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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 903.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 27-May-2014
PLOS Medicine
Barriers to HIV testing in older children
Concerns about guardianship and privacy can discourage clinics from testing children for HIV, according to new research from Zimbabwe published this week in PLOS Medicine. The results of the study, by Rashida A. Ferrand of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and colleagues, provide much-needed information on how to improve care of this vulnerable population.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 23-May-2014
Rising star uses paper to tackle food-borne diseases
UAlberta post-doc's idea for paper-based diagnostic tool earns place among Grand Challenges Canada's Stars in Global Health.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Bryan Alary
bryan.alary@ualberta.ca
780-492-0436
University of Alberta

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Science
Scientists identify potential vaccine candidate for pediatric malaria
Researchers have identified a substance, or antigen, that generates antibodies that can hinder the ability of malaria parasites to multiply, which may protect against severe malaria infection. The antigen, known as PfSEA-1, was associated with reduced parasite levels among children and adults in malaria-endemic areas.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jennifer Routh
jennifer.routh@nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 22-May-2014
The Royal Society: Antimicrobial resistance -- addressing the threat to global health
Nature
Antibiotic crisis needs united global response, experts say
Growing resistance to antibiotics and other drugs demands a coordinated global response on the same scale as efforts to address climate change, say experts from the University of Edinburgh and the Wellcome Trust.

Contact: Jen Middleton
jen.middleton@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-6514
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 22-May-2014
Science
RI Hospital researcher and colleagues discover protein that may lead to malaria vaccine
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have discovered a protein that is essential for malaria-causing parasites to escape from inside red blood cells. This protein could lead to the development of a vaccine that would prevent the progression of Plasmodium falciparum malaria, which kills one child every 15 seconds each year in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, according to new research by Jonathan Kurtis, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 21-May-2014
Trends in Parasitology
Scientist uncovers links connecting environmental changes with spike in infectious disease
Smithsonian scientist Bert Van Bocxlaer and a team of researchers revealed that anthropogenic changes in Africa's Lake Malaŵi are a driving force behind the increase of urogenital schistosomiasis, a debilitating disease caused by parasitic flatworms. In some villages along Lake Malaŵi, 73 percent of people and up to 94 percent of schoolchildren are infected. The research suggests the spike in infection is linked to an increase in human populations and agricultural activities near Lake Malaŵi.

Contact: Kathryn Sabella
sabellak@si.edu
202-633-2950
Smithsonian

Public Release: 16-May-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Analysis finds wide variation in lung cancer rates globally
The only recent comprehensive analysis of lung cancer rates for women around the world finds lung cancer rates are dropping in young women in many regions of the globe, pointing to the success of tobacco control efforts.
American Cancer Society

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society

Public Release: 15-May-2014
Cell Reports
Protein sharpens salmonella needle for attack
A tiny nanoscale syringe is Salmonella's weapon. Using this, the pathogen injects its molecular agents into the host cells and manipulates them to its own advantage. Scientists at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel demonstrate in their current publication in Cell Reports that a much investigated protein, which plays a role in Salmonella metabolism, is required to activate these needles and makes the replication and spread of Salmonella throughout the whole body possible.

Contact: Katrin Bühler
Katrin.Buehler@unibas.ch
University of Basel

Public Release: 15-May-2014
PLOS Pathogens
How some trypanosomes cause sleeping sickness while others don't
Trypanosome parasites transmitted by tsetse flies cause devastating diseases in humans and livestock. Different subspecies infect different hosts: Trypanosoma brucei brucei infects cattle but is non-infectious to humans, whereas T. b. gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense cause sleeping sickness in humans. A study published on May 15th in PLOS Pathogens reveals how humans can fight off some trypanosomes but not others.

Contact: Sam Alsford
press@lshtm.ac.uk
44-020-792-72802
PLOS

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Cochrane Library
Zinc supplementation boosts immune system in children, Cochrane Review finds
Zinc supplements reduce diarrhoea and other infections in malnourished children, and may prevent death, according to a new study published in The Cochrane Library. The study is the first Cochrane systematic review to focus on zinc as a means to prevent childhood death, including deaths caused by diarrhea, one of the biggest killers of under-fives.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
201-748-6358
Wiley

Public Release: 14-May-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Hitting a moving target
A vaccine or other therapy directed at a single site on a surface protein of HIV could in principle neutralize nearly all strains of the virus -- thanks to the diversity of targets the site presents to the human immune system.
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health, Gates Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Annals of Anthropological Practice
Understanding the 1918 flu pandemic can aid in better infectious disease response
The 1918 Flu Pandemic infected over 500 million people, killing at least 50 million. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has analyzed the pandemic in two remote regions of North America, finding that despite their geographical divide, both regions had environmental, nutritional and economic factors that influenced morbidity during the pandemic. Findings from the research could help improve current health policies.

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 13-May-2014
PLOS Medicine
Pretreatment snack improves uptake of schistosomiasis treatment in schoolchildren
Provision of a snack before mass treatment of schistosomiasis with praziquantel leads to increased uptake of treatment in school-aged children in Uganda, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Simon Muhumuza and colleagues from Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda found that 93.9 percent of children reported taking praziquantel in schools that offered a snack before treatment compared with 78.7 percent of children in schools that did not offer a snack.
Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Vaccine
PSC, Hopkins computer model helps Benin vaccinate more kids at lower cost
Researchers from Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have used HERMES, their modeling software, to help the Republic of Benin in West Africa determine how to bring more lifesaving vaccines to its children. Results from the HERMES model have helped the country enact some initial changes in their vaccine delivery system, which may lead to further changes nationwide.

Contact: Ken Chiacchia
chiacchi@psc.edu
412-268-5869
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Shocking' Stanford video reveals the surprising truth about cell wall growth
For a century biologists have thought they understood how the gooey growth that occurs inside cells caused their protective outer walls to expand. Now, using new microscopic video techniques, Stanford researchers have captured the visual evidence to prove the prevailing wisdom wrong.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Abate
tabate@stanford.edu
650-736-2245
Stanford School of Engineering

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
Hepatitis C virus: How viral proteins interact in human cells
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have for the first time decrypted the interaction network of hepatitis C virus proteins in living human cells. Their findings will contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms behind inflammatory liver disease caused by hepatitis C viruses and open up new avenues for therapy development. The results are published in the specialist journal Molecular & Cellular Proteomics.

Contact: Press Office
presse@helmholtz-muenchen.de
49-893-187-2238
Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Genome Research
Single cell genome sequencing of malaria parasites
A new method for isolating and genome sequencing an individual malaria parasite cell has been developed by Texas Biomed researchers and their colleagues.
Texas Biomedical Forum, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Dublin
jdublin@dublinandassociates.com
210-227-0221
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Nature Communications
Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test
A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high-speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes.
Australian Research Council

Contact: Elizabeth K. Gardner
ekgardner@purdue.edu
765-494-2081
Purdue University

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Nature
As CO2 levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall
Researchers have some bad news for future farmers and eaters: As carbon dioxide levels rise this century, some grains and legumes will become significantly less nutritious than they are today. The new findings are reported in the journal Nature.

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-May-2014
Journal of Parasitology
GW researcher looks 'inside the box' for a sustainable solution for intestinal parasites
John Hawdon, Ph.D., associate professor of microbiology, immunology, and tropical medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, was recently published in the Journal of Parasitology on sustainable solutions for controlling soil-transmitted helminths infections.

Contact: Lisa Anderson
lisama2@gwu.edu
202-994-3121
George Washington University

Public Release: 6-May-2014
PLOS Medicine
Water from improved sources is not consistently safe
Although water from improved sources (such as piped water and bore holes) is less likely to contain fecal contamination than water from unimproved sources, improved sources in low- and middle-income countries are not consistently safe, according to a study by US and UK researchers, published in this week's PLOS Medicine.
WaterAid UK

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 6-May-2014
PLOS Medicine
Mass vaccination campaigns reduce the substantial burden of yellow fever in Africa
Yellow fever, an acute viral disease, is estimated to have been responsible for 78,000 deaths in Africa in 2013 according to new research published in PLOS Medicine this week. The research by Neil Ferguson from Imperial College London, UK and colleagues from Imperial College, WHO and other institutions also estimates that recent mass vaccination campaigns against yellow fever have led to a 27 percent decrease in the burden of yellow fever across Africa in 2013.
Medical Research Council, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, European Seventh Union Framework Program

Contact: Maya Sandler
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 5-May-2014
Global Public Health
Domestic violence victims more likely to take up smoking
One-third of women around the world have experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their intimate partners with consequences from post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression, to sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. Now, in a new study in 29 low-income and middle-income countries, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have identified yet another serious health risk associated with intimate partner violence: smoking.
UK-US Fulbright Postgraduate Student Award

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-May-2014
Eurosurveillance
MERS coronavirus can be transmitted from camel to man
The MERS coronavirus is currently spreading very rapidly in the Arab world. An infection could affect human beings as well as camels, and has already cost more than 100 human lives. Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna show that the MERS coronaviruses in man and camels from a single region are almost identical. Their conclusions indicate transmission of the virus from animals to man, and were published in the Journal Eurosurveillance.

Contact: Norbert Nowotny
norbert.nowotny@vetmeduni.ac.at
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 2-May-2014
The Lancet
Sharp decline in maternal and child deaths globally, new data show
Since the start of an international effort to address maternal and child mortality, millions of lives have been saved globally, a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington shows.

Contact: Rhonda Stewart
stewartr@uw.edu
206-897-2863
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Showing releases 226-250 out of 903.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>