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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 889.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Study reveals how Ebola blocks immune system
Researchers have identified one way the Ebola virus dodges the body's antiviral defenses, providing important insight that could lead to new therapies.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Brian Grabowski
media@anl.gov
630-252-1232
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Nature
Leading Ebola researcher at UTMB says there's an effective treatment for Ebola
A leading US Ebola researcher from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has gone on record stating that a blend of three monoclonal antibodies can completely protect monkeys against a lethal dose of Ebola virus up to five days after infection, at a time when the disease is severe. Thomas Geisbert, professor of microbiology and immunology, has written an editorial for Nature discussing advances in Ebola treatment research.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
donna.ramirez@gmail.com
409-772-8791
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
New analysis of old HIV vaccines finds potentially protective immune response
Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers at Duke Medicine have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results. The vaccines had in fact triggered an antibody response -- now known to be associated with protection in adults -- that was previously unrecognized in the infants studied in the 1990s.
Duke University Center for AIDS Research, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Ebola vaccine trials fast-tracked by international consortium
A candidate Ebola vaccine could be given to healthy volunteers in the UK, The Gambia and Mali as early as September, as part of an series of safety trials of potential vaccines aimed at preventing the disease that has killed more than 1,400 people in the current outbreak in West Africa.
Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, UK Department for International Development

Contact: Christopher Hardwick
chardwick@som.umaryland.edu
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
PLOS Pathogens
From bite site to brain: How rabies virus hijacks and speeds up transport in nerve cells
Rabies is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected animal into muscle tissue of the new host. From there, the virus travels all the way to the brain where it multiplies and causes the usually fatal disease. An article published on Aug. 28 in PLOS Pathogens sheds light on how the virus hijacks the transport system in nerve cells to reach the brain with maximal speed and efficiency.

Contact: Eran Perlson
eranpe@post.tau.ac.il
PLOS

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Gender & Society
Expression of privilege in vaccine refusal
Not all students returning to school this month will be up to date on their vaccinations. A new study conducted by Jennifer Reich, a researcher at the University of Colorado Denver, shows that the reasons why children may not be fully vaccinated depends on the class privilege of their mothers.

Contact: David Kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-315-6374
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
New smartphone app can detect newborn jaundice in minutes
University of Washington engineers and physicians have developed a smartphone application that checks for jaundice in newborns and can deliver results to parents and pediatricians within minutes.
Coulter Foundation, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Malaria symptoms fade on repeat infections due to loss of immune cells, UCSF-led team says
Children who repeatedly become infected with malaria often experience no clinical symptoms with these subsequent infections, and a team led by UC San Francisco researchers has discovered that this might be due at least in part to a depletion of specific types of immune cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
jeffrey.norris@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Better health care as important as controlling risk factors for heart health
Keeping a healthy heart may have as much to do with the quality of health care you have available as it does you avoiding risk factors such as smoking, bad diet and little exercise.
Population Health Research Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and others

Contact: Veronica McGuire
vmcguir@mcmaster.ca
90-552-591-402-2169
McMaster University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breakthrough antibacterial approach could resolve serious skin infections
In several cases, scientists found an ionic liquid was more efficacious on a pathogenic biofilm than a standard bleach treatment and exhibited minimal cytotoxicity effects on human cell lines (unlike bleach). This has excellent prospects for aiding antibiotic delivery to the pathogen through biofilm disruption.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Environment Systems & Decisions
What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola and other emerging threats?
The way in which the Italian city of Venice dealt with the outbreak of the plague in the 14th century holds lessons on how to even mitigate the consequences of today's emerging threats, like climate change, terrorism, and highly infectious or drug-resistant diseases. So says Dr. Igor Linkov of the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, and a visiting professor of the Ca Foscari University in Italy.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
212-620-8063
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Some health care workers lack gear to protect from HIV, other bloodborne infections
Health care workers in some of the world's poorest countries lack basic equipment to shield them from HIV and other bloodborne infections during surgical and other procedures, new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests. The findings underscore the lack of adequate protective supplies in nations at the center of the current Ebola outbreak.

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
PLOS Medicine
Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India
A study published in this week's PLOS Medicine on large-scale rural sanitation programs in India highlights challenges in achieving sufficient access to latrines and reduction in open defecation to yield significant health benefits for young children.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Personal protective equipment is critical but not enough to shield health care workers from Ebola
Personal protective equipment designed to shield health care workers from contaminated body fluids of Ebola patients is not enough to prevent transmission, according to a commentary being published early online today in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Contact: Megan Hanks
mhanks@acponline.org
215-351-2656
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
ChemBioChem
Cancer-fighting drugs might also stop malaria early
Scientists searching for new drugs for malaria have identified a number of compounds -- some of which are in clinical trials to treat cancer -- that could lead to new ways to fight the disease. Researchers identified 31 enzyme-blocking molecules, called protein kinase inhibitors, that curb malaria before symptoms start. By focusing on treatments that act early, the researchers hope to give drug-resistant strains less time to spread.
Duke University, Harvard Medical School, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
MU researchers discover protein's ability to inhibit HIV release
A family of proteins that promotes virus entry into cells also has the ability to block the release of HIV and other viruses, University of Missouri researchers have found.

Contact: Derek Thompson
thompsonder@health.missouri.edu
573-882-3323
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Illinois scientists work with World Health Organization to fortify condiments, seasonings
Two University of Illinois scientists are contributing to World Health Organization efforts to fortify condiments and seasonings for use in countries with widespread micronutrient deficiencies.
World Health Organization

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Black carbon -- a major climate pollutant -- also linked to cardiovascular health
Black carbon pollutants from wood smoke are known to trap heat near the earth's surface and warm the climate. A new study led by McGill professor Jill Baumgartner suggests that black carbon may also increase women's risk of cardiovascular disease.

Contact: Cynthia Lee
cynthia.lee@mcgill.ca
514-398-6754
McGill University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Aging Cell
APOB, a gene involved in lipid transport, linked to cases of familial extreme longevity
In a recent report in Aging Cell, a multidisciplinary team of Spanish scientists, led by Tim Cash and Manuel Serrano at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, identify rare variants in the APOB gene in several families where exceptional longevity (>100 years of age) appears to cluster.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
nnoriega@cnio.es
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
Research underway to create pomegranate drug to stem Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
The onset of Alzheimer's disease can be slowed and some of its symptoms curbed by a natural compound that is found in pomegranate. Also, the painful inflammation that accompanies illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis and Parkinson's disease could be reduced, according to the findings of a two-year project headed by University of Huddersfield scientist Dr. Olumayokun Olajide, who specialises in the anti-inflammatory properties of natural products.

Contact: Nicola Werritt
n.c.werritt@hud.ac.uk
01-484-473-315
University of Huddersfield

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Poll finds many in US lack knowledge about Ebola and its transmission
Although the Centers for Disease and Prevention reports no known cases of Ebola transmission in the US, a Harvard School of Public Health/SSRS poll released today shows that four in 10 adults in the US are concerned that there will be a large outbreak in the US, and one-quarter are concerned that they or someone in their immediate family may get sick with Ebola over the next year.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Chest
CHEST releases new expert guidance in care of the critically ill and injured
The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) announces the immediate release of Care of the Critically Ill and Injured During Pandemics and Disasters: CHEST Consensus Statement today in the Online First section of the journal CHEST while the global health-care community cares for patients with the Ebola virus.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Kristi Bruno
kbruno@chestnet.org
773-750-9962
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
PLOS ONE
A novel 'man and machine' decision support system makes malaria diagnostics more effective
A Finnish-Swedish research group has developed a novel 'man and machine' decision support system for diagnosing malaria infection. The method is based on computer vision algorithms combined with visualization of the relevant sample areas to human observers on a tablet computer. The system has a huge potential to increase the throughput in malaria diagnostics. Several other medical applications are in the development stage.

Contact: Dr. Nina Linder
nina.linder@helsinki.fi
358-445-555-407
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM Perspective: 'Studying 'Secret Serums' -- Toward Safe, Effective Ebola Treatments'
Conducting clinical studies of agents to treat Ebola and allowing compassionate use of those agents are not necessarily mutually exclusive, writes Georgetown University Medical Center's Jesse L. Goodman, M.D., M.P.H., in a perspective piece published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Karen Tever
km463@georgetown.edu
215-514-9751
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Nature
New research shows seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans
Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America and transmitted it to Native people there before Europeans landed on the continent.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Smithsonian Institution, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Julie Newberg
480-727-3116
Arizona State University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 889.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>