US Department of Energy Science News site

EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
16-Apr-2014 22:33
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

News By Subject
Search this subject:
Technology/Engineering/Computer Science
Key: Meeting Journal Funder
Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Information storage for the next generation of plastic computers
Inexpensive computers, cell phones and other systems that substitute flexible plastic for silicon chips may be one step closer to reality, thanks to research published on April 16 in the journal Nature Communications.
US Army Research Office

Contact: Gary Galluzzo
University of Iowa

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Physical Review Letters
Scientists capture ultrafast snapshots of light-driven superconductivity
A new study pins down a major factor behind the appearance of superconductivity -- the ability to conduct electricity with 100 percent efficiency -- in a promising copper-oxide material.
DOE's Office of Science, Stanford University, University of Hamburg

Contact: Justin Eure
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Eavesdropping on brain cell chatter
Everything we do -- all of our movements, thoughts and feelings -- are the result of neurons talking with one another, and recent studies have suggested that some of the conversations might not be all that private. Brain cells known as astrocytes may be listening in on, or even participating in, some of those discussions. But a new mouse study suggests that astrocytes might only be tuning in part of the time -- specifically, when the neurons get really excited about something.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Barbara McMakin
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Progress in the fight against quantum dissipation
Scientists at Yale have confirmed a 50-year-old, previously untested theoretical prediction in physics and improved the energy storage time of a quantum switch by several orders of magnitude. They report their results in the April 17 issue of the journal Nature.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, European Union, Yale

Contact: Eric Gershon
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Recycling industrial waste water
A research group composed of Dr. Martin Prechtl, Leo Heim and their colleagues at the University of Cologne's Department of Chemistry has discovered a new method of generating hydrogen using water and formaldehyde.
North-Rhine Westphalia's Ministry for Innovation, Science and Research

Contact: Dr. Martin Prechtl
University of Cologne

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Physics
Scientists observe quantum superconductor-metal transition and superconducting glass
The article 'Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin–grapheme Josephson junction array' (authors: Zheng Han, Adrien Allain, Hadi Arjmandi-Tash,Konstantin Tikhonov, Mikhail Feigelman, Benjamin Sacépé,Vincent Bouchiat, published in Nature Physics on March 30, 2014, presents the results of the first experimental study of the graphene-based quantum phase transition of the 'superconductor-to-metal' type, i.e. transformation of the system's ground state from superconducting to metallic, upon changing the electron concentration in graphene sheet.
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Agence Nationale de la Recherche Blanc, DEFI Nano ERC

Contact: Alexandra O. Borissova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Genome Research
Research uncovers DNA looping damage tied to HPV cancer
Certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) are known to cause about five percent of all cancer cases, yet all the mechanisms aren't completely understood. Now, researchers, led by The Ohio State University's David Symer, M.D., Ph.D., have leveraged Ohio Supercomputer Center resources and whole-genome sequencing to identify a new way that HPV might spark cancer development -- by disrupting the human DNA sequence with repeating loops when HPV is inserted into host-cell DNA as it replicates.
NIH/National Cancer Institute Center for Cancer Research

Contact: Mr. Jamie Abel
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
ASME 2014 Small Modular Reactors Symposium
Floating nuclear plants could ride out tsunamis
New power plant design could provide enhanced safety, easier siting, and centralized construction.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Brooklyn 5G Summit
Bristol academics invited to speak at major 5G summit
Two Bristol engineers, who are leaders in the field of wireless communications, have been invited to a meeting of technology leaders to discuss the future of wireless communications. The first 'Brooklyn 5G Summit' will be held next week [April 23-25] in New York, USA.

Contact: Joanne Fryer
University of Bristol

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Knowledge and Web Intelligence
Ant colonies help evacuees in disaster zones
An escape route mapping system based on the behavior of ant colonies could give evacuees a better chance of reaching safe harbor after a natural disaster or terrorist attack by building a map of showing the shortest routes to shelters and providing regular updates of current situations such as fires, blocked roads or other damage via the smart phones of emergency workers and those caught up in the disaster.

Contact: Albert Ang
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Surgery
Potential use of Google Glass in surgical settings
An article recently published in the International Journal of Surgery shows the potential applications for Google Glass in the surgical setting, particularly in relation to training.

Contact: Ash Allan

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Modern Physics C
Researchers propose network-based evaluation tool to assess relief operations feasibility
A Singapore-based team of scientists from the Institute of High Performance Computing, A*STAR and The Logistics Institute-Asia Pacific has presented a model that looks into the logistics of disaster relief using open data and tools and measures developed in the field of network science.
Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research Complex Systems Programme, Agency for Science, Technology and Research Science and Engineering Research Center grant

Contact: Jason Lim Chongjin
65-646-65775 x247
World Scientific

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Global scientific team 'visualizes' a new crystallization process
By combining a synchrotron's bright X-ray beam with high speed X-ray cameras, scientists from Stanford University in California and KAUST in Saudi Arabia shot a 'movie' showing how organic molecules form into crystals. This is a first. Their new techniques will improve our understanding of crystal packing and should help lead to better electronic devices as well as pharmaceuticals -- indeed any product whose properties depend on precisely controlling crystallization, as this paper describes.

Contact: Tom Abate
Stanford School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists achieve first direct observations of excitons in motion
Technique developed at MIT reveals the motion of energy-carrying quasiparticles in solid material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Robotics Research
Simplicity is key to co-operative robots
A way of making hundreds -- or even thousands -- of tiny robots cluster to carry out tasks without using any memory or processing power has been developed by engineers at the University of Sheffield, UK.
European Social Fund

Contact: Abigail Chard
University of Sheffield

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Sperm meets egg: Protein essential for fertilization discovered
Fertilisation occurs when an egg and a sperm recognise each other and fuse together. Until now, the biology behind this interaction, fundamental to life, has remained a mystery. In a study published in Nature, scientists from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have discovered the first fundamental biological interaction between the sperm and the egg. This discovery may help to improve fertility treatments and the development of new contraceptives. Here is a link to an additional explanatory video:
Wellcome Trust Funded

Contact: Mary Clarke
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers develop a new drug to combat the measles
A novel antiviral drug may protect people infected with the measles from getting sick and prevent them from spreading the virus to others, an international team of researchers says.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Breakthrough points to new drugs from nature
Researchers at Griffith University's Eskitis Institute have developed a new technique for discovering natural compounds which could form the basis of novel therapeutic drugs.

Contact: Helen Wright
Griffith University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Nano Letters
Relieving electric vehicle range anxiety with improved batteries
A new, PNNL-developed nanomaterial called a metal organic framework could extend the lifespan of lithium-sulfur batteries, which could be used to increase the driving range of electric vehicles.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Franny White
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
UT Arlington physicist creates new nanoparticle for cancer therapy
In a newly published paper, a University of Texas at Arlington physicist describes a newly created complex that may make photodynamic therapy for cancer treatment more efficient and cost effective and effective against deep tissue cancers.
Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Nanocrystalline cellulose modified into an efficient viral inhibitor
Researchers at Aalto University and the University of Eastern Finland have succeeded in creating a surface on nano-sized cellulose crystals that imitates a biological structure. The surface adsorbs viruses and disables them. The results can prove useful in the development of antiviral ointments and surfaces, for instance.
Aalto University, University of Eastern Finland

Contact: Minna Hölttä
Aalto University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Whooping cough bacterium evolves in Australia
The bacterium that causes whooping cough, Bordetella pertussis, has changed in Australia -- most likely in response to the vaccine used to prevent the disease -- with a possible reduced effectiveness of the vaccine as a result. A UNSW-led team of researchers analysed strains of Bordetella pertussis from across Australia and found that many strains no longer produce a key surface protein called pertactin. The study is published in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.
National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Deborah Smith
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
International Symposium on Nanoscience and Nanomaterials
Engineers develop new materials for hydrogen storage
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have created new ceramic materials that could be used to store hydrogen safely and efficiently. The researchers have created for the first time compounds made from mixtures of calcium hexaboride, strontium and barium hexaboride. They also have demonstrated that the compounds could be manufactured using a simple, low-cost manufacturing method known as combustion synthesis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
UC research illuminates 'touchy' subject
Jianguo Gu, Ph.D., at the University of Cincinnati, and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells -- which contact many sensory nerve endings in the skin -- are the initial sites for sensing touch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Koenig
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks
A new field called genomic epidemiology is taking advantage of the rapidly reduced costs of next-generation DNA sequencing to better inform public health officials faced with ongoing outbreaks.

Contact: Joe Caspermeyer
Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)