DOE laboratories operate many of the nation’s most sophisticated
research facilities, including the nation’s largest high performance computing
centers, the world’s highest energy proton collider, third-generation
synchrotron light sources and high-flux neutron sources as well as specialized
facilities for microcharacterization, materials synthesis, combustion research,
ion beam studies, and fusion energy research. The agency’s research facilities
have an enormous impact on science and technology ranging from the most
fundamental constituents of matter to superconductor structure and the
production of unique isotopes for defense applications.
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are working with a major manufacturer to make klystrons -- big vacuum tubes that generate microwaves for accelerating particles -- much more energy efficient.
Creating the batteries or electronics of the future requires understanding materials that are just a few atoms thick and that change their fundamental physical properties in fractions of a second. Cutting-edge facilities at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have allowed researchers like Aaron Lindenberg to visualize properties of these nanoscale materials at ultrafast time scales.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.