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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 801-825 out of 1101.

<< < 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 > >>

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
USAMRIID research sheds light on how deadly lassa virus infects cells
An international team of scientists has discovered that the Lassa virus, endemic to West Africa, uses an unexpected two-step process to enter cells. The results, published in today's edition of Science, suggest that the mechanism by which Lassa virus causes infection is more complicated than previously known, and could lead to new approaches for preventing the disease. Collaborators included USAMRIID, the Netherlands Cancer Institute, the University of Kiel in Germany, and Harvard Medical School.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
64th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
Global healthcare is a labour of Hercules
Swedish Professor for Global Health and YouTube star Hans Rosling to give presentation at the opening of the 64th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting in Germany on June 29.

Contact: Christian Schumacher
Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Genome Biology
Scientists identify new pathogenic and protective microbes associated with severe diarrhea
Diarrhea is a major cause of childhood mortality in developing countries and ranks as one of the top four causes of death among young children in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In a finding that may one day help control diarrhea, researchers have identified microorganisms that may trigger diarrheal disease and others that may protect against it. These microbes were not widely linked to the condition previously. The research results appear today in Genome Biology.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Insitututes of Health, The Wellcome Trust

Contact: Tom Ventsias
University of Maryland

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Salmonella's Achilles' heel: Reliance on single food source to stay potent
Scientists have identified a potential Achilles' heel for Salmonella -- the bacteria's reliance on a single food source to remain fit in the inflamed intestine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Brian Ahmer
Ohio State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
European Respiratory Journal
Research says TB infection may be underestimated among people taking corticosteroid pills
Tuberculosis infection among people taking corticosteroid pills may be underestimated, new research suggests. Current guidelines for what constitutes a positive TB skin test among corticosteroid pill users may not be capturing all those who are infected, said Dr. Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist in the Tuberculosis Program at St. Michael's Hospital.

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
The Lancet
Deploying midwives in poorest nations could avert millions of maternal and newborn deaths
A modest increase in the number of skilled midwives in the world's poorest nations could save the lives of a substantial number of women and their babies, according to new analyses by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Lancet Infectious Diseases
First estimates of newborns needing treatment for bacterial infection show 7 million cases
Seven million babies in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America in 2012 required treatment for bacterial infections including sepsis, meningitis and pneumonia, according to research overseen by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Contact: Joel Winston
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers 1 step closer to countering deadly Nipah virus
An interdisciplinary research team from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and three groups within the National Institutes of Health reports a new breakthrough in countering the deadly Nipah virus. The human monoclonal antibody known as m102.4 is the first effective antiviral treatment for Nipah that has the potential for human therapeutic applications.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vaccine made from complex of two malaria proteins protects mice from lethal infection
An experimental vaccine designed to spur production of antibodies against a key malaria parasite protein, AMA1, was developed more than decade ago by scientists from NIAID, part of NIH. It showed promise in test-tube and animal experiments and in early-stage clinical trials, but returned disappointing results in recent human trials conducted in malaria-endemic countries.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: NIAID Office of Communications
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
New study offers potential avenues for treatment of deadly nasopharyngeal cancer
A team of scientists from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore, National University Cancer Institute Singapore and National University Hospital Singapore, discovered a distinct mutational signature and nine significantly mutated genes associated with nasopharyngeal cancer, paving the way to developing novel therapies for this deadly disease.

Contact: Kimberley Wang
National University of Singapore

Public Release: 20-Jun-2014
Global Health Action
Citing 'urgent, acute' mental health issues, especially in Africa, experts petition gov'ts to act
Calling global mental health problems 'acute and urgent,' leading authorities from 11 countries have published a joint declaration calling for basic mental health care in Africa. In the journal "Global Health Action," the 37 experts also call for global mental health objectives to be included among the United Nations' post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, for a special UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on Mental Health by 2017, and for efforts to end the stigma and human rights violations inflicted on mental health patients.

Contact: Terry Collins
University Health Network at the University of Toronto

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
New mobile app provides faster, more accurate measurement of respiratory rate
According to findings published this month in PLOS One, a new mobile app developed by researchers at the Child & Family Research Institute at BC Children's Hospital and the University of British Columbia can reliably measure respiratory rate in an average of 9.9 seconds. Currently, health care workers typically measure respiratory rate by counting a patient's breaths for 60 seconds using a stop watch.

Contact: Stephanie Dunn
Child & Family Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Technology and Innovation
Innovative technologies in rural areas improve agriculture, health care
This issue of Technology and Innovation features articles on innovations in rural regions and on technology and innovation, including one from the National Academy of Inventors on the value of technology transfer for universities beyond money, an analysis of the value of networks for European organic and conventional farmers, the use of technology for rural health care organizations, precision agriculture in the Northern Great Plains, and how modern communications technologies are changing communities in India.

Contact: Judy Lowry
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
American Journal of Roentgenology
New study is first to identify, clarify MERS-related abnormality distribution on CT
Researchers in Saudi Arabia have identified key defining characteristics of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in CT imaging of patients confirmed as having the disease.

Contact: Lissa D. Hurwitz
American Roentgen Ray Society

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
UEA researchers discover Achilles' heel in antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have made a breakthrough in the race to solve antibiotic resistance. New research reveals an Achilles' heel in the defensive barrier which surrounds drug-resistant bacterial cells. The findings pave the way for a new wave of drugs that kill superbugs by bringing down their defensive walls rather than attacking the bacteria itself. It means that in future, bacteria may not develop drug-resistance at all.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Lisa Horton
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Grant to PATH will fund research at SLU's Center for World Health and Medicine
As part of a $15.6 million grant awarded to PATH by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Saint Louis University's Center for World Health and Medicine has received a $3.13 million, three-year sub-grant from PATH to explore new treatments for pediatric diarrhea, which kills about 600,000 young children around the world each year.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Riya Anandwala
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
BMC Biology
Researchers map genomic differences in yellow fever, malaria mosquitoes
Virginia Tech entomologists have developed a chromosome map for about half of the genome of the mosquito Aedes agypti, the major carrier of dengue fever and yellow fever. With the map, researchers can chart ways to prevent diseases.

Contact: Lindsay Taylor Key
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Study reveals conditions linked to deadly bird flu and maps areas at risks
A dangerous strain of avian influenza, H7N9, that's causing severe illness and deaths in China may be inhabiting a small fraction of its potential range and appears at risk of spreading to other suitable areas of India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines, according to a new study published today in the journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Michelle Geis
Burness Communications

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Human Dimensions of Wildlife
Thieving chimps changing the way African farmers feed their families
Researchers from Trinity College Dublin's School of Geography found that Rwandan farmers have been forced to grow different crops to reduce losses as they pursue non-violent solutions to the 'natural tax' imposed by hungry primates.

Contact: Thomas Deane
Trinity College Dublin

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Study shows chikungunya mutation places several countries at risk of epidemic
For the first time, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers were able to predict further adaptations of the chikungunya virus that recently spread from Africa to several continents that will likely result in even more efficient transmission and infection of more people by this virus strain.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Biotechnology of the Indian Government

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Improved diagnostic performance of low-dose computed tomography screening
Investigators of the COSMOS (Continuous Observation of SMOking Subjects) study show good compliance and patient survival outcomes using a 5-year low-dose computed tomography screening protocol in individuals at high-risk of developing lung cancer.

Contact: Rob Mansheim
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
No long-term anxiety or distress associated with low-dose computed tomography screening
Examination and review of several studies that evaluated patient-centered outcomes for individuals undergoing low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer found that screening does not appear to significantly influence overall health-related quality of life or result in long-term changes in anxiety or distress, but that positive results in the short-term, do increase distress levels.

Contact: Rob Mansheim
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

Public Release: 15-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
Exploring a parasitic tunnel boring machine
The whipworm's unusual strategy of burrowing through the intestine of its human host is explored in an in-depth study of the parasite's genome. Researchers' deeper understanding of the worm's genetics has exposed weaknesses, pointing to potential treatments for the hundreds of millions of people infected in developing countries. This genome could also help researchers harness potentially beneficial features of the worm's unique biology.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Mary Clarke
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 15-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
Parasitic worms of pigs could provide new treatments of human diseases
Lead researcher, Dr. Aaron Jex, Faculty of Veterinary Science, said, 'We know that humans infected with the harmless, 'pig whipworm' can have significantly reduced symptoms linked to autoimmune diseases. And now we have the genetic sequence of the worm, it opens the door to future human drug designs and treatment.'

Contact: Dr. Andi Horvath
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 15-Jun-2014
Health impacts of planetary change, swelling cities: New assignment for UN think tank in Malaysia
Under a new mandate, UN University's Malaysia-based International Institute for Global Health will advance integrative thinking about the health of people and planetary systems. It will advance insight into the health risks of global change -- symptomized by climate change, urbanization, biodiversity loss -- and the co-benefits for health of environmental action and smart urban development. A new study in Uganda, for example, shows under-18s most vulnerable to cholera, typhoid, acute diarrhea, other water-related health risks rising with climate change.

Contact: Terry Collins
United Nations University International Institute for Global Health

Showing releases 801-825 out of 1101.

<< < 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 > >>