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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 841.

<< < 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 > >>

Public Release: 3-Jul-2014
Weighing up the secrets of African elephant body fat
A research team from The University of Nottingham has carried out the first molecular characterisation of the African elephant's adipose tissue -- body fat. This new information will form the basis of future studies aimed at securing the health and future survival of captive elephants.

Contact: Lindsay Brooke
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 3-Jul-2014
Human Molecular Genetics
A CNIO team reduces the size of the human genome to 19,000 genes
A study led by Alfonso Valencia and Michael Tress at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre updates the number of human genes to 19,000; 1,700 fewer than the genes in the most recent annotation, and well below the initial estimations of 100,000 genes. The work, published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics, concludes that almost all of these genes have ancestors prior to the appearance of primates 50 million years ago.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 3-Jul-2014
Science Signaling
Biological signal processing: Body cells -- instrumentalists in a symphony orchestra
Every organism has one aim: to survive. Its body cells all work in concert to keep it alive. They do so through finely tuned means of communication. Together with cooperation partners from Berlin and Cambridge, scientists at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine of the University of Luxembourg have now successfully revealed for the first time the laws by which cells translate signals from their surroundings into internal signals.

Contact: Britta Schlüter
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 3-Jul-2014
Journal of the Americal Chemical Society
'Work environment' affects protein properties
The function of proteins, which fulfil various tasks inside the cells, is often analysed in aqueous buffer solutions. However, it is not known, for example in case of pharmaceutical studies, if they work in the same way in those solutions as in their natural environment: the cytoplasm is highly crowded with biomolecules, organic and inorganic substances.

Contact: Dr. Simon Ebbinghaus
Ruhr-University Bochum

Public Release: 2-Jul-2014
Noninvasive advanced image analysis could lead to better patient care
Lung cancer patients could receive more precise treatment, and their progress could be better tracked, using a new high-tech method of non-invasive medical imaging analysis, according to a study published today by the journal PLOS ONE.
TGen Foundation, Scottsdale Healthcare Foundation, Flinn Foundation

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Jul-2014
New Phytologist
Clemson scientists: Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming
Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases. The research could have far-reaching implications for how we manage agricultural land and native ecosystems.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nishanth Tharayil
Clemson University

Public Release: 1-Jul-2014
Genome Research
New insights from the modENCODE Project are published in Genome Research
Genome Research publishes six articles online and in print today describing recent advancements from the modENCODE Project. Initially launched in 2007, the goal of the modENCODE Project is to comprehensively characterize functional genomic elements in two model organisms, the fly Drosophila melanogaster, and the worm Caenorhabditis elegans.

Contact: Hillary Sussman
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
Studies provide important new information on genetic risk of sudden cardiac death
Two international research studies, both led by investigators affiliated with Massachusetts General Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, have uncovered new information about genes that may increase the risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
A first: Scientists show bacteria can evolve a biological timer to survive antibiotics
Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers have demonstrated that when exposed to repeated cycles of antibiotics, within days bacteria can evolve a new adaptation, by remaining dormant for the treatment period to survive antibiotic stress. The results show for the first time that bacteria can develop a biological timer to survive antibiotic exposure. With this new understanding, scientists could develop new approaches for slowing the evolution of antibiotic resistance.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Molecular movies' will enable extraordinary gains in bioimaging, health research
Researchers have created an imaging technology more powerful than anything that has existed before, and is fast enough to observe life processes as they actually happen at the molecular level. This will allow creation of improved biosensors to study everything from nerve impulses to cancer metastasis as it occurs.
Oregon State University, University of Alberta, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Chong Fang
Oregon State University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Evolution of life's operating system revealed in detail
The evolution of the ribosome, a large molecular structure found in the cells of all species, has been revealed in unprecedented detail in a new study.
NASA Astrobiology Institute

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Genome Biology
Scientists identify new pathogenic and protective microbes associated with severe diarrhea
Diarrhea is a major cause of childhood mortality in developing countries and ranks as one of the top four causes of death among young children in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In a finding that may one day help control diarrhea, researchers have identified microorganisms that may trigger diarrheal disease and others that may protect against it. These microbes were not widely linked to the condition previously. The research results appear today in Genome Biology.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Insitututes of Health, The Wellcome Trust

Contact: Tom Ventsias
University of Maryland

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
'Big data' technique improves monitoring of kidney transplant patients
A new data analysis technique radically improves monitoring of kidney patients, according to a University of Leeds-led study, and could lead to profound changes in the way we understand our health.

Contact: Chris Bunting
University of Leeds

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
'Big data' technique improves monitoring of kidney transplant patients
A new data analysis technique could radically improve monitoring of kidney transplant patients, according to new research published this week in PLOS Computational Biology.

Contact: Chris Bunting

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
What's in a name?
Standardized scientific names for biological species have been in use for nearly 300 years, but -- as global biodiversity databases grow deficiencies such as duplication and various name meanings become obvious. A new study published in the open-access journal ZooKeys explains how Avibase, an extensive online global database of birds, is able to successfully address issues related to this multiplicity of meanings, and to organize both scientific names and their definitions on an unprecedented scale.

Contact: Dr. Denis Lepage
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Lowering toxicity of new HIV drugs predicted to improve life expectancy
While bringing new drugs to market is important for increasing life expectancy in younger people with HIV, lowering the toxicity of those drugs may have an even greater health impact on all HIV patients, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis reveals.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers mapping your route from illness to illness
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen and the Technical University of Denmark have followed six million Danes for 15 years through patient and disease registers. Studies in the complex data landscape now enable researchers to pinpoint very busy routes for widespread diseases such as cancer, arthritis and diabetes. The findings have been published in Nature Communications and pave the way for more personalized medical treatment.

Contact: Soren Brunak
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Treading into a gray area along the spectrum of wood decay fungi
A fungus that can break down all the components of plant cell walls is considered a white rot fungus. If it can only break down cellulose and hemicellulose, it's a brown rot fungus. In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by DOE Joint Genome Institute fungal researchers suggests that categorizing wood-decaying fungi may be more complicated, broadening the range of fungal decay strategies to be explored for commercializing biofuels production.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
NIH launches 3D print exchange for researchers, students
The National Institutes of Health has launched the NIH 3D Print Exchange, a public website that enables users to share, download and edit 3D print files related to health and science. These files can be used, for example, to print custom laboratory equipment and models of bacteria and human anatomy. Today's launch coincides with the first White House Maker Faire, an event designed to celebrate US innovation in science, technology, engineering and math.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Linda Huynh
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Scientists break the genetic code for diabetes in Greenland
New Danish genetics research explains the high incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Greenlandic population. The ground-breaking findings have just been published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature.

Contact: Torben Hansen
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New report offers a primer for doctors' use of clinical genome and exome sequencing
Sooner than almost anyone expected, a new, genome-based technology for demystifying undiagnosed illnesses -- particularly rare childhood diseases -- is moving from research laboratories into general medical practice. Now, two leading scientists, writing in the June 19, 2014, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, have sketched out what doctors need to know in order to use the new technology effectively.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Raymond MacDougall
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
TGen and Scottsdale Healthcare begin study of new drug for patients with solid tumors
The Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare and the Translational Genomics Research Institute are studying the safety and effectiveness of a new drug, AG-120, for treatment of patients with solid tumors, especially those with brain tumors and gallbladder bile duct cancer.
Agios Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Genome Research
Study reveals livestock gut microbes contributing to greenhouse gas emissions
The EPA attributes one-fifth of methane emissions to livestock such as cattle, sheep and other ruminants, but the amount of methane produced varies substantially among animals in the same species. As published online June 6, 2014 in Genome Research, a team led by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute collaborated with NZ's AgResearch Limited to explore role the microbes living in the rumen play in this process.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Systematic Biology
UMD-led public computational biology web service gains popularity gives anyone with a computer terminal access to a worldwide grid for computational biology. The grid offers a service called GARLI, which reconstructs and predicts the genetic relationships between biological samples. To date, over 17,000 volunteers from 146 countries have run computational biology analyses on their computers. Researchers have used the grid system to simulate pandemic flu risk and trace the lineage of ancient moth species and have published 61 papers detailing their findings.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 13-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Genetic 'barcode' for malaria could help contain outbreaks
A new genetic 'barcode' for malaria parasites has been found which could be used to track and contain the spread of the disease, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. By using this simple genetic marker when analyzing blood samples from malaria patients, organizations could quickly and accurately identify the source of outbreaks, and spot the spread of drug-resistant parasites from Asia to Africa.

Contact: Joel Winston
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Showing releases 551-575 out of 841.

<< < 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 > >>