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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 851-875 out of 877.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 > >>

Public Release: 9-Sep-2012
Nature Medicine
OHSU research helps explain why an AIDS vaccine has been so difficult to develop
New research by Oregon Health & Science University scientists explains a decades-old mystery as to why slightly weakened versions of the monkey AIDS virus were able to prevent subsequent infection with the fully virulent strain, but were too risky for human use, and why severely compromised or completely inactivated versions of the virus were not effective at all.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Newman
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2012
Zoonoses and Public Health
Precautions for tick-borne disease extend 'beyond Lyme'
This year's mild winter and early spring were a bonanza for tick populations in the eastern United States. Reports of tick-borne disease rose fast.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 6-Sep-2012
Advocacy toolkit launched to halt the 'runaway train' of cancer in Africa
In order to try to create a better recognition of the rising burden of cancer in Africa where it is most needed –in Africa– a 'toolkit' for local cancer advocates will be launched Saturday, Sept. 15 at a conference.

Contact: Vanessa Pavinato
European Society for Medical Oncology

Public Release: 6-Sep-2012
14th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
New research: Soluble corn fiber plays important role in gut health and calcium absorption
Two new research studies supported by Tate & Lyle, the global provider of specialty food ingredients and solutions, provide further evidence that certain higher-fiber diets can be well-tolerated, and that fiber may play an important role in supporting a healthy gut as well as promoting calcium absorption.
Tate & Lyle

Contact: Allison Parker
FoodMinds LLC

Public Release: 5-Sep-2012
Students create low-cost biosensor to detect contaminated water in developing nations
Diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under five years old -- killing as many as 1.5 million children worldwide every year. These startling statistics from the World Health Organization point to the reason why a team of nine Arizona State University students is participating in the International Genetically Engineered Machine competition -- a global event that challenges students to design and build simple biological systems made from standard, interchangeable parts.

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2012
The best strategy to defeat HIV in South Africa
Researchers at UCLA suggest a strategy being proposed by the World Health Organization to combat HIV in South Africa is badly flawed.

Contact: Mark Wheeler
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 5-Sep-2012
New England Journal of Medicine
Call for a new approach to fighting tuberculosis
Each year, nearly two million people die from tuberculosis -- a treatable disease that has been brought under control in the United States, but continues to ravage other parts of the world. This health inequity should prompt a complete rethinking of the way tuberculosis is fought on a global level, argue Salmaan Keshavjee, M.D., Ph.D., and Paul Farmer, M.D., Ph.D., from Brigham and Women's Hospital. Their argument appears in an essay published Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Tom Langford
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 4-Sep-2012
Global health requires new dynamics, suggests science panel
How can science better address global health crises? This week, Rita Colwell, Alice Dautry, Harvey Fineberg, and Kiyoshi Kurokawa discussed priorities and related topics at the 2012 Kavli Prize Science Forum, moderated by BBC's Pallab Ghosh.

Contact: James Cohen
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 4-Sep-2012
Mobilization: An International Journal
Deadly witch hunts targeted by grassroots women's groups
Witch hunts are common and sometimes deadly in the tea plantations of Jalpaiguri, India. But a surprising source -- small groups of women who meet through a government loan program -- has achieved some success in preventing the longstanding practice, a Michigan State University sociologist found.

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2012
PLOS Medicine
'Benign' malaria key driver of human evolution in Asia-Pacific
The malaria species rampant in the Asia-Pacific region has been a significant driver of evolution of the human genome, a new study has shown. An international team of researchers has shown that Plasmodium vivax malaria, the most prevalent malaria species in the Asia-Pacific, is a significant cause of genetic evolution that provides protection against malaria.
MalariaGen Consortium, National Health and Medical Research Council, National Institutes of Health, Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development, AusAID, Victorian Government

Contact: williams@wehi.edu.au
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 4-Sep-2012
PLOS Medicine
Southeast Asian ovalocytosis protects against P. vivax malaria
A multinational group of authors, led by Ivo Mueller from the Walter & Eliza Hall Institute, Australia and the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, have found a strong association between Southeast Asian ovalocytosis, an inherited disorder that affects the shape of red blood cells, and protection against malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 4-Sep-2012
PLOS Medicine
Increased mortality in HIV-positive South African men versus women is unrelated to HIV/AIDS
In South Africa, HIV-infected men who are receiving treatment with anti-HIV drugs (antiretroviral therapy) are almost a third more likely to die than HIV-positive women who are receiving similar treatment: however, these differences are likely to be due to gender differences in death rates in the general population rather than related to HIV, according to a study by a team of international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 3-Sep-2012
Environmental Pollution
High levels of DDT in breast milk
The highest levels ever of DDT in breast milk have been measured in mothers living in malaria-stricken villages in South Africa, where DDT has been sprayed indoors for many years to fight malaria.

Contact: Henrik Kylin
Linköping University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2012
Society for General Microbiology’s Autumn Conference 2012
TB outbreaks could be 'solved' by DNA tracking
Reconstructing the spread of killer diseases such as tuberculosis from person to person using DNA sequencing quickly identifies the origin and movement of pathogens. This approach is directly informing public health strategies to control infectious disease outbreaks, says a scientist speaking at the Society for General Microbiology's Autumn Conference at the University of Warwick.

Contact: Laura Udakis
Society for General Microbiology

Public Release: 3-Sep-2012
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
High doses of Vitamin D help tuberculosis patients recover more quickly
For decades before antibiotics became generally available, sunshine was used to treat tuberculosis, with patients often being sent to Swiss clinics to soak up the sun's healing rays. Now, for the first time scientists have shown how and why heliotherapy might, indeed, have made a difference. A study led by researchers at Queen Mary, University of London and published in PNAS has shown that high doses of Vitamin D, given in addition to antibiotic treatment, appear to help patients with tuberculosis recover more quickly.
British Lung Foundation, UK Medical Research Council

Contact: Emma Mason
Queen Mary, University of London

Public Release: 3-Sep-2012
Annals of Internal Medicine
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Sept. 4, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Sept. 4 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. Attached is the table of contents. The information is not intended to substitute for the full articles as sources of information. Annals of Internal Medicine attribution is required for all coverage.

Contact: Angela Collom
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 30-Aug-2012
Scientific Reports
Protein impedes microcirculation of malaria-infected red blood cells
MIT-led research team finds that protein significantly reduces infected cells' ability to squeeze through tiny channels compared to healthy cells.
Singapore-MIT ARTC, National Institutes of Health, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, l'Agence Nationale de la Recherche

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Aug-2012
Human and soil bacteria swap antibiotic-resistance genes
Soil bacteria and bacteria that cause human diseases have recently swapped at least seven antibiotic-resistance genes, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report Aug. 31 in Science.

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Aug-2012
Malaria nearly eliminated in Sri Lanka despite decades of conflict
Despite nearly three decades of conflict, Sri Lanka has succeeded in reducing malaria cases by 99.9 percent since 1999 and is on track to eliminate the disease entirely by 2014.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kristen Bole
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Aug-2012
Researchers pioneer world's first HIV/AIDS nanomedicines
Scientists at the University of Liverpool are leading a £1.65 million project to produce and test the first nanomedicines for treating HIV/AIDS. The research project, funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, aims to produce cheaper, more effective medicines which have fewer side effects and are easier to give to newborns and children.

Contact: Sarah Stamper
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 28-Aug-2012
Queen's University Belfast wins national environment award
The University won a Green Apple Environment Award for the arsenic-removal water cleansing project, which was carried out by the School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering.

Contact: Anne-Marie Clarke
Queen's University Belfast

Public Release: 28-Aug-2012
Trends in Molecular Medicine
Better vaccines for tuberculosis could save millions of lives
Cases of one of the world's deadliest diseases -- tuberculosis -- are rising at an alarming rate, despite widespread vaccination. Reasons for the ineffectiveness of the vaccine, especially in regions where this infectious disease is endemic, as well as arguments for replacing the existing vaccine with novel synthetic vaccines, are presented in a review published online Aug. 28 in Trends in Molecular Medicine.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 28-Aug-2012
PLOS Medicine
New PLOS collection: Child mortality estimation methods
A sponsored collection of new articles on the methodology for estimation of child mortality was published today in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine, in conjunction with the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) and the Technical Advisory Group (TAG). The collection contains seven peer reviewed articles and introduces the methodological innovations by the TAG and UN IGME in estimating child mortality which are critical to the monitoring of progress toward the MDG goal.
UNICEF, UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation and Technical Advisory Group

Contact: Tessa Wardlaw

Public Release: 23-Aug-2012
Prestigious Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene journals join Oxford University Press
The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene's two prestigious journals will join the Oxford University Press collection in a new partnership announced between the organizations.

Contact: Lizzie Shannon-Little
Oxford University Press

Public Release: 22-Aug-2012
Dartmouth medical research closes in on new tuberculosis vaccine
With a resurgence of TB in the developing world, Dartmouth medical science in Hanover, N.H., and Africa is accelerating the development of a new, more effective vaccine.
National Institutes of Health, Dartmouth College

Contact: Amy Olson
Dartmouth College

Showing releases 851-875 out of 877.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 > >>