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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 958.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Emerging Infectious Diseases
NIH Ebola study in macaques provides timeframes for post-mortem viral stability
To determine how long Ebola virus could remain infectious in a body after death, NIH scientists sampled deceased Ebola-infected monkeys and discovered the virus remained viable for at least seven days. They also detected non-infectious viral RNA for up to 70 days post-mortem.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ken Pekoc
kpekoc@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
Ebola has lessons for local health departments' role in health crises
Experience with the Ebola outbreak highlights local health departments' essential role in responding to global health threats posed by infectious diseases, according to a special article in the March/April issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Connie.Hughes@wolterskluwer.com
646-674-6348
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Viral Immunology
Ebola virus may have been present in West Africa long before 2014 outbreak
It is not known what triggered the transmission of Ebola virus from its natural host to humans and the rapid human-to-human spread of the deadly virus throughout Western Africa last year. However, analysis of the blood of patients in Sierra Leone suspected of having Lassa fever, a severe viral illness, between 2011-2014, showed prior exposure to Ebola virus, suggesting that Ebola was present in the area well before the recent outbreak, as reported in Viral Immunology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
UM study finds air pollution affects short-term memory, IQ and brain metabolic ratios
City smog lowers children's IQ. This is among findings from a recent University of Montana study that found children living in cities with significant air pollution are at an increased risk for detrimental impacts to the brain, including short-term memory loss and lower IQ.

Contact: Dr. Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas
lilian.calderon@mso.umt.edu
406-243-4785
The University of Montana

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
Molecular Biology and Evolution
New research: Malaria parasites unlikely to jump from animals to humans
In recent years, public health experts have increasingly explored the idea of eliminating the most dangerous malaria-causing parasite. But they have questioned whether getting rid of this species, called Plasmodium falciparum, would allow other species of the parasite to simply jump into the gap and start infecting humans with malaria.

Contact: David Kohn
dkohn@som.umaryland.edu
410-706-7590
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
American Heart Association International Stroke Conference
Treating the uninjured side of the brain appears to aid stroke recovery
To maximize stroke recovery, researchers may want to focus more on ways to support the side of the brain where the injury didn't occur, scientists report.

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2015
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
New approach to childhood malnutrition may reduce relapses, deaths
Children treated for moderate acute malnutrition experience a high rate of relapse and even death in the year following treatment and recovery. A study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that supplementary feeding for a set time period -- 12 weeks -- makes an impact but may not be as important as treating children until they reach target weights and measures of arm circumference.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Elizabethe Holland Durando
elizabethe.durando@wustl.edu
314-286-0119
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Feb-2015
Lancet Psychiatry
1 in 5 suicides is associated with unemployment
Every year, around 45,000 people take their own lives because they are out of work or someone close to them is affected by unemployment, as a study by the University of Zurich now reveals. It includes data of 63 countries and demonstrates that during the 2008 economic crisis the number of all suicides associated with unemployment was nine times higher than previously believed.

Contact: Carlos Nordt
cnordt@bli.uzh.ch
41-443-842-408
University of Zurich

Public Release: 10-Feb-2015
mBio
Antiviral compound protects nonhuman primates against Ebola virus
Scientists protected 75 percent of rhesus monkeys infected with Ebola virus that were treated with a compound targeting the expression of VP24, a single Ebola virus protein -- suggesting that VP24 may hold the key to developing effective therapies for the deadly disease.
US Department of Defense, Joint Project Manager, Medical Countermeasure Systems

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
teresa.l.vanderlinden.civ@mail.mil
301-619-2285
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 10-Feb-2015
mBio
Drug targeting Ebola virus protein VP24 shows promise in monkeys
An experimental medication that targets a protein in Ebola virus called VP24 protected 75 percent of a group of monkeys that were studied from Ebola virus infection, according to new research conducted by the US Army, in collaboration with Sarepta Therapeutics, Inc. The study was published this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Contact: Aleea Kahn
akahn@asmusa.org
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Immune biomarkers help predict early death, complications in HIV patients with TB
Reporting in a new study published online this week in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, researchers under the Botswana-UPenn Partnership at the University of Pennsylvania have identified immune biomarkers in patients with HIV and TB before they begin ART that could help distinguish which patients go on to develop IRIS or die after treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Penn Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Using big data to detect disease outbreaks: Is it ethical?
Personal information taken from social media, blogs, page views and so on are used to detect disease outbreaks, however, does this violate our privacy, consent and trust?

Contact: Effy Vayena
vayena@ethik.uzh.ch
41-446-348-081
PLOS

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Ebola: New studies model a deadly epidemic
Researchers from Arizona State University and Georgia State University are trying to better understand the epidemiology and control of Ebola Virus Disease in order to alleviate suffering and prevent future disease outbreaks from reaching the catastrophic proportions of the current crisis.

Contact: Joseph Caspermeyer
Joseph.Caspermeyer@asu.edu
Arizona State University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Stem Cell Reports
New source of cells for modeling malaria
MIT researchers have discovered a way to grow liver-like cells from induced pluripotent stem cells.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Stem Cell Reports
Malaria-in-a-dish paves the way for better treatments
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have engineered a way to use human liver cells, derived from induced pluripotent stem cells, to screen potential antimalarial drugs and vaccines for their ability to treat the liver stage of malaria infection. The approach may offer new opportunities for personalized antimalarial drug testing and the development of more effective individually tailored drugs to combat the disease, which causes more than 500,000 deaths worldwide each year.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Why do new strains of HIV spread slowly?
Most HIV epidemics are still dominated by the first strain that entered a particular population. New research published in PLOS Computational Biology offers an explanation of why the global mixing of HIV variants is so slow.

Contact: Viktor Müller
mueller.viktor@gmail.com
36-205-513-711
PLOS

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
Pfizer Research Prize 2015 for Valérie D'Acremont
Valérie d'Acremont, clinical epidemiologiste at Swiss TPH, is one of the nine Pfizer Research Prize 2015 awardees for her paper on febrile illnesses published last year in the New England Journal of Medicine. The prize is one of the most prestigious prizes in Switzerland for a single research paper.

Contact: Christian Heuss
christian.heuss@swisstph.ch
41-612-548-683
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Lung cancer now leading cause of cancer death in females in developed countries
A new analysis led by researchers at the American Cancer Society in collaboration with the International Agency for Research on Cancer finds lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer death in females in developed countries.
American Cancer Society

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Smartphone, finger prick, 15 minutes, diagnosis -- done!
Columbia Engineering professor Samuel Sia has developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three infectious disease markers -- HIV and syphilis -- from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes. The device replicates, for the first time, all mechanical, optical, and electronic functions of a lab-based blood test without requiring any stored energy: all necessary power is drawn from the smartphone.
US Agency for International Development, Gates Foundation, Government of Norway, Grand Challenges Canada, World Bank, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Hepatitis C more prevalent than HIV/AIDS or Ebola yet lacks equal attention
'In West Africa, we believe that there are many transmission modes and they are not through IV drug use, but through cultural and every day practices,' says Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD principal investigator on a study recently published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. 'In this study, tribal scarring, home birthing and traditional as opposed to hospital based circumcision procedures, were associated with hepatitis C infection in Ghana.'

Contact: Stasia Thompson
thoms@lumc.edu
708-216-5155
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Human Reproduction
Fifteen million unwanted pregnancies a year caused by underuse of modern contraception
Fifteen million out of 16.7 million unwanted pregnancies a year could be avoided in 35 low- and middle-income countries if women had the opportunity to use modern methods of contraception, according to a study that applies to about one-third of the world's population. The study is published in Human Reproduction journal.

Contact: Emma Mason
wordmason@mac.com
European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Interface
Artificially intelligent robot scientist 'Eve' could boost search for new drugs
Eve, an artificially intelligent 'robot scientist' could make drug discovery faster and much cheaper, say researchers writing in the Royal Society journal Interface. The team has demonstrated the success of the approach as Eve discovered that a compound shown to have anti-cancer properties might also be used in the fight against malaria.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, European Commission

Contact: Craig Brierley
craig.brierley@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-66205
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Operations Research for Health Care
Study shows top 10 challenges facing global pharmaceutical supply chains
Global pharmaceutical supply chains are fragmented and lack coordination, facing at least 10 key challenges, according to researchers at New York University Wagner and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Zaragoza.

Contact: Robert Polner
robert.polner@nyu.edu
212-998-2337
New York University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Ebola vaccine trial opens in Liberia
A large clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of two experimental vaccines to prevent Ebola virus infection is now open to volunteers in Liberia. The trial is being led by a recently formed Liberia-US clinical research partnership and is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the NIH.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 30-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
New molecular target identified for treating cerebral malaria
A drug already approved for treating other diseases may be useful as a treatment for cerebral malaria, according to researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. They discovered a novel link between food intake during the early stages of infection and the outcome of the disease, identifying two molecular pathways that could serve as new targets for treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, Harvard Chan School, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Showing releases 26-50 out of 958.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>