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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Longitudinal report shows challenging reality of ageing with an intellectual disability
A new report launched today by the Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing conducted by academics from the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, has highlighted the serious, complex and unique health and social challenges facing Ireland's intellectual disability population.
Health Research Board Ireland, Department of Health Ireland

Contact: Yolanda Kennedy
Trinity College Dublin

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
In stickleback fish, dads influence offspring behavior and gene expression
Researchers report that some stickleback fish fathers can have long-term effects on the behavior of their offspring: The most attentive fish dads cause their offspring to behave in a way that makes them less susceptible to predators. These behavioral changes are accompanied by changes in gene expression, the researchers report.

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
FASEB Journal
Synthetic sperm protein raises the chance for successful in vitro fertilization
Having trouble getting pregnant -- even with in vitro fertilization? Here's some hope: A new research report published in Oct. 2014 issue of the FASEB Journal, explains how scientists developed a synthetic version of a sperm-originated protein which induced embryo development in human and mouse eggs similar to the natural triggering of embryo development by the sperm cell during fertilization.

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Adolescent exposure to thc may cause immune systems to go up in smoke
When it comes to using marijuana, new research, involving mice and published in the October 2014 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, suggests that just because you can do it, doesn't mean that you should. That's because a team of Italian scientists have found that using marijuana in adolescence may do serious long-term damage to the immune system.

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Low-birth-weight children are particularly vulnerable to environmental influences
Low-birth-weight children are more vulnerable to environmental influences than infants born with normal weight. When brought up with a great deal of sensitivity, they will be able to catch up in school, but on average they will not become better students than normal-birth-weight children. This result, provided by an international psychologist team, has confirmed the so-called diathesis-stress model of development for low birth weight populations.

Contact: Dr Julia Jäkel
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
First mapping that reveals the molecular pathway for MDSC cancer progression
InSilico Medicine and partners establish a map for cancer progression induced by MDSCs, and a means to extinguish them.
Federal Clinical Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology

Contact: Michael Petr
InSilico Medicine, Inc.

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Experimental Eye Research
Erectile dysfunction drugs could affect vision of genetically susceptible users
Sildenafil, the active ingredient in the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra, could cause unusual visual responses in people who carry a common mutation for eye disease, researchers warn. They studied the effects of a single dose of sildenafil on normal mice and mice with a single copy of the mutant gene. The normal mice had a transient loss of visual function after sildenafil treatment, but this effect was heightened in the mice with the mutation.

Contact: Deborah Smith
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Gender equality leads to more Olympic medals for men and women
Gender equality boosts a country's Olympic medal count for both women and men, shows a new study from the University of British Columbia.

Contact: Andrew Riley
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Clinical Psychological Science
Alcohol makes smiles more 'contagious,' but only for men
Consuming an alcoholic beverage may make men more responsive to the smiles of others in their social group, according to new research in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings suggest that, for men, alcohol increases sensitivity to rewarding social behaviors like smiling, and may shed light on risk factors that contribute to problem drinking among men.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Slim cigarette smokers not exposed to more harmful chemicals
A new study confirms that exposure to tar and exposure to nicotine is lower for smokers of slim cigarettes than of regular cigarettes. British American Tobacco conducted a study in Russia, where slim cigarettes are popular. The study group contained 360 smokers of regular and slim cigarettes and their exposure to tar and nicotine were measured. This was done using a cutting-edge technique that involves measuring levels of chemicals in the smokers' used cigarette filters.
British American Tobacco

Contact: Dr. Marina Murphy
R&D at British American Tobacco

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
New study finds university health schools' use of holistic admissions has positive impact
A new national study finds that health professions schools report an overall positive impact from the use of holistic review -- a university admissions process that assesses an applicant's unique experiences alongside traditional measures of academic achievement such as grades and test scores. The report, Holistic Admission in the Health Professions, released today is the first large-scale study to examine the prevalence and effectiveness of holistic review across multiple health disciplines at universities nationwide.
National Institutes for Health, Health Resources and Services Administration

Contact: Bridget DeSimone
Burness Communications

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Brief depression questionnaires could lead to unnecessary antidepressant prescriptions
Short questionnaires used to identify patients at risk for depression are linked with antidepressant medications being prescribed when they may not be needed, according to new research from UC Davis Health System published in the September-October issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

Contact: Karen Finney
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Higher nurse-to-patient standard improves staff safety
A 2004 California law mandating specific nurse-to-patient staffing standards in acute care hospitals significantly lowered job-related injuries and illnesses for both registered nurses and licensed practical nurses, according to UC Davis research published online in the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, California Department of Public Health

Contact: Karen Finney
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Sleep twitches light up the brain
A new UI study finds twitches during rapid eye movement sleep comprise a different class of movement, which researchers say is further evidence that sleep twitches activate circuits throughout the developing brain and teach newborns about their limbs and what they can do with them.
National Institutes of Health, Fulbright Foreign Student Program

Contact: Sara Agnew
University of Iowa

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Optics Letters
UT Arlington researchers develop new transparent nanoscintillators for radiation detection
US Department of Homeland Security-funded researchers in Texas have identified radiation detection properties in a light-emitting nanostructure made in a new way from two of the least expensive rare earth elements. Their work is being published this week in Optics Letters.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Chefs move to schools can increase school meal participation and vegetable intake among students
Gourmet pizza in school? According to a new Food and Brand Lab pilot study, published in Appetite, chef-made meals can increase participation in the National School Lunch Program by 9 percent and overall selection and consumption of vegetables by 16 percent.
Cornell BEN Center, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Andrew Hanks
Cornell Food & Brand Lab

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Body Image
Self-compassion key to positive body image and coping
Women who accept and tolerate their imperfections appear to have a more positive body image despite their body mass index and are better able to handle personal disappointments and setbacks in their daily lives.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Behavioral Brain Research
BUSM researchers identify brain changes involved in alcohol-related sleep disturbances
A review article published online in Behavioral Brain Research provides novel insight into changes that happen in the brain as a result of chronic alcohol exposure that can lead to disruptions in the sleep cycle.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Management Science
Good working relationships between clients, bankers can reduce defaults
A study shows banks that have good working relationships with their customers reduce loan defaults.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Half of global wildlife lost, says new WWF report
Between 1970 and 2010 populations of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish around the globe dropped 52 percent, says the 2014 Living Planet Report released today by World Wildlife Fund (WWF). This biodiversity loss occurs disproportionately in low-income countries -- and correlates with the increasing resource use of high-income countries.

Contact: Brendan Rohr
World Wildlife Fund

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
HFES 2014 International Annual Meeting
Feeling fatigued while driving? Don't reach for your iPod
Research has shown that drinking caffeinated beverages and listening to music are two popular fatigue-fighting measures that drivers take, but very few studies have tested the usefulness of those measures. New research to be presented at the HFES 2014 Annual Meeting in Chicago evaluates which method, if either, can successfully combat driver fatigue.

Contact: Cara Quinlan
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
American Journal of Public Health
Higher gun ownership rates linked to increase in non-stranger homicide, BU study finds
A new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher has found that states with higher estimated rates of gun ownership experience a higher incidence of non-stranger firearms homicides -- disputing the claim that gun ownership deters violent crime, its authors say.

Contact: Michael Siegel
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Basic and Applied Social Psychology
How career dreams are born
A new study shows just what it takes to convince a person that she is qualified to achieve the career of her dreams.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Patrick Carroll
Ohio State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Dolphins are attracted to magnets
Dolphins are indeed sensitive to magnetic stimuli, as they behave differently when swimming near magnetized objects. So says Dorothee Kremers and her colleagues at Ethos unit of the Université de Rennes in France, in a study in Springer's journal Naturwissenschaften -- The Science of Nature. Their research, conducted in the delphinarium of Plančte Sauvage in France, provides experimental behavioral proof that these marine animals are magnetoreceptive.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
New method to motivate students to reduce energy consumption
Research from the University of Kent has found energy consumption can be reduced significantly by students if they can see the amount of energy they are using in real-time and are motivated by their peers to save energy.

Contact: Katie Newton
University of Kent