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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1290.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Tackling Zika -- using bacteria as a Trojan horse
Bacteria in the gut of disease-bearing insects -- including the mosquito which carries the Zika virus -- can be used as a Trojan horse to help control the insects' population, new research at Swansea University has shown. The results showed declines in fertility of up to 100 percent and an increase of 60 percent in the mortality rate of larvae, among the insects studied. The findings offer the prospect of a much more targeted approach to insect control.

Contact: Kevin Sullivan
k.g.sullivan@swansea.ac.uk
Swansea University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
PLOS Medicine
Health and development in infants after mefloquine antimalarial treatment during pregnancy
Early development does not appear to be affected in children born to mothers who were treated with the antimalarial mefloquine during pregnancy compared to children of mothers treated with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, according to research appearing this week in PLOS Medicine.

Contact: PLOS Medicine
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections
New England Journal of Medicine
Vaginal ring provides partial protection from HIV in large multinational trial
A ring that continuously releases an experimental antiretroviral drug in the vagina safely provided a modest level of protection against HIV infection in women, a large clinical trial in four sub-Saharan African countries has found. The ring reduced the risk of HIV infection by 27 percent in the study population overall and by 61 percent among women ages 25 years and older, who used the ring most consistently.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Laura S. Leifman
laura.sivitz@nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections
Two large studies show IPM's monthly vaginal ring helps protect women against HIV
Two large Phase III clinical trials -- The Ring Study and ASPIRE -- have shown that a monthly vaginal ring containing the antiretroviral drug dapivirine can safely help prevent HIV-1 infection in women. Developed by the nonprofit International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM), the monthly ring is the first long-acting HIV prevention method designed for women, who bear the greatest burden of the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. IPM plans to apply for regulatory approval to license the product.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Flanders Department of Foreign Affairs, Irish Aid, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, United Kingdom Department for International Development

Contact: Holly Seltzer
hseltzer@ipmglobal.org
301-608-4277
International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM)

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
AIDS
One drug used to prevent HIV transmission during pregnancy shows evidence of developmental effects
The antiretroviral drug atazanavir -- sometimes included in treatments to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission during pregnancy -- may have small but significant effects on infant development, reports a study in the journal AIDS, official journal of the International AIDS Society. AIDS is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Connie.Hughes@wolterskluwer.com
646-674-6348
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
ACS Nano
A portable device for rapid and highly sensitive diagnostics
A portable and low-cost diagnostic device has been developed at EPFL. This microfluidic tool, which has been tested with Ebola, requires no bulky equipment. It is thus ideally suited for use in remote regions.

Contact: francesco.piraino@epfl.ch
francesco.piraino@epfl.ch
41-767-851-370
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Seeking Zika: Where and when will Zika-carrying mosquitoes strike next?
Zika: the virus has emerged as a major public health threat that's rapidly spreading through South and Central America and the Caribbean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-7734
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Science
Researchers discover new Ebola-fighting antibodies in blood of outbreak survivor
A research team that included scientists from The Scripps Research Institute has identified a new group of powerful antibodies to fight Ebola virus. The antibodies, isolated from the blood of a survivor of the 2014 Ebola outbreak and the largest panel reported to date, could guide the development of a vaccine or therapeutic against Ebola.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Center for Excellence in Translational Research, National Science Foundation fellowship, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Blood test could transform tuberculosis diagnosis, treatment in developing countries
A simple blood test that can accurately diagnose active tuberculosis could make it easier and cheaper to control a disease that kills 1.5 million people every year.

Contact: Jennie Dusheck
dusheck@stanford.edu
650-725-5376
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Feb-2016
Engineering to the rescue: Fighting kidney disease in rural Sri Lanka
Backed by a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), an interdisciplinary, student-led team from New Jersey Institute of Technology is building a low-cost water filter for villagers in the north central farming region of Sri Lanka who are suffering from high rates of chronic kidney disease.
US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Tanya Klein
klein@njit.edu
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists discover way to potentially track and stop human and agricultural viruses
The discovery has broad ranging applications in stopping viral outbreaks such as hepatitis C in humans and a number of viruses in plants and animals because it applies to many viruses in the largest category of viral classes -- positive-strand RNA viruses.

Contact: Zeke Barlow
bzeke@vt.edu
540-231-5417
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 18-Feb-2016
PLOS Pathogens
Wolbachia parasite superinfection: A new tool to fight mosquito arbovirus transmission
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit a number of pathogens, including the Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika viruses. The Wolbachia bacterium can be introduced into the Aedes aegypti population and then block virus replication in the infected mosquito host. As with any antiviral strategy, the potential development of resistance by the virus is a concern. A study published on Feb. 18, 2016 in PLOS Pathogens reports on a strategy to make it harder for Dengue (and possibly other viruses) to develop Wolbachia resistance.

Contact: Cameron Simmons
csimmons@unimelb.edu.au
PLOS

Public Release: 17-Feb-2016
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Progress toward an HIV cure highlighted in special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
A cure for HIV/AIDS is the ultimate goal of rapidly advancing research involving diverse and innovative approaches. A comprehensive collection of articles describing the broad scope and current status of this global effort is published in a special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 17-Feb-2016
Trends in Parasitology
Virginia Tech researchers suggest gene drive strategy to combat harmful virus spread
Researchers discuss how recent breakthroughs in CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology coupled with theirdiscovery last year of a male sex determining gene Nix could be a winning combination for tipping the male-female mosquito ratio in the wild.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Lindsay Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 17-Feb-2016
Science Translational Medicine
New study finds promising results for MERS treatment
In a new study, University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers have had promising results with a new treatment for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. The study, published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine, found a new treatment that protected mice from MERS infection.

Contact: David Kohn
dkohn@som.umaryland.edu
410-706-7590
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Zika doesn't deter Americans from traveling abroad, study shows
Global concerns about Zika virus aren't stopping Americans from making international travel plans, a new study finds, but many who do plan to go abroad say they want more information about the virus.

Contact: Lori Pennington-Gray
penngray@hhp.ufl.edu
352-294-1657
University of Florida

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Family Medicine and Community Health
Care, disease management and sociobehavioral interventions in China and Australia
A Sino-Australian forum is the theme of the new issue of Family Medicine and Community Health. Australia and China share a number of similar health policy challenges. Both countries are working to reduce gaps in health services accessibility and in health outcomes between rich and poor, urban and rural and indigenous and nonindigenous people. This special issue of FMCH highlights the potential benefits from closer professional and institutional engagement.

Contact: Mogan Lyons
m.lyons@compuscript.com
353-614-72743
Family Medicine and Community Health

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Immunity
New understanding of TB could lead to personalized treatments
TB killed 1.5 million people in 2014. This, combined with the increasing number of drug-resistant cases, means we need to look for new treatment options.

Contact: Helen Hanley
hhanley@tcd.ie
353-189-63551
Trinity College Dublin

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
BMC Infectious Diseases
Scientists discover genetic changes linked to a major risk factor for blinding trachoma
Another clue to the workings of trachoma -- the world's leading infectious cause of blindness -- has been revealed in a new study. Researchers identified markers of genetic regulation present in the early stages of infection that could predispose children to developing the condition in its long-term, severe form.
Fight for Sight and Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jenny Orton
press@lshtm.ac.uk
44-020-792-72802
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New study highlights effectiveness of a herpesvirus CMV-based vaccine against Ebola
As the latest in a series of studies, researchers have shown the ability of a vaccine vector based on a common herpesvirus called cytomegalovirus (CMV) expressing Ebola virus glycoprotein (GP), to provide protection against Ebola virus in the experimental rhesus macaque, non-human primate (NHP) model. Demonstration of protection in the NHP model is regarded as a critical step before translation of Ebola virus vaccines into humans and other great apes.

Contact: Andrew Gould
andrew.gould@plymouth.ac.uk
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
Focus on basic determinants to address stunting globally: Prof Bhutta
In shifting the global burden of stunting and growth retardation, it is important to address determinants such as poor status of women in society, gender disparities, and invest actively in promoting education and economic empowerment of girls, said Professor Zulfiqar A Bhutta from the Aga Khan University and the SickKids Centre for Global Child Health. He was speaking as the lead speaker at a session on stunting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington DC.

Contact: Rasool Sarang
rasool.sarang@aku.edu
92-301-825-8028
Aga Khan University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
ERC Consolidator Grants: €585 million for 302 top researchers in Europe
The European Research Council (ERC) has announced today the 302 winners of its 2015 Consolidator Grant competition. These excellent mid-career scientists are awarded a total of €585 million, as part of the European Union Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020. With grants worth up to €2 million each, they will be able to consolidate their research teams and to develop their innovative ideas.
European Research Council

Contact: Marcin Monko
erc-press@ec.europa.eu
32-229-66644
European Research Council

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Gene technology to help healthy skin in Aboriginal Australians
Australian researchers have used cutting-edge genome technologies to reveal the genetic makeup of a widespread skin parasite causing serious health problems in Aboriginal communities. The research team identified the genetic 'map' of the human parasitic scabies mite, accelerating research that could lead to new ways of preventing and treating scabies infestations and prevent lifelong complications for people in remote Aboriginal communities.
Scobie and Claire Mackinnon Trust, Lettisier Foundation, Evans Family Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council and the Victorian Government Operational Infrastructure Support Program

Contact: Liz Williams
communityrelations@wehi.edu.au
61-428-034-089
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
Poor air quality kills 5.5 million worldwide annually
New research shows that more than 5.5 million people die prematurely every year due to household and outdoor air pollution. More than half of deaths occur in two of the world's fastest growing economies, China and India.

Contact: Heather Amos
heather.amos@ubc.ca
604-828-3867
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Researchers to use supercomputer to 'hack' Ebola
Scientists at the University of Leeds will run the equivalent of password cracking software to find the chemical keys to defeating the Ebola virus.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Chris Bunting
c.j.bunting@leeds.ac.uk
01-133-432-049
University of Leeds

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1290.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>