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Social/Behavioral Science
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Psychiatry Research
Treating depression in PD patients: New research
The Sanders-Brown Center on Aging has found interesting new information in a study on depression and neuropsychological function in Parkinson's disease.

Contact: Laura Dawahare
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
The Gerontologist
Religious music brings benefit to seniors' mental health
A new article published online in The Gerontologist reports that among older Christians, listening to religious music is associated with a decrease in anxiety about death and increases in life satisfaction, self-esteem, and sense of control over their lives. In particular, listening to gospel music is associated with a decrease in anxiety about death and an increase in sense of control.

Contact: Todd Kluss
The Gerontological Society of America

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
New study suggests a better way to deal with bad memories
Researchers have determined a simple and effective emotion-regulation strategy that has neurologically and behaviorally been proven to lessen the emotional impact of personal negative memories.
Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Conflict Prevention and Resolution Forum, University of Illinois

Contact: August Cassens
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
New research shows people are thinking about their health early in the week
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine analyzing weekly patterns in health-related Google searches reveals a recurring pattern that could be leveraged to improve public health strategies. Investigators analyzed 'healthy' Google searches originating in the US from 2005 to 2012 and found that on average, searches for health topics were 30 percent more frequent at the beginning of the week than on days later in the week.

Contact: Beth Chee
San Diego State University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2014
Counterfeit contraceptives found in South America
A survey of emergency contraceptive pills in Peru found that 28 percent of the batches studied were either of substandard quality or falsified. Many pills released the active ingredient too slowly. Others had the wrong active ingredient. One batch had no active ingredient at all.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Scientists discover brain's anti-distraction system
Two Simon Fraser University psychologists have made a brain-related discovery that could revolutionize doctors' perception and treatment of attention-deficit disorders. The Journal of Neuroscience has just published a paper about the discovery by John McDonald, an associate professor of psychology and his doctoral student John Gaspar, who made the discovery during his master's thesis research.

Contact: Carol Thorbes
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
The ilk of human kindness
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that older women, plucky individuals and those who have suffered a recent major loss are more likely to be compassionate toward strangers than other older adults.
National Institutes of Health, John A. Hartford Foundation

Contact: Scott Lafee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Nature Reviews Microbiology
McCullers reviews influenza, bacterial superinfections in Nature Reviews Microbiology
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, M.D., was recently invited to submit a review in the April issue of Nature Reviews Microbiology, one of the world's foremost scientific publications. Dr. McCullers, a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology of co-infections during the 1918, 1957 and 1968 pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel H1N1 pandemic.

Contact: Sara Burnett
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Internet use can help ward off depression among elderly
It's estimated that as many as 10 million older Americans suffer from depression, often brought on by feelings of loneliness and isolation.

Contact: Tom Oswald
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Food shortages could be most critical world issue by mid-century
The world is less than 40 years away from a food shortage that will have serious implications for people and governments, according to a top scientist at the US Agency for International Development.

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Massage therapy improves circulation, eases muscle soreness
Massage therapy improves general blood flow and alleviates muscle soreness after exercise, according to a study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Massage Therapy Foundation, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
European Journal of Oncology Nursing
Unraveling the 'black ribbon' around lung cancer
A Michigan State University study consisting of lung cancer patients, primarily smokers between the ages of 51 to 79 years old, is shedding more light on the stigma often felt by these patients, the emotional toll it can have and how health providers can help.
Michigan State University College of Nursing

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Psychological Science in the Public Interest
Classifying cognitive styles across disciplines
Various fields have developed diverse approaches to understanding the way people process information. A new report from psychological scientists aims to integrate these approaches by offering a new, integrated framework of cognitive styles that bridges different terminologies, concepts, and approaches.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Adrenaline does little to increase patient's survival after cardiac arrest
Giving patients adrenaline after they suffer a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital does not increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to new research conducted at St. Michael's Hospital.

Contact: Geoff Koehler
416-864-6060 x6537
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Globalization and Health
New evidence of suicide epidemic among India's 'marginalized' farmers
Latest statistical research finds strong causal links between areas with the most suicides and areas where impoverished farmers are trying to grow crops that suffer from wild price fluctuations due to India's relatively recent shift to free market economics.

Contact: Jonathan Kennedy
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing
Newlyweds, be careful what you wish for
A statistical analysis of the gift 'fulfillments' at several hundred online wedding gift registries suggests that wedding guests are caught between a rock and a hard place when it comes to buying an appropriate gift for the happy couple.

Contact: Albert Ang
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Impact of childhood bullying still evident after 40 years
The negative social, physical and mental health effects of childhood bullying are still evident nearly 40 years later, according to new research by King's College London. The study is the first to look at the effects of bullying beyond early adulthood, and is published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Contact: Seil Collins
King's College London

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Journal of Adolescent Health
Distracted driving among teens threatens public health and safety
Motor vehicle crashes rank as the leading cause of teen deaths and in 2008, 16 percent of all distraction-related fatal automobile crashes involved drivers under 20 years of age. These grim statistics, coupled with an increasing nationwide awareness of the dangers of distracted driving for all ages, prompted the publication of an important supplement to the Journal of Adolescent Health that explores the causes of distracted driving and offers practical recommendations to reduce the incidence of distracted driving among teens.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Jump-starting natural resilience reverses stress susceptibility
Scientists have traced vulnerability to depression-like behaviors in mice to out-of-balance electrical activity inside neurons and experimentally reversed it. Once electrical balance was restored, previously susceptible animals were no longer prone to becoming withdrawn, anxious, and listless following socially stressful experiences. But there's a twist. The secret to such resilience was not to suppress the runaway activity, but to push it up even further, eventually triggering a compensatory self-stabilizing response.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Social Psychological and Personality Science
Our relationship with God changes when faced with potential romantic rejection
Easter is a time when many people in the world think about their relationships with God. New research explores a little-understood role of God in people's lives: helping them cope with the threat of romantic rejection. In this way, God stands in for other relationships in our lives when times are tough.

Contact: Lisa M.P. Munoz
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Our brains are hardwired for language
People blog, they don't lbog, and they schmooze, not mshooze. But why is this? Why are human languages so constrained? Can such restrictions unveil the basis of the uniquely human capacity for language?

Contact: Iris Berent
Northeastern University College of Science

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Neurons in the brain tune into different frequencies for different spatial memory tasks
Your brain transmits information about your current location and memories of past locations over the same neural pathways using different frequencies of a rhythmic electrical activity called gamma waves, report neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Austin. The research, published in the journal Neuron on April 17, may provide insight into the cognitive and memory disruptions seen in diseases such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's, in which gamma waves are disturbed.
Klingenstein Fund, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
For resetting circadian rhythms, neural cooperation is key
Fruit flies are pretty predictable when it comes to scheduling their days, with peaks of activity at dawn and dusk and rest times in between. Now, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Cell Reports on April 17 have found that the clusters of brain cells responsible for each of those activity peaks -- known as the morning and evening oscillators, respectively -- don't work alone. For flies' internal clocks to follow the sun, cooperation is key.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Molecular Cell
Research points to potential treatment strategy for Fragile X syndrome
Individuals with Fragile X syndrome cannot produce enough of a protein -- called the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) -- whose function has remained somewhat mysterious. Now researchers show that the FMRP protein regulates the machinery within a cell that is responsible for generating all functional proteins. The findings provide new insights into how Fragile X syndrome develops and could lead to novel therapies that might help restore some of the capabilities lost in affected individuals.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
PLOS Genetics
Progressive neurodegenerative disorder linked to R-loop formation
Researchers at UC Davis have identified a new feature of the genetic mutation responsible for the progressive neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome -- the formation of 'R-loops,' which they believe may be associated with the disorder's neurological symptoms, such as tremors, lack of balance, features of Parkinsonism, and cognitive decline.
National Institute of Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System