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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1276-1300 out of 1864.

<< < 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 > >>

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
HiSIM-SOTB, compact transistor model, selected as international industry standard
A new compact transistor model was developed and the framework for realizing a faster design support process and product development for integrated circuits in the ultra-low voltage category was established. This new compact model, HiSIM-SOTB (Hiroshima University STARC IGFET Model Silicon-on-Thin BOX), was selected as an international industry standard during a meeting in Washington D.C., which was held by the Compact Modeling Coalition of the Silicon Integration Initiative.

Contact: Norifumi Miyokawa
Hiroshima University

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Self-assembled nanotextures create antireflective surface on silicon solar cells
Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory show that etching a nanoscale texture onto silicon creates an antireflective surface that works as well as state-of-the-art thin-film multilayer antireflective coatings for solar cells.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
MU researcher recognized for contributions to nanomedicine
Gold nanoparticles have been proven useful in a number of medical applications. Scientists are developing nanoparticles to produce pharmaceuticals used in the imaging and diagnosis of diseases such as cancer, arthritis, Parkinson's disease and eye degeneration. For decades, and with funding from the National Institutes of Health, Kattesh Katti, a researcher at the University of Missouri, has been advancing the development of nano-scale molecules, including gold nanoparticles.

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Advanced Materials
One nanoparticle, 6 types of medical imaging
Using two biocompatible parts, University at Buffalo researchers and their colleagues have designed a nanoparticle that can be detected by six medical imaging techniques: computed tomography scanning; positron emission tomography scanning; photoacoustic imaging; fluorescence imaging; upconversion imaging; and Cerenkov luminescence imaging.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Natural Science Foundation of China, Program for the Basic Research Excellent Talents in Harbin Institute of Technology, and others

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Nature Physics
Graphene enables all-electrical control of energy flow from light emitters
Scientists from the Institute of Photonic Science, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Consorzio Nazionale Italiano di Struttura della Materia and Graphenea have now demonstrated active, in situ electrical control of the energy flow from erbium ions into photons and plasmons. The experiment was implemented by placing the erbium emitters a few tens of nanometers away from the graphene sheet, whose carrier density is electrically controlled. Partially funded by the EC Graphene Flagship, this study entitled 'Electrical control of optical emitter relaxation pathways enabled by graphene,' has been published in Nature Physics.

Contact: Alina Hirschmann
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
RSC Advances
Wearable sensor clears path to long-term EKG, EMG monitoring
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new, wearable sensor that uses silver nanowires to monitor electrophysiological signals, such as electrocardiographyor electromyography. The new sensor is as accurate as the 'wet electrode' sensors used in hospitals, but can be used for long-term monitoring and is more accurate than existing sensors when a patient is moving.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Applied Physics
New laser-patterning technique turns metals into supermaterials
By zapping ordinary metals with femtosecond laser pulses researchers from the University of Rochester in New York have created extraordinary new surfaces that efficiently absorb light, repel water and clean themselves. The multifunctional materials could find use in durable, low maintenance solar collectors and sensors.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
New 'microcapsules' have potential to repair damage caused by osteoarthritis
A new 'microcapsule' treatment delivery method developed by researchers at Queen Mary University of London could reduce inflammation in cartilage affected by osteoarthritis and reverse damage to tissue.
Arthritis Research UK, The AO Foundation

Contact: Will Hoyles
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Scientists find major limitations with carbon nanotubes in blood facing medical devices
Scientists in the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences in Trinity College Dublin, have made an important discovery about the safety issues of using carbon nanotubes as biomaterials which come into contact with blood. The significance of their findings is reflected in their paper being published as the feature story and front page cover of the international, peer-reviewed journal Nanomedicine.

Contact: Yolanda Kennedy
Trinity College Dublin

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Photonics
New laser for computer chips
Scientists from Forschungszentrum Juelich and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland in cooperation with international partners have presented the first semiconductor consisting solely of elements of main group IV. As a consequence, the germanium-tin laser can be applied directly onto a silicon chip and thus creates a new basis for transmitting data on computer chips via light: this transfer is faster than is possible with copper wires and requires only a fraction of the energy.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Contact: Tobias Schloesser
Forschungszentrum Juelich

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Self-destructive effects of magnetically-doped ferromagnetic topological insulators
A new atomic-scale study of the surface properties of certain ferromagnetic topological insulators reveals that these materials exhibit extreme, unexpected, and self-destructive electronic disorder.
US Department of Energy, Institute of Basic Science of Korea

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Solving an organic semiconductor mystery
Berkeley Lab researchers have uncovered the mysterious source of performance issues in organic semiconductors -- nanocrystallites cluttering domain interfaces!
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Breakthrough lights up metamaterials
A City College of New York led-team has successfully demonstrated how to both enhance light emission and capture light from metamaterials embedded with light emitting nanocrystals. The breakthrough, headed by physicist Dr. Vinod Menon, could lead to a range of applications including ultrafast LEDs, nanoscale lasers and efficient single photon sources.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers program, Center for Photonic and Multiscale Nanomaterials

Contact: Vinod Menon
City College of New York

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Energy & Environmental Science
Perovskites provide big boost to silicon solar cells, Stanford study finds
Stacking perovskites onto a conventional silicon solar cell dramatically improves the overall efficiency of the cell, according to a new study led by Stanford University scientists.
US Department of Energy, Stanford University

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Shining a light on quantum dots measurement
Using the cadmium selenide quantum dot, researchers at Syracuse University collaborated to understand how protein corona forms and what is different about the quantum dot before and after the formation of the corona.
National Science Foundation, Syracuse University

Contact: Matt Wheeler
Syracuse University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Rice-sized laser, powered one electron at a time, bodes well for quantum computing
Princeton University researchers have built a rice grain-sized microwave laser, or 'maser,' powered by single electrons that demonstrates the fundamental interactions between light and moving electrons. It is a major step toward building quantum-computing systems out of semiconductor materials.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency QuEST, Army Research Office, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Plasma Processes and Polymers
Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks
A novel colloidal gold test strip is demonstrating great potential for early detection of certain heart attacks. Researchers are developing the strip to test for cardiac troponin I (cTn-I); its level is several thousand times higher in patients experiencing myochardial infarctions. The new strip uses microplasma-generated gold nanoparticles. Compared to AuNPs produced by traditional chemical methods, the surfaces of thesenanoparticles attract more antibodies, which results in significantly higher detection sensitivity.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
ACS Nano
Carbon nanotube finding could lead to flexible electronics with longer battery life
University of Wisconsin-Madison materials engineers have made a significant leap toward creating higher-performance electronics with improved battery life -- and the ability to flex and stretch. The team has reported the highest-performing carbon nanotube transistors ever demonstrated. In addition to paving the way for improved consumer electronics, this technology could also have specific uses in industrial and military applications.
National Science Foundation, UW-Madison Center of Excellence for Materials Research and Innovation, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Contact: Michael S. Arnold
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Rapid journey through a crystal lattice
How fast do electrons whiz through the atomic layers of a crystal lattice? A team of scientists led by researchers from the Technische Universitat München joined by colleagues from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munich and the Technical University of Vienna has now investigated this fundamental question. The researchers measured the time electrons needed to travel through a film consisting of a few layers a of magnesium atoms.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, European Research Council, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Contact: Dr. Andreas Battenberg
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Laser-induced graphene 'super' for electronics
Rice University scientists show the practicality of turning laser-induced graphene into portable, flexible devices by making stacked supercapacitors.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research and its Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Office of Naval Research

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Video series explores the state and future of technological convergence
In a new series of video interviews from the Wilson Center, leading scientists from across the United States discuss the concept of technological convergence and how it affects their work.

Contact: Aaron Lovell
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars/Science and Technology Innovation Program

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2015
While researchers in Oak Ridge National Laboratory's buildings group focus on increasing energy efficiency using new foam insulation panels, the nanophase materials sector experiments with catalyst performance, revealing an oxidation discovery that could help reduce vehicle emissions. Additionally, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers aim to reduce the size, weight and power for some particle accelerators with development of a new voltage supply. And by using water and nano-sized particles isolated from trees and plants, scientists explore low-cost and nontoxic metal oxides.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Lab on a Chip
New device allows for manipulation of differentiating stem cells
A new device developed by researchers at Northwestern University creates nanopores in adherent cell membranes, allowing researchers to deliver molecules directly into the cells during differentiation.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Applied Physics Letters
Zinc oxide materials tapped for tiny energy harvesting devices
Today, we're surrounded by a variety of electronic devices that are moving increasingly closer to us -- we can attach and wear them, or even implant electronics inside our bodies. Many types of smart devices are readily available and convenient to use. The goal now is to make wearable electronics that are flexible, sustainable and powered by ambient renewable energy.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Waterloo chemist one step closer to a new generation of electric car battery
An ultra-thin nanomaterial is at the heart of a major breakthrough by Waterloo scientists who are in a global race to invent a cheaper, lighter and more powerful rechargeable battery for electric vehicles. Chemistry Professor Linda Nazar and her research team in the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo have announced a breakthrough in lithium-sulphur battery technology in a recent issue of Nature Communications.
BASF International Scientific Network for Electrochemistry and Batteries

Contact: Nick Manning
University of Waterloo

Showing releases 1276-1300 out of 1864.

<< < 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 > >>