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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 876-900 out of 959.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>

Public Release: 22-Mar-2013
'Water Security': Experts propose a UN definition on which much depends
Calls have been growing for the UN Security Council to include water issues on its agenda. And there's rising international support for adopting "universal water security" as one of the Sustainable Development Goals -- a set of mid-term global objectives being formulated to succeed the UN's Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015). But what does "water security" mean? Marking World Water Day at UN Headquarters March 22, a common working definition was published, forged by UN and international experts from around the world.

Contact: Terry Collins
United Nations University

Public Release: 22-Mar-2013
Environmental Health Perspectives
Additional research must be done to ensure safety of pit latrines, new study says
Pit latrines are one of the most common human excreta disposal systems globally, and their use is on the rise as countries aim to meet the sanitation-related target of the Millennium Development Goals. Strong evidence supports the use of these basic toilets as a way to improve human health. However, improperly designed pit latrines can actually allow disease-causing microbes or other contaminants to leach into the groundwater.

Contact: Kathy Fackelmann
George Washington University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2013
Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Low-cost 'cooling cure' would avert brain damage in oxygen-starved babies
When babies are deprived of oxygen before birth, brain damage can occur. Preventive treatment is not always available in developing nations. Johns Hopkins undergraduates have devised a low-tech $40 unit to provide protective cooling in the absence of hospital equipment that can cost $12,000.
Johns Hopkins University

Contact: Phil Sneiderman
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2013
Frontiers announces launch of new open-access journal, Frontiers in Public Health
Frontiers in Public Health is the third journal to be launched as part of Frontiers' drive to branch out into all scientific and medical fields across the academic tree.

Contact: Gozde Zorlu

Public Release: 21-Mar-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Findings to help in design of drugs against virus causing childhood illnesses
New research findings may help scientists design drugs to treat a virus infection that causes potentially fatal brain swelling and paralysis in children.The virus, called enterovirus 71, causes hand, foot and mouth disease, and is common throughout the world.

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 20-Mar-2013
John Moores gives $2 million to Scripps Research to develop river blindness field test
Philanthropist, businessman and community leader John Moores has given the Scripps Research Institute approximately $2 million to fund the development of a new field test for Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, a parasitic infection that affects tens of millions of people in Africa, Latin America and other tropical regions.
John Moores

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 20-Mar-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Follow-up study describes declining efficacy of malaria vaccine candidate over 4 years
Long-term follow-up of a phase II study from KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme and Oxford University researchers in Kenya shows that the efficacy of a malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S, wanes over time and varies with exposure to the malaria parasite.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jen Middleton
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 19-Mar-2013
PLOS Medicine
African immunization systems fall short, African experts say
In Africa, issues of vaccine supply, financing, and sustainability require urgent attention if the Millennium Development Goals are to be achieved, according to African experts writing in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 18-Mar-2013
Annals of Internal Medicine
Millions of people in Asia potentially exposed to health risks of popular herbal medicines
Scientists from King's College London are warning that millions of people in Asia may be exposed to risk of developing kidney failure and bladder cancer by taking herbal medicines that are widely available in Asia. The medicines, used for a wide range of conditions including slimming, asthma and arthritis, are derived from a botanical compound containing aristolochic acids.
Association for International Cancer Research

Contact: Marianne Slegers
King's College London

Public Release: 15-Mar-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Cytoskeletal dysregulation underlies Buruli ulcer formation
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Caroline Demangel at the Pasteur Institute in Paris investigated the molecular actions of mycolactone and found that it dysregulates the cellular skeleton (cytoskeleton) through activation of a protein known as N-WASP.
Association Raoul Follereau, European Community's Seventh Framework Programme

Contact: Jillian Hurst
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 14-Mar-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Fungus uses copper detoxification as crafty defense mechanism
A potentially lethal fungal infection appears to gain virulence by being able to anticipate and disarm a hostile immune attack in the lungs, according to findings by researchers at Duke Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Mar-2013
PLOS Pathogens
Immune finding aids quest for vaccines to beat tropical infections
Scientists are a step closer to developing vaccines for a range of diseases that affect 200 million people, mainly in tropical Southeast Asia, Africa and Central America.
Medical Reseach Council, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Catriona Kelly
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 13-Mar-2013
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Computer models predict how patients will respond to HIV drugs
Results of a study published online in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy today, demonstrate that computer models can predict how HIV patients whose drug therapy is failing will respond to a new treatment.

Contact: Kirsty Doole
Oxford University Press

Public Release: 13-Mar-2013
Tapeworm DNA contains drug weak spots
Tapeworms cause devastating disease around the world and new treatments are urgently needed. This study describes possible targets on which currently licensed drugs could act, identified by genome sequencing. Re-using existing therapies will help to develop treatments more rapidly.

Contact: Aileen Sheehy
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 12-Mar-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Prediction of seasonal flu strains improves chances of universal vaccine
Researchers have determined a way to predict and protect against new strains of the flu virus, in the hope of improving immunity against the disease.

Contact: Rebecca Scott
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 12-Mar-2013
Environmental Health Perspectives
Prenatal exposure to pesticide DDT linked to adult high blood pressure
Infant girls exposed to high levels of the pesticide DDT while still inside the womb are three times more likely to develop hypertension when they become adults, according to a new study led by the University of California, Davis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michele La Merrill
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 12-Mar-2013
PLOS Medicine
Implementing e-health in Malawi
In this week's PLOS Medicine, Miguel SanJoaquin from the University of Malawi College of Medicine and colleagues describe their experience of implementing an electronic patient record system in a large referral hospital in southern Malawi.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 12-Mar-2013
PLOS Medicine
Preventing HIV infection with anti-HIV drugs in people at risk is cost-effective
An HIV prevention strategy in which people at risk of becoming exposed to HIV take antiretroviral drugs to reduce their chance of becoming infected (often referred to as pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP), may be a cost-effective method of preventing HIV in some settings, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 11-Mar-2013
Epilepsy & Behavior
Peer support shows promise in epilepsy fight
Peer support groups show promise for combating the debilitating stigma that surrounds epilepsy in much of the developing world, according to a new study led by a Michigan State University medical student.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Andy McGlashen
Michigan State University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2013
Journal of Theoretical Biology
Net advantage
Malaria, the leading cause of death among children in Africa, could be eliminated if three-fourths of the population used insecticide-treated bed nets, according to a new study from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Public Release: 7-Mar-2013
Study: Computerized reminders significantly improve HIV care in resource-limited setting
A large randomized controlled study led by Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine researchers is among the first to rigorously demonstrate that health information technology can improve compliance with patient care guidelines by clinicians in resource-limited countries.
Abbott Fund, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2013
American Academy of Microbiology releases resistance report
What do cancer cells, weeds, and pathogens have in common? They all evolve resistance to the treatments that are supposed to eliminate them. However, researchers developing the next generation of antibiotics, herbicides, and anti-cancer therapeutics rarely come together to explore the common evolutionary principles at work across their different biological systems.

Contact: Garth Hogan
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 5-Mar-2013
5th Regional Pneumococcal Symposium
New study suggests potential shift in burden of pneumococcal disease
New studies revealed today by Latin-American researchers and global health leaders suggest that the highest burden of deadly pneumococcal disease in Latin America may be shifting to adults as countries successfully immunize more infants with new vaccines. The experts called for increased disease monitoring and more surveillance to understand the full extent of pneumococcal disease in the Americas, including its economic impact, and to devise effective strategies to prevent it.
Sabin Vaccine Institute

Contact: Johanna Harvey
Sabin Vaccine Institute

Public Release: 5-Mar-2013
PLOS Medicine
Sharing HIV research findings with participants
Is it feasible to share research findings with HIV-infected participants enrolled in observational research in rural sub-Saharan African? Anna Baylor and colleagues orally disseminated their findings to 477 research participants during a meeting modelled on a traditional wedding event.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Public Release: 5-Mar-2013
PLOS Medicine
Resistance to first line anti-malarial drugs is increasing on the Thai-Myanmar border
Early diagnosis and treatment with antimalarial drugs (ACTs -- artemisinin based combination treatments) has been linked to a reduction in malaria in the migrant population living on the Thai-Myanmar border, despite evidence of increasing resistance to ACTs in this location, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai

Showing releases 876-900 out of 959.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>