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News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1762.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Nature Photonics
Shiny quantum dots brighten future of solar cells
A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work by Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers in collaboration with scientists from University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. Their project demonstrates that superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can be applied in solar energy by helping more efficiently harvest sunlight.
DOE Office of Science

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
British-American experimental physicist Stuart Parkin receives Millennium Technology Prize
Professor Stuart Parkin of the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California, USA, received the 2014 Millennium Technology Prize for his contributions to interdisciplinary materials research. The British-American experimental physicist is a Fellow of the Gutenberg Research College and an external member of the Graduate School of Excellence 'Materials Science in Mainz' at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz.

Contact: Dr. Matthias Neubert
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pioneering findings on the dual role of carbon dioxide in photosynthesis
Scientists at Umea University in Sweden have found that carbon dioxide, in its ionic form bicarbonate, has a regulating function in the splitting of water in photosynthesis. This means that carbon dioxide has an additional role to being reduced to sugar. The pioneering work is published in the latest issue of the scientific journal PNAS.

Contact: Johannes Messinger
Umea University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Better solar cells, better LED light and vast optical possibilities
NTNU-researchers have discovered that by tuning a small strain on single nanowires they can become more effective in LEDs and solar cells.

Contact: Steinar Brandslet
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 11-Apr-2014
ASU leads new national research network to study impacts of nanomaterials
The Environmental Protection Agency is establishing a new national research network to assess the potential environmental impacts of the engineered nanomaterials that are increasingly used in consumer products. The agency has awarded a $5 million grant to support the consortium, which will be based at Arizona State University.
US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Joe Kullman
Arizona State University

Public Release: 11-Apr-2014
Advanced Materials
New self-healing plastics developed
Scratches in the car finish or cracks in polymer material: self-healing materials can repair themselves by restoring their initial molecular structure after the damage. Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Evonik Industries have developed a chemical crosslinking reaction that ensures good short-term healing properties of the material under mild heating. The research results have now been published in the Advanced Materials journal.

Contact: Monika Landgraf
Helmholtz Association

Public Release: 11-Apr-2014
Nano Letters
Researchers develop ErSb nanostructures with applications in infrared and terahertz ranges
UC Santa Barbara have created a compound semiconductor of nearly perfect quality with embedded nanostructures containing ordered lines of atoms that can manipulate light energy in the mid-infrared range. More efficient solar cells, less risky and higher resolution biological imaging, and the ability to transmit massive amounts of data at higher speeds are only a few applications that this unique semiconductor will be able to support.

Contact: Melissa Van De Werfhorst
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 10-Apr-2014
Acta Crystallographica Section A
Virus structure inspires novel understanding of onion-like carbon nanoparticles
Symmetry is ubiquitous in the natural world. It occurs in gemstones and snowflakes and even in biology, an area typically associated with complexity and diversity. There are striking examples: the shapes of virus particles, such as those causing the common cold, are highly symmetrical and look like tiny footballs.
Leverhulme Research Leadership Award

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The motion of the medium matters for self-assembling particles, Penn research shows
Earlier work assumed that the liquid medium in which certain self-assembling particles float could be treated as a placid vacuum, but a University of Pennsylvania team has shown that fluid dynamics play a crucial role in the kind and quality of the structures that can be made in this way.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
No compromises: JILA's short, flexible, reusable AFM probe
JILA researchers have engineered a short, flexible, reusable probe for the atomic force microscope that enables state-of-the-art precision and stability in picoscale force measurements. Shorter, softer and more agile than standard and recently enhanced AFM probes, the JILA tips will benefit nanotechnology and studies of folding and stretching in biomolecules such as proteins and DNA.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
New 'switch' could power quantum computing
A light lattice that traps atoms may help scientists build networks of quantum information transmitters.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Tiny step edges, big step for surface science
An interesting effect could help build better solar cells and create better chemical catalysts: If a titanium oxide surface is completely flat, the electrons inside the material can move freely. But if there are tiny step edges on the surface, the electrons can localize, and then, oxygen can attach to the surface.

Contact: Florian Aigner
Vienna University of Technology

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
A new twist makes for better steel, researchers find
In steelmaking, two desirable qualities -- strength and ductility -- tend to be at odds: stronger steel is less ductile, and more ductile steel is not as strong. Engineers at Brown University, three Chinese universities, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have shown that pre-treating steel cylinders by twisting then can improve strength without sacrificing ductility.

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Scalable CVD process for making 2-D molybdenum diselenide
Nanoengineering researchers at Rice University and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have unveiled a potentially scalable method for making one-atom-thick layers of molybdenum diselenide -- a material that is similar to graphene but has better properties for making certain electronic devices like switchable transistors and light-emitting diodes.
Army Research Office, Semiconductor Research Corporation's FAME Center, Office of Naval Research, Singapore's MOE Academic Research Fund

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Domain walls in nanowires cleverly set in motion
Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have achieved a major breakthrough in the development of methods of information processing in nanomagnets. Using a new trick, they have been able to induce synchronous motion of the domain walls in a ferromagnetic nanowire.

Contact: Dr. Mathias Kläui
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Journal of Responsible Innovation
Scientists disagree on responsible research
Responsible research has been put firmly on the political agenda with, for instance, EU's Horizon 2020 program in which all research projects must show how they contribute responsibly to society. New research from the University of Copenhagen reveals that the scientists themselves place great emphasis on behaving responsibly; they just disagree on what social responsibility in science entails. Responsibility is, in other words, a matter of perspective.

Contact: Associate Professor Maja Horst
University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Winners of competition to reimagine the chemistry set announced
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Society for Science & the Public today announced winners of the Science, Play and Research Kit Competition, a challenge to reimagine the chemistry set for the 21st century. Winners were selected in two categories: prototypes -- projects that are operational and demonstrable -- and ideations -- fleshed out project ideas that have not yet been developed into prototypes, but have a strong potential for development.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Dennis Tartaglia
Tartaglia Communications

Public Release: 7-Apr-2014
Nano Letters
Trees go high-tech: Process turns cellulose into energy storage devices
A fundamental chemical discovery should allow tress to soon play a major role in making high-tech energy storage devices. A method has been discovered to turn cellulose -- the most abundant organic polymer on Earth and a key component of trees -- into the building blocks for supercapacitors.

Contact: David Xiulei Ji
Oregon State University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Rebar technique strengthens case for graphene
Carbon nanotubes become reinforcing bars that make two-dimensional graphene much easier to handle in a hybrid material developed at Rice University.

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2014
American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2014
Gold nanorods attach to, kill bladder cancer cells
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2014 demonstrates a novel strategy that accomplishes both: bladder cancer cells overexpress the protein EGFR; gold nanorods can be engineered to attach to EGFR proteins; and then the application of low-intensity laser to the tissue can preferentially heat these gold nanorods, killing the EGFR-rich cancer cells to which they are attached.

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 6-Apr-2014
Nature Physics
Groundbreaking optical device could enhance optical information processing, computers
At St. Paul's Cathedral in London, a section of the dome called the Whispering Gallery makes a whisper audible from the other side of the dome as a result of the way sound waves travel around the curved surface. Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have used the same phenomenon to build an optical device that may lead to new and more powerful computers that run faster and cooler.
Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Neil Schoenherr
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 6-Apr-2014
Nature Materials
Self-assembled superlattices create molecular machines with 'hinges' and 'gears'
A combined computational and experimental study of self-assembled silver-based structures known as superlattices has revealed an unusual and unexpected behavior: arrays of gear-like molecular-scale machines that rotate in unison when pressure is applied to them.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Department of Energy

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Apr-2014
£800,000 grant to create the computers of the future
Dr. Patmore was the recipient of one of the small number of University Research Fellowships bestowed annually by the Royal Society, which was founded in the 1660s. The fellowships -- for which there is intense competition -- run for several years, during which the Society provides the bulk of the recipient's salary and meets the cost of consumable items needed for research.
Royal Society

Contact: John Ramsdin
University of Huddersfield

Public Release: 4-Apr-2014
Nano Letters
To bridge LEDs' green gap, scientists think small... really small
Nanostructures half the breadth of a DNA strand could improve the efficiency of light emitting diodes, especially in the 'green gap,' simulations at the US Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center have shown. Nanostructure LEDs made from indium nitride could lead to more natural-looking white lighting while avoiding some of the efficiency loss today's LEDs experience at high power.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Margie Wylie
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
RSC Advances
Energy breakthrough uses sun to create solar energy materials
Researchers have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible. This breakthrough could make the sun almost a 'one-stop shop' that produces both the materials for solar devices and the eternal energy to power them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chih-hung Chang
Oregon State University

Showing releases 876-900 out of 1762.

<< < 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 > >>