With the 21st Century dawns what many have called the
"biological century," in which advances in biologyspurred by achievements in
genomic research, including the sequencing of the human genomewill bring
revolutionary and unconventional solutions to some of mankindís most pressing
and expensive challenges in health, energy, the environment, and national
An international team of researchers, including three from Brookhaven National Laboratory, tracked nitrogen as soil bacteria pulled it from the air and released it as plant-friendly ammonium. This eco-friendly process -- called biological nitrogen fixation -- substantially promoted growth in certain grass crops.
Next Generation Ecosystem Experiments-Tropics will couple field research with the development of a new ecosystem model that represents how tropical forests interact with Earth's climate in much greater ecological detail than ever before.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.