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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 1785.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
ORNL researchers make scalable arrays of 'building blocks' for ultrathin electronics
For the first time, researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have combined a novel synthesis process with commercial electron-beam lithography techniques to produce arrays of semiconductor junctions in arbitrary patterns within a single, nanometer-thick semiconductor crystal. The process transforms patterned regions of one existing, single-layer crystal into another. The two semiconductor crystals formed sharp junctions, the desired building blocks of electronics. Nature Communications reports the accomplishment.
DOE/Office of Science, National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation of Ecuador

Contact: Dawn Levy
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science Express
Simulations lead to design of near-frictionless material
Argonne scientists used the Mira supercomputer to identify and improve a new mechanism for eliminating friction, which fed into the development of a hybrid material that exhibited superlubricity at the macroscale for the first time. ALCF researchers helped enable the groundbreaking simulations by overcoming a performance bottleneck that doubled the speed of the team's code.

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
US Navy eyes graphene nanoribbon for ultimate power control system
The Office of Naval Research has awarded University at Buffalo engineers an $800,000 grant to develop narrow strips of graphene called nanoribbons that may someday revolutionize how power is controlled in ships, smartphones and other electronic devices.
The Office of Naval Research

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Applied Physics Letters
An easy, scalable and direct method for synthesizing graphene in silicon microelectronics
Graphene has been studied intensively for its unique properties, and now researchers have developed a microelectronics-compatible method to grow it and have synthesized wafer-scale, high-quality graphene on silicon substrates. The method is based on an ion implantation technique, a process in which ions are accelerated under an electrical field and smashed into a semiconductor. In Applied Physics Letters, the researchers describe their work, which takes graphene a step closer to commercial applications in silicon microelectronics.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Rock paper fungus
Believe it or not: X-ray works a lot better on rocks than on paper. This has been a problem for conservators trying to save historical books and letters. They frankly did not know what they were up against once fungi started to spot the surface of their documents. Now Diwaker Jha, an imaging specialist from Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, has managed to get a first look at how fungus goes about infesting paper.

Contact: Jes Andersen
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Rare form: Novel structures built from DNA emerge
Hao Yan, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, has worked for many years to refine the technique of DNA origami. His aim is to compose new sets of design rules, vastly expanding the range of nanoscale architectures generated by the method. In new research, a variety of innovative nanoforms are described, each displaying unprecedented design control.

Contact: Richard Harth
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Light: Science and Applications
Sticky tape and phosphorus the key to ultrathin solar cells: ANU media release
Scientists studying thin layers of phosphorus have found surprising properties that could open the door to ultrathin and ultralight solar cells and LEDs. The team used sticky tape to create single-atom thick layers, termed phosphorene, in the same simple way as the Nobel-prize winning discovery of graphene.

Contact: Dr. Yuerui Lu
Australian National University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New tool for investigating RNA gone awry
RNA is a fundamental ingredient in all known forms of life -- so when RNA goes awry, a lot can go wrong. A new technology developed by Northwestern University scientists offers the first real-time method to track and observe the dynamics of RNA distribution as it is transported inside living cells. 'Sticky-flares' have the potential to help scientists understand the complexities of RNA better than any analytical technique to date and observe and study the biological and medical significance of RNA misregulation.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters
Bringing back the magic in metamaterials
A research team out of Michigan Tech has found a way to solve one of the biggest challenges in making metamaterials. Their optical work is a big step towards creating a 'perfect lens'.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Durdu Güney
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Nanowires give 'solar fuel cell' efficiency a tenfold boost
A solar cell that produces fuel rather than electricity. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology and FOM Foundation today present a very promising prototype of this in the journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Erik Bakkers
Eindhoven University of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
A most singular nano-imaging technique
'SINGLE' is a new imaging technique that provides the first atomic-scale 3-D structures of individual nanoparticles in solution. This is an important step for improving the design of colloidal nanoparticles for catalysis and energy research applications.

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Futuristic brain probe allows for wireless control of neurons
A study showed that scientists can wirelessly determine the path a mouse walks with a press of a button. Researchers created a remote controlled, next-generation tissue implant that allows neuroscientists to inject drugs and shine lights on neurons deep inside the brains of mice. The revolutionary device is described online in the journal Cell. Its development was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Department of Defense National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship

Contact: Christopher G. Thomas
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Graphene electrons share the heat
A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in collaboration with Klaas-Jan Tielrooij from ICFO, has discovered that electrical conduction in graphene on the picosecond timescale is governed by the same basic laws that describe the thermal properties of gases.

Contact: Alina Hirschmann
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Weyl points: Wanted for 86 years
Weyl points, the 3-D analogues of the structures that make graphene exceptional, were theoretically predicted in 1929. Today, an international team of Physicists from MIT and Zhejiang University, found them in photonic crystals, opening a new dimension in photonics.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy Division of Materials Science and Engineering, National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Solid State Thermal Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center

Contact: Dr. Ling Lu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
On the way to breaking the terahertz barrier for graphene nanoelectronics
A team of scientists at the MPI-P discovered a much simpler thermodynamic approach to the electrical conduction in graphene.
European Research Council, ATER, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, European Union

Contact: Natacha Bouvier
Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Device delivers drugs to brain via remote control
Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects. Eventually, the devices may be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy and other neurological disorders in people.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Common Fund of the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Scientific Reports
Virginia Tech scientist develops model for robots with bacteria-controlled brains
A Virginia Tech scientist used a mathematical model to demonstrate that bacteria can control the behavior of an inanimate device like a robot.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Zeke Barlow
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Nanoparticles used to prevent inflammatory acne through slow-released nitric oxide
GW researcher and dermatologist, Adam Friedman, M.D., and colleagues, find that the release of nitric oxide over time may be a new way to treat and prevent acne through nanotechnology.
National Institutes of Health, Air Force Research Laboratory, Dermatology Foundation

Contact: Anne Banner
George Washington University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Applied Materials and Interfaces
'White graphene' structures can take the heat
Three-dimensional structures of boron nitride sheets and nanotubes may offer a way to keep small electronic devices cool, according to scientists at Rice University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Advanced Functional Materials
Plantations of nanorods on carpets of graphene capture the Sun's energy
The Sun can be a better chemist, thanks to zinc oxide nanorod arrays grown on a graphene substrate and 'decorated' with dots of cadmium sulphide. In the presence of solar radiation, this combination of zero and one-dimensional semiconductor structures with two-dimensional graphene is a great catalyst for many chemical reactions. The innovative photocatalytic material has been developed by a group of scientists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw and Fuzhou University in China.

Contact: Juan Carlos Colmenares
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
ACS Nano
Magnetic nanoparticles could be key to effective immunotherapy
In recent years, researchers have hotly pursued immunotherapy, a promising form of treatment that relies on harnessing and training the body's own immune system to better fight cancer and infection. Now, results of a study led by Johns Hopkins investigators suggests that a device composed of a magnetic column paired with custom-made magnetic nanoparticles may hold a key to bringing immunotherapy into widespread and successful clinical use.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Troper Wojcicki Foundation, Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Fund for Cancer Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Engineered hybrid crystal opens new frontiers for high-efficiency lighting
University of Toronto engineers have combined two promising solar cell materials together for the first time, creating a new platform for LED technology. The team designed a way to embed strongly luminescent nanoparticles called colloidal quantum dots into perovskite. Their work is published in the international journal Nature on July 15, 2015.
Ontario Research Fund Research Excellence Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, King Abdullah University of Science & Technology

Contact: Marit Mitchell
University of Toronto Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering

Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Advanced Materials
Nanospheres shield chemo drugs, safely release high doses in response to tumor secretions
Scientists coated nanospheres of the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel with a peptide shell that shields the drug as it travels through the circulatory system. When the nanosphere reaches a cancerous tumor, enzymes that enable metastasis slice open the shell to release the drug. The targeted delivery allowed them to safely give mice 16 times the maximum tolerated dose of the clinical formulation of paclitaxel and halted the growth of cancerous tumors.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data
Constant change
The fundamental constants that govern the laws of nature are being determined with increasing accuracy. A new paper in this week's Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data outlines the proceedings from this year's Workshop on the Determination of the Fundamental Constants, where scientists convened to share their research of fundamental constants. Ultimately, better definitions of these constants will aid the redefinition of several standard scientific units, including the kilogram and the Kelvin, by 2018.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters
World first: Significant development in the understanding of macroscopic quantum behavior
For the first time, the wavelike behavior of a room-temperature polariton condensate has been demonstrated in the laboratory on a macroscopic length scale. This significant development in the understanding and manipulation of quantum objects is the outcome of a collaboration between Professor Stéphane Kéna-Cohen of Polytechnique Montréal, Professor Stefan Maier and research associate Konstantinos Daskalakis of Imperial College London. Their work has been published in the prestigious journal Physical Review Letters.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Leverhulme Trust, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Annie Touchette
Polytechnique Montréal

Showing releases 76-100 out of 1785.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>