- Biodiversity Informatics
- The development of methods for the collection, analysis, storage and retrieval of taxonomic and biodiversity information. For more information, see Science magazine.
- A new and rapidly growing research discipline at the intersection of biology and computer science that seeks to develop new methods for the collection, analysis, storage and retrieval of biological information. Sometimes referred to as computational biology, bioinformatics is generally defined as the activity that deals with the processing of large amounts of data associated with genomics, specifically the management of DNA-sequence information.
- Biomedical Informatics
- The development of methods for the collection, analysis, storage and retrieval of medical and biomedical information.
- Functional Genomics
- The predictive biology that results from the knowledge of the complete inventory of genes, proteins and other genomic information of various organisms. The systematic analysis of genetic activity in cells. For more information, see Functional Genomics Jump Station.
- Studies related to the genome, the complete genetic blueprint of an organism.
- Molecular Medicine
- The application of genomic technologies to the development of diagnostic tools and therapies in medicine.
- The development of methods for the collection, analysis, storage and retrieval of information on the brain. The information processing of computational neuroscience. For more information, see Neuroinformatics The Human Brain Project.
- The identification and determination of the properties of the proteins that the genes encode. The analysis of protein expression in cells. For more information, see World Wide Words (Also, Beyond the Human Genome, Scientific American, July, 2000-not online).