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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 901-925 out of 1252.

<< < 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 > >>

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Operations Research for Health Care
Study shows top 10 challenges facing global pharmaceutical supply chains
Global pharmaceutical supply chains are fragmented and lack coordination, facing at least 10 key challenges, according to researchers at New York University Wagner and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Zaragoza.

Contact: Robert Polner
New York University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2015
Ebola vaccine trial opens in Liberia
A large clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of two experimental vaccines to prevent Ebola virus infection is now open to volunteers in Liberia. The trial is being led by a recently formed Liberia-US clinical research partnership and is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the NIH.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 30-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
New molecular target identified for treating cerebral malaria
A drug already approved for treating other diseases may be useful as a treatment for cerebral malaria, according to researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. They discovered a novel link between food intake during the early stages of infection and the outcome of the disease, identifying two molecular pathways that could serve as new targets for treatment.
National Institutes of Health, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, Harvard Chan School, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Jan-2015
Lancet HIV
HIV testing yields diagnoses in Kenya but few seek care
A sweeping effort in a rural region of Kenya to test all adults for HIV discovered 1,300 new infections, but few of the newly diagnosed people pursued treatment, a study in the journal Lancet HIV reports.
PEPFAR, National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2015
Physicians explore why children with sickle cell disease are experiencing mixed results on hydroxyurea
Electronic medication monitoring caps may help physicians put together the puzzle of why children taking a medicine that promises to curb sickle cell disease are showing mixed, confusing results.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Diversity and Distributions
Urban sprawl promotes worm exchange across species
New research has shed light on the complex exchange of parasitic worms between wildlife, rats and humans.

Contact: Dr. Konstans Wells
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
CWRU researcher on the clock to improve early Ebola detection
To reduce or eliminate false positive results from the quickest and most sensitive Ebola test, researchers will make a positive control for processing Ebola DNA. The control will be made of non-infectious sequences of Ebola Virus nucleic acid tucked inside a plant virus' protective protein shell.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify natural plant compounds that work against insects
'Insect-specific growth regulators' are compounds that regulate the growth of insects. One hormone in insects, called juvenile hormone, is a particularly attractive target for insect growth regulators because this hormone, which regulates development, exists only in insects. An international team of scientists, including an entomologist at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered potent compounds in plants that counteract the action of juvenile hormone -- a finding that could lead to the development of novel insecticides.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Funding for pulmonary rehabilitation study in East Africa
A research team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received funding from the Medical Research Council/Department for International Development/Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme, to evaluate a chronic lung disease rehabilitation program in East Africa. Chronic lung disease affects one on five of the adult population in the region and is a major threat to health.
Medical Research Council, Department for International Development, Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Canada, partners invest US$1.6 million to improve mental health in Africa
A Canadian government investment of CDN$1 million (US$800,00, matched by partners for a total of US$1.6 million) will help scale up an innovative, franchised approach to the treatment and support of people with mental illness in resource-poor countries. The award-winning model, developed by international NGO BasicNeeds, has benefited 600,000 people in the past 14 years. The funding will build the capacity of organizations in Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria to bring help to many more.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Terry Collins
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
With pollinator declines, millions at risk of malnutrition
More than half the people in some developing countries could become newly at risk for malnutrition if crop-pollinating animals -- like bees -- continue to decline, a new study from the University of Vermont and Harvard shows.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
A simulation model to find out the effect of electromagnetic waves on the human body
In his Ph.D. thesis, the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre researcher Erik Aguirre-Gallego has simulated the effect that electromagnetic fields have on people. He has developed a model that allows the various phenomena that take place in the propagation of specific electromagnetic waves to be correctly characterized; it also enables one to ascertain whether or not they exceed the levels that could exert harmful effects on health.

Contact: Alaitz Imaz
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Ecology
How malaria-spreading mosquitoes can tell you're home
Females of the malaria-spreading mosquito tend to obtain their blood meals within human dwellings. But is human odor enough as a reliable cue for the mosquitoes in finding humans to bite? Not quite, reports a team of entomologists at the University of California, Riverside. The researchers' experiments with female Anopheles gambiae show that the mosquitoes respond very weakly to human skin odor alone. Minute changes in concentrations of exhaled carbon dioxide are also required.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Incidence of colorectal cancer increasing in young adults
The incidence of colorectal cancer among young adults ages 20-39 years has increased during the past 20-30 years, despite declining rates of CRC for the US population overall. This surprising new finding, an analysis of how CRC incidence varies based on race and gender, and differences in tumor location, for young adults compared to the general population are presented in the Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Transmission of Ebola appears tied to increasing population density in forested regions
Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center have found an apparent link between human population density and vegetation cover in Africa and the spread of the Ebola virus from animal hosts to humans.

Contact: Ron Najman
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
LSU Health New Orleans identifies toxic Ebola protein fragment
William Gallaher, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology at Louisiana State University Health New Orleans School of Medicine, has discovered a fragment of an Ebola virus protein that is toxic to cells and may contribute to infection and illness. The findings were published online Jan. 20, 2015, in the open access journal, Viruses.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Genome Biology
Study shows how Ebola becomes lethal as it spreads
Researchers from the University of Liverpool, in collaboration with Public Health England, have determined why Ebola virus becomes increasingly lethal as it jumps species.

Contact: Samantha Martin
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Equation helps identify global disparities in cancer screening and treatment
In a new study on colorectal cancer, researchers found that the mortality-to-incidence ratio can help identify whether a country has a higher mortality than might be expected based on cancer incidence.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists identify important mechanism involved in production of mosquito eggs
Female mosquitoes rely on a blood-meal as a source of nutrients required for reproduction. If the mechanisms that govern mosquitoes' egg production are better understood, novel approaches to controlling the reproduction and population of mosquitoes can be devised. A team of UC Riverside scientists has made a research breakthrough in understanding, at the molecular level, one such mechanism related to the mosquito reproductive process. This mechanism includes small regulatory RNA molecules known as microRNAs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Stem Cells and Development
Does gestational diabetes affect the therapeutic potential of umbilical cord-derived stem cells?
Multipotent cells isolated from the human umbilical cord, called mesenchymal stromal cells, have shown promise for use in cell therapy to treat a variety of human diseases. However, intriguing new evidence shows that mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from women with gestational diabetes demonstrate premature aging, poorer cell growth, and altered metabolic function, as reported in an article in Stem Cells and Development.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Genetic changes in Ebola virus could impede potential treatments
Scientists studying the genetic makeup of the Ebola virus currently circulating in West Africa have identified several mutations that could have implications for developing effective drugs to fight the virus. In today's online edition of the journal mBio, senior author Dr. Gustavo F. Palacios and colleagues describe the 'genomic drift,' or natural evolution of the virus, and how it may interrupt the action of potential therapies designed to target the virus's genetic sequence.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Genetics
Genetics underpinning antimalarial drug resistance revealed
Researchers have identified a series of mutations that could help to improve early detection of resistance to our most effective antimalarial drug. The largest genome-wide association study of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum to date reveals that the Kelch 13 gene, a known marker of resistance to the drug artemisinin, only works if a set of other mutations is also present.
Wellcome Trust, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Resource Centre for Genomic Epidemiology of Malaria, Wellcome Trust Mahidol University Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Programme, The Centre for Genomics and Glob

Contact: Mary Clarke
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Lassa fever controls need to consider human-human transmission and role of super spreaders
One in five cases of Lassa fever -- a disease that kills around 5,000 people a year in West Africa -- could be due to human-to-human transmission, with a large proportion of these cases caused by 'super-spreaders,' according to research published today in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Cochrane Review
IPT for children with anaemia
Researchers from Tanzania and South Africa, who are part of the Cochrane Infectious Disease Group, hosted at LSTM, have conducted an independent review to assess the effect of intermittent preventive antimalarial treatment for children with anaemia living in malaria endemic regions.

Contact: Clare Bebb
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Estimating the best time of year for malaria interventions in Africa
New methods for analyzing malaria transmission can estimate the best time of year to carry out campaigns such as mass drug treatment and spraying of houses with insecticide.

Contact: Jamie Griffin

Showing releases 901-925 out of 1252.

<< < 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 > >>