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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 851-875 out of 1256.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Stem Cell Reports
New source of cells for modeling malaria
MIT researchers have discovered a way to grow liver-like cells from induced pluripotent stem cells.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
Stem Cell Reports
Malaria-in-a-dish paves the way for better treatments
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have engineered a way to use human liver cells, derived from induced pluripotent stem cells, to screen potential antimalarial drugs and vaccines for their ability to treat the liver stage of malaria infection. The approach may offer new opportunities for personalized antimalarial drug testing and the development of more effective individually tailored drugs to combat the disease, which causes more than 500,000 deaths worldwide each year.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 5-Feb-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Why do new strains of HIV spread slowly?
Most HIV epidemics are still dominated by the first strain that entered a particular population. New research published in PLOS Computational Biology offers an explanation of why the global mixing of HIV variants is so slow.

Contact: Viktor Müller

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
Pfizer Research Prize 2015 for Valérie D'Acremont
Valérie d'Acremont, clinical epidemiologiste at Swiss TPH, is one of the nine Pfizer Research Prize 2015 awardees for her paper on febrile illnesses published last year in the New England Journal of Medicine. The prize is one of the most prestigious prizes in Switzerland for a single research paper.

Contact: Christian Heuss
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Lung cancer now leading cause of cancer death in females in developed countries
A new analysis led by researchers at the American Cancer Society in collaboration with the International Agency for Research on Cancer finds lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer death in females in developed countries.
American Cancer Society

Contact: David Sampson
American Cancer Society

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Smartphone, finger prick, 15 minutes, diagnosis -- done!
Columbia Engineering professor Samuel Sia has developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three infectious disease markers -- HIV and syphilis -- from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes. The device replicates, for the first time, all mechanical, optical, and electronic functions of a lab-based blood test without requiring any stored energy: all necessary power is drawn from the smartphone.
US Agency for International Development, Gates Foundation, Government of Norway, Grand Challenges Canada, World Bank, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Hepatitis C more prevalent than HIV/AIDS or Ebola yet lacks equal attention
'In West Africa, we believe that there are many transmission modes and they are not through IV drug use, but through cultural and every day practices,' says Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD principal investigator on a study recently published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. 'In this study, tribal scarring, home birthing and traditional as opposed to hospital based circumcision procedures, were associated with hepatitis C infection in Ghana.'

Contact: Stasia Thompson
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Human Reproduction
Fifteen million unwanted pregnancies a year caused by underuse of modern contraception
Fifteen million out of 16.7 million unwanted pregnancies a year could be avoided in 35 low- and middle-income countries if women had the opportunity to use modern methods of contraception, according to a study that applies to about one-third of the world's population. The study is published in Human Reproduction journal.

Contact: Emma Mason
European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Artificially intelligent robot scientist 'Eve' could boost search for new drugs
Eve, an artificially intelligent 'robot scientist' could make drug discovery faster and much cheaper, say researchers writing in the Royal Society journal Interface. The team has demonstrated the success of the approach as Eve discovered that a compound shown to have anti-cancer properties might also be used in the fight against malaria.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, European Commission

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Operations Research for Health Care
Study shows top 10 challenges facing global pharmaceutical supply chains
Global pharmaceutical supply chains are fragmented and lack coordination, facing at least 10 key challenges, according to researchers at New York University Wagner and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Zaragoza.

Contact: Robert Polner
New York University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Ebola vaccine trial opens in Liberia
A large clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of two experimental vaccines to prevent Ebola virus infection is now open to volunteers in Liberia. The trial is being led by a recently formed Liberia-US clinical research partnership and is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the NIH.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 30-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
New molecular target identified for treating cerebral malaria
A drug already approved for treating other diseases may be useful as a treatment for cerebral malaria, according to researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. They discovered a novel link between food intake during the early stages of infection and the outcome of the disease, identifying two molecular pathways that could serve as new targets for treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, Harvard Chan School, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Jan-2015
Lancet HIV
HIV testing yields diagnoses in Kenya but few seek care
A sweeping effort in a rural region of Kenya to test all adults for HIV discovered 1,300 new infections, but few of the newly diagnosed people pursued treatment, a study in the journal Lancet HIV reports.
PEPFAR, National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2015
Physicians explore why children with sickle cell disease are experiencing mixed results on hydroxyurea
Electronic medication monitoring caps may help physicians put together the puzzle of why children taking a medicine that promises to curb sickle cell disease are showing mixed, confusing results.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Diversity and Distributions
Urban sprawl promotes worm exchange across species
New research has shed light on the complex exchange of parasitic worms between wildlife, rats and humans.

Contact: Dr. Konstans Wells
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
CWRU researcher on the clock to improve early Ebola detection
To reduce or eliminate false positive results from the quickest and most sensitive Ebola test, researchers will make a positive control for processing Ebola DNA. The control will be made of non-infectious sequences of Ebola Virus nucleic acid tucked inside a plant virus' protective protein shell.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify natural plant compounds that work against insects
'Insect-specific growth regulators' are compounds that regulate the growth of insects. One hormone in insects, called juvenile hormone, is a particularly attractive target for insect growth regulators because this hormone, which regulates development, exists only in insects. An international team of scientists, including an entomologist at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered potent compounds in plants that counteract the action of juvenile hormone -- a finding that could lead to the development of novel insecticides.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Funding for pulmonary rehabilitation study in East Africa
A research team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received funding from the Medical Research Council/Department for International Development/Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme, to evaluate a chronic lung disease rehabilitation program in East Africa. Chronic lung disease affects one on five of the adult population in the region and is a major threat to health.
Medical Research Council, Department for International Development, Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Canada, partners invest US$1.6 million to improve mental health in Africa
A Canadian government investment of CDN$1 million (US$800,00, matched by partners for a total of US$1.6 million) will help scale up an innovative, franchised approach to the treatment and support of people with mental illness in resource-poor countries. The award-winning model, developed by international NGO BasicNeeds, has benefited 600,000 people in the past 14 years. The funding will build the capacity of organizations in Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria to bring help to many more.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Terry Collins
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
With pollinator declines, millions at risk of malnutrition
More than half the people in some developing countries could become newly at risk for malnutrition if crop-pollinating animals -- like bees -- continue to decline, a new study from the University of Vermont and Harvard shows.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
A simulation model to find out the effect of electromagnetic waves on the human body
In his Ph.D. thesis, the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre researcher Erik Aguirre-Gallego has simulated the effect that electromagnetic fields have on people. He has developed a model that allows the various phenomena that take place in the propagation of specific electromagnetic waves to be correctly characterized; it also enables one to ascertain whether or not they exceed the levels that could exert harmful effects on health.

Contact: Alaitz Imaz
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Ecology
How malaria-spreading mosquitoes can tell you're home
Females of the malaria-spreading mosquito tend to obtain their blood meals within human dwellings. But is human odor enough as a reliable cue for the mosquitoes in finding humans to bite? Not quite, reports a team of entomologists at the University of California, Riverside. The researchers' experiments with female Anopheles gambiae show that the mosquitoes respond very weakly to human skin odor alone. Minute changes in concentrations of exhaled carbon dioxide are also required.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Incidence of colorectal cancer increasing in young adults
The incidence of colorectal cancer among young adults ages 20-39 years has increased during the past 20-30 years, despite declining rates of CRC for the US population overall. This surprising new finding, an analysis of how CRC incidence varies based on race and gender, and differences in tumor location, for young adults compared to the general population are presented in the Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Transmission of Ebola appears tied to increasing population density in forested regions
Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center have found an apparent link between human population density and vegetation cover in Africa and the spread of the Ebola virus from animal hosts to humans.

Contact: Ron Najman
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
LSU Health New Orleans identifies toxic Ebola protein fragment
William Gallaher, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology at Louisiana State University Health New Orleans School of Medicine, has discovered a fragment of an Ebola virus protein that is toxic to cells and may contribute to infection and illness. The findings were published online Jan. 20, 2015, in the open access journal, Viruses.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Showing releases 851-875 out of 1256.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>