16-Nov-2015 PPPL to design a high-resolution diagnostic system for the National Ignition Facility
Two US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories working on very different types of fusion experiments have begun a novel collaboration. Under the arrangement, the DOE's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) will design a diagnostic system to provide high-resolution analysis of research on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This work is supported by the DOE Office of Science and LLNL.
16-Nov-2015 X-ray microscope reveals 'solitons,' a special type of magnetic wave
Researchers used a powerful, custom-built X-ray microscope at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to directly observe the magnetic version of a soliton, a type of wave that can travel without resistance. Scientists are exploring whether such magnetic waves can be used to carry and store information in a new, more efficient form of computer memory that requires less energy and generates less heat.
12-Nov-2015 Brookhaven Lab presents cutting-edge computing capabilities at SC15
High-performance data analysis is the underpinning of much of the science done at US Department of Energy National Laboratories, and it will be on display at the SC15 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis in Austin, Texas, Nov. 15-20.
Brookhaven National Laboratory will join the 16 other DOE Labs to showcase the expertise and experimental facilities it has built in an exhibition that plays on the conference theme, 'HPC Transforms.'
11-Nov-2015 SLAC goes to bat for science at Discovery Day
The annual Discovery Day at AT&T Park was yet again a grand slam for science: About 35,000 visitors flocked to the ballpark of the San Francisco Giants on Nov. 7 to attend the fifth edition of the family-friendly science fair. With 150 exhibits and activities, science and technology organizations from across the Bay Area made science fun and accessible to the public.
10-Nov-2015 Atoms to engines
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, FCA US LLC, and the foundry giant, Nemak of Mexico, are combining their strengths to create lightweight powertrain materials that will help the auto industry speed past the technological roadblocks to its target of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025.
9-Nov-2015 Molecular clocks control mutation rate in human cells
Every cell in the human body contains a copy of the human genome. Through the course of a lifetime all cells are thought to acquire mutations in their genomes. Some of the mutational processes generating these mutations do so in bursts and these will often be through external exposures such as sunbathing or tobacco smoking. Other mutational processes, however, may be internal to the cell and generate mutations continuously, at a constant rate over decades.
3-Nov-2015 A record-setting way to make transparent conductors: Spread them like butter on toast
Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have shown they can make flexible, transparent electrical conductors with record-high performance for use in solar cells, displays and other devices by spreading polymers on a clear surface with a tiny blade, like a knife spreading butter on toast.
2-Nov-2015 First neutrino sightings by MicroBooNE
The recently commissioned MicroBooNE experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has reached a major milestone: It detected its first neutrinos on Oct. 15, marking the beginning of detailed studies of these fundamental particles whose properties could be linked to dark matter, matter's dominance over antimatter in the universe and the evolution of the entire cosmos since the Big Bang.
2-Nov-2015 Cold electronics help scientists spot elusive 'ghost' particles
Nestled inside the massive MicroBooNE detector, part of a new neutrino experiment just getting underway at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, lie 50 circuit boards packed with custom-built microelectronics. These circuits were designed by engineers at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory to operate while immersed in liquid argon, a cryogenic liquid that boils at a biting -186 degrees Celsius or -303 degrees Fahrenheit.
2-Nov-2015 A neutrino in a haystack
To uncover the secrets of neutrinos, scientists build massive detectors to help them spot these elusive particles. The latest, dubbed MicroBooNE, recently spotted its first accelerator-born neutrino event candidates at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Scientists from nearly 30 institutions, including the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, collaborate on this experiment.
29-Oct-2015 Scientists get first glimpse of conductivity that could break size barriers for memory
Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have made the first direct images showing that electrical currents can flow along the boundaries between tiny magnetic regions of a material that normally doesn't conduct electricity. The results could have major implications for magnetic memory storage.
26-Oct-2015 The silent treatment: EMSL's quiet wing
Scientists are advancing the understanding of biological and environmental systems by conducting at least part of their research in EMSL's Quiet Wing, one of the most advanced quiet laboratories in the world for high-resolution imaging capabilities. Scientists are using this facility for a wide range of research areas, including: to study bacteria in complex soil aggregates, to understand the behavior of a unique multicopper oxidase and to explore remediation methods using porous clay.
26-Oct-2015 Nanoscale, multidimensional artificial magnet created
Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with a group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source and with other researchers nationwide, have realized a nanoscale, artificial magnet by arranging an array of magnetic nano-islands along a geometry that is not found in natural magnets. Their paper 'Emergent reduced dimensionality by vertex frustration in artificial spin ice' appears on the journal Nature Physics' website today.
22-Oct-2015 Stanford and SLAC celebrate Arthur Bienenstock
Arthur 'Artie' Bienenstock, professor emeritus at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, was honored with an all-day symposium in recognition of his outstanding contributions to science, academia, graduate student education and US science policy.
20-Oct-2015 Meet Robert Palomino: 'Give everything a shot!'
After earning his master's and Ph.D. in physical chemistry at Stony Brook University, Robert Palomino is now one of Brookhaven Lab's new postdocs in the Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate-Transformation program, working at the Lab's new National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) to study the structure and other properties of catalysts.
16-Oct-2015 Jonathan Dorfan and David Hitlin receive 2016 Panofsky Prize
The American Physical Society has honored two key figures of the BABAR particle physics experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory with the 2016 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics: SLAC Director Emeritus Jonathan Dorfan and California Institute of Technology Professor David Hitlin. They share the award with Stephen Olsen and Fumihiko Takasaki, two lead researchers of the Belle experiment in Japan.
15-Oct-2015 W80-4: Sandia California works on nuclear weapon Life Extension Program
Sandia National Laboratories is performing a Life Extension Program on the W80-4 nuclear weapon. The Life Extension Program is refurbishing the W80 warhead with replacement components for aging technology and components that have limited lifespans. Much of the work is being done at Sandia's California site.
13-Oct-2015 Ming Yi awarded L'Oréal USA For Women in Science Fellowship
Former Stanford University graduate student Ming Yi has been awarded the $60,000 L'Oréal USA For Women in Science Fellowship, which is given to five US-based women each year as part of an effort to raise awareness of women's contributions to science and identify exceptional female researchers to serve as role models.
8-Oct-2015 Los Alamos-led consortium works to enhance fuel cell technology
Los Alamos National Laboratory is leading a Department of Energy- Fuel Cells Technologies Office-funded project to enhance the performance and durability of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, while simultaneously reducing their cost.
7-Oct-2015 Laser spectroscopy of ultrathin semiconductor reveals rise of 'trion' quasiparticles
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used ultrafast laser spectroscopy at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences to demystify the dynamics of the negative trions. They explored the behavior of the charged quasiparticle in a two-dimensional semiconductor that is an excellent absorber of sunlight. Their insights, published in the journal Physical Review B, may prove important for advancing technologies for solar energy and quantum computing.
7-Oct-2015 Veljko Radeka shares inaugural APS Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award
The inaugural American Physical Society (APS) Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award has been presented jointly to David Nygren of the University of Texas at Arlington and Veljko Radeka of the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. Nygren and Radeka received the award during the APS 'New Technologies for Discovery' Workshop on Oct. 5, 2015, at the University of Texas at Arlington.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.