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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 976-1000 out of 1089.

<< < 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 > >>

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
World's leading lung societies unite to call for improvements in health care
Experts from the world's leading lung organizations have come together for the first time to call for a worldwide effort to improve health-care policies and systems and care delivery to make a positive difference for the lung health of the world. Produced by the Forum of International Respiratory Societies, the report has been launched today, on World COPD Day, providing an overview of lung health across the globe.

Contact: Kristi Bruno
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
Study is first to explain type of antimalarial drug resistance
This study explores why drugs designed to fight off malaria stop working in some people with the disease. Researchers found genetic and cell biological evidence linking autophagy to resistance to the parasite. Autophagy is the process by which cells remove damaged parts of themselves to restore normal function. In this case, the cell rids itself of the parts damaged by the antimalarial drug.
National Institutes of Health, Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation

Contact: Maggie Moore
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The human health costs of losing natural systems: Quantifying Earth's worth to public health
A new paper from members of the HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) consortium delineates a new branch of environmental health that focuses on the public health risks of human-caused changes to Earth's natural systems.

Contact: Scott Smith
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 19-Nov-2013
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Hashtag health
A social media-monitoring program led by San Diego State University geography professor Ming-Hsiang Tsou could help physicians and health officials learn when and where severe outbreaks are occurring in real time. In results published last month in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, Tsou demonstrated that his technique might allow officials to more quickly and efficiently direct resources to outbreak zones and better contain the spread of the disease.

Contact: Beth Chee
San Diego State University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2013
Nature Communications
Fruit bat population covering central Africa is carrier of 2 deadly viruses
A population of fruit bats which is found across much of continental Africa is widely infected with two deadly viruses that could spread to humans, new research reveals.

Contact: Genevieve Maul
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Analytical Chemistry
SlipChip counts molecules with chemistry and a cell phone
Limited access to expensive equipment and trained professionals can impede the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Qualitative tests that provide a "yes" or "no" answer (like at-home pregnancy tests) have been optimized for resource-limited settings, but most quantitative tests -- needed to determine precise concentrations, like viral loads -- are still done in a laboratory. Using a lab-on-a-chip device and a smartphone, Caltech researchers developed a method to determine the concentration of HIV RNA in a sample.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A
Control malaria by segmenting sleeping arrangements
Better malaria control might come from segregating household sleeping arrangements, according to a new study co-authored by a University of Guelph professor. The researchers found malaria eradication related more to household size than to a country's wealth or temperature. They found that when average household size drops below four persons, malaria extermination is much more likely. "When we controlled for all the variables, the factor that had the most explanatory power on malaria control was household size," said Prof. Ross McKitrick.

Contact: Ross McKitrick
519-824-4120 x52532
University of Guelph

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Nature Communications
Bacteria use lethal cytotoxins to evade antibiotic treatment
Bacteria that cause infectious diseases produce a number of cytotoxins, and an international research team has now found the mechanism behind one of these toxins. The new results could make it possible in future to develop new treatment methods to impair the cytotoxic activity and thereby reduce the severity of infectious diseases.

Contact: Ditlev E. Brodersen
Aarhus University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2013
Journal of Virology
Researchers capture structure of key part of deadly Nipah virus
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute have solved the structure of a key protein in the Nipah virus, which could pave the way for the development of a much-needed antiviral drug.
National Institutes of Health, Achievement Rewards for College Scientists, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Vivax malaria may be evolving around natural defense
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have discovered recent genetic mutations in a parasite that causes over 100 million cases of malaria annually -- changes that may render tens of millions of Africans who had been considered resistant, susceptible to infection.
The Clinical and Translational Science Collaborative of Cleveland, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
New research finds potential risk for millions in Africa believed resistant to vivax malaria
Provocative new research shows that the Plasmodium vivax parasite, responsible for nearly 20 million cases of malaria in 2010, may be "rapidly evolving" to overcome the natural resistance conferred by a blood type found in millions of Africans, scientists reported today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Public Release: 15-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
Scientists report human dietary supplement cures lab animals infected with human intestinal parasite
Laboratory animals fed a modified version of a common human dietary supplement were completely cured of intestinal worms that belong to a family of parasites that currently infect 1.5 billion people, or almost one quarter of the world's population, according to new research presented today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh
Burness Communications

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Prize will expand use of life-saving neonatal device in Africa
A low-cost device that Rice University bioengineering students invented to help premature babies breathe more easily will be rolled out to teaching hospitals in three African nations, thanks to a $400,000 award from pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and London-based charity Save the Children. The technology, which is known as "bubble CPAP," earned the top prize in GSK and Save the Children's inaugural Healthcare Innovation Award program.
Save the Children, GlaxoSmithKline

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Cell, Host & Microbe
Bleeding symptom leads scientists to intracellular trafficker's role in virus propagation
Vermont researchers find a new important clue to how deadly rodent-borne viruses harness ERGIC-53 to ensure their reproductive success.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
University of Vermont

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Low-dose treatment may block malaria transmission
Lower doses of the antimalarial drug primaquine are as effective as higher doses in reducing malaria transmission, according to a study published today in Lancet Infectious Diseases by London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine researchers.
Wellcome Trust, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Katie Steels
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
Drug trial for top parasitic killer of the Americas: Mixed results, new evidence to improve therapy
According to results of the first-ever Phase 2 clinical trial in Bolivia, the drug candidate E1224 showed good safety and was effective at clearing the parasite causing Chagas disease, but had little to no sustained efficacy one year after treatment. On the other hand, standard therapy, benznidazole, was effective long term but continued to be associated with side effects. The results point to alternative dosing regimens and possible combination therapies to improve patient care.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Oliver Yun
Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
The Lancet
New malaria vaccines roadmap targets next generation products by 2030
The world should aim to have vaccines which reduce malaria cases by 75 percent, and are capable of eliminating malaria, licensed by 2030, according to the updated 2013 Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap, launched today. This new target comes in addition to the original 2006 Roadmap's goal of having a licensed vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the most deadly form of the disease, for children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa by 2015.

Contact: Dr. Vasee Moorthy

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting
New research reveals dengue fever mystery in 2 US cities both exposed to risk
As dengue fever continues to spread from Key West north into the Florida mainland, it remains a mystery as to why this dangerous mosquito-borne illness is not yet common around Tucson, Arizona -- even though outbreaks routinely occur in nearby Mexico and mosquitoes that can carry dengue are now common in the state, according to a new research presented today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh
Burness Communications

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
2013 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Novel microbicide gel for vagina and rectum shows potential for HIV prevention
Researchers developed a first-of-its-kind microbicide gel formulation that shows promise for safe vaginal and rectal administration to prevent the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. This research is being presented at the 2013 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Meeting and Exposition, the world's largest pharmaceutical sciences meeting, in San Antonio, Nov. 10-14.

Contact: Dana Korsen
American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Dr. Robert Gallo named first Homer & Martha Gudelsky Distinguished Professor in Medicine
Robert C. Gallo, M.D., has been named the first Homer & Martha Gudelsky Distinguished Professor in Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine during a ceremony November 7. The ceremony also honored the Gudelsky Family Foundation for their extraordinary generosity in supporting the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, MD.

Contact: Nora Grannell
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Fifth Annual World Pneumonia Day marks successes and challenges in tackling #1 killer of children
Global health advocates today commemorated the fifth annual World Pneumonia Day by calling on global leaders to scale up existing interventions and invest in new diagnostics and treatments to defeat pneumonia. Each year, pneumonia kills more children than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. A new report issued today found gradual increases in access to vaccines, treatment, and other interventions in the 15 countries with the highest numbers of child deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea.

Contact: Julie Younkin
International Vaccine Access Center

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
2013 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
CONRAD presents new technology combining contraception, HIV and herpes simplex virus-2 prevention
CONRAD Head of drug delivery, Meredith Clark, Ph.D., today presented preclinical data on a new intravaginal ring that provides contraception as well as HIV-1 and HSV-2 prevention at the 2013 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Antonio, Texas.CONRAD's deputy director of clinical research, Marianne Callahan, will also present information on MPTs at the International Conference on Family Planning in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Annette Larkin

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Some 'healthy' vegetable oils may actually increase risk of heart disease
Some vegetable oils that claim to be healthy may actually increase the risk of heart disease, and Health Canada should reconsider cholesterol-lowering claims on food labelling, states an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal): Replacing saturated animal fats with polyunsaturated vegetable oils has become common practice because they can reduce serum cholesterol levels and help prevent heart disease.

Contact: Michael Kennedy
University of Toronto

Public Release: 10-Nov-2013
Nature Chemical Biology
How zinc starves lethal bacteria to stop infection
Australian researchers have found that zinc can 'starve' one of the world's most deadly bacteria by preventing its uptake of an essential metal.

Contact: Dr Christopher McDevitt
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 10-Nov-2013
Griffith joins the fight against pneumonia
Advancing the fight against pneumonia is the focus of a new online scholarly journal launched by Griffith University ePress.
Griffith University ePress

Contact: Louise Durack
Griffith University

Showing releases 976-1000 out of 1089.

<< < 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 > >>