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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1107.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
International Journal of Stroke
New global stroke repository offers regional comparative statistics
The International Journal of Stroke reports on the efforts of a global team to launch a repository housing the latest published information on the impact of strokes worldwide.

Contact: Ben Norman

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Despite declines in smoking rates, number of smokers and cigarettes rises
The number of cigarette smokers globally has increased due to population growth.

Contact: Rhonda Stewart
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 3-Jan-2014
Current Biology
Sex matters for microbes
Researchers from the University of Bristol have observed mating for the first time in the microbes responsible for African sleeping sickness.

Contact: Hannaj Johnson
University of Bristol

Public Release: 1-Jan-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Tripling tobacco taxes worldwide would avoid 200 million tobacco deaths
Tripling taxes on cigarettes around the world would reduce the number of smokers by one-third and prevent 200 million premature deaths from lung cancer and other diseases this century, according to a review published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 22-Dec-2013
Nature Chemistry
Malaria drug target raises hopes for new treatments
Scientists have taken an important step towards new malaria treatments by identifying a way to stop malaria parasites from multiplying.
MRC National Institute for Medical Research, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Gail Wilson
Imperial College London

Public Release: 19-Dec-2013
TB bacteria mask their identity to intrude into deeper regions of lungs
TB-causing bacteria appear to mask their identity to avoid recognition by infection-killing cells in the well-patrolled upper airways. The bacteria call up more permissive white blood cells in the deeper regions of the lungs and hitch a ride inside them to get into parts of the host's lungs that are under less surveillance.
National Science Foundation, American Lung Association, American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Dec-2013
Researchers identify genetic marker of resistance to key malaria drug
An international team of researchers has discovered a way to identify, at a molecular level, malaria-causing Plasmodium falciparum parasites that are resistant to artemisinin, the key drug for treating this disease. The research team, which included scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, published their findings today in the journal Nature.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Nalini Padmanabhan
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
PLOS Genetics
Discovered diversity of antiviral bacteria
Wolbachia bacteria have been found to protect insects against viral infections. In the latest issue of PLOS Genetics, scientists from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia studied the genetic variability of Wolbachia strains and discovered that bacteria that give stronger antiviral protection grow to higher concentrations and often shorten the host's lifespan. These results help to understand Wolbachia evolution in nature and to identify the best strains that can be used in the biocontrol of dengue.
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Wellcome Trust, Royal Society

Contact: Ana Mena
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
Vitamin supplements a waste of money?
Editorialists responding to three articles on vitamin and mineral supplementation being published in Annals of Internal Medicine urge US adults to stop wasting their money on dietary supplements. The authors cite the large body of accumulated evidence showing that most multivitamin supplements are ineffective, and some may cause harm.

Contact: Megan Hanks
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 13-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breakthrough could lead to protection from fatal infections
Researchers at UTMB have found a way to protect against what can be a fatal rickettsial infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Raul Reyes
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 13-Dec-2013
Acta Tropica
Snail fever expected to decline in Africa due to climate change
The dangerous parasite Schistosoma mansoni that causes snail fever in humans could become significantly less common in the future a new international study led by researchers from the University of Copenhagen predicts. The results are surprising because they contradict the general assumption that climate change leads to greater geographical spread of diseases. The explanation is that the parasite's host snails stand to lose suitable habitat due to climate change.

Contact: Post doc Anna-Sofie Stensgaard
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 12-Dec-2013
UCSF receives $15 million for malaria elimination campaign
UC San Francisco's Global Health Group has received a $15 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for a pioneering effort to help nearly three dozen countries eliminate malaria within their borders.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Hormones in the crosshairs
When it comes to hunting, anthropologists and evolutionary scientists have long wondered -- and debated -- what, exactly, is the motivating factor behind hunting. Do men take down game for the purpose of feeding their families, or is there an element of showmanship and the hope of gaining access to healthier, more fertile mates?

Contact: Andrea Estrada
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Scientists discover chemical modification in human malaria parasite DNA
University of California, Riverside researchers who are trying to understand the biology of Plasmodium, the human malaria parasite, have discovered a potential weakness--low levels of DNA methylation in Plasmodium's genome that may be critical to the survival of the parasite. Until now, the existence of DNA methylation -- a biochemical process involving the modification of DNA -- in the Plasmodium parasite was disputable.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Choreographed stages of Salmonella infection revealed by Liverpool scientists
Scientists have used a new method to map the response of every salmonella gene to conditions in the human body, providing new insight into how the bacteria triggers infection.
Science Foundation Ireland, University of Liverpool

Contact: Jamie Brown
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Malnourished children still have hope beyond first 1,000 days
New research from Brigham Young University is finding that global health workers should not give up on impoverished children after the first 1,000 days. In a longitudinal study of 8,000 children from four poverty-laden countries, BYU health science assistant professor Ben Crookston and colleagues found that the developmental damage of malnutrition during the first 1,000 days is not irreversible.
National Institues of Health, Gates Foundation, Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
New way to finance health in world's less developed nations
Countries and major donors are changing the way they finance maternal and child, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS health programs in low-income countries to increase their impact. The approach, called Results-Based Financing for Health, or RBF, pays providers or recipients of health services after pre-agreed results have been achieved and independently verified.

Contact: Nils Hoffman
Hoffman & Hoffman Worldwide

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Antibiotic-resistant typhoid likely to spread despite drug control program
Restricting the use of antibiotics is unlikely to stop the spread of drug resistance in typhoid fever, according to a study funded by the Wellcome Trust and published in the journal eLife.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jen Middleton
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Stripped mobile phone camera turned into a mini-microscope for low-cost diagnostics
Simple imaging devices modified to inexpensive mini-microscopes are the new weapon in fight against tropical infectious diseases, show the researchers at the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, FIMM, University of Helsinki and Karolinska Institutet.

Contact: Dr. Johan Lundin
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
NIH-funded scientists describe how mosquitoes are attracted to humans
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside have shown that certain mosquito nerve cells, known as cpA neurons, cause mosquitoes to be attracted to humans by detecting exhaled carbon dioxide and odors emitted from human skin. Their findings, published Dec. 5 in the journal Cell, may have implications for the control of mosquitoes and the diseases they transmit. The study was supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nalini Padmanabhan
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Rise in R&D funding could set stage for malaria eradication by providing new tools
A new analysis of funding trends in the global battle against malaria reveals that, over the last two decades, there has been a five-fold increase in annual funding for malaria research and development--from US$131 million in 1993 to $610 million in 2011. Much of that increase took place after 2004, when support stood at $320 million.

Contact: Preeti Singh
PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
How mosquitoes are drawn to human skin and breath
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside have found that the very receptors in the mosquito's maxillary palp that detect carbon dioxide are ones that detect skin odors as well, thus explaining why mosquitoes are attracted to skin odor -- smelly socks, worn clothes, bedding -- even in the absence of carbon dioxide. Using a chemical computational method they developed, the researchers identified affordable, safe and pleasant-smelling compounds that could find use in mosquito control.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, University of California Global Health Institute, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
New insights into how human skin attracts mosquitoes could lead to better repellants and traps
Every time a mosquito is lured to the scent of your skin, you're at risk of contracting malaria, dengue fever, West Nile virus, or another deadly disease. A new study reveals an important class of neurons responsible for a mosquito's attraction to human skin odor, as well as odors that stimulate and inhibit the activity of these neurons. The findings could lead to a new generation of repellants and traps for effective mosquito control worldwide.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 4-Dec-2013
Research & development for diseases of the poor: A 10-year analysis of impact of the DNDi model
Today, at a scientific meeting at Institut Pasteur, France, entitled 'Best Science for the Most Neglected: Where Do We Stand Ten Years On?', co-organized with Institut Pasteur and MSF and in collaboration with PLOS, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative marks its 10-year anniversary by issuing a report exploring the lessons learned from a decade of research and development of new treatments for neglected diseases via a cost-effective, innovative, not-for-profit drug development model.

Contact: Violaine Dällenbach
Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Scientists present groundbreaking HIV prevention research
Researchers at the Oak Crest Institute of Science are making history by proving that it's possible to develop a drug delivery system that has the potential to protect women from sexually transmitted HIV and herpes simplex virus, while at the same time preventing unintended pregnancy. The report in the journal of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy describes in vivo results from a novel, multipurpose pod-intravaginal ring delivering three antiretroviral drugs in combination with two hormonal contraceptives.

Contact: Dr. Marc M. Baum
Oak Crest Institute of Science

Showing releases 1001-1025 out of 1107.

<< < 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 > >>