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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 1259.

<< < 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 > >>

Public Release: 7-May-2015
Malaria parasite's essential doorway into red blood cells illuminated
Researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health and the Broad Institute have identified a protein on the surface of human red blood cells that serves as an essential entry point for invasion by the malaria parasite.
Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-May-2015
World Health Assembly
The Lancet
How to build a new global health framework
Can a true, robust global health framework be created to help prevent tragedies like Ebola while at the same time allow countries to meet everyday health needs? Georgetown University global health and law experts say it can be done, and in a special issue of The Lancet focusing on global health security, they propose specific priorities to transform a fragmented health system into a 'purposeful, organized' framework with national health systems at its foundation and an empowered World Health Organization at its apex.

Contact: Karen Teber
O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Public Release: 7-May-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Chagas disease vaccine shows long-term protection in mice
Chagas disease, caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite and transmitted by insects in Latin America is among the most common tropical diseases, and so far without effective vaccine. A study published on May 7 in PLOS Pathogens now shows that a candidate vaccine can induce long-lasting immunity against the parasite in mice.

Contact: Nisha J. Garg

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Show us your BabyFace: Researchers appeal for help from new parents
A new app launched by the University of Nottingham is offering parents of newborn infants the chance to play a crucial role in research that could save the lives of premature babies in the developing world.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Emma Thorne
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Social network experiments create a tipping point to improve public health
Convincing a large group of people to change its behavior is no popularity contest, a new study shows. In a novel experiment, researchers found that certain public health interventions work best when key 'influencers' in a face-to-face social network are exposed to the program. What's surprising, they say, is that those key influencers are not the most socially connected people in the network.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Star Family Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Mobile phone microscope rapidly detects parasite levels in blood
Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, and the University of California, Berkeley, and colleagues have developed a mobile phone microscope to measure blood levels of the parasitic filarial worm Loa loa. The point-of-care device may enable safe resumption of mass drug administration campaigns to eradicate the parasitic diseases onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis).
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Hillary Hoffman
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Mobile phone video microscope automates detection of parasites in blood
A research team led by engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, has developed a new mobile phone microscope that uses video to automatically detect and quantify infection by parasitic worms in a drop of blood. This next generation of UC Berkeley's CellScope technology could help revive efforts to eradicate debilitating diseases in Africa by providing critical information for health providers in the field.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Hepatitis C common among HIV-positive patients in sub-Saharan Africa
A new study has found high levels of infection with hepatitis C across Africa, particularly in people infected with HIV.

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition transfers to BioMed Central
The open-access Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition is now being published by BioMed Central. The journal was first published in 1983 and in transferring to the open-access publisher it joins the growing number of global health journals within the portfolio.

Contact: Shane Canning
BioMed Central

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Malarial parasites dodge the kill
Scientists have uncovered a potential mode of parasite drug resistance in malaria infection, opening new opportunities for the design of anti-malarial drugs.
European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT), Geconcerteerde OnderzoeksActies, Research Fund of the KU Leuven, Fund for Scientific Research, Medical Research Council

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
GHIT Fund boosts anti-malarial drug research at Griffith University
At Griffith University's world-leading Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery, support from the powerful Global Health Innovative Technology Fund is helping Professor Vicky Avery and her team in the fight against malaria.
Global Health Innovative Technology Fund

Contact: Michael Jacobson
Griffith University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Optimizing treatment protocols when diagnostics are costly
HIV-1 continues to spread globally. While neither a cure, nor an effective vaccine are available, recent focus has been put on 'treatment-for-prevention', which is a method by which treatment is used to reduce the contagiousness of an infected person. A study published this week in PLOS Computational Biology challenges current treatment paradigms in the context of 'treatment for prevention' against HIV-1.

Contact: Max von Kleist

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Researchers find worm index closely associated with a nation's human development index
With the Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2000 coming to an end in 2015, and the new Sustainable Development Goals now in the works to establish a set of targets for the future of international development, experts at Baylor College of Medicine have developed a new tool to show why neglected tropical diseases, the most common infections of the world's poor, should be an essential component of these goals.

Contact: Dipali Pathak

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Quenching the thirst for clean, safe water
It is estimated that one in nine people globally lack access to safe water. Michigan State University researchers are looking to fill that critical need and provide safe drinking water to the most remote locations in the world with a new foam water filter that significantly reduces dangerous pathogens in drinking water.

Contact: Mackenzie Kastl
Michigan State University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Science academies hand over statements for G7 summit to German Chancellor Merkel
Today the national science academies of the G7 countries handed three statements to their respective heads of government for discussion during the G7 summit at Schloss Elmau in early June 2015. The papers on antibiotic resistance, neglected and poverty-related diseases, and the future of the ocean were drawn up by the seven national academies under the aegis of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.

Contact: Caroline Wichmann

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Locally sourced drugs can be effective for treating multidrug-resistant TB
Locally sourced antibiotics can be as effective as 'internationally quality-assured' antibiotics for treating multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Pakistan, and may help avoid delays in starting treatment while programs wait for drugs to arrive from overseas, according to new research. The study, published in PLOS ONE, was a collaboration between researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the Pakistan National TB Control Programme, and the Research Alliance for Advocacy and Development.
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

Contact: Jenny Orton
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
No quick fixes for developing world's solid waste management crisis
As the world population, economy and consumption grows, a complex and multi-dimensional approach is needed to manage a rising tide of solid waste, researchers say in a study published in the journal Waste Management.

Contact: Sacha Boucherie

Public Release: 29-Apr-2015
Improved sanitation may reduce sexual violence in South African townships
Improving access to public toilets in South African urban settlements may reduce both the incidence of sexual assaults by nearly 30 percent and the overall cost to society, a study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health and Yale School of Management found.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Michael Greenwood
Yale University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
PLOS Medicine
No single cut-off for parasite half-life can define artemisinin-resistant malaria
Data from southeast Asia -- where artemisinin-resistant malaria strains were first detected -- broadly support WHO's 'working definition' for artemisinin resistance, but the currently used definitions require important refinements, according to a study by Lisa White and colleagues, from Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand, published this week in PLOS Medicine.
Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme in SE Asia

Contact: Hugh O'Brien

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
PLOS Medicine
Wound healing, viral suppression linked to less HIV shedding from circumcision wounds
The likelihood of viral shedding from male circumcision wounds intially increases, then decreases as the wounds heal, and is lower in patients with lower plasma viral load, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Aaron Tobian, of Johns Hopkins University and the Rakai Health Sciences Program and colleagues, monitored 223 HIV-infected men for wound healing and viral shedding from their surgical wounds for 12 weeks following voluntary medical male circumcision.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: Hugh O'Brien

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Two-week international diet swap shows potential effects of food on colon cancer risk
African-Americans and Africans who swapped their typical diets for just two weeks similarly exchanged their respective risks of colon cancer as reflected by alterations of their gut bacteria, according to an international study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine published online in Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Health Research Imperial Biomedical Research Centre

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Improving the effect of HIV drugs by the use of a vaccine
A vaccine containing a protein necessary for virus replication can boost an HIV-infected patient's immune system, according to clinical research published in the open-access journal Retrovirology. This boost can result in increased effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs.

Contact: Joel Winston
BioMed Central

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
PLOS Medicine
As circumcision wounds heal, HIV-positive men may spread virus to female partners
In a campaign to slow the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization recommends male circumcision, which reduces HIV acquisition by 50-60 percent. A new study of HIV-infected men in Uganda has identified a temporary, but potentially troublesome unintended consequence: a possible increased risk of infecting female sexual partners over a few weeks while circumcision wounds heal. Men taking anti-HIV drugs were 90% less likely to shed virus during healing.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: Heather Dewar
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Apr-2015
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Stopping HIV in its tracks
Findings published this week in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy report that a novel, subdermal implant delivering potent antiretroviral drugs shows extreme promise in stopping the spread of HIV. Scientists from the Oak Crest Institute of Science, in Pasadena, Calif., report that they have developed a matchstick size implant, similar to a contraceptive implant, that successfully delivers a controlled, sustained release of ARV drugs up to 40 days in dogs with no adverse side effects.

Contact: Dr. Marc Baum
Oak Crest Institute of Science

Public Release: 27-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
International research team discovers new mechanism behind malaria progression
A team of researchers from four universities, including Carnegie Mellon, has pinpointed one of the mechanisms responsible for the progression of malaria, providing a new target for possible treatments. Using computer modeling, the group found that nanoscale knobs, which form at the membrane of infected red blood cells, cause the cell stiffening that is in part responsible for the reduced blood flow that can turn malaria deadly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 1259.

<< < 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 > >>