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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 601-625 out of 847.

<< < 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 > >>

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Nature Biotechnology
DREAM project crowdsources answer to cancer cell drug sensitivities
A study published June 1 in the journal Nature Biotechnology describes the results of an open challenge to predict which breast cancer cell lines will respond to which drugs, based only on the sum of cells' genomic data. The winning entry, from the Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, was 78 percent accurate in identifying sensitive versus resistant cell lines, and was one of 44 algorithms submitted by groups from around the world.
National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Molecular Ecology Resources
Genome sequences show how lemurs fight infection
Next-generation genome sequencing technology is enabling Duke Lemur Center researchers to catalog 150,000 antibodies found in a single species of lemur that seems uniquely susceptible to cryptosproridium infection. This is a new approach to disease detection and monitoring in a critically endangered species that could aid conservation efforts and surveillance for zoonoses.
Duke University

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Extensive cataloging of human proteins uncovers 193 never known to exist
Striving for the protein equivalent of the Human Genome Project, an international team of researchers has created an initial catalog of the human 'proteome,' or all of the proteins in the human body. In total, using 30 different human tissues, the team identified proteins encoded by 17,294 genes, which is about 84 percent of all of the genes in the human genome predicted to encode proteins.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and others

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Filling in the gaps on the protein map
Substantial progress has been made in decoding the human proteome. Under the leadership of the Technische Universität München researchers have now mapped more than 18,000 human proteins -- 92 percent of the entire proteome. Their work has also delivered fascinating insights into the interplay of DNA, RNA and proteins as the main molecular players of life. The team is presenting its findings in the latest edition of Nature.

Contact: Barbara Wankerl
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 27-May-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
'Virtual human' shows that stiff arteries can explain the cause of high blood pressure
High blood pressure is highly age-related and affects more than one billion people worldwide. But doctors can't fully explain the cause of 90 per cent of all cases. A computer model of a 'virtual human' suggests that stiff arteries alone are enough to cause high blood pressure.

Contact: Stig W. Omholt
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breakthrough shows how DNA is 'edited' to correct genetic diseases
An international team of scientists has made a major step forward in our understanding of how enzymes 'edit' genes, paving the way for correcting genetic diseases in patients.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Philippa Walker
University of Bristol

Public Release: 23-May-2014
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics
Untangling whole genomes of individual species from a microbial mix
A new approach to studying microbes in the wild will allow scientists to sequence the genomes of individual species from complex mixtures. It marks a big advance for understanding the enormous diversity of microbial communities -- including the human microbiome. The work is described in an article published May 22 in Early Online form in the journal G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics, published by the Genetics Society of America.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department Of Energy

Contact: Raeka Aiyar
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 23-May-2014
Fruit fly research to provide new insight into our body clock and its biological impact
New research at the University of Southampton into how animals keep time through their internal circadian rhythms could help us understand why we sleep and how we cope with jet lag.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 22-May-2014
A glimpse into nature's looking glass -- to find the genetic code is reassigned
It has long been assumed that there is only one 'canonical' genetic code, so each word means the same thing to every organism. Now, this paradigm has been challenged by the discovery of large numbers of exceptions from the canonical genetic code, published by a team of researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute in the May 23, 2014, edition of the journal Science.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: Massie Ballon
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 20-May-2014
Nature Communications
The first termite genome fills a gap in social inset genomics
Like ants and honey bee, termites are also eusocial insects. In colonies of termites, only a few individuals have reproductive ability, while other individuals perform non-reproduction tasks like foraging, brood care or defense.

Contact: Jia Liu
BGI Shenzhen

Public Release: 20-May-2014
GSA Annual Drosophila Research Conference
Nine young scientists awarded by the Genetics Society of America for fruit fly research
The Genetics Society of America and the Drosophila research community are pleased to announce the winners of GSA Poster Awards at the 55th Annual Drosophila Research Conference. These awards were made to undergraduate, graduate student, and postdoctoral researchers in recognition of the work they presented at the conference. Their projects, using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as a model organism, were focused on the genetic and molecular bases of fundamental biological processes.

Contact: Raeka Aiyar, Ph.D.
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 19-May-2014
Nature Genetics
Chinese scientists crack the genome of another diploid cotton Gossypium arboreum
Chinese scientists from Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and BGI successfully deciphered the genome sequence of another diploid cotton -- Gossypium arboreum after the completed sequencing of G. raimondii in 2012.

Contact: Jia Liu
BGI Shenzhen

Public Release: 19-May-2014
Nature Biotechnology
EPA ToxCast data validates BioMAP® systems' ability to predict drug, chemical toxicities
Research demonstrates the ability of BioMAP® Systems, a set of primary human cell and co-culture assays that model human disease and pathway biology, to identify important safety aspects of drugs and chemicals more efficiently and accurately than animal testing. Analysis of 776 chemicals, including reference pharmaceuticals and failed drugs, shows this approach to reproducibly identify potential toxicities and off-target drug effects, as well as cellular mechanisms and affected biomarkers underlying specific adverse reactions in humans.

Contact: Joan Kureczka
Kureczka/Martin Associates

Public Release: 16-May-2014
The early earthworm catches on to full data release
American cartoonist Gary Larson said: 'All things play a role in nature, even the lowly worm' -- but never in such a visually stunning way as that in two papers published in open-access journals GigaScience and PLOS ONE. This work and data allow species identification via the first comparative study of earthworm morphology and anatomy using a 3-D noninvasive imaging technique called microCT. This is essential given the earthworm can both benefit and harm ecosystems.
Ramon Areces Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Helge Axson Johnson Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Scott Edmunds

Public Release: 15-May-2014
National Institutes of Health funding to help expand data storage capacity at UC Riverside
The University of California, Riverside, has received funding of $600,000 from the National Institutes of Health to support data-intensive research -- also often called Big Data science. The grant will make possible the purchase of a complex instrument: a Big Data cluster with high-performance CPU resources and data storage space equivalent to 5,000 modern laptops. Big Data has been identified as a contributor to the growth of the US economy over the next few decades.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Deconstructing goal-oriented movement
Our human brains are filled with maps: visual maps of our external environments, and motor maps that define how we interact physically within those environments. Somehow these separate points of reference need to correspond with -- and to -- one another in order for us to act, whether it's grasping a coffee cup or hitting a tennis ball.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Surprising global species shake-up discovered
Scientists re-examined 100 world-wide monitoring studies and were surprised to discover that, over decades, the number of species in many places has not changed much -- or has increased. But the researchers did discover that almost 80 percent of the communities showed changes in species composition. This shows that a rapid global turnover of species is happening, resulting in novel biological communities. The scientists conclude that biodiversity change may be as large a concern as biodiversity loss.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Protein Data Bank: 100,000 structures
Four wwPDB data centers in the US, UK and Japan support online access to three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules that help researchers understand many facets of biomedicine, agriculture, and ecology, from protein synthesis to health. This public archive of experimentally determined protein and nucleic acid structures has reached a critical milestone of 100,000 structures, thanks to the efforts of structural biologists throughout the world.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Christine Zardecki
Rutgers University

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Scientists slow brain tumor growth in mice
Much like using dimmer switches to brighten or darken rooms, biochemists have identified a protein that can be used to slow down or speed up the growth of brain tumors in mice.
Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Houston Endowment, Inc.

Contact: Robert Cahill
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
JAX researchers identify potential therapeutic target for wound-healing and cancer
A Jackson Laboratory research team led by Professor Lenny Shultz, Ph.D., reports that a protein involved in wound healing and tumor growth (an inactive rhomboid protease, iRhom2) could be a potential therapeutic target.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joyce Peterson
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Journal of Ecology
In the age of open science, repurposing and reproducing research pose their own challenges
Growing numbers of researchers are making the data underlying their publications freely available online, largely in response to data sharing policies at journals and funding agencies. But in the age of open science, improving access is one thing, repurposing and reproducing research is another. In a study in the Journal of Ecology, researchers experienced this firsthand when they tried to answer a seemingly simple question: what percentage of plants in the world are woody?

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Telemedicine and e-Health
GaitTrack app makes cellphone a medical monitor for heart and lung patients
By simply carrying around their cellphones, patients who suffer from chronic disease could soon have an accurate health monitor that warns their doctors when their symptoms worsen. Unlike apps that merely count steps, GaitTrack, an app developed by researchers at the University of Illinois, uses eight motion parameters to perform a detailed analysis of a person's gait, or walking pattern, which can tell physicians much about the patient's cardiopulmonary, muscular and neurological health.
US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Molecular Ecology Resources
Using genetics to measure the environmental impact of salmon farming
Determining species diversity makes it possible to estimate the impact of human activity on marine ecosystems accurately. The environmental effects of salmon farming have been assessed, until now, by visually identifying the animals living in the marine sediment samples collected at specific distances from farming sites. A team led by Jan Pawlowski, professor at the Faculty of Science of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, analyzed this type of sediment using a technique known as 'DNA barcoding' that targets certain micro-organisms.

Contact: Jan Pawlowski
Université de Genève

Public Release: 7-May-2014
IU biologists receive $6.2 million to advance research on bacterial evolution
Indiana University biologists will receive over $6.2 million from the US Army Research Office to study how bacteria evolve in response to both their internal, population-influenced environments and their external natural environment.
US Army Research Office

Contact: Steve Chaplin
Indiana University

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Statistical test increases power of genetic studies of complex disease
The power of genome-wide association studies to detect genetic influences on human disease can be substantially increased using a statistical testing framework reported in the May issue of the journal GENETICS.

Contact: Tracey DePellegrin Connelly
Genetics Society of America

Showing releases 601-625 out of 847.

<< < 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 > >>