sponsored byAAAS Golden Fund

EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS
Home About us
Advanced Search
24-May-2015 11:32
US Eastern Time




Forgot Password?

Press Releases

Breaking News

Science Business

Grants, Awards, Books



Science Agencies
on EurekAlert!

US Department of Energy

US National Institutes of Health

US National Science Foundation


Submit a Calendar Item


Links & Resources


RSS Feeds

Accessibility Option On


Portal Home


Background Articles

Research Papers


Links & Resources

Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1031.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Human antibodies target Marburg, Ebola viruses; 1 step closer to vaccine
Researchers at Vanderbilt University, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and The Scripps Research Institute for the first time have shown how human antibodies can neutralize the Marburg virus, a close cousin to Ebola.
DOD/Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Malaria plays hide-and-seek with immune system by using long noncoding RNA to switch genes
Up to a million people are killed each year by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite, which causes malaria. Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers have now revealed the genetic trickery the parasite deploys to escape attack by the immune system. They also developed a novel way to interfere with the parasite's deadly game of genetic hide-and-seek, and to manipulate which genes it displays to the immune system. This breakthrough could potentially lead to new therapies and vaccines.
Israel Academy of Science and Humanities, European Research Council, Abisch-Frenkel Foundation

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
DRI launches global initiative to provide women in developing countries with clean water
Imagine a day in which your access to clean, drinkable water ceased and you could not shower or bathe properly and you had no one to help you. For more than 783 million people around the world, that day was today. A new initiative led by Nevada's Desert Research Institute is aiming to dramatically reduce those numbers, focusing specifically on women in developing countries.

Contact: Justin Broglio
Desert Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Airport screening for viruses misses half of infected travelers but can be improved
Airport screening for diseases often misses at least half of infected travelers, but can be improved, scientists reported Feb. 19 in eLife, a highly regarded open-access online science journal. The life scientists used a mathematical model to analyze screening for six viruses: SARS coronavirus, Ebola virus, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Marburg virus, Influenza H1N1 and Influenza H7N9.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
UGA researchers discover potential treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a new small molecule drug that may serve as a treatment against multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, a form of the disease that cannot be cured with conventional therapies. While standard anti-tuberculosis drugs can cure most people of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, improper use of antibiotics has led to new strains of the bacterium resistant to the two most powerful medications, isoniazid and rifampicin.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Vasu Nair
University of Georgia

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
New US patent for LGTmedical's Kenek Core audio waveform technology
LionsGate Technologies Inc., a privately held medical device company, announced today that the US Patent and Trademark Office has issued a patent for its pulse oximetry technology based on the Kenek Core proprietary audio waveform platform. This innovation transforms smartphones and tablets into clinically accurate medical devices by connecting simple, inexpensive sensors to the mobile device's audio port.

Contact: Pamela Clarke
LionsGate Technologies (LGTmedical)

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Polio vaccination with microneedle patches receives funding
The Georgia Institute of Technology and Micron Biomedical have been awarded $2.5 million in grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to advance the development of dissolvable microneedle patches for polio immunization.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Evidence supports use of 'retainer' contact lenses for nearsightedness in children, reports Optometry and Vision Science
A technique called orthokeratology ('Ortho-K') -- using custom-made contact lenses to shape the growing eye -- has a significant effect in slowing the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children, according to a research review in the March issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Lab on a Chip
Quick test for Ebola
Using a simple paper strip similar to a pregnancy test, MIT researchers have found a way to rapidly diagnose Ebola, as well as other viral hemorrhagic fevers such as yellow fever and dengue fever.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
UTHealth's Cesar A. Arias elected to American Society for Clinical Investigation
Cesar A. Arias, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, has been elected to the American Society for Clinical Investigation. It is an honor society comprised of more than 3,000 physician scientists.

Contact: Robert Cahill
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Wisdom teeth stem cells can transform into cells that could treat corneal scarring
Stem cells from the dental pulp of wisdom teeth can be coaxed to become cells of the eye's cornea and could one day be used to repair corneal scarring due to infection or injury, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published online today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine, indicate they also could become a new source of corneal transplant tissue made from the patient's own cells.
National Institutes of Health, Research to Prevent Blindness, Eye and Ear Foundation of Pittsburgh

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
New study: Agriculture expansion in Tanzania may greatly increase human plague risk
The push to boost food production in East Africa that is accelerating the conversion of natural lands into croplands may be significantly increasing the risk of plague according to a new study published online today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh
Burness Communications

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
LSU researcher receives $1.8 million NIH grant to study proteins in rickettsial species
Juan J. Martinez, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences at the LSU School of Veterinary Medicine, has been awarded a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease to further understand the contribution of a family of outer-membrane proteins termed surface cell antigens, expressed by pathogenic rickettsial species to the initiation and progression of disease in animals and humans.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Ginger Guttner
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Zoonoses and Public Health
Study exposes shocking lack of rabies reporting in countries where risk is greatest
The first global survey of rabies reporting systems, published this week, has uncovered a shocking lack of preparedness against this deadly disease across Africa and Asia. Accurate reporting of rabies cases to authorities is a critical first step in controlling rabies and preventing further outbreaks, yet the study found that over 2.5 billion people live in countries without effective rabies reporting.
UBS Optimus Foundation

Contact: Louise Taylor
Global Alliance for Rabies Control

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Study in Myanmar confirms artemisinin-resistant malaria close to border with India
Resistance to the antimalarial drug artemisinin is established in Myanmar and has reached within 25km of the Indian border, a study published today in Lancet Infectious Diseases reports. Artemisinin resistance threatens to follow the same historical trajectory from Southeast Asia to the Indian subcontinent as seen in the past with other antimalarial medicines.

Contact: Clare Ryan
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Possible strategy identified to combat major parasitic tropical disease
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists has identified a potential target in the quest to develop a more effective treatment for leishmaniasis, a parasitic tropical disease that kills thousands and sickens more than 1 million people worldwide each year. The findings were published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health, European Research Council, Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Ebola and the International Health Regulations Treaty
The West Africa Ebola outbreak has shone a spotlight on lapses in the 2007 International Health Regulations Treaty, which was intended to improve the capacity of all countries to detect, assess, notify, and respond to public health threats of international concern.

Contact: Alice O'Donnell
Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Nicotine metabolite amplifies action of the primary chemical messenger for learning and memory
Nicotine's primary metabolite supports learning and memory by amplifying the action of a primary chemical messenger involved in both, researchers report.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2015
2015 AAAS Annual Meeting
An Italian cemetery may provide clues on cholera's evolution
A team of archaeologists and other researchers hope that an ancient graveyard in Italy can yield clues about the deadly bacterium that causes cholera.

Contact: Jeff Grabmeier
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
2015 AAAS Annual Meeting
Lighting up a new path for novel synthetic polio vaccine
Scientists from the UK and USA are using technology that helped in the design of a new synthetic vaccine to combat the foot and mouth disease virus to target the virus that causes polio. The vaccine for FMDV does not contain the viral genome but instead 'mimics' the structure of the live virus. This project is being funded by a £438,000 grant from the World Health Organisation and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
World Health OrganisationBill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Silvana Westbury
Diamond Light Source

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Emerging Infectious Diseases
NIH Ebola study in macaques provides timeframes for post-mortem viral stability
To determine how long Ebola virus could remain infectious in a body after death, NIH scientists sampled deceased Ebola-infected monkeys and discovered the virus remained viable for at least seven days. They also detected non-infectious viral RNA for up to 70 days post-mortem.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ken Pekoc
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
Ebola has lessons for local health departments' role in health crises
Experience with the Ebola outbreak highlights local health departments' essential role in responding to global health threats posed by infectious diseases, according to a special article in the March/April issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Viral Immunology
Ebola virus may have been present in West Africa long before 2014 outbreak
It is not known what triggered the transmission of Ebola virus from its natural host to humans and the rapid human-to-human spread of the deadly virus throughout Western Africa last year. However, analysis of the blood of patients in Sierra Leone suspected of having Lassa fever, a severe viral illness, between 2011-2014, showed prior exposure to Ebola virus, suggesting that Ebola was present in the area well before the recent outbreak, as reported in Viral Immunology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
UM study finds air pollution affects short-term memory, IQ and brain metabolic ratios
City smog lowers children's IQ. This is among findings from a recent University of Montana study that found children living in cities with significant air pollution are at an increased risk for detrimental impacts to the brain, including short-term memory loss and lower IQ.

Contact: Dr. Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas
The University of Montana

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
Molecular Biology and Evolution
New research: Malaria parasites unlikely to jump from animals to humans
In recent years, public health experts have increasingly explored the idea of eliminating the most dangerous malaria-causing parasite. But they have questioned whether getting rid of this species, called Plasmodium falciparum, would allow other species of the parasite to simply jump into the gap and start infecting humans with malaria.

Contact: David Kohn
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Showing releases 176-200 out of 1031.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>