DOE research seeks to understand basic chemical, physical, and biological
processes of the earthís atmosphere, land, and oceans and how these processes
may be affected by energy production and use, primarily the emission of carbon
dioxide from fossil fuel combustion.
Understanding global climate change and the
ability to predict climate over decades or centuries will enable the development
of science-based solutions to reduce and minimize the impacts of climate change
and better plan for the nationís future energy needs.
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are trying to find out why uranium persists in groundwater at former uranium ore processing sites despite remediation of contaminated surface materials two decades ago. They think buried organic material may be at fault, storing toxic uranium at levels that continue to pose risks to human health and the environment, and hope their study will pave the way for better long-term site management and protection of the public and environment.
A multi-institutional research team led by Chris Dealwis from Case Western Reserve University has used the new IMAGINE instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor to map an enzyme that could play an important role in anti-cancer drug development.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.