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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 801-825 out of 1119.

<< < 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 > >>

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Environment Systems & Decisions
What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola and other emerging threats?
The way in which the Italian city of Venice dealt with the outbreak of the plague in the 14th century holds lessons on how to even mitigate the consequences of today's emerging threats, like climate change, terrorism, and highly infectious or drug-resistant diseases. So says Dr. Igor Linkov of the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, and a visiting professor of the Ca Foscari University in Italy.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Some health care workers lack gear to protect from HIV, other bloodborne infections
Health care workers in some of the world's poorest countries lack basic equipment to shield them from HIV and other bloodborne infections during surgical and other procedures, new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests. The findings underscore the lack of adequate protective supplies in nations at the center of the current Ebola outbreak.

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 26-Aug-2014
PLOS Medicine
Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India
A study published in this week's PLOS Medicine on large-scale rural sanitation programs in India highlights challenges in achieving sufficient access to latrines and reduction in open defecation to yield significant health benefits for young children.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Personal protective equipment is critical but not enough to shield health care workers from Ebola
Personal protective equipment designed to shield health care workers from contaminated body fluids of Ebola patients is not enough to prevent transmission, according to a commentary being published early online today in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Contact: Megan Hanks
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Cancer-fighting drugs might also stop malaria early
Scientists searching for new drugs for malaria have identified a number of compounds -- some of which are in clinical trials to treat cancer -- that could lead to new ways to fight the disease. Researchers identified 31 enzyme-blocking molecules, called protein kinase inhibitors, that curb malaria before symptoms start. By focusing on treatments that act early, the researchers hope to give drug-resistant strains less time to spread.
Duke University, Harvard Medical School, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
MU researchers discover protein's ability to inhibit HIV release
A family of proteins that promotes virus entry into cells also has the ability to block the release of HIV and other viruses, University of Missouri researchers have found.

Contact: Derek Thompson
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Illinois scientists work with World Health Organization to fortify condiments, seasonings
Two University of Illinois scientists are contributing to World Health Organization efforts to fortify condiments and seasonings for use in countries with widespread micronutrient deficiencies.
World Health Organization

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Black carbon -- a major climate pollutant -- also linked to cardiovascular health
Black carbon pollutants from wood smoke are known to trap heat near the earth's surface and warm the climate. A new study led by McGill professor Jill Baumgartner suggests that black carbon may also increase women's risk of cardiovascular disease.

Contact: Cynthia Lee
McGill University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Aging Cell
APOB, a gene involved in lipid transport, linked to cases of familial extreme longevity
In a recent report in Aging Cell, a multidisciplinary team of Spanish scientists, led by Tim Cash and Manuel Serrano at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, identify rare variants in the APOB gene in several families where exceptional longevity (>100 years of age) appears to cluster.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
Research underway to create pomegranate drug to stem Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
The onset of Alzheimer's disease can be slowed and some of its symptoms curbed by a natural compound that is found in pomegranate. Also, the painful inflammation that accompanies illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis and Parkinson's disease could be reduced, according to the findings of a two-year project headed by University of Huddersfield scientist Dr. Olumayokun Olajide, who specialises in the anti-inflammatory properties of natural products.

Contact: Nicola Werritt
University of Huddersfield

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Poll finds many in US lack knowledge about Ebola and its transmission
Although the Centers for Disease and Prevention reports no known cases of Ebola transmission in the US, a Harvard School of Public Health/SSRS poll released today shows that four in 10 adults in the US are concerned that there will be a large outbreak in the US, and one-quarter are concerned that they or someone in their immediate family may get sick with Ebola over the next year.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
CHEST releases new expert guidance in care of the critically ill and injured
The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) announces the immediate release of Care of the Critically Ill and Injured During Pandemics and Disasters: CHEST Consensus Statement today in the Online First section of the journal CHEST while the global health-care community cares for patients with the Ebola virus.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Kristi Bruno
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
A novel 'man and machine' decision support system makes malaria diagnostics more effective
A Finnish-Swedish research group has developed a novel 'man and machine' decision support system for diagnosing malaria infection. The method is based on computer vision algorithms combined with visualization of the relevant sample areas to human observers on a tablet computer. The system has a huge potential to increase the throughput in malaria diagnostics. Several other medical applications are in the development stage.

Contact: Dr. Nina Linder
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM Perspective: 'Studying 'Secret Serums' -- Toward Safe, Effective Ebola Treatments'
Conducting clinical studies of agents to treat Ebola and allowing compassionate use of those agents are not necessarily mutually exclusive, writes Georgetown University Medical Center's Jesse L. Goodman, M.D., M.P.H., in a perspective piece published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Karen Tever
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New research shows seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans
Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America and transmitted it to Native people there before Europeans landed on the continent.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Smithsonian Institution, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Julie Newberg
Arizona State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Infection and Immunity
New vaccine shows promise as stronger weapon against both tuberculosis and leprosy
A new University of California Los Angeles-led study finds that a recombinant variant of the century-old vaccine Bacille Calmette-Guerin is superior to Bacille Calmette-Guerin in protecting against tuberculosis in animal models, and also cross protects against leprosy. In addition, the researchers found that boosting that variant, called rBCG30, with a particular protein found in both tuberculosis and leprosy provides considerably stronger protection against leprosy.
National Institutes of Health, National Hansen's Disease Programs, University of California Los Angeles Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Water Resources Research
This week from AGU: Long-term ecological research, predicting cholera outbreaks
This week from the American Geophysical Union: Long-term ecological research, predicting cholera outbreaks

Contact: Alexandra Branscombe
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Biophysical Journal
Laser optical tweezers reveal how malaria parasites infect red blood cells
Little is known about how malaria invades one red blood cell after another because it happens so quickly. In a new study, researchers used laser optical tweezers to study interactions between the disease-causing parasite and red blood cells. The findings reveal surprising new insights into malaria biology and pave the way for the development of more effective drugs or vaccines for a disease that affects hundreds of millions of people around the world.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Invasion of the Americas by mosquito-borne virus likely
While media attention has been focused recently on coronavirus cases in the Arabian peninsula and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, experts note that another threat lies in the spread of Chikungunya fever, an illness that is transmitted by mosquitoes and can cause fever, joint and muscle pain, headaches, and rashes. While it does not often cause death, the symptoms can be severe and disabling, with no treatment available.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Animal Ecology
Ebola has profound effects on wildlife population dynamics
New research in gorillas that were affected by an Ebola virus outbreak shows that disease can influence reproductive potential, immigration and social dynamics, and it highlights the need to develop complex models that integrate all the different impacts of a disease.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Doctors worldwide should stay current on developments in ongoing Ebola epidemic
Doctors in hospitals and emergency rooms around the world should be prepared to recognize Ebola virus infection and isolate patients if necessary, infectious disease specialists recommend. However, concerns that Ebola will spread beyond West Africa to Europe and North America are unfounded because of the way Ebola is transmitted and because of highly developed hospital infection control practices.

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Aug-2014
UTMB named a World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Vaccine Research
The world experts on vaccine development at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have received an international designation acknowledging their unique niche in a sphere where research, government regulation and big pharma often collide.

Contact: Molly Dannenmaier
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
Annals of Global Health
Global public health objectives need to address substance abuse in developing countries
Substance addiction is a large and growing problem for developing societies. A new study that surveyed reports on modalities for treating addiction and their effectiveness in the developing world calls on policymakers to use this information to support the design of programs that meet known population needs. The study also encourages looking at ways to adapt the Alcoholics Anonymous model to fit different cultural norms. The findings are published in the Annals of Global Health.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Scientists detail urgent research agenda to address chronic disease toll
According to recommendations resulting from a multidisciplinary conference sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, scientists and physicians in low- and middle-income countries should build on existing HIV research to study and treat chronic conditions.

Contact: Jeff Gray
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Ebola outbreak highlights global disparities in health-care resources
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease that has claimed more than 1,000 lives in West Africa this year poses a serious, ongoing threat to that region: the spread to capital cities and Nigeria -- Africa's most populous nation -- presents new challenges for healthcare professionals. The situation has garnered significant attention and fear around the world, but proven public health measures and sharpened clinical vigilance will contain the epidemic and thwart a global spread.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: NIAID Office of Communications
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Showing releases 801-825 out of 1119.

<< < 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 > >>