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Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
American Journal of Transplantation
Frailty increases kidney transplant recipients' risk of dying prematurely
Regardless of age, frailty is a strong risk factor for dying prematurely after a kidney transplant. The finding, which comes from a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation, suggests that patients should be screened for frailty prior to kidney transplantation, and that those who are identified as frail should be closely monitored after the procedure.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Current Biology
Brain responses to disgusting images help reveal political leanings
An team of scientists led by Virginia Tech reports that the strength of a person's reaction to repulsive images can forecast their political ideology. The brain's response to a single disgusting image was enough to predict an individual's political ideology.

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Applied Developmental Science
Strong bonds with pets may help foster resiliency in military-connected children
Developing resiliency has important benefits for children, especially those from military families faced with significant challenges such as parental deployment and frequent moves. New Tufts University research published online in Applied Developmental Science supports the idea that, along with other key resources, strong attachments to animals may help military-connected children develop resiliency and other positive developmental traits.
Zoetis Inc.

Contact: Katherine Cinnamond Benoit
Tufts University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Report: 93 percent of mining, oil & gas, logging, agriculture developments involve inhabited land
In an analysis of almost 73,000 concessions in eight tropical forested countries, more than 93 percent of these developments were found to involve land inhabited by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. According to the research, conducted by The Munden Project, the total amount of land handed over by governments to the private sector for mining, logging, oil & gas drilling, and large-scale agriculture includes at least 40 percent of Peru and 30 percent of Indonesia.

Contact: Coimbra Sirica
Burness Communications

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Innovative study using video games shows sleep apnea may affect memory of everyday events
Sleep apnea may affect your ability to form new spatial memories, such as remembering where you parked your car, new research led by NYU Langone Medical Center sleep specialists suggests. The study, published online Oct. 29 in Journal of Neuroscience, demonstrates through the playing of a specific video game that disruption of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep as a consequence of sleep apnea impairs spatial memory in humans even when other sleep stages are intact.
James Kuhn Friends of Sleep Medicine, National Center for the Advancement of Translational Science

Contact: Ryan Jaslow
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Study identifies potential treatment target for cocaine addiction
A study led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has identified a potential target for therapies to treat cocaine addiction. In their study published in Molecular Psychiatry, the investigators find evidence that changing one amino acid in a subunit of an important receptor protein alters whether cocaine-experienced animals will resume drug seeking after a period of cocaine abstinence.
National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
11th International Conference of the Society for Integrative Oncology
HPV infections in women eradicated by AHCC, Japanese mushroom extract
New research presented at the Society for Integrative Oncology Conference in Houston, showed for the first time that it's possible to eliminate HPV infection in women using AHCC, a readily available nutritional supplement. Results, presented by Dr. Judith A. Smith, Pharm.D., associate professor, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, was selected for special research platform presentation as 'Best of SIO.' HPV is associated with 99 percent of cervical cancers.
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Amino Up Company

Contact: Julie McQuain
JMPR Associates, Inc.

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Decades of research: Effectiveness of phone counseling for cancer patients still unknown
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study recently published in the journal Psycho-Oncology asks an important question: after decades of use and study, can we definitely show that remote interventions improve psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors, or might there be a required, in-person component of these interventions?

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Researchers uncover new evidence revealing molecular paths to autism
In the largest study of its kind, researchers used DNA sequencing to uncover dozens of genes that heighten autism risk. Scientists examined more than 14,000 DNA samples from affected children, parents and others, identifying changes in 107 genes that likely contribute to the risk for autism spectrum disorder. The findings provide a better understanding of genetic and cellular changes in pathways and processes possibly involved in ASD, and eventually may help lead to potential therapies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steven Benowitz
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Walking workstations improve physical and mental health, builds healthier workplace
Walking workstations can improve not only physical, but also mental health during the workday, a new study released this week found. The research was conducted by faculty and student researchers from the Department of Psychology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

Contact: Candace Beaty Gwaltney
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Cinema-like environment helps audiences immerse in movies even on small screens & displays
If the surroundings are designed to be sufficiently stimulating, even a simple computer screen is enough to generate an intense cinematic experience.

Contact: Dipl.-Psych. Andreas Baranowski
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Big Data
Free urban data -- what's it good for?
Cities around the world are increasingly making urban data freely available to the public. But is the content or structure of these vast data sets easy to access and of value? A new study of more than 9,000 data sets from 20 cities presents encouraging results on the quality and volume of the available data and describes the challenges and benefits of analyzing and integrating these expanding data sets, as described in an article in Big Data, the highly innovative.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
To reap the brain benefits of physical activity, just get moving!
Everyone knows that exercise makes you feel more mentally alert at any age. But do you need to follow a specific training program to improve your cognitive function? Science has shown that the important thing is to just get moving. It's that simple.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
University of Montreal

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Global Health Action
Largest ever dataset of individual deaths in Africa & SE Asia reveals changing health
An unprecedented insight into the changing health of people across Africa and Asia -- including the fluctuating burdens of HIV, malaria and childhood mortality -- is revealed today by the publication of the largest ever dataset of individual deaths recorded on-the-ground.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, IDRC, Rockefeller Foundation, Sida/Research Cooperation Unit, WHO/HMN, William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Clare Ryan
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Environmental Health Perspectives
Prenatal phthalate exposures and anogenital distance in Swedish boys
The first study to examine prenatal exposure to the phthalate DiNP finds it is associated with a shorter anogenital distance (AGD) in Swedish boys at the age of 21 months. These findings raise concern since animal research has linked DiNP exposure to a shorter AGD, and studies on humans have related shorter AGD to male genital birth defects as well as impaired reproductive function in adult males, and the levels of DiNP metabolites in humans are increasing globally.

Contact: Carina Olsson
Swedish Research Council

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Global Public Health
NYU research: Tourism as a driver of illicit drug use, HIV risk in the DR
The study's results suggest three themes: 1, local demand shifts drug routes to tourism areas, 2, drugs shape local economies and 3, drug use facilitates HIV risk behaviors in tourism areas.
New York University/Global Public Health Research Challenge Fund

Contact: christopher james
New York University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Ghrelin stimulates an appetite for drinking alcohol
Ghrelin is a hormone released by the stomach and it stimulates appetite and food intake. Alcohol is commonly viewed as a psychoactive substance that primarily affects brain function, but it is also a highly caloric food.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Dozens of genes associated with Autism in new research
Two major genetic studies of autism, led in part by UC San Francisco scientists and involving more than 50 laboratories worldwide, have newly implicated dozens of genes in the disorder. The research shows that rare mutations in these genes affect communication networks in the brain and compromise fundamental biological mechanisms that govern whether, when, and how genes are activated overall.

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Social Science Research
Black Republicans put most faith in US government
Black Republicans trust the United States government more than other political groups, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia, ahead of the mid-term US elections to be held on Nov. 4.

Contact: Corey Allen
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New study casts sharpest light yet on genetic mysteries of autism
Our picture of how genetic errors contribute to autism has just gotten sharper. Most important among the new findings appearing in Nature are greatly refined estimates of the total contribution to autism spectrum disorder attributable to a particular kind of genetic mutation called de novo mutation. These are mutations that arise 'spontaneously' in a child and do not occur in either parent. At least 30 percent of all ASD is caused by de novo mutations, the new research indicates.
Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Cochrane Library
Cochrane news: Expectant mothers with epilepsy face tough choices over their medication
A new study published today in The Cochrane Library, highlights the difficult decisions women with epilepsy have to face when they become pregnant. Taking certain drugs used to control epilepsy during pregnancy may be linked to developmental problems in children. The authors of the study say evidence on the safety of anti-epileptic drugs is limited and that more research is needed to ensure women and their doctors make the most informed choices.
National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Polls show deep partisan divide over Affordable Care Act
An analysis of 27 public opinion polls conducted by 14 organizations shows an electorate polarized by political party when it comes to the Affordable Care Act. A majority of Republican likely voters want the next Congress to repeal the law, with an additional 27 percent favoring scaling it back. A majority of Democratic voters want the new Congress to move ahead with the law, either by implementing the current law or expanding its scope.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
HIV Research for Prevention (HIV R4P) Conference
Women who took part in VOICE speak up about why they didn't use HIV prevention products
Many of the women at first acted surprised. Some insisted the blood tests were wrong. But then most conveyed to researchers in individual interviews and focus groups why they hadn't used the study products assigned to them as participants in VOICE, a large HIV prevention trial that, as a likely consequence, did not find any of the three products that were tested to be effective, reported the research team at HIV R4P.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Rossi
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
BJU International
Prostate cancer medications linked with increased risk of heart-related deaths in men with cardiovascular problems
A new study has found that certain prostate cancer medications are linked with an increased risk of dying from heart-related causes in men with congestive heart failure or prior heart attacks. Published in BJU International, the findings will help doctors and patients weigh the benefits and risks of the drugs.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Current Biology
Liberal or conservative? Reactions to disgust are a dead giveaway
The way a person's brain responds to a single disgusting image is enough to reliably predict whether he or she identifies politically as liberal or conservative. As we approach Election Day, the researchers say that the findings reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Oct. 30 come as a reminder of something we all know but probably don't always do: 'Think, don't just react.'

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press