DOE provides the majority (approximately 90%) of federal support
for high-energy and nuclear physics research, which uses advanced accelerator
facilities as well as detectors placed underground and in space to understand
the fundamental nature of matter, energy, space, time and the properties and
interactions of atomic nuclei and nuclear matter.
Scientists have found the first direct evidence that a mysterious phase of matter known as the 'pseudogap' competes with high-temperature superconductivity, robbing it of electrons that otherwise might pair up to carry current through a material with 100 percent efficiency.
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has discovered a way to dramatically increase the selectivity and binding strength of crown ethers by incorporating them within a rigid framework of graphene. Strong, specific electrostatic binding of crown ethers may advance sensors, chemical separations, nuclear-waste cleanup, extraction of metals from ores, purification and recycling of rare-earth elements, water purification, biotechnology, energy production in durable lithium-ion batteries, catalysis, medicine and data storage.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.