EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
3-Aug-2015 02:48
US Eastern Time

Username:

Password:

Register

Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books

Meetings

Multimedia

Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation

Calendar

Submit a Calendar Item

Subscribe/Sponsor

Links & Resources

Portals

RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On

Options

Portal Home

Glossary

Background Articles

Research Papers

Meetings

Links & Resources

Bioinformatics

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 815.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Plant Physiology
Supercomputer unlocks secrets of plant cells to pave the way for more resilient crops
Scientists from IBM Research and the Universities of Melbourne and Queensland have moved a step closer to identifying the nanostructure of cellulose -- the basic structural component of plant cell walls. The insights could pave the way for more disease resistant varieties of crops and increase the sustainability of the pulp, paper and fiber industry -- one of the main uses of cellulose.

Contact: Jane Gardner
gardner.j@unimelb.edu.au
038-344-0181
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Science
Planktonic world: The new frontier
On May 22, in a special issue of Science, an international, team of scientists maps the biodiversity of a wide range of planktonic organisms, exploring their interactions - mainly parasitic, and how they impact and are affected by their environment, primarily the temperature. Based on a portion of the 35000 samples collected from all the world's oceans during the 2009-2013 expedition on board the schooner TARA, this data provides the scientific community with unprecedented resources.

Contact: Isabelle Kling
isabelle.kling@embl.de
49-622-138-78355
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Cofounder of Wikipedia among 2015 Dan David Prize recipients
Knowledge -- the free access to it and the unhindered dissemination of it -- was in the spotlight at the resplendent Dan David Prize ceremony held on May 17th during Tel Aviv University's 2015 Board of Governors meeting. Among this year's laureates were Jimmy Wales, co-founder of the Internet encyclopedia Wikipedia, and Prof. David Haussler, leader of the Human Genome Project, which first mapped the entirety of a human being's DNA.

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Seeing without eyes
The skin of the California two-spot octopus can sense light even without input from the central nervous system.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Cyberheart research begins with virtual models, mathematics and NSF support
The NSF is supporting the early development of medical and cyber-physical systems that fuse software and hardware and go beyond today's pacemakers. Rochester Institute of Technology professor Elizabeth Cherry is on the multidisciplinary team, spanning seven universities and centers, developing the 'Cyberheart' platform for virtual, patient-specific human heart models and associated device therapies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Nature Methods
Research community comes together to provide new 'gold standard' for genomic data analysis
Cancer research leaders at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Oregon Health & Science University, Sage Bionetworks, the distributed DREAM community and The University of California Santa Cruz published the first findings of the ICGC-TCGA-DREAM Somatic Mutation Calling Challenge today in the journal Nature Methods.

Contact: Christopher Needles
christopher.needles@oicr.on.ca
416-319-5252
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

Public Release: 18-May-2015
American Journal of Pathology
What hundreds of biomolecules tell us about our nerve cells
Researchers at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine, of the University of Luxembourg, have, under Dr. Manuel Buttini, successfully measured metabolic profiles, or the metabolomes, of different brain regions, and their findings could help better understand neurodegenerative diseases. The metabolome represents all or at least a large part of the metabolites in a given tissue, and thus, it gives a snapshot of its physiology.

Contact: Britta Schlüter
britta.schlueter@uni.lu
352-466-644-6563
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 13-May-2015
American Journal of Medical Genetics
TGen study matches infant stiff-joint syndromes to possible genetic origins
A study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute has for the first time matched dozens of infantile diseases and syndromes involving muscle weakness and stiff joints to their likely genetic origins. The study, in association with the University of British Columbia and BC Children's Hospital Vancouver, was published this month in the American Journal of Medical Genetics. The study's goal is to better enable physicians and geneticists to advance new treatments that might help these children.
Translational Genomics Research Institute, Muscular Dystrophy Association, Flinn Foundation, Translational Genomics Research Institute-Duke Biomedical Futures Program, Helios Education Foundation, Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
syozwiak@tgen.org
602-343-8704
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 13-May-2015
Cell Host & Microbe
The infant gut microbiome: New studies on its origins and how it's knocked out of balance
A fecal sample analysis of 98 Swedish infants over the first year of life found a connection between the development of a child's gut microbiome and the way he or she is delivered. Babies born via C-section had gut bacteria that showed significantly less resemblance to their mothers compared to those that were delivered vaginally. The study appears May 11 in Cell Host & Microbe's special issue on 'The Host-Microbiota Balance.'

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-335-6270
Cell Press

Public Release: 12-May-2015
Ocean head count: Scientists develop new methods to track ocean biodiversity
How can you track changes in complex marine ecosystems over time? MBARI scientists are part of a team trying to do just this with a five-year, $7 million grant through the National Ocean Partnership Program. The proposed Marine Biodiversity Observation Network will combine species counts and ecological data from existing research programs with newer data gathered using cutting-edge satellites, robots, and genetic analyses.
NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of the Interior-Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 11-May-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Computer simulation accurately replicated real-life trauma outcomes, says Pitt team
A computer simulation, or 'in silico' model, of the body's inflammatory response to traumatic injury accurately replicated known individual outcomes and predicted population results counter to expectations, according to a study recently published in Science Translational Medicine by a University of Pittsburgh research team.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-May-2015
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Tapping the potential of undergraduate researchers
Recent reports on undergraduate education have emphasized the crucial role of authentic research experiences. Research published in the May issue of G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics allowed 940 students not only to engage in original scholarship, but also to be authors on a peer-reviewed paper. The research, on the evolution of an unusual chromosome in fruit flies, was powered by the contributions of students at 63 higher education institutions, coordinated by the Genomics Education Partnership.

Contact: Cristy Gelling
press@genetics-gsa.org
412-478-3537
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 11-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
DNA with self-interest
Transposable elements are capable of 'jumping' from one genome position to another. Why transposable elements exist is subject of controversial debate. Scientists from the Vetmeduni Vienna found that one of the most important transposable elements, the P-element, has only recently invaded the fly Drosophila simulans. The P-element has been present in the closely related species Drosophila melanogaster since the 1950s. The results were published in the journal PNAS.

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
susanna.kautschitsch@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-125-077-1153
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 11-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Large-scale meta-analysis discovered 10 new genes that tune cholesterol levels
An international research consortium has generated significant new knowledge about genetic factors underlying lipid levels. The team was able to discover ten new genes affecting blood cholesterol levels. Nearly 200 genetic variants are now known to have an effect on blood cholesterol. Together they explain nearly one-fifth of differences between individuals.

Contact: Samuli Ripatti
samuli.ripatti@helsinki.fi
358-405-670-826
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 11-May-2015
GigaScience
UK-China collaboration for data sharing in metabolomics
A partnership between the European Bioinformatics Institute, the Universities of Birmingham, Manchester and Oxford, The Sainsbury Laboratory and TGAC with BGI and its open-access journal, GigaScience, has received funding from the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Research Council to support the sharing of data and analyses in metabolomics. The award of £30,000 from the BBSRC will enable the consortium to host training workshops to support scientists in the UK and China.
Biotechnology and Biological Research Council

Contact: Peter Li
Peter@gigasciencejournal.com
852-361-03531
GigaScience

Public Release: 11-May-2015
Microbiome
Bacterial forensics -- tracing a suspect from the microbes on their shoes
The microbial 'signatures' found on an individual's personal items, such as their shoes and cell phone, could be used to determine their previous location and trace their movements, according to a small pilot study published in the open-access journal Microbiome.

Contact: Joel Winston
Joel.Winston@biomedcentral.com
44-020-319-22081
BioMed Central

Public Release: 11-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists obtain precise estimates of the epigenetic mutation rate
University of Groningen scientists have obtained the first precise estimates of how often epigenetic marks that influence gene activity appear or disappear in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, a model organism in plant biology. This paves the way to a deeper understanding of the importance of epigenetic changes in plant evolution. The work is published in the online Early Edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rene Fransen
r.fransen@rug.nl
University of Groningen

Public Release: 11-May-2015
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Massively parallel biology students
The list of authors for an article on the comparative genomics of a fruit fly chromosome, published online May 11 by the journal G3, includes 940 undergraduates from 63 institutions. It is the result of an effort, coordinated through Washington University in St. Louis, to provide many more students with a hands-on research experience than has traditionally been possible.

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 8-May-2015
Toxicological Sciences
New method developed to assess cancer risk of pollutants
Scientists have developed a faster, more accurate method to assess cancer risk from certain common environmental pollutants.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Susan Tilton
susan.tilton@oregonstate.edu
541-737-1386
Oregon State University

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Science
Gene expression is key to understanding differences between individuals and disease susceptibility
The Genotype-Tissue Expression project consortia, which includes scientists from the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, have now published their results from their first pilot study in three Science papers. These finding will contribute to a better understanding of genomic variation and give us new clues about disease susceptibility.
National Institutes of Health, National Disease Research Interchange, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Science Care Inc.

Contact: Laia Cendrós
laia.cendros@crg.eu
34-607-611-798
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
The hairy past
Lifestyle leaves chemical traces in hair. In horses, the analysis of tail hair is especially suited as long hair can provide information over a long period of time. Researchers at the Vetmeduni Vienna have developed a method to determine the period of time that corresponds to a segment of hair. They assign individual hair growth to seasons and thus to a specific time frame. The results were published in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
susanna.kautschitsch@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-125-077-1153
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 6-May-2015
BMC Systems Biology
From the depths of a microscopic world, spontaneous cooperation
A clever combination of two different types of computer simulations enabled a group of Illinois researchers to uncover an unexpectedly cooperative group dynamic: the spontaneous emergence of resource sharing among individuals in a community. Who were the members of this friendly, digitally represented collective? Escherichia coli, rod-shaped bacteria found in the digestive systems of humans and many other animals.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, Edelheit Foundation, Center for the Physics of Living Cells, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Science
Proteomics identifies DNA repair toolbox
Various repair mechanisms help our cells to revert continuous damage to their DNA. If they fail, mutations accumulate that can lead to devastating diseases. DNA repair defects underlie predisposition to certain cancers and promote the transformation process in other spontaneous cancers. Using highly sensitive proteomic technologies, scientists of the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry now report in the journal Science the first global analysis of the protein recruitment dynamics underlying a critical DNA repair pathway.

Contact: Anja Konschak
konschak@biochem.mpg.de
49-898-578-2824
Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Nature Medicine
Study points to possible treatment for lethal pediatric brain cancer
Using brain tumor samples collected from children in the United States and Europe, an international team of scientists found that the drug panobinostat and similar gene regulating drugs may be effective at treating diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas, an aggressive and lethal form of pediatric cancer.
National Institutes of Health, DIPG Collaborative, Cure Starts Now Foundation, Reflections of Grace Foundation, Smiles for Sophie Foundation, Cancer-Free Kids Foundation, Carly's Crusade Foundation and others

Contact: Christopher G. Thomas
thomaschr@ninds.nih.gov
30-149-657-511
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Joining the genomic dots
Researchers have developed and used a new technique to join the dots in the genomic puzzle. Just as dot to dot puzzles needs to be completed to visualize the full picture, the researchers' analysis connected regulatory elements called promoters and enhancers and showed their physical interactions over long distances within the mouse and human genomes. The ability to map these interactions in the human genome has huge potential in understanding the genetic basis of disease.
Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council, Medical Research Council, Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research, European Commission

Contact: Babraham Institute KEC Team
kec@babraham.ac.uk
44-012-234-96230
Babraham Institute

Showing releases 101-125 out of 815.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>