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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1159.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
How evolutionary principles could help save our world
The age of the Anthropocene -- the scientific name given to our current geologic age -- is dominated by human impacts on our environment. A warming climate. Increased resistance of pathogens and pests. A swelling population. Coping with these modern global challenges requires application of what one might call a more-ancient principle: evolution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jessica Arriens
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate
Transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case.

Contact: Julie Newberg
Arizona State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Sepsis kills over 6,000,000 children in developing world: App-device could help save them
Two signs that someone might have sepsis are if they have a high pulse rate as well as arterial hypoxemia or blood oxygen deficiency. Both of these vital signs -- pulse rate and blood oxygen level -- can be quickly and easily measured with a new app-device that turns smartphones and tablets into pulse oximeters.

Contact: Pamela Clarke
LionsGate Technologies (LGTmedical)

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Penn Medicine bioethicists call for greater first-world response to Ebola outbreak
Amid recent discussion about the Ebola crisis in West Africa, Penn Medicine physicians say that high-income countries like the United States have an obligation to help those affected by the outbreak and to advance research to fight the deadly disease -- including in the context of randomized clinical trials of new drugs to combat the virus.

Contact: Anna Duerr
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Champalimaud Award recognizes revolutionary treatment of devastating blindness diseases
The 2014 Antonio Champalimaud Vision Award is given to seven researchers for the development of anti-angiogenic therapy for retinal disease. The conditions it helps treat, especially age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, are the most important causes of blindness in several countries, and their prevalence is growing with the increasing age of the population and the global epidemic of diabetes linked to dietary habits and obesity.
Champalimaud Foundation

Contact: Vitor Cunha

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers unlock the genetic code of cancer-causing liver fluke parasite
An international team of scientists from Singapore, Thailand, China and Australia has cracked the genetic code of the liver fluke parasite, Opisthorchis viverrini, using a unique DNA analysis technique developed at A*STAR's Genome Institute of Singapore.

Contact: Winnie Lim
Biomedical Sciences Institutes (BMSI)

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications
An evolutionary approach to epidemics
An evolutionary analysis of public health data during a major disease outbreak, such as bird flu, E. coli contamination of food or the current Ebola outbreak could help the emergency services plan their response and contain the disease more effectively. Details are reported in the International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications.

Contact: Albert Ang
Inderscience Publishers

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Weakness in malaria parasite fats could see new treatments
A new study has revealed a weak spot in the complex life cycle of malaria, which could be exploited to prevent the spread of the deadly disease, and may even lead to a vaccine. It found female malaria parasites put on fat differently to male ones, a process that can be used to develop drug targets.

Contact: Alex Maier
Australian National University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
PLOS Medicine
Prioritizing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions for bed nets from clinics
Donors, Ministries of Health, implementing agencies, and other partners should prioritize providing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions with long-lasting insecticide treated nets through antenatal care clinics to help prevent malaria and its adverse effects on mother and infant, according to experts from the UK and US, writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.
United States Agency for International Development, Johns Hopkins University Cooperative Agreement for the NetWorks Project

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
PLOS Medicine
After 2 years on antiretroviral therapy, survival in South African patients meets rates from North America
Provided that therapy is started promptly, South Africans with HIV have chances of remaining alive beyond two years on antiretroviral therapy that are comparable to those of North American patients, according to new research in PLOS Medicine by Andrew Boulle of the University of Cape Town and colleagues.

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Rapid and durable protection against ebola virus with new vaccine regimens
One shot of an experimental vaccine made from two Ebola virus gene segments incorporated into a chimpanzee cold virus vector, called chimp adenovirus type 3 or ChAd3, protected all four macaque monkeys exposed to high levels of Ebola virus 5 weeks after inoculation, report National Institutes of Health scientists and their collaborators.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: NIAID Office of Communications
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Nature Immunology
Scientists reveal cell secret potentially useful for vaccines
Researchers open a new page in the immune system's playbook, discovering more chatter goes on among the body's infection fighters than was suspected.

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Canada funds 22 inventive ideas for better health in developing nations
A device that converts sound into symbols for display on eg. Google Glass, captioning conversations in real-time for deaf people and a sterile cover that enables the substitution of an everyday $100 power drill for a $30,000 orthopedic surgery unit in low-resource settings are among 22 projects to improve health in developing countries seed funded today by Canada.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Terry Collins
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Epidemiology & Infection
Use of dengue vaccine may cause short-term spikes in its prevalence
As researchers continue to work toward vaccines for serious tropical diseases such as dengue fever, experts caution in a new report that such vaccines will probably cause temporary but significant spikes in the disease in the years after they are first used.

Contact: Jan Medlock
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Journal of Proteome Research
Finding new approaches for therapeutics against Ebola virus
Researchers from the University of Liverpool in collaboration with Public Health England have been investigating new ways to identify drugs that could be used to treat Ebola virus infection.
The University of Liverpool, Public Health England, the University of Bristol and the Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections.

Contact: Jamie Brown
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
New discovery could help turn antibiotic into antimalarial drug
Melbourne researchers are making progress towards new antimalarial drugs, after revealing how an antibiotic called emetine blocks the molecular machinery that produces the proteins required for malaria parasite survival.
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council, Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, Australia-Europe Malaria Research Cooperation, Human Frontier Science Program, Government of Victoria

Contact: Alan Gill
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Drug that improves blood flow may help find cause of exercise intolerance in cystic fibrosis
A little white pill may help scientists learn why patients with cystic fibrosis have less exercise capacity than their peers, even if their lungs are relatively healthy.
National Institutes of Health, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
PLOS Medicine
Food supplements plus cash to poor families reduces rates of child malnutrition in Niger
In Niger, interventions that combined the distribution of supplementary food with a cash transfer to poor families prevented acute malnutrition in young children more effectively than strategies that relied on either cash transfer or supplementary food distribution alone, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.
Medecins Sans Frontieres

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Faster, cheaper tests for sickle cell
Harvard scientists have developed a new test for sickle cell disease that provides results in just 12 minutes and costs as little as 50 cents -- far faster and cheaper than other tests.

Contact: Peter Reuell
Harvard University

Public Release: 31-Aug-2014
Nature Medicine
A new way to diagnose malaria
A research team from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology has developed a technique that can detect malarial parasite's waste in infected blood cells.
Singapore National Research Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Aug-2014
Lancet Infectious Diseases
New tuberculosis blood test in children is reliable and highly specific
A new blood test provides a fast and accurate tool to diagnose tuberculosis in children, a new proof-of-concept study shows. The newly developed test is the first reliable immunodiagnostic assay to detect active tuberculosis in children. The test features excellent specificity, a similar sensitivity as culture tests in combination with speed of a blood test. The promising findings are a major advance for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children, particularly in tuberculosis-endemic regions.
European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Klaus Reither
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Study reveals how Ebola blocks immune system
Researchers have identified one way the Ebola virus dodges the body's antiviral defenses, providing important insight that could lead to new therapies.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Leading Ebola researcher at UTMB says there's an effective treatment for Ebola
A leading US Ebola researcher from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has gone on record stating that a blend of three monoclonal antibodies can completely protect monkeys against a lethal dose of Ebola virus up to five days after infection, at a time when the disease is severe. Thomas Geisbert, professor of microbiology and immunology, has written an editorial for Nature discussing advances in Ebola treatment research.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
New analysis of old HIV vaccines finds potentially protective immune response
Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers at Duke Medicine have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results. The vaccines had in fact triggered an antibody response -- now known to be associated with protection in adults -- that was previously unrecognized in the infants studied in the 1990s.
Duke University Center for AIDS Research, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Ebola vaccine trials fast-tracked by international consortium
A candidate Ebola vaccine could be given to healthy volunteers in the UK, The Gambia and Mali as early as September, as part of an series of safety trials of potential vaccines aimed at preventing the disease that has killed more than 1,400 people in the current outbreak in West Africa.
Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, UK Department for International Development

Contact: Christopher Hardwick
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1159.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>