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Features Archive


Showing stories 1-25 out of 1094 stories.
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23-Sep-2014
Interface surprises may motivate novel oxide electronic devices
Complex oxides have long tantalized the materials science community for their promise in next-generation energy and information technologies.

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Ames Laboratory

22-Sep-2014
Research pinpoints role of 'helper' atoms in oxygen release
Experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory solve a long-standing mystery in the role calcium atoms serve in a chemical reaction that releases oxygen into the air we breathe. The results offer new clues about atomic-scale processes that drive the life-sustaining cycle of photosynthesis and could help forge a foundation for producing cleaner energy sources by synthesizing nature's handiwork.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

22-Sep-2014
Ames Laboratory and Japanese R&D organization discuss rare earths
The US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, a Japanese energy and industrial technology research and development organization, held a bilateral meeting on rare-earth materials in Ames on Sept. 10.

Contact: Breehan Gerleman Lucchesi
breehan@ameslab.gov
515-294-9750
DOE/Ames Laboratory

18-Sep-2014
Factors underlying nuclear fuel swelling seen at nanoscale for first time
Understanding factors that drive nuclear fuel swelling will help engineers develop higher performance fuels, which could be even safer and more efficient than those used in current nuclear energy plants. As uranium atoms split to produce energy, fission products build up within fuel rods, which impacts nuclear fuel performance inside a reactor. But, a clear picture of the size and location of these solid fission products has been elusive until now.

Contact: Nicole Stricker
nicole.stricker@inl.gov
208-526-5955
DOE/Idaho National Laboratory

17-Sep-2014
OLCF researcher to work with clean combustion center at Saudi University
High-fidelity simulations to help determine how engine knock develops and assist in predicting how the transition from smooth combustion to knocking occurs.

Contact: Jeff Gary
jeffdgary@ornl.gov
865-574-8066
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

17-Sep-2014
Predicting performance
Lignin, a low-cost byproduct of the pulp, paper and biofuels industries, can be transformed into a cheaper version of highly engineered graphite through a simple and industrially scalable manufacturing process.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

15-Sep-2014
Carbon sequestration research continues at Sandia Labs under Energy Department funds
Sandia researchers are sharing a four-year, $12 million Department of Energy research contract on the long-term geologic sequestration of carbon. The contract from the department's Office of Science funds research by the Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security.

Contact: Sue Holmes
sholmes@sandia.gov
505-844-6362
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

12-Sep-2014
Best of 2 worlds
The Bredesen Center is the beginning of a new way of doing graduate education.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

12-Sep-2014
Imaging fuel injectors with neutrons
Researchers are using neutrons to study the formation of these damage-causing bubbles in fuel injectors.

Contact: Katie Bethea
betheakl@ornl.gov
865-576-8039
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

12-Sep-2014
CMI hosts EU, Japan to discuss global critical materials strategy
Finding ways to ensure the planet's supply of rare earths and other materials necessary for clean energy technologies is a global challenge, and experts from around the world gathered to meet it at the fourth annual EU-US-Japan Trilateral Conference on Critical Materials on Sept. 8.

Contact: Laura Millsaps
millsaps@ameslab.gov
515-294-3474
DOE/Ames Laboratory

11-Sep-2014
SLAC scientists win prizes for X-ray laser work
Three scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory received international prizes for their achievements in free-electron laser science, a field that has rapidly accelerated since the launch of SLAC's X-ray laser five years ago.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

11-Sep-2014
High flux isotope reactor named nuclear historic landmark
The High Flux Isotope Reactor, or HFIR, has been designated a Nuclear Historic Landmark by the American Nuclear Society.

Contact: Bill Cabage
cabagewh@ornl.gov
865-574-4399
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

11-Sep-2014
Plastics in motion: Exploring the world of polymers
In an experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory using SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source X-ray laser, a DOE Office of Science User Facility, scientists unraveled the complex behavior of polystyrene, a popular polymer found in packing foams and plastic cups, with a sequence of ultrabright X-ray laser pulses. Their work is detailed in the Aug. 11 edition of Scientific Reports.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

4-Sep-2014
SLAC welcomes photon science faculty member Young S. Lee
SLAC's newest faculty member, Young S. Lee, studies the most unusual materials in the most down-to-earth possible way: He and his colleagues make pure crystals of minerals and other compounds and then test them for useful quantum properties, such as the ability to conduct electricity with 100 percent efficiency.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

4-Sep-2014
Scientists map protein in living bacterial cells
Scientists have for the first time mapped the atomic structure of a protein within a living cell. The technique, which peered into cells with an X-ray laser, could allow scientists to explore some components of living cells as never before. The research, published Aug. 18 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was conducted at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

2-Sep-2014
Researcher wins x-ray science award for SSRL work aiding chemistry studies
Chris Pollock, a postdoctoral researcher at The Pennsylvania State University, whose research at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory was key in adapting an X-ray technique to probe chemical bonds in new ways, has been named the latest recipient of an annual scientific award.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

28-Aug-2014
Materials scientists play atomic 'Jenga' and make a surprising discovery
Researchers got a surprise when they built a highly ordered lattice by layering thin films containing lanthanum, strontium, oxygen and iron. Although each layer had an intrinsically nonpolar (symmetric) distribution of electrical charges, the lattice had an asymmetric distribution of charges. The charge asymmetry creates an extra 'switch' that brings functionalities to materials when 'flipped' by external stimuli. The material defects induced polar behavior and can provide a new mechanism for manipulating electricity and magnetism in energy and information technologies.

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

27-Aug-2014
Neutron science workshops seek to define field's grand challenges
Scientists are hoping to push the limits of neutron science and associated analytical techniques in order to address challenges.

Contact: Katie Bethea
betheakl@ornl.gov
865-576-8039
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

27-Aug-2014
Scientists learn to control reactions with the shape of a rare-earth catalyst
Scientists have discovered they can control chemical reactions in a new way by creating different shapes of cerium oxide, a rare-earth-based catalyst.

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

26-Aug-2014
Oak Ridge supercomputer turns the tide for consumer products research
Consumer-products giant Procter & Gamble has turned to Oak Ridge National Laboratory and America's fastest supercomputer to simulate microscopic processes that can threaten product performance and stability.

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

22-Aug-2014
Catalytic gold nanoclusters promise rich chemical yields
With scientists from Carnegie Mellon University, researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a catalyst containing exactly 25 gold atoms that catalyzes the conversion of various molecules, including the transformation of poisonous carbon monoxide into harmless carbon dioxide, a reaction that may find application in devices near gas flues or wood-burning stoves.

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

20-Aug-2014
Junior researchers showing world the way to advanced nuclear fuel design
Two early-career Idaho National Laboratory researchers are earning international attention for their groundbreaking work. They're getting a long-sought look into the 3-D microstructure of irradiated nuclear fuel, then feeding that data into cutting-edge fuel behavior models. Their work will make the design and testing of even safer nuclear fuels more informed and efficient.

Contact: Nicole Stricker
nicole.stricker@inl.gov
208-526-5955
DOE/Idaho National Laboratory

20-Aug-2014
SLAC summer institute students take a close look at dark matter
Physicists have good reason to believe 85 percent of the matter in the universe is currently undetectable. But not being able to see it didn't keep students at the 42nd SLAC Summer Institute, held at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, from learning about it.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

20-Aug-2014
Ying Diao honored with 2014 Spicer Award for her work at SSRL
Ying Diao, a SLAC/Stanford postdoctoral researcher who brought key innovations to a printing technique for flexible electronics, solar panels and other uses, has been selected to receive this year's William E. and Diane M. Spicer Young Investigator Award.

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

18-Aug-2014
Berkeley Lab's SPOT Suite transforms beamline science
For decades, synchrotron light sources have been operating on a manual grab-and-go data management model, but a recent deluge of data is quickly making this practice implausible. So Berkeley Lab X-ray scientists, facility users, computer and computational scientists, teamed up to create new tools for reducing, managing, analyzing and visualizing beamline data.The result of this collaboration is SPOT Suite, and it is already transforming the way scientists run their experiments at the ALS.

Contact: Linda Vu
lvu@lbl.gov
510-495-2402
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Showing stories 1-25 out of 1094 stories.
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