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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 826-850 out of 1884.

<< < 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 > >>

Public Release: 23-Oct-2015
Science Advances
Capacitor breakthrough
In the movie 'Back to the Future,' Doc Brown and Marty McFly landed in the future in their DeLorean, with time travel made possible by a 'flux capacitor.' Today, capacitors are key components of portable electronics to electric cars, providing fast delivery of energy but poor storage capacity. However, researchers from UD and the Chinese Academy of Sciences report a new approach to increasing storage ability in Science Advances.
National Key Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences/State AQ9 Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 23-Oct-2015
Advanced Materials
Halloysite: Finally a promising natural nanomaterial?
Halloysite is a natural biocompatible nanomaterial available in thousands of tons at low price, which makes it a good candidate for nanoarchitectural composites. In vitro and in vivo studies on biological cells and worms indicate the safety of halloysite, and furthermore, it can store and release molecules in a controllable manner, making these tiny containers attractive for applications in drug delivery, antimicrobial materials, self-healing polymeric composites, and regenerative medicine.

Contact: Yevgeniya Litvinova
Kazan Federal University

Public Release: 23-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Manipulating wrinkles could lead to graphene semiconductors
RIKEN scientists have used the tip of a scanning tunneling microscope to manipulate the formation of wrinkles in graphene, opening the way to the construction of graphene semiconductors not through chemical means--by adding other elements -- but by manipulating the carbon structure itself in a form of 'graphene engineering.'

Contact: Jens Wilkinson

Public Release: 23-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Photons open the gateway for quantum networks
There is tremendous potential for new information technology based on light (photons). Quantum technology based on photons -- called quantum photonics, will be able to hold much more information than current computer technology. But in order to create a network with photons, you need a photon contact, a kind of transistor that can control the transport of photons in a circuit. Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have managed to create such a contact.

Contact: Gertie Skaarup
University of Copenhagen - Niels Bohr Institute

Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
NASA takes lasercom a step forward
A NASA-developed laser communication (lasercom) system made headlines in 2013 when it demonstrated record-breaking data download and upload speeds to the moon. Now, a NASA optical physicist says he can match those speeds -- plus provide never-before-achieved, highly precise distance and speed measurements -- all from the same relatively small package.

Contact: Lori Keesey
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
IEEE BioCAS 2015
Monitoring critical blood levels in real time in the ICU
For patients in intensive care, knowing how much glucose, lactate and other substances are in the blood is a question of life or death. EPFL has developed a miniaturized microfluidic device that will allow medical staff to monitor these levels in real time and react more quickly. It was unveiled on Oct. 22nd, 2015 in Atlanta.

Contact: Sandro Carrara
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Researchers transform slow emitters into fast light sources
Phosphors are efficient light emitters but they're not optimal for high-speed communications because they turn on and off slowly. Researchers from Brown and Harvard have now found a way to modulate light from phosphor emitters three orders of magnitude faster using phase-change materials, which could make phosphors useful in a range of new optoelectronic applications.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office, US Department of Education, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Rice news release: Cobalt atoms on graphene a powerful combo
Cobalt atoms on nitrogen-doped graphene are a robust solid-state catalyst for hydrogen production. The Rice University discovery may be an effective replacement for more expensive platinum-activated catalysts in fuel cells and other energy applications.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research MURI, NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, Welch Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Nature Photonics
Exciting breakthrough in 2-D lasers
An important step towards next-generation ultra-compact photonic and optoelectronic devices has been taken with the realization of a two-dimensional excitonic laser. Berkeley Lab researchers have embedded a monolayer of tungsten disulfide into a special microdisk resonator to achieve bright excitonic lasing at visible light wavelengths.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Applied Physics Letters
Umbrella-shaped diamond nanostructures make efficient photon collectors
By tweaking the shape of the diamond nanostructures into the form of tiny umbrellas, researchers from Tokyo Institute of Technology experimentally showed that the fluorescence intensity of their structures was three to five times greater than that of bulk diamond. They report their results in the journal Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Malaria Journal
New approach toward a broad spectrum malaria vaccine
Malaria affects millions of people worldwide. Plasmodium falciparum enolase participates in parasite invasion of host red blood cells and mosquito midgut epithelium. Anti-enolase antibodies interfere with the invasion, inhibiting parasite growth and transmission. A pentapeptide insert of parasite enolase, conserved in all Plasmodia species, but absent from host enolases, shows considerable protection against malaria when displayed on Archaeal gas vesicle nanoparticles. A vaccine based on this motif could confer protection against all malaria parasites.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Gotam Jarori
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Scientific Reports
Solvents save steps in solar cell manufacturing
Advances in ultrathin films have made solar panels and semiconductor devices more efficient and less costly, and researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory say they've found a way to manufacture the films more easily, too.
Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Corning Incorporated and ICFO announce a renovation agreement for the Corning Laboratory at ICFO
Corning Incorporated, a world leader in specialty glass and ceramics, and ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences, an independent, nonprofit research center based in Barcelona, Spain, announce a four-year renovation agreement for the Corning Laboratory established at ICFO.

Contact: Alina Hirschmann
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
New graphene based inks for high-speed manufacturing of printed electronics
A low-cost, high-speed method for printing electronics using graphene and other conductive materials could open up a wide range of commercial applications.

Contact: Sarah Collins
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Physics
'Molecular accordion' drives thermoelectric behavior in promising material
Engines, laptops and power plants generate waste heat. Thermoelectric materials, which convert temperature gradients to electricity and vice versa, can recover some of that heat and improve energy efficiency. A team of scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory explored the fundamental physics of the world's best thermoelectric material -- tin selenide -- using neutron scattering and computer simulations. Their work may aid energy sustainability and design of materials that convert heat into electricity.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Dawn Levy
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Materials
Surfing water molecules could hold the key to fast and controllable water transport
Scientists at UCL have identified a new and potentially faster way of moving molecules across the surfaces of certain materials.
European Research Council, Bio Nano Consulting, Royal Society

Contact: Oli Usher
University College London

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Nature Photonics
To infinity and beyond: Light goes infinitely fast with new on-chip material
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have designed the first on-chip metamaterial with a refractive index of zero, meaning that the phase of light can travel infinitely fast.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Harvard Quantum Optics Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 19-Oct-2015
Trends in Biotechnology
Nanotechnology inspires next-generation dental materials
Have a cavity? Ask your dentist about filling it with a mixture of nanoparticles including silica and zirconia. These white fillings resemble teeth better than their metal alternatives and are less likely to come loose or fracture teeth. This is just the beginning argue Brazilian scientists in a review of 'nanodentistry,' published Oct. 19 in Trends in Biotechnology. Next-generation dental materials incorporating nanotechnology aim to help teeth self-heal, rebuild enamel, and protect against bacterial infections.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 18-Oct-2015
Physical Review E
Active deformations of cell nuclei contribute to intra-nuclear architecture formations
A Japanese researcher has investigated the contributions of active deformation dynamics of cell nuclei using the Brownian motion theory.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

Contact: Norifumi Miyokawa
Hiroshima University

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
ACS Nano
Nanodiamonds might prevent tooth loss after root canals
Nanodiamonds may help patients that have had the dreaded root canal. UCLA dental researchers have developed a nanodiamond-reinforced version of gutta percha, the compound that is used to fill void spaces in dental root canals to prevent infection that can lead to tooth loss. Tested in patient-extracted teeth, the nanodiamond-embedded polymer was substantially stronger than conventional gutta percha. In addition, the scientists tested gutta percha with nanodiamonds that had been loaded with antibiotics and found that the compound effectively prevented bacterial infection.

Contact: Brianna Aldrich
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Is black phosphorus the next big thing in materials?
Berkeley Lab researchers have confirmed that single-crystal black phosphorus nanoribbons display a strong in-plane anisotropy in thermal conductivity, an experimental revelation that should facilitate the future application of this highly promising material to electronic, optoelectronic and thermoelectric devices.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
Nature Physics
What are these nanostars in 2-D superconductor supposed to mean?
Physicists from France and Russia have discovered magnetic disturbances in two-dimensional layered superconductors, resembling small oscillating stars. This experimental observation is the direct confirmation of the famous Yu-Shiba-Rusinov theory which predicted an existence of these quantum bound magnetic states. It was found out that in the 2-D systems the magnetic excitations spread over longer distances as compared to ordinary 3-D superconducting materials. Building and manipulating such protected states is a crucial step towards quantum computers.

Contact: V. Roizen
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Synthetic biology applications face unclear path to market
A new report from the Synthetic Biology Project explores current government oversight of synthetic biology in the United States by examining the regulatory pathways of different products and applications.

Contact: Aaron Lovell
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars/Science and Technology Innovation Program

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Advanced Material Interfaces
Researchers take first steps to create biodegradable displays for electronics
Americans, on average, replace their mobile phones every 22 months, junking more than 150 million phones a year in the process. Now,University of Missouri researchers are on the path to creating biodegradable electronics by using organic components in screen displays. The researchers' advancements could one day help reduce electronic waste in the world's landfills.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 15-Oct-2015
Nano Letters
Patterning oxide nanopillars at the atomic scale by phase transformation
The team, led by Professor Yuichi Ikuhara, at Tohoku University's Advanced Institute for Materials Research has carried out a study aimed at precisely controlling phase transformations with high spatial precision, which represents a significant step forward in realizing new functionalities in confined dimensions. Such a precise control of phase transformations opens up new avenues for materials design and processing, as well as advanced nanodevice fabrication. Full results have been published in Nano Letters.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Japan, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Chunlin Chen
Tohoku University

Showing releases 826-850 out of 1884.

<< < 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 > >>