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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1851.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Journal of Chemical Physics
New computer model could explain how simple molecules took first step toward life
Sergei Maslov, a computational biologist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and adjunct professor at Stony Brook University, and Alexei Tkachenko, a scientist at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials, have developed a model that explains how simple monomers could rapidly make the jump to more complex self-replicating polymers. What their model points to could have intriguing implications for the origins of life on Earth and CFN's work in engineering artificial self-assembly at the nanoscale.
DOE Office of Science

Contact: Peter Genzer
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Nano Letters
Reshaping the solar spectrum to turn light to electricity
Solar energy could be made cheaper if solar cells could be coaxed to generate more power. A huge gain in this direction has been made by a team of chemists at the University of California, Riverside that has found an ingenious way to make solar energy conversion more efficient. The researchers combined inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals with organic molecules to 'upconvert' photons in the visible and near-infrared regions of the solar spectrum.
National Science Foundation, US Army

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Materials Science&Technology 2015 conference
Professor Federico Rosei elected ASM International Fellow
Professor Federico Rosei of the INRS Centre Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications has been elected Fellow by ASM International, marking his outstanding research on the synthesis and characterization of multifunctional materials. By electing him as a Fellow, ASM International recognized not only the impact of his work but also his exceptional mentoring activities. He is the only Quebec researcher to receive this honor in 2015.

Contact: Gisèle Bolduc
Institut national de la recherche scientifique - INRS

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Superfast fluorescence sets new speed record
Researchers at Duke University have developed a plasmonic device that, combined with semiconductor quantum dots, could one day be turned into an ultrafast light-emitting diode for optical computing.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Lord Foundation of North Carolina

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Acetic acid as a proton shuttle in gold chemistry
A recently published study by Ananikov and co-workers gives a vivid example of unusual chemical reactivity found in the reactions with organogold complexes. Using the complex of modern physical methods joined with computational studies, the authors proposed reaction mechanism, where a molecule of acetic acid serves as a proton shuttle, transferring the hydrogen atom between the reaction centers.

Contact: Valentine Ananikov
Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters
Young scientist discovers magnetic material unnecessary to create spin current
Research at Argonne indicates that you don't need a magnetic material to create spin current from insulators--with important implications for the field of spintronics and the development of high-speed, low-power electronics that use electron spin rather than charge to carry information.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: Angela Hardin
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Cages offer new direction in sustainable catalyst design
University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have developed a new approach to structuring the catalysts used in essential reactions in the chemical and energy fields. The advance offers a pathway for industries to wean themselves off of platinum, one of the scarcest metals in the earth's crust.
Department of Energy, UW-Madison College of Engineering

Contact: Manos Mavrikakis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Changing the color of light
Researchers at the University of Delaware have received a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation to explore a new idea that could improve solar cells, medical imaging and even cancer treatments. Simply put, they want to change the color of light.
W. M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
More efficient process to produce graphene developed by Ben-Gurion University researchers
Their ultra-bright lamp-ablation method surmounts the shortcomings and has succeeded in synthesizing few-layer (4-5) graphene in higher yields. It involves a novel optical system (originally invented by BGU Profs. Daniel Feuermann and Jeffrey Gordon) that reconstitutes the immense brightness within the plasma of high-power xenon discharge lamps at a remote reactor, where a transparent tube filled with simple, inexpensive graphite is irradiated.

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Pitt's Jeremy Levy earns $3 million nanotech grant
The US Department of Defense recently selected University of Pittsburgh professor Jeremy Levy as one of seven distinguished university faculty scientists and engineers forming the next new class of National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellows.
US Department of Defense

Contact: Joe Miksch
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Synthetic coral could remove toxic heavy metals from the ocean
A new material that mimics coral could help remove toxic heavy metals like mercury from the ocean, according to a new study published in the Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. The researchers, from Anhui Jianzhu University in China, say their new material could provide inspiration for other approaches to removing pollutants.

Contact: Aileen Christensen

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Rice University finding could lead to cheap, efficient metal-based solar cells
New research from Rice University could make it easier for engineers to harness the power of light-capturing nanomaterials to boost the efficiency and reduce the costs of photovoltaic solar cells.
Welch Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Science and Research

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Nature Materials
Spintronics: Molecules stabilizing magnetism
Organic molecules allow producing printable electronics and solar cells with extraordinary properties. In spintronics, too, molecules open up the unexpected possibility of controlling the magnetism of materials and, thus, the spin of the flowing electrons. According to what is reported in Nature Materials by a German-French team of researchers, a thin layer of organic molecules can stabilize the magnetic orientation of a cobalt surface.

Contact: Monika Landgraf
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Penn researchers discover new chiral property of silicon, with photonic applications
By encoding information in photons via their spin, 'photonic' computers could be orders of magnitude faster and efficient than their current-day counterparts. Likewise, encoding information in the spin of electrons, rather than just their quantity, could make 'spintronic' computers with similar advantages. University of Pennsylvania engineers and physicists have now discovered a property of silicon that combines aspects of all of these desirable qualities.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Ultra-thin hollow nanocages could reduce platinum use in fuel cell electrodes
A new fabrication technique that produces platinum hollow nanocages with ultra-thin walls could dramatically reduce the amount of the costly metal needed to provide catalytic activity in such applications as fuel cells.

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
UT Dallas nanotechnology research leads to super-elastic conducting fibers
A research team based at the University of Texas at Dallas has made electrically conducting fibers that can be reversibly stretched to over 14 times their initial length and whose electrical conductivity increases 200-fold when stretched. In a study published in the July 24 issue of the journal Science, the scientists describe how they constructed the fibers by wrapping electrically conductive sheets of carbon nanotubes to form a jelly-roll-like sheath around a long rubber core.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Robert A. Welch Foundation, US Army, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
ORNL researchers make scalable arrays of 'building blocks' for ultrathin electronics
For the first time, researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have combined a novel synthesis process with commercial electron-beam lithography techniques to produce arrays of semiconductor junctions in arbitrary patterns within a single, nanometer-thick semiconductor crystal. The process transforms patterned regions of one existing, single-layer crystal into another. The two semiconductor crystals formed sharp junctions, the desired building blocks of electronics. Nature Communications reports the accomplishment.
DOE/Office of Science, National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation of Ecuador

Contact: Dawn Levy
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science Express
Simulations lead to design of near-frictionless material
Argonne scientists used the Mira supercomputer to identify and improve a new mechanism for eliminating friction, which fed into the development of a hybrid material that exhibited superlubricity at the macroscale for the first time. ALCF researchers helped enable the groundbreaking simulations by overcoming a performance bottleneck that doubled the speed of the team's code.

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
US Navy eyes graphene nanoribbon for ultimate power control system
The Office of Naval Research has awarded University at Buffalo engineers an $800,000 grant to develop narrow strips of graphene called nanoribbons that may someday revolutionize how power is controlled in ships, smartphones and other electronic devices.
The Office of Naval Research

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Applied Physics Letters
An easy, scalable and direct method for synthesizing graphene in silicon microelectronics
Graphene has been studied intensively for its unique properties, and now researchers have developed a microelectronics-compatible method to grow it and have synthesized wafer-scale, high-quality graphene on silicon substrates. The method is based on an ion implantation technique, a process in which ions are accelerated under an electrical field and smashed into a semiconductor. In Applied Physics Letters, the researchers describe their work, which takes graphene a step closer to commercial applications in silicon microelectronics.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Rock paper fungus
Believe it or not: X-ray works a lot better on rocks than on paper. This has been a problem for conservators trying to save historical books and letters. They frankly did not know what they were up against once fungi started to spot the surface of their documents. Now Diwaker Jha, an imaging specialist from Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, has managed to get a first look at how fungus goes about infesting paper.

Contact: Jes Andersen
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Rare form: Novel structures built from DNA emerge
Hao Yan, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, has worked for many years to refine the technique of DNA origami. His aim is to compose new sets of design rules, vastly expanding the range of nanoscale architectures generated by the method. In new research, a variety of innovative nanoforms are described, each displaying unprecedented design control.

Contact: Richard Harth
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Light: Science and Applications
Sticky tape and phosphorus the key to ultrathin solar cells: ANU media release
Scientists studying thin layers of phosphorus have found surprising properties that could open the door to ultrathin and ultralight solar cells and LEDs. The team used sticky tape to create single-atom thick layers, termed phosphorene, in the same simple way as the Nobel-prize winning discovery of graphene.

Contact: Dr. Yuerui Lu
Australian National University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New tool for investigating RNA gone awry
RNA is a fundamental ingredient in all known forms of life -- so when RNA goes awry, a lot can go wrong. A new technology developed by Northwestern University scientists offers the first real-time method to track and observe the dynamics of RNA distribution as it is transported inside living cells. 'Sticky-flares' have the potential to help scientists understand the complexities of RNA better than any analytical technique to date and observe and study the biological and medical significance of RNA misregulation.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters
Bringing back the magic in metamaterials
A research team out of Michigan Tech has found a way to solve one of the biggest challenges in making metamaterials. Their optical work is a big step towards creating a 'perfect lens'.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Durdu Güney
Michigan Technological University

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1851.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>