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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1103.

<< < 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 > >>

Public Release: 26-Feb-2014
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Harvested rainwater harbors pathogens
South Africa has been financing domestic rainwater harvesting tanks in informal low-income settlements and rural areas in five of that nation's nine provinces. But pathogens inhabit such harvested rainwater, potentially posing a public health hazard, especially for children and immunocompromised individuals, according to a team from the University of Stellenbosch. The research was published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 26-Feb-2014
Health Affairs
Improved prescribing and reimbursement practices in China
Pay-for-performance has become a major component of health reforms in the United States, the United Kingdom, and other affluent countries. Although the approach has also become popular in the developing world, there has been little evaluation of its impact. A new study, released today as a Web First by Health Affairs, examines the effects of pay-for-performance, combined with capitation, in China's largely rural Ningxia Province.

Contact: Sue Ducat
Health Affairs

Public Release: 26-Feb-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Febrile illnesses in children most often due to viral infections
Most children ill with fever in Tanzania suffer from a viral infection. A research team led by Dr. Valerie D'Acremont from the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute in Basel systematically assessed the causes of febrile illnesses in Tanzanian children. According to the results, in most cases a treatment with antimalarials or antibiotics is not required. The finding has the potential to improve the rational use of antimicrobials, and thus reduce costs and drug resistance.

Contact: Christian Heuss
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
Vinegar kills tuberculosis and other mycobacteria
The active ingredient in vinegar, acetic acid, can effectively kill mycobacteria, even highly drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an international team of researchers from Venezuela, France, and the US reports in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 23-Feb-2014
A key protein is discovered as essential for malaria parasite transmission to mosquitos
Scientists studying the sexual transformation of the malaria parasite have solved a long-standing mystery in parasite biology. Two research teams have independently discovered that a single protein acts as the master genetic switch that triggers the development of male and female sexual forms of the malaria parasite. The discovery has important implications for human health.
National Institutes of Health, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Wellcome Trust, European Comission, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and others

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Feb-2014
Developing countries face 'leading medical scourge of developed countries'
Chronic illness, already a major and expensive problem in developed countries, is rapidly increasing in developing countries, adding to the longstanding burden caused by high rates of infectious diseases. However, poor countries will not be able to afford the costly medical technologies that wealthy countries use to treat chronic conditions, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, pulmonary disease, and diabetes, writes Daniel Callahan, cofounder of the Hastings Center.

Contact: Susan Gilbert
845-424-4040 x244
The Hastings Center

Public Release: 20-Feb-2014
Younger people, men and those without children more likely to drop out of HIV care in South Africa
Analysis carried out by an academic at Royal Holloway, University of London has revealed that younger people, men and those without children are more likely to stop attending clinics for HIV treatment in South Africa.

Contact: Sophia Haque
Royal Holloway, University of London

Public Release: 19-Feb-2014
Malaria maps reveal that 184 million Africans still live in extremely high-risk areas despite decade of control efforts
Forty African countries showed reductions in malaria transmission between 2000-2010, but despite this progress, more than half (57 percent) of the population in countries endemic for malaria continue to live in areas of moderate to intense transmission, with infection rates over 10 percent. The findings are based on a series of prevalence maps for malaria published this week in the Lancet.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Meera Senthilingam
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Malnutrition decreases effectiveness of HIV treatment in pregnant African women
In Uganda the prescription of three antiretroviral drugs, which aim to suppress the virus to prevent disease progression, have resulted in huge reductions in HIV mortality rates. However, disease is not the only scourge in Uganda, and a new study in The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology explores the impact food insecurity may have on treating pregnant women.

Contact: Ben Norman

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
'It takes a village' -- Community-based methods for improving maternal and newborn health
A series of studies are published in a special supplement that presents results of the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership -- a three-year pilot program funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with the goal of improving the health of Ethiopian mothers and their newborns. This special issue of the Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health is published by Wiley on behalf of the American College of Nurse-Midwives.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Revolutionary meningitis vaccine breaks cold chain barrier, extends reach to remotest Africa
The first mass vaccination campaign conducted in Africa with authorization to keep the vaccine unrefrigerated up to temperatures of 39 degrees C (102.2 degrees F) provided complete coverage with little wastage, according to a study by researchers from the global health nonprofit PATH and the World Health Organization. If the findings from the meningitis A vaccine campaign in Benin are widely adopted, the study suggests vaccine protection could be extended to areas far removed from access to electricity.

Contact: Preeti Singh
Meningitis Vaccine Project

Public Release: 17-Feb-2014
Chemist gets US patent for solution to resistance problem
A chemist based at the University of Copenhagen has just taken out a patent for a drug that can make previously multidrug-resistant bacteria once again responsive to antibiotics.

Contact: Jes Andersen
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
Malaria vaccine development paves way for protective therapy
Scientists have made a significant contribution towards the development of a vaccine to prevent malaria.
European Union

Contact: Catriona Kelly
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Obesity in Samoa: A global harbinger?
Solving the mystery of how the population of the Samoan archipelago developed one of the world's highest rates of obesity is important not only for addressing the problem but also possibly for predicting the course of obesity in other parts of the developing world. Brown University epidemiologist Stephen McGarvey, who has been studying the Samoan pandemic for years, will speak at the AAAS annual meeting in Chicago at 1:30 p.m. US CT Feb. 16, 2014.

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
High frequency of EGFR mutations found in Asian population
Adenocarcinoma histology, female sex, never-smoking status, and Asian ethnicity have been considered the most important factors associated with EGFR mutations in non-small cell lung cancer and response to EGFR inhibitors. A recent study has found that, within the Asian population, the frequency of EGFR mutations associated with other demographic and clinical characteristics is higher than previously reported.

Contact: Kristin Richeimer
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
South African healthcare workers face greater risk for TB, HIV
A large-scale survey of South African healthcare workers has revealed major gaps in workplace protection against tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis, according to a University of British Columbia health researcher.

Contact: Brian Lin
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
€85 million for new way to carry out antibiotic drug discovery
JIC scientists will test the potency new compounds from other partners such as GSK.
European Union

Contact: Zoe Dunford
Norwich BioScience Institutes

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Worm infections in developing countries: Veterinary drugs improve the health of school children
A new study by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, reveals that the health of millions of children with worm infections could be improved thanks to a veterinary drug. The study represents a vital contribution in the fight against worm infections -- still largely neglected -- in developing countries.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Medicor Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Keiser
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Cars, computers, TVs spark obesity in developing countries
The spread of obesity and Type 2 diabetes could become epidemic in low-income countries, as more individuals are able to own higher priced items such as TVs, computers and cars. The findings of an international study, led by Simon Fraser University health sciences professor Scott Lear, are published today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Contact: Marianne Meadahl
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
Community Dental Health
Dental care in school breaks down social inequalities
A new global survey conducted by the University of Copenhagen and the World Health Organization documents how dental care in the school environment is helping to assure a healthy life and social equity -- even in developing countries. But there are still major challenges to overcome worldwide.

Contact: Poul Erik Petersen
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Obesity, type 2 diabetes epidemics spreading to developing world as more own TVs, computer
Lower income countries may soon be facing the same obesity and diabetes epidemics as their higher income counterparts. Ownership of televisions, cars and computers was recently found to be associated with increased rates of obesity and diabetes in lower and middle income countries, according to an international study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Population Health Research Institute, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
Nature Immunology
Newly found tactics in offense-defense struggle with hepatitis C virus
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a previously unrecognized tactic to outwit antiviral responses and sustain a long-term infection. It also turns out that some people are genetically equipped with a strong countermeasure to the virus' attempt to weaken the attack on it. The details of these findings suggest potential targets for treating HCV.
Natrional Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Analytical Chemistry
Quick test finds signs of diarrheal disease
Bioengineers at Rice University have developed a simple, highly sensitive and efficient test for the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis that could have great impact in developing countries.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Decoding dengue and West Nile: Researchers take steps toward control of health proble
Dengue fever and West Nile fever are mosquito-borne diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year, but there is no vaccine against either of the related viruses.
National Institutes of Health, Martha L. Ludwig Professorship of Protein Structure and Function, Pew

Contact: Laura J. Williams
University of Michigan

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Autism: Birth hormone may control the expression of the syndrome in animals
In an article published in the Feb. 7, 2014, issue of Science, the team led by Yehezkel Ben-Ari, Inserm Emeritus Research Director, demonstrates that chloride levels are abnormally elevated from birth in the neurons of mice used in an animal model of autism. Researchers show for the first time that oxytocin, the birth hormone, brings about a decrease in chloride level during birth, which controls the expression of the autistic syndrome.

Contact: Yehezkel Ben-Ari
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale)

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1103.

<< < 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 > >>