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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 751-775 out of 888.

<< < 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 > >>

Public Release: 30-Jan-2013
Tenofovir gel wins out in drug absorption study, but HIV prevention trials say differently
A study looking at how the body absorbs the antiretroviral drug tenofovir as either an oral tablet or a vaginal gel found the gel achieves much higher concentrations of active drug in vaginal tissue than the tablet, suggesting it to be highly effective in protecting against HIV through vaginal sex. But results of HIV prevention trials have shown differently, leading researchers to conclude that effectiveness of tenofovir products depends not just on tissue concentrations.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Clare Collins
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 30-Jan-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Forsyth scientists gain new understanding of latent tuberculosis
Scientists at the Forsyth have gained new insight on how Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global epidemic. The Forsyth team, and its collaborators from Stanford University, has recently discovered that Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB, can lay dormant and thrive within bone marrow stem cells.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jennifer Kelly
Forsyth Institute

Public Release: 29-Jan-2013
PLOS Medicine
More research into chronic diseases urgently needed in all countries
When considering chronic (non-communicable) diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, in low-and-middle countries, a major shift in approach from declaring what needs to be done to using research to prioritize, evaluate, monitor and improve health outcomes is urgently needed, according to international experts from London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzia

Public Release: 28-Jan-2013
DRI to led efforts in clean water, sanitation and hygiene solutions in developing nations
Dr. Braimah Apambire recently has been selected as the Senior Assistant to the President for Global Sustainability and Director for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene programs at the Desert Research Institute. This opportunity was made possible through a generous three year grant of $500,000 from the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. It will support Apambire's work with DRI to create a center on Water, Development and Sustainability issues.
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

Contact: Ashley Conroy
Desert Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Jan-2013
Pandemic Flu Controversies: A Workshop to discuss lessons, policy implications and future challenges
Pandemic controversies: The global response to pandemic influenza must change
"Evil" scientists, deadly viruses and terrorist plots are usually the preserve of Hollywood blockbusters. But when it comes to pandemic influenza, it is the stuff of real life. As controversy about H5N1 bird flu virus research continues, a new paper argues for a new approach to pandemic preparedness.
Economic and Social Research Council STEPS Centre

Contact: Julia Day
Institute of Development Studies

Public Release: 24-Jan-2013
BMC Cancer
Stigma stymies prostate cancer screening, treatment in Ghana
A new study published in January in the journal BMC Cancer, led by Kosj Yamoah, M.D., Ph.D., a resident in the Department of Radiation Oncology at Thomas Jefferson University and Hospital, takes aim at cancer disparities and stigma by investigating prostate cancer diagnoses and treatment delivery in black men living in the West African region, in order to devise research strategies to help improve health outcomes.

Contact: Steve Graff
Thomas Jefferson University

Public Release: 24-Jan-2013
Clinical Chemistry
Fast, low-cost device uses the cloud to speed up diagnostic testing for HIV and more
Columbia biomedical engineering professor Samuel Sia has taken his innovative lab-on-a-chip and developed a way to not only check a patient's HIV status anywhere in the world with just a finger prick, but also synchronize the results automatically and instantaneously with central health-care records -- 10 times faster than the benchtop ELISA. The study, which details field testing in Rwanda, is published online Jan. 18, 2013, in Clinical Chemistry.
US Agency for International Development, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2013
Researchers attack HIV's final defenses before drug-resistant mutations emerge
With a new $3.4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, the University of Missouri is leading a team of researchers who want to stay a step ahead of HIV by finding new pathways for shutting down the virus. The scientists are developing new compounds designed to target an enzyme in HIV called RNase H, which has escaped the reach of existing drugs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Gerding
University of Missouri School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Jan-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fighting sleep: UGA discovery may lead to new treatments for deadly sleeping sickness
While its common name may make it sound almost whimsical, sleeping sickness, or African trypanosomiasis, is in reality a potentially fatal parasitic infection that has ravaged populations in sub-Saharan Africa for decades, and it continues to infect thousands of people every year.

Contact: Roberto Docampo
University of Georgia

Public Release: 17-Jan-2013
New insights into how leprosy infection spreads could pave the way for early intervention
A new study, published by Cell Press Jan. 17 in the journal Cell, reveals that the bacteria responsible for leprosy spread infection by hijacking specialized cells in the adult nervous system, reprogramming them into a stem cell-like state, and converting them to muscle-like cells. These findings could lead to the development of new therapeutic strategies for combating bacterial infections and degenerative diseases as well as new tools for regenerative medicine.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 17-Jan-2013
PLOS Computational Biology
Wild animals may contribute to the resurgence of African sleeping sickness
Wild animals may be a key contributor to the continuing spread of African sleeping sickness, new research published in PLOS Computational Biology shows. The West African form of the disease, also known as Gambiense Human African trypanosomiasis, affects around 10,000 people in Africa every year and is deadly if left untreated.
EPIWORK, JST PRESTO program, AXA Research Fund

Contact: Sebastian Funk

Public Release: 16-Jan-2013
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Recent study suggests bats are reservoir for ebola virus in Bangladesh
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, released new research on Ebola virus in fruit bats in the peer reviewed journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Contact: Anthony Ramos
EcoHealth Alliance

Public Release: 16-Jan-2013
PLOS Medicine
U of T and Harvard study finds growing 'weight extremes' in the developing world
Obese and overweight people are gaining weight rapidly in low- and middle-income countries while those who are severely undernourished are not experiencing similar weight gains, according to a University of Toronto and Harvard School of Public Health study.

Contact: Nicole Bodnar
University of Toronto

Public Release: 16-Jan-2013
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
New study finds malaria, typhoid -- not Ebola -- biggest health threat for travelers to tropics
Feeling feverish after a visit to the tropics? It may not just be a bout with this year's flu. If you're a Western traveler, malaria and typhoid fever should top the list of diseases to discuss with your doctor when you return, especially following travel to Western Africa or India.

Contact: Bridget DeSimone
Burness Communications

Public Release: 15-Jan-2013
Chronic disease research awarded funding
The Medical Research Council have awarded the African Partnership for Chronic Disease Research five years funding. This funding will allow researchers from the partnership to develop a sustainable platform to share resources and skills.
Medical Research Council

Contact: Aileen Sheehy
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 14-Jan-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Medicinal toothbrush tree yields antibiotic to treat TB in new way
There are potentially new TB drugs in the pipeline from unusual sources. This compound is effective against resistant strains of TB.

Contact: Tony Maxwell
Norwich BioScience Institutes

Public Release: 10-Jan-2013
UCSF teams tackle childhood mortality and river blindness
Two UCSF teams have received a total of $16 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to study new ways to significantly reduce childhood mortality and disease in developing nations.

Contact: Kristen Bole
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 10-Jan-2013
New insights into HIV vaccine will improve drug development
Four years ago, a potential HIV vaccine showed promise against the virus that causes AIDS, but it fell short of providing the broad protection necessary to stem the spread of disease. Now researchers -- led by Duke Medicine -- have gained additional insights into the workings of the vaccine that help explain why it benefited a third of recipients and left others vulnerable.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Jan-2013
Study provides new clues for designing an effective HIV vaccine
New insights into how a promising HIV vaccine works are provided in a study published by Cell Press January 10th in the journal Immunity. By analyzing the structure of antibody-virus complexes produced in vaccine recipients, the researchers have revealed how the vaccine triggers immune responses that could fight HIV-1 infection. The study could help guide efforts to increase the vaccine's production, which currently is not high enough for clinical use.

Contact: Mary Beth OLeary
Cell Press

Public Release: 9-Jan-2013
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Passive smoking increases risk of severe dementia, according to study in China
An international study by scientists in China, the UK and the US has found a link between passive smoking and syndromes of dementia. The study of nearly 6,000 people in five provinces in China reveals that people exposed to passive smoking have a significantly increased risk of severe dementia syndromes.
Alzheimer's Research Trust, BUPA Foundation

Contact: Katherine Barnes
King's College London

Public Release: 9-Jan-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
New study identifies significance of co-infection in disease control
Becoming infected with one parasite could change your chances of becoming infected with another according to new research from Cardiff University. The new study analyses data from school aged children in Tanzania infected with the most common forms of worms.

Contact: Lowri Jones
Cardiff University

Public Release: 8-Jan-2013
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Postpartum depression prevalent in under-developed countries, could impact baby health and mortality
Efforts to reduce child mortality and improve infant health in less-developed countries must address the mental health of new moms.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Michigan GlobalREACH

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 7-Jan-2013
American Journal of Public Health
Timely reminders boost childhood immunizations rates
New research from Children's Hospital Colorado shows that timely reminders from local and state health departments are more effective at increasing immunization rates than those from primary care providers.

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 7-Jan-2013
MVI and Inovio partner to develop malaria vaccines using innovative vaccine delivery tech
The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative and Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced a follow-on collaboration to advance malaria vaccine development and new vaccination delivery technologies. Researchers will test whether a novel vaccine approach that combines genetically engineered DNA with an innovative vaccine delivery technology called electroporation could induce an immune response in humans that protects against malaria parasite infection.

Contact: Preeti Singh
Burness Communications

Public Release: 6-Jan-2013
Nature Genetics
Genetic mystery of Behcet's disease unfolds along the ancient Silk Road
Researchers have identified four new regions on the human genome associated with Behcet's disease, a painful and potentially dangerous condition found predominantly in people with ancestors along the Silk Road. National Institutes of Health researchers and their Turkish and Japanese collaborators published their findings in the Jan. 6, 2013, advance online issue of Nature Genetics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Raymond MacDougall
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Showing releases 751-775 out of 888.

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