DOE research touches virtually every aspect of energy resources,
production, conversion, efficiency, and waste mitigation. A central goal is to
find ways to minimize the use of fossil fuels and maximize the use and
efficiency of renewable energy sources such as water; the sun; wind; ocean
waves, tides, and thermal energy; the earth’s heat; and biomass resources for
biofuels (www.eere.energy.gov). DOE also
seeks to generate, transmit, and use electricity and other energy sources much
more efficiently and with higher capacity; explore the use of hydrogen in fuel
and energy applications; develop clean coal technologies; optimize nuclear
energy plants, and harness fusion as a completely new, economically and
environmentally attractive energy source. (http://science.energy.gov/fes/
At Brookhaven Lab last week, seven finalists competed to be designated the top-performing pellet stove. The three-day Pellet Stove Design Challenge, organized by the Alliance for Green Heat, featured stove demonstrations and testing as well as presentations and round-table discussions on a variety of issues.
Creating the batteries or electronics of the future requires understanding materials that are just a few atoms thick and that change their fundamental physical properties in fractions of a second. Cutting-edge facilities at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have allowed researchers like Aaron Lindenberg to visualize properties of these nanoscale materials at ultrafast time scales.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.