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Nanotechnology

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 601-625 out of 1857.

<< < 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 > >>

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Physics
'Molecular accordion' drives thermoelectric behavior in promising material
Engines, laptops and power plants generate waste heat. Thermoelectric materials, which convert temperature gradients to electricity and vice versa, can recover some of that heat and improve energy efficiency. A team of scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory explored the fundamental physics of the world's best thermoelectric material -- tin selenide -- using neutron scattering and computer simulations. Their work may aid energy sustainability and design of materials that convert heat into electricity.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Materials
Surfing water molecules could hold the key to fast and controllable water transport
Scientists at UCL have identified a new and potentially faster way of moving molecules across the surfaces of certain materials.
European Research Council, Bio Nano Consulting, Royal Society

Contact: Oli Usher
o.usher@ucl.ac.uk
44-020-767-97964
University College London

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Photonics
To infinity and beyond: Light goes infinitely fast with new on-chip material
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have designed the first on-chip metamaterial with a refractive index of zero, meaning that the phase of light can travel infinitely fast.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Harvard Quantum Optics Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Trends in Biotechnology
Nanotechnology inspires next-generation dental materials
Have a cavity? Ask your dentist about filling it with a mixture of nanoparticles including silica and zirconia. These white fillings resemble teeth better than their metal alternatives and are less likely to come loose or fracture teeth. This is just the beginning argue Brazilian scientists in a review of 'nanodentistry,' published Oct. 19 in Trends in Biotechnology. Next-generation dental materials incorporating nanotechnology aim to help teeth self-heal, rebuild enamel, and protect against bacterial infections.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 18-Oct-2015
Physical Review E
Active deformations of cell nuclei contribute to intra-nuclear architecture formations
A Japanese researcher has investigated the contributions of active deformation dynamics of cell nuclei using the Brownian motion theory.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

Contact: Norifumi Miyokawa
pr-research@office.hiroshima-u.ac.jp
Hiroshima University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
ACS Nano
Nanodiamonds might prevent tooth loss after root canals
Nanodiamonds may help patients that have had the dreaded root canal. UCLA dental researchers have developed a nanodiamond-reinforced version of gutta percha, the compound that is used to fill void spaces in dental root canals to prevent infection that can lead to tooth loss. Tested in patient-extracted teeth, the nanodiamond-embedded polymer was substantially stronger than conventional gutta percha. In addition, the scientists tested gutta percha with nanodiamonds that had been loaded with antibiotics and found that the compound effectively prevented bacterial infection.

Contact: Brianna Aldrich
baldrich@dentistry.ucla.edu
310-206-0835
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Is black phosphorus the next big thing in materials?
Berkeley Lab researchers have confirmed that single-crystal black phosphorus nanoribbons display a strong in-plane anisotropy in thermal conductivity, an experimental revelation that should facilitate the future application of this highly promising material to electronic, optoelectronic and thermoelectric devices.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
Nature Physics
What are these nanostars in 2-D superconductor supposed to mean?
Physicists from France and Russia have discovered magnetic disturbances in two-dimensional layered superconductors, resembling small oscillating stars. This experimental observation is the direct confirmation of the famous Yu-Shiba-Rusinov theory which predicted an existence of these quantum bound magnetic states. It was found out that in the 2-D systems the magnetic excitations spread over longer distances as compared to ordinary 3-D superconducting materials. Building and manipulating such protected states is a crucial step towards quantum computers.

Contact: V. Roizen
roizen@phystech.edu
7-926-857-8141
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Synthetic biology applications face unclear path to market
A new report from the Synthetic Biology Project explores current government oversight of synthetic biology in the United States by examining the regulatory pathways of different products and applications.

Contact: Aaron Lovell
aaron.lovell@wilsoncenter.org
202-691-4320
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars/Science and Technology Innovation Program

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Advanced Material Interfaces
Researchers take first steps to create biodegradable displays for electronics
Americans, on average, replace their mobile phones every 22 months, junking more than 150 million phones a year in the process. Now,University of Missouri researchers are on the path to creating biodegradable electronics by using organic components in screen displays. The researchers' advancements could one day help reduce electronic waste in the world's landfills.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Nano Letters
Patterning oxide nanopillars at the atomic scale by phase transformation
The team, led by Professor Yuichi Ikuhara, at Tohoku University's Advanced Institute for Materials Research has carried out a study aimed at precisely controlling phase transformations with high spatial precision, which represents a significant step forward in realizing new functionalities in confined dimensions. Such a precise control of phase transformations opens up new avenues for materials design and processing, as well as advanced nanodevice fabrication. Full results have been published in Nano Letters.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Japan, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Chunlin Chen
chen.chunlin@wpi-aimr.tohoku.ac.jp
81-222-175-933
Tohoku University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2015
Tracking agricultural water use on a smartphone
This fall scientists at the University of Nebraska, with partners at Google, Inc. and the University of Idaho, introduced the latest evolution of METRIC technology -- an application called EEFLUX, which will allow anyone in the world to produce field-scale maps of water consumption.
NASA, University of Nebraska, Google, Inc., University of Idaho

Contact: Ali Ogden
alison.s.ogden@nasa.gov
301-286-0535
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 14-Oct-2015
Carbon
New research could revolutionize flexible electronics, solar cells
Binghamton University researchers have demonstrated an eco-friendly process that enables unprecedented spatial control over the electrical properties of graphene oxide. This two-dimensional nanomaterial has the potential to revolutionize flexible electronics, solar cells and biomedical instruments.

Contact: Jeffrey Mativetsky
jmativet@binghamton.edu
607-777-4352
Binghamton University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2015
SC15
Nanoelectronics researchers employ Titan for an electrifying simulation speedup
A team led by ETH Zurich's Mathieu Luisier used the Titan supercomputer to improve size and speed of nanoelectronics models.
US Department of Energy, ETH Zurich, CSCS

Contact: Eric Gedenk
gedenked@ornl.gov
865-241-5497
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Oct-2015
CWRU researcher lands grant to build stealthy brain tumor treatment
A Case Western Reserve University researcher has received a five-year, $2.82 million National Institutes of Health grant to make chain-like nanoparticles that can carry drugs across the blood-brain barrier to treat glioblastoma multiforme. The nanochains will carry traditional chemotherapy and glioblastoma stem cell inhibitors to destroy the tumor and eliminate cancer cells that are resistant.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
One direction: Researchers grow nanocircuitry with semiconducting graphene nanoribbons
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin at Madison are the first to grow self-directed graphene nanoribbons on the surface of the semiconducting material germanium. This allows the semiconducting industry to tailor specific paths for nanocircuitry in their technologies. Confirmation of the findings was done at Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials.
U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, Natural Science and Engineering Research Council, University of Wisconsin Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Department of Defense Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Justin H. S. Breaux
jbreaux@anl.gov
630-252-5823
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Oct-2015
MSS Alliance launched to set de facto standard for odor-sensing systems
Six organizations including NIMS, Kyocera, Osaka University, NEC, Sumitomo Seika and NanoWorld jointly launched the MSS Alliance on Sept. 25, 2015, with the purpose of establishing a de facto standard for odor analysis and sensor systems employing an ultra-small sensor element called the Membrane-type Surface stress Sensor (MSS). This initiative is intended to accelerate practical use and popularization of such systems.

Contact: Saori Obayashi
saori_obayashi@mail.osaka-u.ac.jp
81-661-055-886
Osaka University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2015
Nature Physics
Chalmers researchers extend the lifetime of atoms using a mirror
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have succeeded in an experiment where they get an artificial atom to survive ten times longer than normal by positioning the atom in front of a mirror. The findings were recently published in the journal Nature Physics.
Swedish Research Council, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Christian Borg
christian.borg@chalmers.se
46-317-723-395
Chalmers University of Technology

Public Release: 13-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Just a touch of skyrmions
In a study published in Nature Communications, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science have found a way to manipulate skyrmions -- tiny nanometer-sized magnetic vortices found at the surface of magnetic materials -- using mechanical energy.

Contact: Jens Wilkinson
jens.wilkinson@riken.jp
81-484-621-225
RIKEN

Public Release: 12-Oct-2015
'Window to the brain' research to ramp up
A team of scientists from the University of California, Riverside and three Mexican universities have received about $5 million in funding to support research to continue development of a novel transparent skull implant that literally provides a 'window to the brain.'
National Science Foundation, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Oct-2015
ACS Central Science
New Oregon approach for 'nanohoops' could energize future devices
When the University of Oregon's Ramesh Jasti began making tiny organic circular structures using carbon atoms, the idea was to improve carbon nanotubes for use in electronics or optical devices. Now he believes his technique might roll solo. In a new paper, his team shows that his cycloparaphenylenes can be made using a variety of atoms, not just those from carbon.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Sloan Foundation, Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 9-Oct-2015
Nano Letters
Controllable protein gates deliver on-demand permeability in artificial nanovesicles
Researchers at the University of Basel have succeeded in building protein gates for artificial nano-vesicles that become transparent only under specific conditions. The gate responds to certain pH values, triggering a reaction and releasing active agents at the desired location. This is demonstrated in a study published in the journal Nano Letters.

Contact: Yannik Sprecher
yannik.sprecher@unibas.ch
41-612-672-424
University of Basel

Public Release: 9-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists pave way for diamonds to trace early cancers
Physicists from the University of Sydney, Australia, have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumours before they become life threatening. Their findings, published today in Nature Communications, reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light up early-stage cancers in non-toxic, non-invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans.
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence Scheme

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
vivienne.reiner@sydney.edu.au
61-432-352-132
University of Sydney

Public Release: 9-Oct-2015
Light: Science and Applications
Using optical fiber to generate a two-micron laser
Lasers with a wavelength of two microns could move the boundaries of surgery and molecule detection. Researchers at EPFL have managed to generate such lasers using a simple and inexpensive method.

Contact: Camille Bres
camille.bres@epfl.ch
41-216-937-866
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 9-Oct-2015
Science Advances
Chance effect of lab's fluorescent lights leads to discovery
An accidental discovery of a 'quantum Etch-a-Sketch' may lead to the next generation of advanced computers and quantum microchips. The lab's fluorescent lights generated surprising effects with potentially important impacts -- a new way of using beams of light to draw and erase quantum-mechanical circuits.
US Office of Naval Research, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Showing releases 601-625 out of 1857.

<< < 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 > >>