DOE laboratories operate many of the nation’s most sophisticated
research facilities, including the nation’s largest high performance computing
centers, the world’s highest energy proton collider, third-generation
synchrotron light sources and high-flux neutron sources as well as specialized
facilities for microcharacterization, materials synthesis, combustion research,
ion beam studies, and fusion energy research. The agency’s research facilities
have an enormous impact on science and technology ranging from the most
fundamental constituents of matter to superconductor structure and the
production of unique isotopes for defense applications.
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University and Louisiana State University have achieved an even more dramatic HHG shift by shining an infrared laser through argon gas that's been frozen into a thin, fragile solid whose atoms barely cling to each other.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.