Driven by rapid technological advances within the past two decades, computing
and high-speed networking have emerged as powerful tools for science and are
even changing the ways in which modern science is conducted. DOE is a national
leader in the scientific computing field–supporting fundamental research in
advanced scientific computing, applied mathematics, computer science, and
networking. The DOE computational infrastructure provides world-class,
high-performance computational and networking tools that enable scientific,
energy, environmental, and national security research.
A booming economy and population led China to emerge in 2006 as the global leader in fossil-fuel carbon emissions, a distinction it still maintains. But exactly how much carbon China releases has been a topic of debate, with recent estimates varying by as much as 15 percent.
An Oak Ridge National Laboratory team of comparative genomics and computational science researchers compared approximately 4,000 complete virus genomes downloaded from a public database known as GenBank. By compressing the sequence files, the team created a virus dendrogram that maps out the relationships among all the different virus families.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.