Driven by rapid technological advances within the past two decades, computing
and high-speed networking have emerged as powerful tools for science and are
even changing the ways in which modern science is conducted. DOE is a national
leader in the scientific computing field–supporting fundamental research in
advanced scientific computing, applied mathematics, computer science, and
networking. The DOE computational infrastructure provides world-class,
high-performance computational and networking tools that enable scientific,
energy, environmental, and national security research.
Buildings are responsible for about 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States. Studies indicate that advanced sensors and controls have the potential to reduce the energy consumption of buildings by 20-30 percent.
Using supercomputing resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center at Berkeley Lab, a team of nuclear physicists has demonstrated for the first time the ability of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) -- a fundamental theory in particle physics -- to calculate the magnetic structure of some of the lightest nuclei. Their findings are part of an ongoing effort to further our understanding of the universe.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.