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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 1032.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify natural plant compounds that work against insects
'Insect-specific growth regulators' are compounds that regulate the growth of insects. One hormone in insects, called juvenile hormone, is a particularly attractive target for insect growth regulators because this hormone, which regulates development, exists only in insects. An international team of scientists, including an entomologist at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered potent compounds in plants that counteract the action of juvenile hormone -- a finding that could lead to the development of novel insecticides.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Funding for pulmonary rehabilitation study in East Africa
A research team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received funding from the Medical Research Council/Department for International Development/Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme, to evaluate a chronic lung disease rehabilitation program in East Africa. Chronic lung disease affects one on five of the adult population in the region and is a major threat to health.
Medical Research Council, Department for International Development, Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme

Contact: Andrew Gould
andrew.gould@plymouth.ac.uk
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Canada, partners invest US$1.6 million to improve mental health in Africa
A Canadian government investment of CDN$1 million (US$800,00, matched by partners for a total of US$1.6 million) will help scale up an innovative, franchised approach to the treatment and support of people with mental illness in resource-poor countries. The award-winning model, developed by international NGO BasicNeeds, has benefited 600,000 people in the past 14 years. The funding will build the capacity of organizations in Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria to bring help to many more.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Terry Collins
tc@tca.tc
416-878-8712
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
PLOS ONE
With pollinator declines, millions at risk of malnutrition
More than half the people in some developing countries could become newly at risk for malnutrition if crop-pollinating animals -- like bees -- continue to decline, a new study from the University of Vermont and Harvard shows.

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Dissertations
A simulation model to find out the effect of electromagnetic waves on the human body
In his Ph.D. thesis, the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre researcher Erik Aguirre-Gallego has simulated the effect that electromagnetic fields have on people. He has developed a model that allows the various phenomena that take place in the propagation of specific electromagnetic waves to be correctly characterized; it also enables one to ascertain whether or not they exceed the levels that could exert harmful effects on health.

Contact: Alaitz Imaz
a.imaz@elhuyar.com
34-688-860-706
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Ecology
How malaria-spreading mosquitoes can tell you're home
Females of the malaria-spreading mosquito tend to obtain their blood meals within human dwellings. But is human odor enough as a reliable cue for the mosquitoes in finding humans to bite? Not quite, reports a team of entomologists at the University of California, Riverside. The researchers' experiments with female Anopheles gambiae show that the mosquitoes respond very weakly to human skin odor alone. Minute changes in concentrations of exhaled carbon dioxide are also required.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Incidence of colorectal cancer increasing in young adults
The incidence of colorectal cancer among young adults ages 20-39 years has increased during the past 20-30 years, despite declining rates of CRC for the US population overall. This surprising new finding, an analysis of how CRC incidence varies based on race and gender, and differences in tumor location, for young adults compared to the general population are presented in the Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
PeerJ
Transmission of Ebola appears tied to increasing population density in forested regions
Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center have found an apparent link between human population density and vegetation cover in Africa and the spread of the Ebola virus from animal hosts to humans.

Contact: Ron Najman
ron.najman@downstate.edu
917-842-1901
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Viruses
LSU Health New Orleans identifies toxic Ebola protein fragment
William Gallaher, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology at Louisiana State University Health New Orleans School of Medicine, has discovered a fragment of an Ebola virus protein that is toxic to cells and may contribute to infection and illness. The findings were published online Jan. 20, 2015, in the open access journal, Viruses.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Genome Biology
Study shows how Ebola becomes lethal as it spreads
Researchers from the University of Liverpool, in collaboration with Public Health England, have determined why Ebola virus becomes increasingly lethal as it jumps species.

Contact: Samantha Martin
samantha.martin@liv.ac.uk
44-015-179-42248
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Cancer
Equation helps identify global disparities in cancer screening and treatment
In a new study on colorectal cancer, researchers found that the mortality-to-incidence ratio can help identify whether a country has a higher mortality than might be expected based on cancer incidence.

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists identify important mechanism involved in production of mosquito eggs
Female mosquitoes rely on a blood-meal as a source of nutrients required for reproduction. If the mechanisms that govern mosquitoes' egg production are better understood, novel approaches to controlling the reproduction and population of mosquitoes can be devised. A team of UC Riverside scientists has made a research breakthrough in understanding, at the molecular level, one such mechanism related to the mosquito reproductive process. This mechanism includes small regulatory RNA molecules known as microRNAs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Stem Cells and Development
Does gestational diabetes affect the therapeutic potential of umbilical cord-derived stem cells?
Multipotent cells isolated from the human umbilical cord, called mesenchymal stromal cells, have shown promise for use in cell therapy to treat a variety of human diseases. However, intriguing new evidence shows that mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from women with gestational diabetes demonstrate premature aging, poorer cell growth, and altered metabolic function, as reported in an article in Stem Cells and Development.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
mBio
Genetic changes in Ebola virus could impede potential treatments
Scientists studying the genetic makeup of the Ebola virus currently circulating in West Africa have identified several mutations that could have implications for developing effective drugs to fight the virus. In today's online edition of the journal mBio, senior author Dr. Gustavo F. Palacios and colleagues describe the 'genomic drift,' or natural evolution of the virus, and how it may interrupt the action of potential therapies designed to target the virus's genetic sequence.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
teresa.l.vanderlinden.civ@mail.mil
301-619-2285
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Genetics
Genetics underpinning antimalarial drug resistance revealed
Researchers have identified a series of mutations that could help to improve early detection of resistance to our most effective antimalarial drug. The largest genome-wide association study of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum to date reveals that the Kelch 13 gene, a known marker of resistance to the drug artemisinin, only works if a set of other mutations is also present.
Wellcome Trust, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Resource Centre for Genomic Epidemiology of Malaria, Wellcome Trust Mahidol University Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Programme, The Centre for Genomics and Glob

Contact: Mary Clarke
press.office@sanger.ac.uk
01-223-492-368
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Lassa fever controls need to consider human-human transmission and role of super spreaders
One in five cases of Lassa fever -- a disease that kills around 5,000 people a year in West Africa -- could be due to human-to-human transmission, with a large proportion of these cases caused by 'super-spreaders,' according to research published today in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Contact: Craig Brierley
craig.brierley@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-66205
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Cochrane Review
IPT for children with anaemia
Researchers from Tanzania and South Africa, who are part of the Cochrane Infectious Disease Group, hosted at LSTM, have conducted an independent review to assess the effect of intermittent preventive antimalarial treatment for children with anaemia living in malaria endemic regions.

Contact: Clare Bebb
clare.bebb@lstmed.ac.uk
44-015-170-53135
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Estimating the best time of year for malaria interventions in Africa
New methods for analyzing malaria transmission can estimate the best time of year to carry out campaigns such as mass drug treatment and spraying of houses with insecticide.

Contact: Jamie Griffin
jamie.griffin@imperial.ac.uk
020-759-41451
PLOS

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Diabetes Care
Healthy diet associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes in minority women
Consuming a healthy diet was associated with reduced risk for type 2 diabetes among women in all racial and ethnic groups but conferred an even greater benefit for Asian, Hispanic, and black women, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
PLOS Biology
New model predicts Ebola epidemic in Liberia could be ended by June
The Ebola epidemic in Liberia could likely be eliminated by June if the current high rate of hospitalization and vigilance can be maintained, according to a new model developed by University of Georgia and Pennsylvania State University ecologists. The model includes such factors as infection and treatment location, hospital capacity development and safe burial practice adoption and is 'probably the first to include all those elements,' said UGA's John Drake, who led the project.
NIH/Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: John M. Drake
jdrake@uga.edu
706-583-5539
University of Georgia

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Grant funds effort to keep South African men in HIV care
In a country with especially high rates of HIV infection, many men in South Africa do not receive testing and treatment. Mark Lurie, assistant professor of epidemiology and medicine, will work with collaborators in Cape Town to test a new program to better retain men in care.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
The challenges of providing obstetric care during an Ebola epidemic
Obstetric interventions during an Ebola epidemic are deeply challenging say two new commentaries published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Contact: Rebecca Jones
rjones@rcog.org.uk
44-020-777-26444
Wiley

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Progress toward an HIV cure highlighted in special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
A cure for HIV/AIDS is the ultimate goal of rapidly advancing research involving diverse and innovative approaches. A comprehensive collection of articles describing the broad scope and current status of this global effort is published in a special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Technology
Fast sorting of CD4+ T cells from whole blood using glass microbubbles
This report demonstrated a new cell sorting technology for isolating CD4 positive T cells which may be used for HIV disease monitoring in resource-limited areas such as the developing countries in Africa.

Contact: Philly Lim
mllim@wspc.com.sg
65-646-65775
World Scientific

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Bioinformatics
Software created to help find a cure for a 'great neglected disease'
For decades, scientists around the world have worked to develop a treatment for schistosomiasis, a debilitating water-born parasite. To aid this research, scientists at San Francisco State University have developed software that helps assess the impact of a drug on the parasite. Singh and his team recently completed the Quantal Dose Response Calculator, software that analyzes images showing the effects of potential drugs on parasites and quantifies their effectiveness.

Contact: Beth Tagawa
btagawa@sfsu.edu
415-338-6745
San Francisco State University

Showing releases 226-250 out of 1032.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>