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News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 751-775 out of 1842.

<< < 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 > >>

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Advanced Materials
Cobalt film a clean-fuel find
A Rice University lab produces a thin-film catalyst for both hydrogen and oxygen generation. The material could replace expensive metals like platinum in water-electrolysis devices that produce hydrogen and oxygen for fuel cells.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section B
Combined effort for structural determination
Combining powder diffraction data with electron crystallography can give us a clearer view of modulated structures.
Russian Science Foundation, Research Foundation Flanders

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Scientific Reports
Scientists develop mesh that captures oil -- but lets water through
A stainless steel mesh with a high-tech coating captures oil, but water passes right through. With further development, the researchers say, 'you could potentially catch an oil spill with a net.'
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Graphene pushes the speed limit of light-to-electricity conversion
Researchers from ICFO, MIT and UC Riverside have been able to develop a graphene-based photodetector capable of converting absorbed light into an electrical voltage at ultrafast timescales.

Contact: Alina Hirschmann
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Taking aircraft manufacturing out of the oven
Aerospace engineers at MIT have now developed a carbon nanotube film that can heat and solidify a composite without the need for massive ovens. When connected to an electrical power source, and wrapped over a multilayer polymer composite, the heated film stimulates the polymer to solidify.
Airbus Group, Boeing, Embraer, Lockheed Martin, Saab AB, TohoTenax, ANSYS Inc., Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, US Army Research Office

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gold by special delivery intensifies cancer-killing radiation
Researchers at Brown and the University of Rhode Island have demonstrated what could become a more precise method for targeting cancer cells for radiation. The method would use cancer-seeking peptides to ferry nanoparticles of gold to the site. The gold then helps focus radiation on the cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
On the road to spin-orbitronics
Berkeley Lab researchers have discovered a new way of manipulating the magnetic domain walls in ultrathin magnets that could one day revolutionize the electronics industry through a technology called 'spin-orbitronics.'
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Nature Materials
Solution-grown nanowires make the best lasers
Take a material that is a focus of interest in the quest for advanced solar cells. Discover a 'freshman chemistry level' technique for growing that material into high-efficiency, ultra-small lasers. The result, disclosed Monday, April 13, in Nature Materials, is a shortcut to lasers that are extremely efficient and able to create many colors of light.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences Program

Contact: Song Jin
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
NASA chooses UT Arlington team to develop potential Mars mission technology
NASA has selected UT Arlington as one of four US institutions to develop improved methods for oxygen recovery and reuse aboard human spacecraft, a technology the agency says is crucial to 'enable our human journey to Mars and beyond.'

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
ACS Nano
How many gold atoms make gold metal?
Researchers at the Nanoscience Center at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have shown that dramatic changes in the electronic properties of nanometer-sized chunks of gold occur in well-defined size range. Small gold nanoclusters could be used, for instance, in short-term storage of energy or electric charge in the field of molecular electronics.
The Academy of Finland

Contact: Hannu Häkkinen
Academy of Finland

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Science Advances
Electrical control of quantum bits in silicon paves the way to large quantum computers
A UNSW-led research team has encoded quantum information in silicon using simple electrical pulses for the first time, bringing the construction of affordable large-scale quantum computers one step closer to reality.
Australian Research Council, US Army Research Office, NSW Government, UNSW Australia, University of Melbourne

Contact: Dan Wheelahan
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Research could usher in next generation of batteries, fuel cells
Scientists from South Carolina's leading public universities -- the University of South Carolina and Clemson University -- have made a discovery that could dramatically improve the efficiency of batteries and fuel cells. The research, which is published in the journal Nature Communications, involves improving the transport of oxygen ions, a key component in converting chemical energy into electricity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Stensland
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Graphene looking promising for future spintronic devices
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have discovered that large area graphene is able to preserve electron spin over an extended period, and communicate it over greater distances than had previously been known. This has opened the door for the development of spintronics, with an aim to manufacturing faster and more energy-efficient memory and processors in computers. The findings will be published in the journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Johanna Wilde
Chalmers University of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Nano Letters
Erupting electrodes: How recharging leaves behind microscopic debris inside batteries
An eruption of lithium at the tip of a battery's electrode, cracks in the electrode's body, and a coat forming on the electrode's surface reveal how recharging a battery many times leads to its demise. Using a powerful microscope to watch multiple cycles of charging and discharging under real battery conditions, researchers have gained insight into the chemistry that clogs rechargeable lithium batteries in work appearing in the March issue of the journal Nano Letters.
Department of Energy

Contact: Mary Beckman
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
UT Arlington nanopillar fabrication to lead to more efficient electronics
A University of Texas at Arlington engineering researcher will build nanoscale pillars that will lead to more energy-efficient transistors in electronic devices and gadgets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Engineers now understand how complex carbon nanostructures form
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are microscopic tubular structures that engineers 'grow' through a process conducted in a high-temperature furnace. The forces that create the CNT structures known as 'forests' often are unpredictable and are mostly left to chance. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has developed a way to predict how these complicated structures are formed. By understanding how CNT arrays are created, engineers can better incorporate the highly adaptable material into devices and products.

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Science Advances
Carnegie Mellon chemists create tiny gold nanoparticles that reflect nature's patterns
Our world is full of patterns, from the twist of a DNA molecule to the spiral of the Milky Way. New research from Carnegie Mellon chemists has revealed that tiny, synthetic gold nanoparticles exhibit some of nature's most intricate patterns.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Unraveling the origin of the pseudogap in a charge density wave compound
By combining a variety of different experimental techniques and theory, a group led by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory obtained unique insights into the nature of the pseudogap state in a canonical charge density wave material.
US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Tona Kunz
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Physical Review Letters
Inventing a 2-D liquid
A University of Pennsylvania team has now shown how to make nanoparticles that are attracted to an oil-water interface but not to each other, creating a system that acts as a two-dimensional liquid.

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Tunneling across a tiny gap
Researchers at MIT, the University of Oklahoma, and Rutgers University have developed a model that explains how heat flows between objects separated by gaps of less than a nanometer. The team has developed a unified framework that calculates heat transport at finite gaps, and has shown that heat flow at sub-nanometer distances occurs not via radiation or conduction, but through 'phonon tunneling.'
US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Pavel Levkin is granted Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize
The chemist Pavel Levkin of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is granted the 2015 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize by the German Research Foundation. The prize is considered the highest distinction for young researchers in Germany. Levkin's work focuses on the investigation of cell-surface interactions, the development of biofunctional materials and super-water-repellent surfaces, also on nanoparticles for specific medicine and gene transport. A scientific success of his was the synthesis of lipid-like molecules for gene modification of cells.

Contact: Monika Landgraf
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Journal of Applied Physics
Carbon nanotube computing?
In the Journal of Applied Physics, a group of researchers from Durham University in the UK and the University of São Paulo-USP in Brazil describes using single-walled carbon nanotube composites (SWCNTs) as a material in 'unconventional' computing. By studying the mechanical and electrical properties of the materials, they discovered a correlation between SWCNT concentration/viscosity/conductivity and the computational capability of the composite.
European Union/Nanoscale Engineering for Novel Computation Using Evolution Project

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Journal of Applied Physics
Future electronics based on carbon nanotubes
A big barrier to building useful electronics with carbon nanotubes has always been the fact that when they're arrayed into films, a certain portion of them will act more like metals than semiconductors. But now a team of researchers have shown how to strip out the metallic carbon nanotubes from arrays using a relatively simple, scalable procedure that does not require expensive equipment. Their work is described this week in the Journal of Applied Physics.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Computers that mimic the function of the brain
A team of Northwestern University researchers used a promising new material to build more functional memristors, bringing us closer to brain-like computing.
Office of Naval Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Nature Physics
Better sensors for medical imaging, contraband detection
MIT researchers have developed a new, ultrasensitive magnetic-field detector that is 1,000 times more energy-efficient than its predecessors. It could lead to miniaturized, battery-powered devices for medical and materials imaging, contraband detection, and even geological exploration.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 751-775 out of 1842.

<< < 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 > >>