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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1088.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
Nature Immunology
Newly found tactics in offense-defense struggle with hepatitis C virus
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a previously unrecognized tactic to outwit antiviral responses and sustain a long-term infection. It also turns out that some people are genetically equipped with a strong countermeasure to the virus' attempt to weaken the attack on it. The details of these findings suggest potential targets for treating HCV.
Natrional Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Analytical Chemistry
Quick test finds signs of diarrheal disease
Bioengineers at Rice University have developed a simple, highly sensitive and efficient test for the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis that could have great impact in developing countries.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Decoding dengue and West Nile: Researchers take steps toward control of health proble
Dengue fever and West Nile fever are mosquito-borne diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year, but there is no vaccine against either of the related viruses.
National Institutes of Health, Martha L. Ludwig Professorship of Protein Structure and Function, Pew

Contact: Laura J. Williams
University of Michigan

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Autism: Birth hormone may control the expression of the syndrome in animals
In an article published in the Feb. 7, 2014, issue of Science, the team led by Yehezkel Ben-Ari, Inserm Emeritus Research Director, demonstrates that chloride levels are abnormally elevated from birth in the neurons of mice used in an animal model of autism. Researchers show for the first time that oxytocin, the birth hormone, brings about a decrease in chloride level during birth, which controls the expression of the autistic syndrome.

Contact: Yehezkel Ben-Ari
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale)

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Bacterial fibers critical to human and avian infection
Researchers at the Biodesign Institute targeted a specific group of threadlike fibers known as E. coli common pilus, which adorn bacterial cell surfaces. In the first study of its kind, they analyzed the way these structures contribute to avian pathogenic E. coli's ability to cause infection and form dense cell aggregates known as biofilms.

Contact: Joseph Caspermeyer
Arizona State University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Food insecurity leads to increased incidence of tuberculosis in Zimbabwe
An international study led by the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health links the rise of tuberculosis in Zimbabwe during the socio-economic crisis of 2008-2009 to widespread food shortage.

Contact: Jelena Damjanovic
University of Toronto

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Population Council launches study testing interventions to improve girls' lives in Kenya
The Population Council announced today the launch of a large new DFID-funded research program -- the Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya -- designed to benefit adolescent girls in Kenya. The initiative will provide girls with access to interventions in the health, wealth creation, education, and violence-prevention sectors. Through a rigorous evaluation design, the Council will investigate which combinations of multi-sectoral approaches work most effectively to improve the lives of vulnerable adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa.
UK Department for International Development

Contact: Gina Duclayan
Population Council

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
Adolescents' salt intake correlates with obesity, inflammation
Most adolescents consume as much salt as adults -- some more than twice the recommended daily allowance -- and that high sodium intake correlates with fatness and inflammation regardless of how many calories they consume, researchers report.

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
International Journal of Epidemiology
Is high blood pressure the new HIV epidemic?
High blood pressure could be as devastating to global health as HIV, a group of experts is warning.

Contact: Cat Bartman
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
International Journal of Epidemiology
Study reveals South Africa has world's highest rate of high blood pressure
New research reveals that South Africa has the highest rate of high blood pressure reported among people aged 50 and over for any country in the world, at any time in history.
Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Cat Bartman
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 30-Jan-2014
Scientists launch multi-million dollar battle against African disease killing 1 cow every 30 seconds
The Nairobi-based International Livestock Research Institute announced today that a global consortium supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has been formed to develop a new vaccine against a disease that's devastating cattle herds in sub-Saharan Africa. This highly advanced cattle vaccine project could also help malaria and cancer research in humans.

Contact: Michelle Geis
International Livestock Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Jan-2014
Clinical study finds 'bubble CPAP' boosts neonatal survival rates
The first clinical study of a low-cost neonatal breathing system created by Rice University bioengineering students demonstrated that the device increased the survival rate of newborns with severe respiratory illness from 44 percent to 71 percent. A 10-month study of 87 patients in Blantyre, Malawi, found that treatment with low-cost "bubble CPAP" increased survival for severely ill premature babies as much as fourfold. The results appear this week in the journal PLOS ONE.

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2014
CONRAD wins USAID Science and Technology Pioneers Prize for development of first vaginal gel proven to reduce HIV
CONRAD, a leading reproductive health-research organization based at Eastern Virginia Medical School, today announced that they are a winner of the United States Agency for International Development Science and Technology Pioneers Prize for their work in developing tenofovir gel.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Annette Larkin

Public Release: 28-Jan-2014
Asia's first under-1-roof Nutritional Research Centre set up in Singapore
The Clinical Nutrition Research Centre -- a $20 million joint-venture by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research and National University Health Systems ̶ is the most comprehensive centre in Asia that will conduct nutritional studies to understand the causes of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and obesity, and develop products and formulate diets that can reduce the risks of these diseases.
Agency for Science, Technology and Research, National University Health System

Contact: Vithya Selvam
Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore

Public Release: 28-Jan-2014
PLOS Medicine
Malaria screening unsuccessful in some schools
A school-based intermittent screening and treatment program for malaria in rural coastal Kenya had no benefits on the health and education of school children, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.
Malaria Impact Evaluation Program of the World Bank

Contact: Fiona Godwin

Public Release: 27-Jan-2014
Global collaboration forms to advance Japanese TB vaccine technology
Japan's National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Aeras and Create Vaccine Company, Ltd. announce an agreement on the development of new mucosal tuberculosis vaccines based on the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation's human parainfluenza type-2 vector technology.

Contact: Annmarie Leadman

Public Release: 27-Jan-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Jan. 27, 2014
This news releases summarizes the following articles appearing in the Jan. 27 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine: "Pandemic concerns prompt experts to seek better understanding of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome"; "Amidst controversy, four new articles help physicians make sense of new cholesterol treatment guidelines"; and "Task Force evidence reviews suggests that one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms could benefit older men."

Contact: Angela Collom
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Crowdsourcing a living map of world health
What if by collecting vital signs from individual cell phone users around the world, we could map symptoms of disease and see the flu coming like a giant whirling hurricane? A team of engineers, biologists and medical researchers at the University of California, San Diego wants to leverage the widespread use of smart phone technology and cloud computing to build maps of large-scale health problems or environmental damage.

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Team to study control of malaria-related parasite growth with $2.1-million NIH grant
A University of South Florida team has been awarded a $2.1-million National Institutes of Health grant to study the "control room" that regulates cell replication in malaria-related parasites. The research may identify new factors promoting Toxoplasma growth and lead to new therapies to combat malaria.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Medical Care
National plan for preventing healthcare-associated infections shows progress
Independent evaluators have found that measurable progress in reducing the rates of some targeted HAIs has been achieved under the umbrella of a national plan to prevent HAIs that was developed by the US Department of Health and Human Services. The evaluation appears in a special February supplement to Medical Care. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Major South African trial did not improve tuberculosis control in gold mines
A major trial aiming to cut the rate of tuberculosis among South Africa's gold miners did not reduce the number of cases or deaths from the disease, according to a study conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in partnership with the Aurum Institute.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Katie Steels
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
Cochrane Review
Xpert® MTB/RIF assay for pulmonary tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in adults
The updated review assessing the accuracy of Xpert® MTB/RIF includes new studies published since the original Cochrane Review was published in January last year. Led by Karen Steingart, an Editor with the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the researchers found that Xpert® MTB/RIF is more accurate than smear microscopy for diagnosing tuberculosis and also accurate for detecting rifampicin resistance.

Contact: Clare Bebb
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Nature Genetics
Decoded: DNA of blood-sucking worm that infects world's poor
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have decoded the genome of the hookworm, Necator americanus, finding clues to how it infects and survives in humans and to aid in development of new therapies to combat hookworm disease.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Australian Research Council, National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Caroline Arbanas
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
Monitoring inactive hepatitis B patients is cost-effective strategy for Shanghai
A novel study determined that monitoring inactive chronic hepatitis B carriers is a cost-effective strategy for China. However, results published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that increasing treatment, monitoring and adherence to therapy are necessary to achieve significant health benefits at the population level.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 16-Jan-2014
PLOS Genetics
Study reveals the role of sex in spread of deadly disease
Research involving scientists at the University of York has provided important new information about transmission of human leishmaniasis, a group of infectious diseases which kills more than 100,000 people a year.

Contact: David Garner
University of York

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1088.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>