finds
University of Missouri research shows that infant vocalizations are primarily motivated by infants' ability to hear their own babbling. Additionally, infants with profound hearing loss who received cochlear implants to help correct their hearing soon reached the vocalization levels of their hearing peers, putting them on track for language development.

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
International Journal of Drug Policy
NYU-Mount Sinai Beth Israel study explores drug users' opinions on genetic testing
The study gauged drug users' attitudes and understandings of genetics and genetic testing through six focus groups segregated by race and ethnicity to increase participants' comfort in talking about racial and ethnic issues.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Note to young men: Fat doesn't pay
Men who are already obese as teenagers could grow up to earn up to 18 percent less than their peers of normal weight. So says Petter Lundborg of Lund University, Paul Nystedt of Jönköping University and Dan-olof Rooth of Linneas University and Lund University, all in Sweden. The team compared extensive information from Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, and the results are published in Springer's journal Demography.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Surveys may assess language more than attitudes, says study involving CU-Boulder
Scientists who study patterns in survey results might be dealing with data on language rather than what they're really after -- attitudes -- according to an international study involving the University of Colorado Boulder.

Contact: Kai Larsen
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
'Brain Breaks' increase activity, educational performance in elementary schools
A recent survey about an exercise DVD that adds short breaks of physical activity into the daily routine of elementary school students found it had a high level of popularity with both students and teachers, and offered clear advantages for overly sedentary educational programs.
Linus Pauling Institute

Contact: Gerd Bobe
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Kessler Foundation researchers find foot drop stimulator beneficial in stroke rehab
Kessler Foundation scientists have published a study showing that use of a foot drop stimulator during a task-specific movement for 4 weeks can retrain the neuromuscular system. This finding indicates that applying the foot drop stimulator as rehabilitation intervention may facilitate recovery from this common complication of stroke. 'EMG of the tibialis anterior demonstrates a training effect after utilization of a foot drop stimulator,' was published online ahead of print on July 2 by NeuroRehabilitation
Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Facial masculinity not always a telling factor in mate selection
Women living where rates of infectious disease are high, according to theory, prefer men with faces that shout testosterone when choosing a mate. However, an international study says not so much, says University of Oregon anthropologist Lawrence S. Sugiyama.
Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Academic Medicine
Medical students who attended community college likelier to serve poor communities
Among students who apply to and attend medical school, those from underrepresented minority backgrounds are more likely than white and Asian students to have attended a community college at some point. Community college students who were accepted to medical school were also more likely than those students who never attended a community college to commit to working with underserved populations.
Veterans Affairs Office of Academic Affiliations, VA/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Beating stress outdoors? Nature group walks may improve mental health
Group nature walks are linked with significantly lower depression, less perceived stress and enhanced mental health and well-being, according to the study conducted by the University of Michigan, with partners from De Montfort University, James Hutton Institute, and Edge Hill University in the United Kingdom. The findings appear in a special issue of Ecopsychology devoted to 'Ecopsychology and Public Health.'
De Montfort University Studentship, Scottish Government's Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division, Fulbright Scholarship

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences
Moving to the 'burbs is bad for business
A new study from Concordia University shows that higher profits are had by retailers located furthest from where the market is expanding.

Contact: Cléa Desjardins
Concordia University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Maternal and Child Health Journal
Mother-infant bed sharing messaging should be tailored, according to UGA researcher
Bed sharing, a practice where mother and infant sleep on the same surface, remains popular all over the world despite potential health risks for the infant. According to a new University of Georgia study, bed sharing can likely be decreased if public health officials tailor messaging to their unique population.

Contact: Trina Salm Ward
University of Georgia

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of healthcare?
A new Tel Aviv University study has found that privatized medical care in the US has contributed to greater wealth-health inequality than state-sponsored healthcare systems in Sweden, the UK, Israel, Germany, and the Czech Republic. According to the study, the wealthiest older people in the US surprisingly suffered from worse health than the poorest older people in the other countries reviewed.

Contact: George Hunka
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Frontiers in Energy Research: Energy Systems and Policy
Smart meters could cause conflict for housemates, study shows
Research from academics at The University of Nottingham has revealed that new technology to allow people to monitor their energy usage in the home could lead to conflict among housemates.
Research Councils UK, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Emma Thorne
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Could suburban sprawl be good for segregation?
Racially and economically mixed cities are more likely to stay integrated if the density of households stays low, finds a new analysis of a now-famous model of segregation. By simulating the movement of families between neighborhoods in a virtual 'city,' Duke University mathematicians show that cities are more likely to become segregated along racial, ethnic or other lines when the proportion of occupied sites rises above a certain critical threshold -- as low as 25 percent.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Sex Research
Kinsey study of single parents' dating, sexual activity contradicts assumptions
Contrary to what is often assumed about single parents, particularly single parents of young children, a new study from The Kinsey Institute has found that single parents of children younger than age 5 date and are sexually active as often as singles without children -- and more so than single parents of older children.

Contact: Jennifer Bass
Indiana University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Brain wave may be used to detect what people have seen, recognize
Brain activity can be used to tell whether someone recognizes details they encountered in normal, daily life, which may have implications for criminal investigations and use in courtrooms, new research shows. The findings, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggest that a particular brain wave, known as P300, could serve as a marker that identifies places, objects, or other details that a person has seen and recognizes from everyday life.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Skin coloring of rhesus macaque monkeys linked to breeding success, new study shows
Skin color displayed amongst one species of monkey provides a key indicator of how successfully they will breed, a new study has shown.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
University of Exeter

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Safe passages into adulthood: Preventing gender-based violence and its consequences
Gender-based violence affects the physical and mental health of girls and boys, men and women worldwide. A recent study by researchers from the Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University addresses the challenge of developing effective strategies to change inequitable and harmful social norms that result in gender-based violence. Inequitable gender norms are not only related to domestic violence, but also to other behaviors such as multiple sexual partners, smoking and alcohol abuse which lead to poor health outcomes.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
BMJ Open
Eating five a day may keep the blues away
Fruit and vegetable consumption could be as good for your mental as your physical health, new research suggests.

Contact: Kelly Parkes-Harrison
University of Warwick

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Computers for Biology and Medicine
New hope for beloved family pets
University of Leicester researchers work with Avacta Animal Health Ltd to develop novel system for diagnosing lymphoma in dogs.
Avacta Animal Health Ltd, East Midlands European Regional Development Fund

Contact: Professor Alexander Gorban
University of Leicester

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
New measure provides more data on oxygen levels during sedation
The 'area under the curve of oxygen desaturation' may provide a more sophisticated approach to monitoring blood oxygen levels during procedures using sedation, according to a study published in Anesthesia & Analgesia.

Contact: Nancy Lynly
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
Video blinds us to the evidence, NYU, Yale study finds
Where people look when watching video evidence varies wildly and has profound consequences for bias in legal punishment decisions, a team of researchers at NYU and Yale Law School has found.

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Does the belief in guardian angels make people more cautious?
While many believe that guardian angels watch over to keep them safe in a dangerous world, a new study finds that those who believe are actually less inclined to take risks despite this believed protection. This study was published today in the open access journal SAGE Open.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
PLOS Medicine
Mefloquine fails to replace SP for malaria prevention during pregnancy
In this issue of PLOS Medicine, Clara Menendez from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Spain, and colleagues report results from two large randomized controlled trials conducted in Africa to test an alternative drug for malaria prevention in HIV-negative and HIV-positive pregnant women.
European Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partners, Malaria in Pregnancy Consortium, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Institut de Recherche pour le De´veloppement

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Chimpanzees raised as pets or performers suffer long-term effects on their behavior
Although the immediate welfare consequences of removing infant chimpanzees from their mothers are well documented, little is known about the long-term impacts of this type of early life experience. In a year-long study, scientists from Lincoln Park Zoon observed 60 chimpanzees and concluded that those who were removed from their mothers early in life and raised by humans as pets or performers are likely to show behavioral and social deficiencies as adults.

Contact: Jillian Braun
Lincoln Park Zoo