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Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

 

Features Archive

Showing stories 251-275 out of 1039 stories.
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9-Nov-2006
Department of Energy advances commercialization of climate change technology
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary Jeffrey D. Jarrett has announced the Department's support of seven tests in North America to advance carbon sequestration technologies while attending the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate.

Contact: Mike Jacobs
202-586-0507
DOE/National Energy Technology Laboratory

9-Nov-2006
US wind power industry tempers its 2006 forecast slightly
The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) announced on October 24th that the U.S. wind energy industry remains on track to set a record for wind power installations this year, with U.S. wind generating capacity increasing by 2,750 megawatts (MW).

Contact: Kathy Belyeu
202-383-2520
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

23-Oct-2006
DOE/EPA release top fuel economy lists for 2007 models
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released the 2007 Fuel Economy Guide to help consumers make well-informed choices when purchasing new vehicles.

Contact: Tom Welch
202-586-5806
DOE/US Department of Energy

5-Oct-2006
ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor prepares to make 'cold' neutrons
The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has passed a major milestone in its quest to become one of the world's leading sources of 'cold' neutrons for advanced scientific research. Once fully operational, the reactor will combine with the laboratory's Spallation Neutron Source to make Oak Ridge the world's center for neutron sciences.

Contact: Mike Bradley
bradleymk@ornl.gov
865-576-9553
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

22-Sep-2006
DOE's Solar Decathlon draws student teams worldwide
They come from around the world to participate in the Solar Decathlon, a contest focused on creating a livable, solar-powered house on a shoe-string budget.

Contact: Janice Rooney
janice_rooney@nrel.gov
303-275-3859
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

22-Sep-2006
FutureGen: Tomorrow's pollution-free power plant
FutureGen is an initiative to build the world's first integrated sequestration and hydrogen production research power plant.

Contact: Joseph Strakey
412-386-6124
DOE/National Energy Technology Laboratory

8-Aug-2006
CEBAF's beam polarization gets a boost
In the last year, the polarization of CEBAF's electron beam has increased by more than 10 percent to over 86 percent polarization. This vast improvement in polarization, or the percentage of electrons spinning in one direction, has reduced the amount of beam time needed to complete precision experiments like G-Zero and HAPPEx. It's the result of work by the Electron Gun Group, which has spent the last two years pushing the boundaries of photocathode physics.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

8-Aug-2006
Jefferson Lab's newest cluster computer takes shape
Unlike a regular computer -- whose "brain" consists of one or perhaps two processors -- a cluster computer's brain can contain hundreds or even thousands of individual processors, called nodes -- all wired together. To solve a problem, the cluster splits the problem into parts, and each node computes its designated part and shares the result with other nodes to produce the final solution.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

4-Aug-2006
Determining how spin arises in the nucleon
In scattering experiments, the momentum transferred to a nucleon target from the incident electron is a primary characteristic of the interaction. Large momentum transfer reactions probe the fundamental quarks and gluons (collectively known as partons) that make up the nucleon.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

30-Jul-2006
Hypernuclei at Jefferson Lab
In 1827, Robert Brown observed that pollen grains floating in a drop of water jiggled constantly. The phenomenon became known as Brownian motion. Over 75 years later, Einstein proposed that the pollen grains were being jostled by the molecules of water. The impurity (pollen grains) Brown had added to the water allowed Einstein to deduce the presence of individual water molecules and describe at least one of their properties.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

28-Jul-2006
Spin identity
Spin is an essential and fascinating phenomenon in the physics of elementary particles. Spin was first defined by Goudsmit and Uhlenbech in 1925, and has played a dramatic role in elementary particle physics, sometimes refuting theories and at other times supporting them. During Experiment E99-117 at Jefferson Lab, an international collaboration collected precision data on the spin of the neutron. Results from this experiment provide evidence that our current understanding of spin is not totally valid.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

25-Jul-2006
Using instrumentation built in collaboration with JLab
College of William & Mary (CWM) scientists have found that an equivalent dose of potassium iodide five times higher than the FDA-recommended dose for humans, in the event of a nuclear accident, is needed to protect small animals effectively from radioactive iodide in medical imaging procedures. This study was performed as part of a long-term animal nuclear imaging project conducted by of biology, physics and applied science researchers from CWM and Jefferson Lab.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

20-Jul-2006
Pocket-sized physics detector does big science
How do quarks and gluons, the elementary constituents of all matter, combine to form the protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom? This is a fundamental unsolved question in nuclear physics that researchers at Jefferson Lab are working to answer. The internal structure of the proton has been studied for several decades, and scientists have learned a great deal. However, much less is known about the structure of the neutron.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

20-Jul-2006
Spin structures of protons and neutrons
Just as a top spins on a table, the tiny quarks inside protons and neutrons also spin. Now a complex calculation by theoretical nuclear physicists at Jefferson Lab has revealed that a quark's spin may be altered by the surroundings of the proton or neutron in which it resides. This surprising result, recently published in the journal, Physical Review Letters, may lead to new insights about how ordinary matter is constructed.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

20-Jul-2006
On the leading edge
The Accelerator Division's Institute for Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) Science & Technology is a world leader in SRF accelerator technology research and design. Now the newest idea out of the Institute may revolutionize the way accelerating cavities are produced -- making the manufacturing process faster and cheaper, while producing cavities that could potentially outperform any other niobium cavities ever tested.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

20-Jul-2006
Big Bite does its stuff
Jefferson Lab's core mission is to study the heart of ordinary matter: the nucleus of the atom. Now Hall A has a new magnet and detector system designed to help physicists look at the nucleus in a whole new light. "BigBite" has debuted in its first experiment at Jefferson Lab.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

20-Jul-2006
Detector Group builds imaging device for German Research Center
Jefferson Lab Detector Group members traveled to Heidelberg, Germany, to assemble and bring on-line a small-animal imaging device the group developed and built for the German Cancer Research Center. Work on the project began in June 2004. The device is similar other small animal imaging gamma cameras developed by the Detector Group; however, this imager design is based on a new concept developed by Vladimir Popov which resulted in highly improved detector performance.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-7689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

5-Jul-2006
Unique partnership brings new cancer treatment to life
IsoRay is a company that started as a good idea and, in less than a decade, has grown into a publicly traded corporation. "IsoRay literally started in Lane Bray's basement, with about three employees," said Larry Greenwood, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory technical lead for the IsoRay project.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

5-Jul-2006
PNNL is strong asset for Research District
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has led a team of community partners in using a grant from the U.S. Small Business Administration to hire AngelouEconomics to develop marketing and land-use plans for the 1,600 acres of property in north Richland known as the Research District.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

5-Jul-2006
G-Zero update
In research performed in Hall C, nuclear physicists have found that strange quarks do contribute to the structure of the proton. This result indicates that, just as previous experiments have hinted, strange quarks in the proton's quark-gluon sea contribute to a proton's properties. The result comes from work performed by the G-Zero collaboration, an international group of 108 physicists from 19 institutions, and was presented at a Jefferson Lab physics seminar on June 17.

Contact: Linda Ware
ware@jlab.org
757-269-2689
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

29-Jun-2006
Technology demonstration thwarts fictitious terrorist attack
The pace was intense as data flowed in from sources across the world -- a spike in radiation from a ground-based indicator in Pakistan, an unexplained outbreak of plague in India, and a disturbing convergence of travel plans among suspected terrorists. Information Analysis Center analysts agreed the evidence indicated a well planned terrorist attack was imminent in downtown Seattle. Local law enforcement was quickly dispatched, capturing the suspected terrorists as they attempted to smuggle a chemical and radiation dispersing bomb into the city.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

29-Jun-2006
Lightweight materials pave the road for energy-efficient vehicles
In efforts to shorten the long road to fuel efficiency, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are working to develop cost-effective, high-strength, lightweight materials that will reduce vehicle weight without compromising cost, performance or safety.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

29-Jun-2006
Catalysis: The science behind sustainable energy
About 60 percent of the things we wear or use are produced by processes that depend on catalysis. Catalysts are substances that modify chemical reaction rates and remain unchanged afterward. Catalyst technologies affect nearly all areas of the chemical and petroleum industries with an economic impact estimated at more than $10 trillion per year worldwide. Now more than ever, innovative and improved catalyst technologies are in demand for new energy production processes to ease the United States' dependence on imported resources.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

29-Jun-2006
Fish-friendly solutions
Although turbines have generated power at hydroelectric dams for many years, not much is known about how water flowing through the turbines may harm fish. In efforts to design more "fish-friendly" turbines, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers conducted laboratory experiments to examine the relationship between water velocities within the turbine chambers and injuries to fish.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-372-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

27-Jun-2006
"Smart" energy devices + real-time pricing = increased options for consumers
About 200 volunteers in the Pacific Northwest are testing equipment that is expected to make the power grid more reliable while offsetting huge investments in new transmission and distribution equipment. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory recently launched the Pacific Northwest GridWiseTM Testbed Demonstration, a regional initiative to test and speed adoption of new smart grid technologies that can make the power grid more resilient and efficient.

Contact: Lisa Teske
lisa.teske@pnl.gov
509-375-6850
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Showing stories 251-275 out of 1039 stories.
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