EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
28-Nov-2015 15:20
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On


Portal Home


Background Articles

Research Papers


Links & Resources


News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 838.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Biologist David Lohman leads $2.5 million NSF-funded study on butterfly evolution
Dr. David J. Lohman, assistant professor of biology at The City College of New York, and his colleagues received $2.5 million in grants from the National Science Foundation for a collaborative study to resolve the evolutionary history of all butterfly species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released
A first draft of the tree of life for all 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released. Thousands of smaller trees have been published over the years for select branches, but this is the first time those results have been combined into a single tree. The end result is a digital resource that is available online for anyone to use or edit, much like a 'Wikipedia' for evolutionary relationships.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Journal of Sports Sciences and Muscle and Nerve
Types of athletic training affect how brain communicates with muscles
A KU study has shown that the brains of endurance trainers communicate with muscles differently than those of strength trainers or sedentary individuals.

Contact: Mike Krings
University of Kansas

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Clinical Epigenetics
Research discovery leads to potential diagnostic for assessing breast cancer recurrence
Every woman successfully treated for breast cancer lives with the knowledge that it could come back. New research published today in the journal Clinical Epigenetics may lead to a simple blood test to determine the risk of such recurrence, or the cancer invading other organs such as the lungs, bone or brain. Such a test would have profound implications for improving the future treatment of women with all types of breast cancer.
Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation and SmartPractice

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Current Biology
Seen once, never forgotten
Having once seen the shower scene in Alfred Hitchcock's 1960 thriller Psycho, who can forget what happens next? And it turns out that aside from humans, great apes (in this case, chimpanzees and bonobos) also remember events in films -- and can anticipate what takes place in memorable scenes.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Daichi Uchibori
Kyoto University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Cell Systems
Not all organs age alike
Aging is typically thought of as the gradual decline of the whole body, but research shows that age affects organs in strikingly different ways. A Cell Systems study provides the first comprehensive view of how proteins age in different organs, revealing major differences between the liver and brain in young and old rats. The findings suggest that how an organ ages may depend on its unique cellular properties and its physiological function in the body.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Pinpointing punishment
A new study explains how and why a brain region called the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex plays a key role in third party punishment, the type of decisions made by judges and juries.

Contact: Peter Reuell
Harvard University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
CWRU leads solar power study inspired by field of medicine
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University will do an epidemiological, disease control-type study of more than five million solar panels at hundreds of power plants around the world to learn how photovoltaic modules degrade under varying conditions. The study's goal is to drive designs that make modules last longer and have more predictable power output, which can help reduce the cost of clean power and add certainty for renewable energy investors.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Nature Biotechnology
Data-driven approach could help improve allocation of biomedical research resources
A new computational model developed by scientists from the University of Chicago could help improve the allocation of US biomedical research resources. The tool, called the Research Opportunity Index (ROI), measures disparities between resources dedicated to a disease and its relative burden on society. ROI identifies diseases that receive a disproportionate share of biomedical resources, which represent opportunities for high-impact investment or for the realignment of existing resources.

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Genome Biology
Specific fatty acids may worsen Crohn's disease
Some research has suggested that omega-3 fatty acids, abundant in fish oils, can relieve inflammation in the digestive tracts of people with Crohn's disease. But a new study by Duke scientists hints that we should be paying closer attention to what the other omegas -- namely, omega-6 and omega-7 -- and are doing to improve or worsen the disease.
National Institutes of Health, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
10K genomes project explores contribution of rare variants to human disease and risk factors
The largest population genome sequencing effort to date is published in Nature. Rare genetic variants are changes in DNA that are carried only by relatively few people in a population. The UK10K study was designed to explore the contribution of these rare genetic variants to human disease and its risk factors. A series of papers describing resources and application of the data is also published in Nature, Nature Genetics, Bioinformatics and Nature Communications.
The Wellcome Trust

Contact: Mark Thomson
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Bringing 'dark data' into the light: Best practices for digitizing herbarium collections
North American herbaria curate approximately 74 million specimens, but only a fraction have been digitized. Imaging specimens and transcribing the related data into online databases can vastly increase available biodiversity data, allowing new discoveries. The National Science Foundation's Integrated Digitized Biocollections is facilitating an effort to unify digitization projects across the country through the development of digitization workflows. The workflows, along with details on their development, are available in Applications in Plant Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Computational Biology
Problematic relationship: Small brain models distort contact intensity between neurons
Even the most powerful computers in the world can only simulate 1 percent of the nerve cells due to memory constraints. For this reason, scientists have turned to downscaled models. However, this downscaling is problematic, as shown by a recent Juelich study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Contact: Tobias Schloesser
Forschungszentrum Juelich

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Clearing a path for cancer research
Researchers at EMBL's European Bioinformatics Institute have developed a new method for studying the targets and effects of cancer drugs using data from discovery mass spectrometry experiments. The study is published in Nature Communications.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Barts Charity, Cancer Research UK

Contact: Sonia Furtado Neves and Mary Todd Bergman
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Cell Metabolism
Your stomach bacteria determines which diet is best for weight reduction
New research enables 'tailored' diet advice -- based on our personal gut microbiome -- for persons who want to lose weight and reduce the risk of disease. Systems biologists at Chalmers University of Technology have for the first time successfully identified in detail how some of our most common intestinal bacteria interact during metabolism.
EU-FP7 European Program Metacardis, National Agency of Research (ANR Microobese), foundation cœur et artères.

Contact: Johanna Wilde
Chalmers University of Technology

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Human-like nose can sniff out contamination in drinking water
A bioelectronic nose that mimics the human nose can detect traces of bacteria in water by smelling it, without the need for complex equipment and testing. According to a study published in Biosensors and Bioelectronics the technology works by using the smell receptors in the human nose.

Contact: Darren Sugrue

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Frontiers in Nutrition
International researchers say nutrition science must change to meet world food needs
An international team of researchers, including scientists at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech, has identified key opportunities in nutrition science to address projected gaps in food availability.

Contact: Tiffany Trent
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Genome mining effort discovers 19 new natural products in 4 years
It took a small group of researchers only four years -- a blink of an eye in pharmaceutical terms -- to scour a collection of 10,000 bacterial strains and isolate the genes responsible for making 19 unique, previously unknown phosphonate natural products, researchers report. Each of these products is a potential new drug. One of them has already been identified as an antibiotic.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Services

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Blood and teeth samples accurately predict a criminal's age
Forensic biomedical scientists from KU Leuven, Belgium, have developed a test to predict individuals' age on the basis of blood or teeth samples. This test may be particularly useful for the police, as it can help track down criminals or identify human remains.

Contact: Bram Bekaert
KU Leuven

Public Release: 7-Sep-2015
Nature Methods
Mathematical 'Gingko trees' reveal mutations in single cells that characterize diseases
Scientists at CSHL publish a new interactive analysis program called Gingko that reduces the uncertainty of single-cell analysis and provides a simple way to visualize patterns in copy number mutations across populations of cells. Detailed knowledge of CNVs can point to specific treatment regimens.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Starr Cancer Consortium, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Simons Foundation, Susan G. Komen Foundation, Prostate Cancer Foundation, CSHL Cancer Center, WSBS

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Changing the biological data visualization world
Scientists at TGAC, alongside European partners, have created a cutting-edge, open source community for the lifesciences. BioJavaScript (BioJS) is a free, accessible software library that develops visualization tools for different types of biological data. Data visualization allows researchers to present their data to communicate key scientific hypotheses and concepts to a wider audience. Helping us to understand complex biological systems in relation to improving plant, animal and human health.

Contact: Hayley London
The Genome Analysis Centre

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
International research project gets high level of funding
Antibodies are protein molecules that are produced by the body to fight pathogens. Their formation basically follows the principle of evolution. The best candidates are selected and optimised further in multiple rounds of competition. Some aspects of antibody formation will be elucidated more closely by a team of researchers from USA, England, Australia and Germany. This work will be coordinated by Professor Michael Meyer-Hermann of the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research in Braunschweig, Germany.
Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Dr. Jan Grabowski
Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
How does your microbiome grow?
The reproduction rates of the bacteria in one's gut may be a good indicator of health or disease.

Contact: Yael Edelman
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Translational Research
TGen study identifies potential genes associated with the most common form of liver damage
In a first-of-its-kind exploratory study, the Translational Genomics Research Institute has identified a potential gene associated with the initiation of the most common cause of liver damage. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of liver damage. In this study, published in the September edition of Translational Research, TGen scientists sequenced microRNAs from liver biopsies, spelling out their biochemical molecules to identify several potential gene targets associated with NAFLD-related liver damage.
TGen, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Biodiversity Data Journal
The four-letter code: How DNA barcoding can accelerate biodiversity inventories
With unprecedented biodiversity loss occurring, we must determine how many species we share the planet with. This can start in our backyards, but speed is critical. A new study shows how biodiversity inventories can be accelerated with DNA bar-coding and rapid publishing techniques, making it possible to survey a nature reserve in just four months. The final inventory of 3,500 species was written, released and published in the Biodiversity Data Journal in under one week.

Contact: Jeremy R. deWaard
Pensoft Publishers

Showing releases 101-125 out of 838.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>