DOE research touches virtually every aspect of energy resources,
production, conversion, efficiency, and waste mitigation. A central goal is to
find ways to minimize the use of fossil fuels and maximize the use and
efficiency of renewable energy sources such as water; the sun; wind; ocean
waves, tides, and thermal energy; the earth’s heat; and biomass resources for
biofuels (www.eere.energy.gov). DOE also
seeks to generate, transmit, and use electricity and other energy sources much
more efficiently and with higher capacity; explore the use of hydrogen in fuel
and energy applications; develop clean coal technologies; optimize nuclear
energy plants, and harness fusion as a completely new, economically and
environmentally attractive energy source. (http://science.energy.gov/fes/
Los Alamos National Laboratory is leading a Department of Energy- Fuel Cells Technologies Office-funded project to enhance the performance and durability of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, while simultaneously reducing their cost.
With fossil-fuel sources dwindling, better biofuel cell design is a strong candidate in the energy field. In research published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Los Alamos researchers and external collaborators synthesized and characterized a new DNA-templated gold nanocluster (AuNC) that could resolve a critical methodological barrier for efficient biofuel cell design.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.