DOE laboratories operate many of the nation’s most sophisticated
research facilities, including the nation’s largest high performance computing
centers, the world’s highest energy proton collider, third-generation
synchrotron light sources and high-flux neutron sources as well as specialized
facilities for microcharacterization, materials synthesis, combustion research,
ion beam studies, and fusion energy research. The agency’s research facilities
have an enormous impact on science and technology ranging from the most
fundamental constituents of matter to superconductor structure and the
production of unique isotopes for defense applications.
Scientists have discovered that for palladium-nickel catalysts, certain surface characteristics, measured at the atomic level, sped the creation of carbon dioxide from carbon monoxide. This type of atomic detail has not been available by traditional studies and can aid the cycle of catalyst design by optimizing for structural parameters at the nearest neighbor level of an atomic environment.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.