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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 914.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
GigaScience
Decoding the complete genome of the Mediterranean's most emblematic tree: The olive
A team of scientists from three Spanish centers has sequenced, for the first time ever, the complete genome of the olive tree. The results have been just published today in the Open Access journal GigaScience. This work will facilitate genetic improvement for production of olives and olive oil, two key products in the Spanish economy and diet. The specimen sequenced is an olive tree of the Farga variety, one of the most widespread in eastern Spain, and over 1,300 years old.
Fundación Banco Santander

Contact: Laia Cendros
laia.cendros@crg.eu
34-607-611-798
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Scientific Reports
The discovery of a totally new kind of 'mark' in human cell nucleus
A Japanese research group verified the presence of a protein modification that is a unique mark in human cell nucleus. This protein modification, Histone H4 lysine 20 acetylation (H4K20ac), was only discovered in plant cells and its existence in mammalian cells has been indirectly proven. Their study suggests that H4K20ac is associated with gene repression. This new discovery of H4K20ac may lead to further clarification of the mechanisms in disease progression.

Contact: Saori Obayashi
saori_obayashi@mail.osaka-u.ac.jp
81-661-055-886
Osaka University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
New technology helps ID aggressive early breast cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan developed a new technology that can identify aggressive forms of ductal carcinoma in situ, or stage 0 breast cancer, from non-aggressive varieties.
Mildred E. Swanson Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Cell Metabolism
Natural metabolite can suppress inflammation
An international research team has revealed a substance produced in humans that can suppress the pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages -- specific immune cells. The substance known as itaconate is released in large quantities by macrophages themselves and according to the scientists, acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. These properties make itaconate promising for the treatment of such pathologies as cardiac ischemia, metabolic disorders and autoimmune diseases which may be associated with excessive inflammation or oxidative stress.
National Institutes of Health, DFG, University of California Davis, CSD Consortium, UC Davis and CHORI/KOMP Repository, Canadian Institutes for Health Research, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Dmitry Malkov
dvmalkov@corp.ifmo.ru
7-953-377-5508
ITMO University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Grant to The Jackson Laboratory for Gene Expression Database
The Jackson Laboratory's Gene Expression Database (GXD), an open resource for the international biomedical research community, will receive a total of $10.5 million in support over the next five years from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development

Contact: Joyce Peterson
joyce.peterson@jax.org
207-288-6058
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Bioinformatics software is developed to predict the effect of cancer-associated mutations
Biology and computing have joined forces to create a piece of software that analyses mutations in proteins; these mutations are potential inducers of diseases, such as cancer. The geneticists Asier Fullaondo and José Antonio Rodríguez, and the telecommunications engineer Gorka Prieto have created WREGEX 2.0, a free, easy, versatile and, above all, fast bioinformatics application that is capable of analyzing and combining the information from 40,000 proteins within the space of one minute.

Contact: Matxalen Sotillo
komunikazioa@ehu.eus
34-688-673-770
University of the Basque Country

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Scientists discover maleness gene in malaria mosquitoes
Scientists, led by Dr. Jaroslaw Krzywinski, Head of the Vector Molecular Biology group at The Pirbright Institute have isolated a gene, which determines maleness in the species of mosquito that is responsible for transmitting malaria. The research, published in the journal Science, describes identification and characterization of a gene, named Yob by the authors, which is the master regulator of the sex determination process in the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and determines the male sex.
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Wellcome Trust, The Pirbright Institute, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Teresa Maughan
communications@pirbright.ac.uk
44-148-323-1120
The Pirbright Institute

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Significant expansion of data available in the Genomic Data Commons
Recently launched Genomic Data Commons will get a dramatic increase in the power and utility of its resources with the announcement today of the signing of a data sharing agreement between the National Cancer Institute and Foundation Medicine Inc., a molecular information company that has generated genomic profiles of people with cancer.

Contact: NCI Press Officers
ncipressofficers@mail.nih.gov
301-496-6641
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers find protein signatures for accurate noninvasive diagnosis of prostate cancer
Researchers at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research and University Health Network in Toronto, along with researchers at the Eastern Virginia Medical School, have created protein signatures that accurately diagnose prostate cancer and can distinguish between patients with aggressive versus non-aggressive disease using a simple urine sample.

Contact: Christopher Needles
christopher.needles@oicr.on.ca
416-673-8505
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Nature Methods
Unidentified spectra detector
- New algorithm clusters hundreds of millions of unidentified peptide sequences for analysis; By clustering all public mass spectrometry spectra in the PRIDE Archive proteomics resource, researchers detected incorrectly identified, low-quality and unidentified spectra. A new tool, PRIDE Cluster, simplifies further investigation into unidentified spectra.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Contact: Mary Todd Bergman
mary@ebi.ac.uk
44-788-137-7941
European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute

Public Release: 27-Jun-2016
Molecular Biology of the Cell
IU study: Virtual tissue technology reveals new drug target in polycystic kidney disease
Using virtual tissue technology, researchers at Indiana University have identified a potential new drug target in the fight against polycystic kidney disease, an illness with no effective FDA-approved treatment that affects 200,000 people per year in the United States. The study, which reveals that errors in how cells stick together give rise to two forms of kidney cysts, appears in the journal Molecular Biology of the Cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2016
One Ecosystem
Machine Learning techniques and the future of Ecology and Earth Science Research
Increasingly becoming a necessity in Ecology and Earth Science research, handling complex data can be a tough nut when traditional statistical methods are applied. As its first publication, the new technologically-advanced Open Access journal One Ecosystem features a review paper describing the benefits of using machine learning technologies when working with highly-dimensional and non-linear data.

Contact: Dr. Anne E Thessen
annethessen@gmail.com
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 27-Jun-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Building a smart cardiac patch
Harvard researchers have created nanoscale electronic scaffolds that can be seeded with cardiac cells to produce a 'bionic' cardiac patch.

Contact: Peter Reuell
preuell@fas.harvard.edu
617-496-8070
Harvard University

Public Release: 24-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular scissors help evolutionary investigation
Scientists at KIT detected an important mechanism in the evolution of plant genomes: using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model organism, they studied the formation of tandem repeat DNA sequences and found out that these sequences form if both DNA strands are broken at a significant distance from each other. For their experiments, the scientists used CRISPR/Cas system, working like a 'pair of molecular scissors.' The results are presented in the PNAS journal.

Contact: Monika Landgraf
Presse@kit.edu
49-721-608-43658
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Public Release: 23-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How molecules can do statistics
Researchers of the ETH Zurich Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, located in Basel, have shown how noise filters can be realized using biochemical reactions. This could help improve the reliability of synthetic biological circuits and play an important role in the development of new medical therapies.

Contact: Dr. Christoph Zechner
christoph.zechner@bsse.ethz.ch
41-613-873-201
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 21-Jun-2016
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
Does oral cannabidiol convert to THC, a psychoactive form of cannabinoid, in the stomach?
A new study demonstrating the conversion of oral cannabidiol (CBD) to the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the presence of gastric fluids could explain why children given CBD to treat epilepsy had an unexpectedly high rate of adverse effects such as sleepiness and fatigue. The study, "Identification of Psychoactive Degradants of Cannabidiol in Simulated Gastric and Physiologic Fluid," is published in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 21-Jun-2016
Mapping the subway's microbiome
Barcelona takes part in the international research project Metasub, which aims to map the microbiome of public transit systems in 54 cities worldwide, including New York, Hong Kong, Paris or Sydney. CRG scientists in Barcelona, Spain, are contributing to this project by providing, processing, and sequencing samples and also by leading the sampling processing working group. They standardized and improved the sample processing and sequencing protocols for all the laboratories participating in this project.

Contact: Laia Cendros
laia.cendros@crg.eu
34-607-611-798
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Nature Biotechnology
NIH-developed crowdsourcing platform makes public gene expression data more accessible
Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, have developed a free online platform that uses a crowdsourcing approach to make public gene expression data more accessible to biomedical researchers without computational expertise. They describe the platform, called OMics Compendia Commons, in the June 20 online issue of Nature Biotechnology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Hillary Hoffman
hillary.hoffman@nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Major support for cataract study
Biologist wins NIH support for cataract study with focus on cellular processes that keep the eye lens transparent.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Strike a pose -- bringing crop analysis into the 21st century
Scientists from The Genome Analysis Centre and the John Innes Centre have received a grant from Norwich Research Park Translational fund for CropQuant, a computerized infield crop monitoring workstation for precision agriculture.
Norwich Research Park Translational Fund

Contact: Hayley London
hayley.london@tgac.ac.uk
01-603-450-107
The Genome Analysis Centre

Public Release: 17-Jun-2016
Optica
New imaging method reveals nanoscale details about DNA
A research team with Stanford's W.E. Moerner has developed a new enhanced DNA imaging technique that can probe the structure of individual DNA strands at the nanoscale. Since DNA is at the root of many disease processes, the technique could help scientists gain important insights into what goes wrong when DNA becomes damaged or when other cellular processes affect gene expression.

Contact: Rebecca Andersen
RAndersen@osa.org
202-416-1443
The Optical Society

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Bioinformatics
Personalized medicine will employ computer algorithms
Russian scientists have developed a software program enabling them to quickly compare sets of DNA of microorganisms living in different environments. The researchers have already suggested exactly how the new program could be applied in practice. Using the algorithm to compare the microflora of a healthy person with the microflora of a patient, specialists would be able to detect previously unknown pathogens and their strains, which can aid the development of personalized medicine. The results of the study have been published in Bioinformatics.
The Government of Russian Federation, Russian Scientific Foundation

Contact: Dmitry Malkov
dvmalkov@corp.ifmo.ru
7-953-377-5508
ITMO University

Public Release: 14-Jun-2016
Nature
Islands and their ecosystems
Juliano Sarmento Cabral comes from a country with a tropical-subtropical climate. From an early age, he has been fascinated by the huge diversity of animals and plants existing around him and in the rest of the world. Of course, he was going to study biology. Now he is a junior professor for ecosystems modeling at the University of Würzburg.

Contact: Dr. Juliano Sarmento Cabral
juliano.sarmento_cabral@uni-wuerzburg.de
49-931-318-2667
University of Würzburg

Public Release: 14-Jun-2016
Trends in Parasitology
These maps reveal where rats, monkeys, and other mammals may pass diseases on to humans
The majority of infectious diseases currently emerging as human epidemics originated in mammals. Yet we still know very little about the global patterns of mammal-to-human pathogen transmission. As a first step, researchers at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies and the University of Georgia have assembled summative world maps of what's on record about mammal-to-human diseases. The work appears June 14 as part of a Review in Trends in Parasitology.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Ancient DNA analysis explains spread of domestic goats from Fertile Crescent into Caucasus
Nagoya University-based researchers analyzed modern and ancient DNA to clarify that domestic goats in the Southern Caucasus are not descended from that region's wild goats. Haplotype analysis suggests that domestic goats were first introduced into the Southern Caucasus from their original site of domestication in the Fertile Crescent around 7,500-8,000 years ago. This coincides with other sudden cultural changes in the Southern Caucasus, such as a shift in wheat cultivation practices.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Mitsubishi Foundation

Contact: Koomi Sung
press@aip.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Nagoya University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 914.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>